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ing forward the prediction of Dr. Walmesley, a láte blaspheming Romish bishop, * who pretended to deduce from the prophecies that “the total extermination of the Protestants is near at hand.” Since, therefore, the danger to Protestants is temporal, but that to Papists is eternal, all good men should join in eariiest applications to the Throne of Grace, that this latter opinion may prove the true one ; and in particular, Sir, I wish I could say something which might arrest your attention,t as you by no means appear to possess the bigotry of a Walmesley, a Troy, or a Milner. And let me just add the still stronger saying of one who was higher than all there, for he was an infallible Pope himself, in the year 1555 (that very year, by the bye, when his church was drinking the blood of those true saints Ridley, Latimer, &c. see Rev. 174–6) I mean the saying of the unhappily short-lived Pope Marcellus, who is said to have declared, that, " HE DID NOT

IT WAS POSSIBLE FOR A POPE OF ROMI TO BE SAVED."

I am, Sir, &c.

FIDEI DEFENSOR.

SEB HOW

MYSTERY DISTINGUISHED FROM CONTRADICTION.

Extracted from Saurin's Sermons. If we seek for the doctrines of the church of Rome in the decisions of her councils, and not in the works of some individuals, that church cannot exculpate herself from the reproach of teaching doctrines contradictory in their nature. And as the doctors of the council of Trent lived in a dark and unphilosophical age, they had the indiscretion to determine not only the doctrine of transubstantiation, but to enter into an explicit detail of it, and by this means they were led into palpable contradictions.

The canon is conceived in these terms:-" If any one denies that in the venerable sacrament of the Eucharist the body of Christ is to be found, under the one and under the other kind-in short that the body of Christ,

• I well recollect that there is in this writer a passage to the following purport, viz. '" that the Protestants were to be borne with for a time: but that if at last they retused to repent, Jesus Christ would strike!!!" Blasphemy cannot surely be carried further than thus daring to attribute their own bloodthirstiness to Him who was not even to « break a bruised reed, &c."

+ You, Sir, having been kind to a near and dear relative of miae, I should be happy in an opportunity of further conferring with you on these important topics. hepe some friend will point out to you what I here say, and on application to Ms. Stockdale, publisher of this work, you may be informed of my address.

is in every host, and every separate part of the bost, let him be anathema." Is it possible to fall into greater contradictions? If you say that the bread ig destroyed, and that the body of Christ is infused by an Almighty Power, you may perhaps shelter yourself from the charge of contradiction, but not from that of impenetrable mystery : but to suppose that the substance of bread is destroyed while it remains exactly the same in every respect as before, is not to advance a mystery but a contradiction. If you say that the body of Christ, which is in heaven, passes in an instant from heaven to earth, you may cover yourself under the appearance of mystery; but to affirm that the body of Christ when it is all in heaven is also entire on earth, is not to advance a mystery but a contradiction. If you say that some parts of the body of Christ are detached and mingled with the elements of the Eucharist, you may perhaps shelter yourself under cover of a mystery, but to affirm that the body of Christ is entire, and yet that it is in every sacramental wafer, is to support a glaring contradiction and an extravagant absurdity,

A Roman Catholic who follows his principles cản bave no just cause for believing the Christian religion to be of divine original, for the proofs of Christianity are founded on this proposition, "evidence* is a character of truth ;" but if the doctrine of transubstantiation be believed, the most glaring contradictions might also be believed as truth, and if these are rea ceived, evidence is no longer a mark or test of truth. I will go still further, and maintain that the most bigotted Roman Catholic does not believe transubstantiation himself-he may say he believes it, but he cannot believe it in his conscience. He may obscure his mind by confused ideas, but he cannot assimilate ideas perfectly contradictory. He may adhere to a proposition when he is inattentive and heedless, but there is no man in the world can force himself to coalesce together ideas so incongruous, essentially opposite, and contradictory.

For the Protestant Advocate. MR. EDITOR,—The reference which you have made (at p. 585) to my account of the mode taken by the Romish bishops in Ireland to get themselves enthroned in the cathedrals of the respective sees, reminds me of the propriety of saying a word more on the subject, in order to take away the possibility of cavil. I have been told that some of the Romanists, not denying the practice, but yet wishing, as far as they could, to impeach my veracity, have said that what I have reported cannot be true,

* See Dr. Forster's able tract called “ Popery, destructive of the Evidence of Chrisa tianity," reviewed p. 469.

because there was no Romish Archbishop consecrated during the time that Archbishop Agar filled the Sce of Cashel. This, I undertand to be the fact;but the fact is, also, that the anecdote which I have detailed took place when that Prelate was Bishop of Cloyne, which he was from 1767 1779: during which interval there was a Romish Bishop consecrated for that See, who was enthroned in the manoer and with the circumstances which I have mentioned.

I am Sir,
Yours, &c.

Thos. Le MBSURIER.
Haughton, near Darlington,

August 12, 1813.

THE POPE'S NUNCIO AND THE SPANISH CORTES.

The resident Nuncio at Cadiz, notwithstanding the manly expostulation of Cardinal Bourbon (sec the leading article in our last number, p. 566) and the fair warning which was vouchsafed to him, has proved incorrigible. The flimsy web which he had spun, was brushed away ; but, like a true intriguer, he went to work again, not weary in evil-doing. Of course the eyes of the acting Spanish government must have been turned upon this friend to that terrible instrument of Popish domination—the inquisition. He was detected, and sent out of the country. We transcribe the following paragraph, which originally appeared in the Conciso, published at Cadiz on the 9th of July. “The Nuncio, M. Gravina, has received from Government his passports to remove to Sicily, on board the frigate Sabrina, and his temporalities taken possession of, for having continued obstinate in his blameable conduct in respect to the extinction of the inquisition; a conduct which has been so fatal in the English Parliament to the Catholics of that kingdom."

How flagrantly bad the Nuncio's conduct must have appeared in the judgment of Spain, we may gather from the supposed ill effect of it on the cause of the Romanists in this country, entertained by the people of the Peninsula. But it was not the behaviour of M. Gravina that proved fatal to Mr. Grattan's Bill ;-it was the experience which Britons had of the intriguing nature of the Romish religion, the eagerness with which it pursues proselytism, and its restless, jealous, and ambitious spirit, which redder it uo fit to be invested with political power, and incapacitate its professors from acting as members of the Legislature, without danger to the liberties of the country and the safety of our Protestant constitution.

In our last we supplied what appeared to us a proper answer from the Cortes to the Irish Roman Catholics, should they address that august body ;- and, now, we could point out an object far more becoming the attention of our Hiberojan brethren, than an application to the Cortes to interfere between the Parliament and the Roman Catholics of the United Kingdom ;--that is, provided they are resolved, at all events, to communicate with the Spanish Legislature ;-viz. an address to the following effect :-“ Tolerated as we are in this happy country, and allowed to worship God according to our consciences, we are desirous of evincing our gratitude to our native land, and procuring to the members of Protestant churches in Roman Catholic kingdoms, the same privileges which we ourselves enjoy. We entreat you, therefore, by all that we mutually hold venerable in our common religion, to extend to the Protestants resident in Spain, that liberal toleration which is indulged to the Roman Catholics in Great Britain. Let it not be said, that whilst we uninterruptedly exercise all the rites of our religion, the Protestants in Spain, whose coinmercial industry enriches it, whose arms defend it,-are deewed heretics, are obliged to worship God, like the primitive Christians in the time of pagan persecution, by stealth, and when they die are denied even a place of sepulture. Let us have the happiness of procuring toleration for them, and let us give the world a practical proof, that our zealous attachment to the church of Rome, does neither extinguish in our bosoms the feelings, nor stifle the suggestions of Christian charity."

IRISH INTELLIGENCE., John Magre, the printer and publisher of the Dublin Evening Post, was found guilty of a libel on the Duke of Richmond on the 27th of July. The trial commenced on the 26th, many bours of which were consumed in captious objections to the jarors, witnesses, &c. properly reprobated by the Attorney and Solicitor-General. Mr. Magee is a young man, and a Protestant, we are coofident that if he does not quit his conoexion with Papists and democrats, he will live to repent it. “ Trial by jury" is the boast of Britons, and it is a pity that it should ever have been made the cry of a party. The seditious are not attached to trial by jury on principle ;in case of an acquittal they extol it to the skies, but if any of their adherents, or their tools, be convicted of libel or any other crime, they detest the honest jurors, or threaten them without remorse. Some of the gen. tlemen who pronounced Magee guilty have received anonymous letters threatening them will assassination.-We received information of this fact from a friend in Ireland ;-we have since read a copy of the letters sent to the jurors, printed in the Dublin Journal of August 5th.

EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM MALTA.

An Anecdote. In passing a shop, I saw a large bunch of grapes; the womao who kept the shop, observing my admiration of the fruit, came, talking to berself in her native tongue, invoking her saint to assist her in getting the best possible price for her grapes, or rather to cheat me by selling them, if sbe could, for four times their value. She muttered to her saint, “ I have had no luck the whole week,-lost a hen ;-no eggs ;—pray let me get wbat I can !" bid her just a quarter of what she asked, which was, at the same time, a fair market price : she crossed herself, flew in a passion, and asked her saint what she had done to be so deserted ?" have I pot lighted a good lamp before you every night? did I not spend two dollars OD your birth-day? I am constant at mass, and yet you are never pleased, nor even now stand by me to profit of this English heretic; but thanks to God there are more saints in the kalendar.-I have changed twice, I will try again--'tis impossible to be worse off." I asked her in her own language, to her very great surprise, when she should change her saint? She said, Oh! very soon." I told her she bad better chaoge her principles, and turn honest, and then see if her saint would not be better pleased. She muttered some curses, and went into her shop with a very angry countenance.

VINEGAR-HILL, SCULLABOGUE, AND WEXFORD-BRIDGE,

We have long wished for an opportunity of shewing our respect for our valuable correspondent Fidei Defensor, by attending to his request expressed in the note at p. 378, to give from “ Sir Richard Musgrave's most authentic history," an account of the massacres at Vinegar-bill, Scullabogue, and Wexford-bridge. We are happy in being able to do as he desired, before we close this first volume of the PROTESTANT ADVOCATE, We take the following passages, as we find them, ready to our bands, in the appendix to the Rev. J. W. Butt's pamphlet intituled “the Origin of Orangemen:" (see Prot. Adv. page 604), and we feel a pride in acknow. ledging that this is not the first obligation under which we lie to that gentleman.

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