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CONCEALMENT OF CONFESSIONS.

Mr. EDITOR,-Although I may congratulate you, and all friends, to our constitution in Church and State, on the late decision of the Roman Catholic question, in the House of Commons, and thank you, with them, for your efforts in the common cause ; yet, we are not to suffer any vain hope of security, from what has been done, to relax our diligence, in what remains to be done, so long as the turbulent spirit, on the other side of the water, is not laid. The following fact, which I am about to give you, and you may depend upon its authenticity,-may, therefore, be thought, by you, to be worthy of publicity and record. It will serve to shew what is, in these days of effulgence in Christian knowledge, the feeling, about oaths, in the conscience of, I believe, a very respectable Roman Catholic Priest.

Soon after a horrid assassin attempted, in order to elude the punishment of the law for his atrocious crime, to destroy himself ; a near relative of the murdered, most estimable and most lamented, persons, moved by Christian benevolence towards their murderer, requested an intimate friend, who was with him, (having learnt that the man was 'a Roman Catholic) to go to town, in search of a Priest, and to bring him to the dying man, that he might have all the consolation derivable from his peculiar religion. The ecclesiastic, who was procured for this purpose, had not long been seated in the carriage, with the gentleman who had been dispatched to find him, and who accompanied him to the house of the deceased, before he said, "Sir, I hope you are

aware, that whatever confession the man may make to me, as a Priest, -- I shall not be able to divulge it; if he makes any confession to me, as a man,

the case will be different ; it will be the same as a confession made

other man : moreover, Sir, if he were to confess the crime, of “ which he is suspected, to me, as a Priest, and I were to be called upon ' afterwards, to give evidence upon his trial, I should swear that he had not confessed it; because the confession would not, in this case, be “ made to me, but to Jesus Christ I" These were, to the best of the recollection of the gentlemen, the very words of the ecclesiastic; and he took occasion to repeat them, in substance, even to the third time.

I had intended, Mr. Editor, to offer you a few remarks upon this extraordinary fact; but I know, that your pages may, already, be more usefully engaged ; and that brevity is an essential article, in communications for a periodical work like your's. I will only add, that the Roman Catholic Priest, upon his arrival, was assured that no advantage should be taken of

Vol. I. (Prot. Adv. September 1813.)

to any

any thing that might pass between him and his patient; and that he should not be called upon, judicially, to give any account of it.

From the same authentic source of intelligence I learn, that there is not the smallest foundation for a report, which has gone abroad, that the man was actuated by any religious zeal, or by any sentiment of revenge, in the perpetration of the horrid deed; but that there is rational grounds for sapposing, that robbery was his first purpose,-murder only his second, in case of his being detected and resisted. 10th July 1813.

Clericus SURRIENSIS.

*** The poor wretch, whom we saw in the House of Correction in ColdBath Fields, has been tried and executed, and the restraint under which we lay is now removed. We cannot enter into the force of that refined distinction mentioned between confessing to the man and confessing to the Priest ; for the man in question was also a Priest, and could not divest himself of his office and order. If a culprit should confess his crime, and that felony or treason (petty), to Jesus Christ, the man who was witness to the confession must himself approach very near to the commission of a crime, viz, that of misprision of felony or treason, should he not divulge it. The word crime was used, if our correspondent states the language of the ecclesiastic correctly ;--now society has cognizance of crimes ; a man is auswerable for sins at an higher tribunal than this world possesses. A Priest has received “power and commandment to declare and pronounce to" a sincere" penitent, the absolation and remission of" his sin : but we cannot subscribe to the doctrine that the Priest has any thing to do with crime beyond any other man.-- Whatever may have been the real motive of the murderer, we feel convinced that no adequate motive to his horrible deed has as yet been disclosed. He never touched the property of his victims He spoke of a sudden impulse which he felt in his mind, on starting from sleep after intoxication ;" as God is in Heaven, it was a momentary thought." He did not, however, fall instantaneously on the perpetration of murder. He undressed himself ;-he took a sheet from his bed ;-he wrapt it about him by way of disguising his person ;-he armed himself with a poker ;-and, with a light in his hand, proceeded to the apartment of his master and mistress, which was at a considerable distance from the place where he awoke (as he said) out of sleep. That momentary thought seems to have been a determined purpose ;-be prepared himself for an assault, and the conflict with his master lasted a long while. No adequate motive has yet been assigned--one was mentioned--we are unwilling to repeat it ; but we cannot drive from our recollection the murder of Miss Smith in Ireland, by a domestic servant, in the night, after baving sung, in his hearing, the song of “ croppies lie down" in the course of the pree ceding eyeping.

INDEX TO VOL. I.

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34

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Pagt
Aeute Observation on the King's Clergy (Conduct of) in the reign of
Conscience,

James II.

9
Addresses, List of, in 1807,

107 Church of Britain established before
Animadversions on Dr. Milner's Con-

the Church of Rome,

67
duci,

35 “ Choice of Ministers" reviewed, 81
“ Appeal against Roman Catholic

Canning's (Mr.) Speech reviewed, 69
Claims," reviewed,

130

blossomed at Eton,
Address of Roman Catholic Prelates, blighted 4. Westminster, . ibid.
Observations on,

205

unfortunate in his
Anglicus (Lerter of) on Concessions, 271 Connexion with Ld. Grenville,

70
Adrian IV's (Pope) Bull, authorizing

re's Exordium compared with
Henry II. to invade Ireland, (note) 295 Sir Christopher Hatton's Speech in
Anti-Papicola, (Letter of)

311
the Critic,

71
Anti-Pope, (Letter of)

. 487

distressed by his Popish
“ Appeal to all Protestants on the

Clients,

ib.
Consequences of, falsely called, Ca-

a's Three assumed Principles
tholic Emancipation;" reviewed and

are groundless,

73
recommended,

529

Two Considerations fptile . 138
Atcheson's (Mr.) manliness, 534

- a Declaimer,
Absolutions, various, Romish Price for 579 -'s Speech (Observations on) by
Assassination of the Prince of O-

Somers,

143
range as an Heretic,
543 Do, continued

200

mistaken in deeming Po-
Blackstone's classification of Papists 141 pery changed,

141
Bishops elected by Clergy and People

a Disciple of Gratiano's
in the Primitive Church,
. 213 School,

282
Baronius's Confession,

268
not a Statesman,

ib.
Burke (Mr.) no Advocate for unlimit-

Quotation of the Furculæ
ed Concessions,

422
Caudinæ inapplicable

283
“ Bp. Bull, (Life of)" by Mr. Nelson,

referred to Wexford Bridge,
worthy the attention of every Pa-

&c. recent Cruelties of Papists, 286
rish Priest,

465

reprobation of “an Awful
Beāton's (Cardinal) Sanguinary Mea- Warning” noticed,

287
sures,

542

ridicules Sir J.C. Hippisley 502
Bogue's.(Mr. David) - Transl. of the

“ Castlereagh's (Lord) Speech," Re-
New French Catechism," reviewed

viewed,

79
and recommended,

591

denies that Mr. Pitt gave a
Beaghan's (Jas.) dreadful Testimony

Pledge to the Papists,

80
against two Popish Priests,

607 Councils, four first, (Parity of) 216
Board's (Rom. Cath.) Animadversions Celibacy of Clergy condemned by the
on Mr. Butler,
622 6th General Council,

217

Charlemagne elected Emperor of the
Canterbury (Archishop of) character- West by the Treason of the Bp. of
ized
10 Rome,

218
Claims.of R. Catholics consider:

and his Successors held
cd," reviewed and recommended,

36
the Supremacy (1 1078,

ib.

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Charlemagne allowed the Church to bers of Protestants and Roman Ca-
receive Bequests,

218 tholics", reviewed & recommended, 333
Clergyman (Letter of a) on the Con. “ Exclusion the Fundamental Princi-
sistency of the Chancellors of Ox-

ple of the Reformation and Revolu-
ford and Cambridge,

tion," reviewed and recommended, 361
Continuance of Protestant Spirit, 277 Espencæus's Testimony concerning
Cork, (Election ar)

• 311
the Liber Taxæ,

481
Clericus Anglicanus, (Letter of)

Ellenborough (Lord) against Conces.
2d Letter of,

sions to the Roman Catholics,
Cortes (Spanish) and Irish R. C. Pre-

lates, conduct of, compared,
Cicero, remarkable Passage of, on

Freebolder, (Letter of a.) on the Infla-
parties at Rome (Lat. & Eng.)

ence of Romish Priests on the Te-

431
“ Christianography, (Pagitt's,") re-

nantry of Protestants in Ireland, 151
viewed and recommended,

Father Paul's Observations on the Ce.

471
Commons, House of, Precis of De-

264

Fidei Defensor, (Letter of,) containing
bate in,

· 381
Commons, House of, a Majority in,

various observations,

273
favourable to Protestantism,

506

-s on the Ure
Conciliation, attempt at, Observa-

derstanding between the Pope and
Buonaparte,

381
· 510
6 Correspondence, &c. respecting the

's Ist Letter to Mr. Butler, 553
Roman Catholic Bible Society,"

's 2d Letter to ditto 642
reviewed and recommended .

528

Friend to Harmony and Peace, (Let-
Canon Law, chiefly framed by the

ter of a,) on Masonry,

389
Popes,

Filiolus's Specimens of Protestant

540
Commandments of the Rom. Church 602

Compendiums,
Cup denied to the Laity, an. 1414,

636

French Clergy, Protestation of, in
1549,

494
Durham (Bp. of) a Champion of the

False Assertions and Forgeries of
Protestant Cause,

Irish Romanists,
10

. 495
-'s Sermons, &c. reviewed,

Formation-Arrangement,
11

533
-'s Reasons for separating from
the Church of Rome,

14 Gloyeester's (Bp. of) Charge reviewed, 20
-Grounds of Separation,

-'s Answer to those who
recommended,

16 exult in the Creed of the Conquer-
D. N. vindicates Bp. Horsley, 162 ors at Runnymede, &c.

23
.-on Ld. Kirkwall's Pledge, 106

's " Protestant Letter to
" Declaration, &c. of the Rom. Ca-

Lord Somers," reviewed and re-
tholics of England" reviewed · 132 commended,

413
Dublin Magistrate, Letter of, . 165 G. B. Letter of,

103
Documents, Roman Catholic, 621

do

327
Danger to Dissenters from cuncurring

“ Granville Sharp on Matt. xvi. 18."
in Popish Petitions,

643 reviewed,
-'s Decease,

573
Eachard (John), Letter of, translating Gregory VII. (ur Hildebrand), Pope

Mullingar Resolutions into plain 1073, attains a Supremacy in Spi-
English,
87 rituals and Temporals,

262
on the Consecration of Moira “ Grier's Answer to Ward's Errata of

152 the Protestant Bible," reviewed, 294
Esorbitanı Power of the Popes, point- Gandolphy's (Mr.) Disingenuousness, 325
ed out by Dr. O'Conor in Ireland,

--'s plausible Proposition, : 528
and Mr. Villers at Paris,

“ Gregor's, (F. Esq.) Remarks on
Edinburgh Reviewers, Remarks on, 191 the Proceedings of Parliament," &c.
Eusebius acknowledges Constantine's

reviewed and recommended, 421
Supremacy,

214 Grattan's (Mr.) Bill, and Mr. Can-
Emperor appealed to in the cases of ning's Cļauses, Remarks on, 515
rival Popes,

216

ro's (Mr.) Bill repeals several
--'s Consent necessary to the Acts of Parliament by a sidewind, 520

appointment of Roman Pontiff, 217 Grattan, (Mr.) declared to have for
Epaphras, Letter of,

. 316 feited the confidence of the Roman
" Essay on chc Comparative Num-

Catholic Board,

639

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Gunpowder-Plot, Conspirators in the,
absolved,

543
Guicciardini, Testimony against the
Popes,

612
Galloway, (Cowper, Bp. of,) Extracts
from his curious Work,

613

Page
lospector, Letter of, on Romish Ty-
ranny,

95
Indifference about Preachers of the

Gospel, reprehended,
Inspector, Letter of, on the Influence

of the Romish Hierarchy,...... 254
Ireland, Effects of Popery on,
Irish Roman Catholics and the Spa-
nish Cortes,

619

complimented
for their Regard for the House of
Brunswick,

620
ludulgences fully established, temp.
Leo X.

635
Image-worship set up, an. 784, ib.

condemued at Franck-
fort, an. 795, (note)....

636
J. B. Letter of, on the Consequences

of “ Catholic Emancipation, .. 155
J. B. on National Establishments in
Religion,

249
J. D. on Popish Claims, &c...
J. D. Letter cf, on Vutus (Vetula).. lof
J. D. on the sovereignty of the Mob,

a Dogma of Popery,.....
“ Jesuii's Memorial," Extracts from 377
Jerusalem the Mother Church of
Christendom,..

67
Jurors on Magee's trial receive threat-
ening letters,...

649

" Haggii's (Dr.) Letter to Oxforilshire

Freeholders," reviewed and recom-
mendel,..

356
Hipp:sley's (Sir J. C.) Substance of

two Speeches," reviewed,........ 226
Hippisley (Sir J. C.) uses a singular
(wheel] Carriage,

229
Master of the Ceremonies to
the Pope,

ib.
contemptuously noted in the
Roman Catholic Statement of Grie-
vances,

230
connected from early ife
with the Bp. of Norwich,... 231

shocked at the Bp. of Dur-
ham's treatment of Popish Doc.
trines,...

ib.
a distinguished Character, ib.

-'s (Review of Speeches) con-
tinued,

344
-'s ingenious Comparison of
Councils and Parliaments,

352
incumbered with Canons, 353
-'s (continuation of Review of) 406

· M. Lingard pleasant on,.. 411

-'s Speeches, Review of,
concluded...

455
-'s Mistakes concerning ex-
clusive Salvation, .

458
serieus Appeal to,

463
's Motion, and Mr. Grat-
tan's Bill, Observations on, ......

502
ridiculed by Mr. Casping. ib.
Helena (the Empress) a British Prin.
cess,

644
Hoadley's (Bp.) Opinion of Roman
Catholics,

302
Heretics, Romish Canons concerning, 305

-how to be treated by the
Roman Canon Law,.....

307
no Faith to be kept with,
on the authority of P. Martin V... 541

Oath to, void on the autko.
sity of Urban VI,...,

ib.
of Leo X, (note)

545
Goods of, confiscated by 31
Lat. Counc.

542
« Hales's (Rev. Dr.) Letter to Dr.
Troy," recommended,

352
Huntley (Marquis of) mindful of
Duty,..

524
Huss (John) and Jerome of Prague,
safe Conduct to, violated,

541
Horsley (Bp.) vindicated, 162

vagainst Concessions,.. 583

30

Kenyon's (Lord) « Observations on

the Roman Catholic Question," re-
viewed,

--'s Motion in the House of
Lords for a Return of Papists taking
Oath in 319t of the King,.

365
a Letter to, by Sir J. J.
Wh. Jervis,

235
Kilkenny, Dinner of the Friends of
Religious Liberty at,...

Addenda to the Account of
the Dinner at,
“ Keys of Protestant Establishment,"
reviewed and recommended,

357
Kenmare (Lord) submissive to a Ti-

tular Bishop,...
Kirk of Scotland, Gen. Assembly of,

Strictures on,
Lincoln's (Bp.of) Charge reviewedg.. 25
Loche's (Mr.) Oligarehical Govern, of
Carolina, against the People's Rights, $$

practically mistaken in
his Ideas on Toleration,
Lanigan's (Dr.) Tergiversation,

-Casuistry (note).....
List of Protestant Publications review-

ed and recommended by the Editor,
commences, .....

332
Le Mesurier's (Rev. J.) “ Plain State-

meni," &c. reviewed and recom.
mended,..

333

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