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saints ;" we are clear, that, combined and consolidated as that faith is with the body of the British Constitution, it is no less our duty to resist all attacks upon it. Our warfare is of a defensive nature; but in carrying it on, we must repel the assailants with vigour. We must not only “ mark well our bulwarks,” but we must man them. We must " fight the good fight of faith.” Our adversaries, who have " cast a trench about” our citadel, and 66 compass us round, and keep us in on every side,” are answerable for all the consequences. We have long been occupied in compliances; we have long endeavoured to soothe, to mollify, to gratify them in every point which could be given up, without bringing in confusion, disaster, and ruin. Alas! “ we have laboured for peace, but when we talk to them thereof, they make them ready to battle.” Under such circumstances, to sit still were self-destruction; and although self-defence involves in it the supposition of a conflict, which throws in that alloy of evil, ever attaching on the things of this life ; yet it were insanity not to withstand the assault; and it would be a base dereliction of duty, to lay the laws, the liberty, the religion of our native land, at the foot of the Pope, to be trampled on by his pantoufle.

Our good friend (of whose liberality of thinking we are perfectly persuaded, else we would not have ventured on this way of answering the letters with which he has honoured us) says, . that “ the two most prominent evils, are danger and disquiet in Ireland, and jealousy in Spain.” The Green Island, year after year, has produced heavy crops of dangers and disquiets. But Englishmen and Protestants have heretofore taken arms against those dangers, and, “ by opposing, have ended them.” If we knew of any other way of encountering, or averting them, we should be glad to adopt it. Concessions have only made the dangers more rife, and have tended to nourish disquiets. We must now stand firm. The hands, hitherto held open, must be closed. We must convince our adversaries, that although we were disposed to concede much for the sake of peace, we are not inclined to endure menaces. We know how to resist danger, and how to quell disquiet. Good conduct and dispassionate reasoning may do much ; but threats will only make us keep a more wary guard. It is much the fashiou to speak of Ireland as the most . tulnerable part of the empire; and some people affect, and would insinuate, alarm at what might ensue, were the French to land in Ireland. This is nothing short of threatening England with one band, and beckoning to Buonaparte with the other :--and is this the way to induce us to yield up our Protestant Constitution ! But the danger is not so great as the partizans of popery would have us believe. We have subdued Ireland repeatedly, when in a state of rebellion; and we have beaten the French, in the heart of that country, more than once. The disquietude of Ireland is fomented by the artifices of an ambitious and uncharitable church.' The pride of popery is exasperated ; and nothing will the papists leave undone to carry their question. They petition, they claim, they talk of dangers; but, they create those very disquiets which give such uneasiness to many ;-these are the stratagems to which they resort; the noisy artillery which they employ, their apparatus bellicus. But we are not to be appalled. The papists magnify their numbers far beyond the limits of fact. There are not two papists to one Protestant in Ireland; and as Ireland is now part and parcel of the United Kingdom, the Irish papists bear an insignificant proportion to the number of Protestant suba jects ;-and nothing but an unreasonable presumption, and the vain fancy of ecclesiastical infallibility, could prompt the Romanists to demand the demolition of our constitution. Let the papistical faction lay aside its artifices, and Ireland will be calm in a week. The papists look up to St. Peter ;-- will they not hear St. Peter? He was no friend to insubordination. He never would have countenanced aggregate meetings of violent zealots, scattering firebrands, under the PRETENCE of petitioning. Knowing so little of the scripture as the mass of the papists do, it may not be amiss to quote a passage from one of St. Peter's Catholic epistles. « Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man, for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the KING as supreme ; or unlo governors, as unto them that are sent by bim, for the punishment of evil-doers, and for the praise of them that do well. For so is the will of God, that with well-doing ye may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men; as free, and not using your liberty for a cloak of maliciousness, but as the serfants of God. Honour all men. Love the brotherhood, Fear God. Honour the King.” St. Peter wrote thus in the reign of Nero. ---Are the Papists aware of the true temper of Christians ? Do they know of what manner of spirit it becomes them to be?

As to creating jealousies in Spain ;-we hope that the Spanish nation will condescend to accept the services of their Protestant allies; and we trust that British gallantry will tend to lessen any prejudices which the Spanish members of the Romish Church may have entertained against the Protestants ; although no concessions, hitherto granted, have softened the intolerant obduracy of the Irish Papists. Qur Protestant Brethren now in the Peninsula, will never insult the religion of Spain and Portugal,

The French have indulged in the most cruel mockeries of the religious rites of those countries; and have sacrilegiously spoiled the churches, which, in their eyes, should have been held sacred ; and we know that the Gallic raggamuffins under Humbert, ridiculed the Irish Romanists beyond endurance. God grant that the bland spirit of Protestantism may, at least, prevail so far in Spain, as to cause the suppression of that foul blot, and bloody stain of Christianity, the Inquisition. We are decidedly of opinion, that the Spaniards and Portuguese are more likely to be induced to give the right hand of fellowship to the Protestants, than are the Irish Romanists. There is never a Dr. Troy in Spain. If there be any serious danger to be expected in Ireland; the Spaniards ought to know, that whilst the Protestants are fighting their battles, the turbulent conduct of the Papists in Ireland oblige the government to keep at home those soldiers, who, time. ly sent into the Peninsula, might drive the French to the North of the Pyrenees, and assist the patriots in sealing up the passes over those mountains so as to prevent their return.

Our good friend advises 6 mild measures," Meekness will make a poor stand against enthusiasm. Sober argument will have no effect on minds case-hardened with imaginary infallibi. lity. The dictatorial Papist will laugh in the face of the mild Protestant, and cannot but hold the forbearance of an heretic in utter contempt. The Protestant must use his pen with all pos. sible spirit. He must neither spare the puerilities, nor the seni. lities of Popery ; its gaudy trappings; its pasteboardi mitres ; its tinkling hand-bells; its cockle-shells; its fuming censers ; its sprinklings of holy water ; its genuflections and prostrations ; its

blinking tapers; its vain repetitions ; its invocation of saints, as if they possessed some of the incommunicable attributes of the deity ; its idolatries; its vain traditions ; its fable of purgatory; its auricular confessions ; its indulgences; its claim of exclusive salvation ; its *San Benitos ; its Autos da . Popery, and its monstrous errors, often exposed already, must now be exposed anew; and when manly vigour is to be exerted, the truth is to be spoken with honest sincerity. We must act by the Papists, as St. Paul once was obliged to act by St. Peter; when he “ withstood him to bis face, because (saith St. Paul) he was to be blamed.” (2. Gal. xi.). No man knew the nature of cha. rity better than the author of the 13th chap. of the 1st. Epist. to the Corinthians; and there can be no question but his opposition to St. Peter arose out of bis love for the rest of the brethren, and for the whole Church. And here we beg leave to say, that how. ever strongly we may express ourselves relative to the public conduct of any of the Romanists, whether Clergymen or Laymen, we shall never suffer our zeal to instigate us to an hatred of their persons. We have known many wortlıy men amongst them, of. both descriptions. Many we know at present; and, if need were, we could appeal to them whether we have ever left una done a single thing in our communications with them, (and they have been, and still are frequent), which christian charity could prompt, or gentlemanly courtesy demand.

We now take leave of our most respected friend. We hope that we have removed some of the apprehensions under which he laboured ; and, we have only to request that the Public will do us: the justice to interpret whatever may at first sight alarm their feelings, by the principles laid down in this paper.-Edit.

See, “ the History of the Inquisitions, including the secret transactions of those horrific tribunals," 4to. Printed for J. J. Stockdale, 41, Pall-Mall. We cannot wibbold our testimony of applause from our publisher, for the active part he has taken in the cause of Protestantism. He has encountered great labours, and has in. curred heavy expenses. We hope he will meet with the encouragement and patronage to which he is so justly entitled. We are sorry to say that he has experienced not a little of the malice of some of those who favour Popery. He has been péstered with aponymous lesters. We beg to inform persons of rank, such as Peers and Members of Parliament, that many circumstances lead to a discovery of the writers of such letters. Men of distinction cannot so easily conceal themselves as they imagine. At the same time, it may be proper to add, that the postage of all anonymous and abusive letters, is invariably returned at the Post-Office,

Christ, and 1204 St. Peter, the Rock of the Christian Church ; and

St. Paul, the Founder of the Church in Britain : a Letter to the - Clergy of the Diocese of St. David's. By the light Reverend,

Thomas Burgess, D.D. F.R. S. and F.A.S. Bishop of Sto. David's. ---Harris.

. We have been so fortunate as to procure, thus carly, a copy of this masterly tract, just published; the title-page of wbich, with part of the prefatory advertisement, we printed in our last number. In the Bishop OF St. David's we have another powerful champion of the Protestant cause. His lordship lays the axe to the root of the tree, and cuts up completely that fond notion, out of which grows every argument urged by the Papists, for the supreme authority of the Church of Rome, over all the churches in the world, viz. that the great Author of the Christian Religion founded his church on St. Peter; and, secondly, his lordship further shew's (what must emancipate the Church of CHRIST in this country from any dependence on the Pope as the successor of St. Peter) that St. Paul preached the Gospel in Britain.

The supremacy of the Pope, first usurped by Gregory VII. (commonly called Hildebrand, who succeeded to the papal throne A. D. 1073), has been the cause of many and great evils to Christendom. We ourselves are labouring under the bad effects of Hildebrand's ambition to this very day. Here lies the Gra. vamen of the Roman Catholic Question. This it is which renders it next to impossible to obtain security to the Protestant Consti. tution of this country, by any other means than barring the Papists from the possession of political power. To be obliged to have recourse to a strong measure like this, cannot but give pain to Protestant feelings ;, and, at the same time, it furnishes the Papists and their apologists · with a popular and plausible theme of declamation. That man must be possessed of such political talents as have never yet been displayed, who can devise a scheme which shall afford security to Protestantism, whilst the Papists cleave to the grand statistic error of their Church, the claim of supremacy. Mr. Pitt's abilities were unequal to the task of solving this political problem. Lord Chancellor Eldon, in

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