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dotal Functions. Witness ibe * laté republication and † continued noto. riety of Ward's " Errata ; " the character and objects of which Works need not here be described, as tbey have been ably drawn and justly exposed by Dr. Ryan among the Irish, and by $ Dr. Kipling among our English Divines ; Men, both eminent ; and both entitled to our griaeful thanks for successful exertion of their abilities in our behalf.

A popular || Tract pronounces this judgment of Catholics on Protestants :

We are convinced that they are Schismatics, by separating themselves from the Communion of the Church of Christ; and Herelics, by dissenting from her Doctrine in many substantial Articles ; and consequently that they have no part in the Church of Christ, no lawful Mission, no Succession from the Apostles, no authority at all to preach the Word of God, or administer the Sacraments : in fine, no share in the promises of Christ's heavenly kingdom, (excepting the case of invincible ignorance) from wbich the Scripture in so many places excludes Heretics and Schismatics."

A Book of Instruction, well received among Catholics, inculcates abe' horrence of Protestant Worship, by appeal to the decision of a Pope, and to an observation made by the Translators of the New Testament at Rheims.

The decision is this ; “ On no account go to the Churches of Heretics,' or hear their Sermons, or joias in their rites, lest you incur the wrath of God; for it is not lawful for you to do such things, without dishonouring God, and hurting your own souls."

The Rhemish Translators affirm, " That in matters of religion, in praying, hearing their sermons, presence at their service, partaking of

• In the year 1807.

+ See Keating's “ Catalogue for 1810," p. 17, which exhibits a Title-Page not corresponding with that prefixed to the Edition of Ward's “ Errata" given by Coyne ; but introduces expressions very offensive.

See " Analysis of Ward's Exrata of the Pro!estant Bible; by the Rev. Edward Ryan, D.D.

See “ Certain Accusations brought recently by Irish Papists against British and Irish Protestants of every Denomination, examined,” by Thomas Kipling, D.N.

1. See “ A Roman Catholic's Reasons why he cannot conform to the Protestant Religion," p. 8.-10 Keating's Catalogue, p. 10, it is enumerated among the Works of Dr. Richard Challoner.

9 Sec p. 369, Vol. 2d. of “ The sincere Christian Instructed." By Kcating's Cata logue, p. 9, this work is called Bishop Hay's.

their saeraments, and all other comosunieating with them in spiritual things, it is a great and damanable sin to deal with them."'*

On such and other grounds the Prelate writes in most forcible terms against frequenting our places of Worship, because in his opinion we are not within the pale of the Christian Church,

What shall we say to these Facts? What inferences are immediately deducible from the Writings just mentioned; Writings not disavowed by the Catholics as obsolete and virtually rejected; but recognised as standards of Catholic Principles, and at this day industriously recommended by them? What but these are the obvious inferences? Your Ministry is holden in contempt; your Churches are considered as profane; your Rites are branded with condempation; you are shut out from all participation of God's mercy in Christ ! Sach are the ideas the Catholics entertain, and such the boldness with which they scruple not to avow and propagate their ideas concerning you, even though they are in a state of political inequality. And can we think it Expedient, that Men so persuaded and so disposed should be invested with political authority over us Can we think it Expedient, that opinions thas uncharitable and inimical towards us, should be strengthened with Power to carry their operations into full effect? Impossible ; unless for the punishment of our insensibility to the blessings of pure Religion, the time is come when in our own persons shall be verified the adage,

« Deus dementat, quos vult: perdere." Subjoined to the Charge, is a copy of the petition of the English Roman Catholics to the House of Lords, 1910; and his lordship, with admirable clearness of discrimination, refutes its allegations, seriatim. Those who read the bishop's little tract, will presently see how groundiess the most popular claims of the Roman Catholics are ; and will wonder how such fijmsy pretensions could obtain the serious attention of the House of Lords; and much more, how any persons at all studied in law, or acquainted with fact, or accustomed to argumentation, could be found to support them. That our readers, (such of them, at least, as have not seen thie Charge itself,) may judge of hislordship’s mode of discussing the question; we shal' insert an extract or two.

It is affirmed by the Petitioners, that “ none of the Principles, which occasion their refusal (of tests, oaths, and declarations) affect their moral,

• Scc p. 366, Vol. 2d. of “ The sincere Christian Instructed.".

civil, or political integrity." The Moral and Civil integrity of the Catholics, in discharging the duties of private Life, we have already admitted, and do again admit with unqualified approbation. But that their Political lategrity is unimpaired, we cannot so unreservedly and unexceptionably grant. Political Integrity unimpaired, in the full sense of those words, should mean entire acceptance and complete observance of the Constitution. Our Constitution embraces Polity Ecclesiastical as well as Civil; and in the Sapreme Government consigned to the King, it combines Spiritual with Temporal Power. The propriety of the Laws, which invest the Sovereign with authority in External Circumstances relative to the Church, the Romanists disallow in principle; and, as far as they can venture, oppose in practice. Acting therefore, as they do, on opinions which prohibit entire obedience to our Constitutional Polity, they can scarcely be said to maintain their Political Integrity unimpaired. On the Ecclesiastical Polity of the Constitution, their avowed sentiments and theit opea conduct infringe, their Political Integrity therefore can be considered only as defective.

The petition sets forth, that the creed which the Roman Catholics profess, " was the creed of those who founded British liberty at Runnymeade, who conquered at Cressy, Poictiers, and Agincourt.” The Bishop of Gloucester's remark upon this pas, sage, here follows:

The mention of Runnymeade, Cressy, Poictiers, and Agincourt, will always excite the most lively sensations in the hearts of Englishmen. It was not therefore without good judgment, that the Petitioners brought those places to our recollection. We shall never cease to honour the mes mory of those illustrious persons, who there signalised themselves. Nos can we cease to venerate their Creed, so far as we acknowledge it to be founded on Scripture. Beyond that, we cannot, we dare not hold it in veneration. We cannot, we dare not approve of those excrescences, which grew out of tradition and decrees, and which in process of time were superadded to the principles of Faith received by Christians at an

early age.

It is scarcely possible for any one, who is aequainted with the histery of the Church of Rome, to consider the Romanist Creed, and at the same time detach from his mind all remembrance of opinions and proceedings connected with that Creed. Taken with all its combinations, does that Creed suggest no other ideas, than such as are favourable to Protestants? The Creed professed by the Catholics petitioning, was indeed that of their Forefathers, who in the thirteenth, fourteenth, and

fifteenth centuries acted nobly at Runnymeade, Cressy, Poictiers, and Aginconrt. But we cannot forget ; it was also the Creed of those, who massacred the Protestants on the day of St. Bartholomew; a day so tragical and so foul, that the * Father of Thuanus applied to it these lines of Statius;

“ Excidat illa dies æro, nec postera credant
“ Sæcula; nos ceriè taccamus, et obruta multa

“ Nocte tegi nostræ patiamur crimina gentis." It was the Creed of Mary, who on principles of Conscience devoted Cranmer, Ridley, Latimer, and Bradford, lo the flames. It was the Creed of those, who at one explosion would bave sacrificed the Three Estates of the Realm. It was the Creed of those losurgents, who in the reign of Charles the First went far towards obliterating the name of Englishmen in the kingdom of Ireland; and who against Protestants exercised cruelties, which an eminent Historian asserts, “ would shock the least delicate + humanity." It was the Creed of the Second James ; who under the semblance of mildness and of equality in privileges to all his subjects (the very plea now urged by the advocates for Romanists) { dispensed with Laws, imprisoned Bishops, and filled the bighest departments with Men of his own persuasion. It was the Creed of those, who not Ninety Years since, occasioned Thirty. Thousand Protestants to withdraw from Saltzburgh; and who inflicted punishments of a barbarous nature on the Protestant Magistrates and People of Thorn. It was the Creed of those, who but fifteen years before the reign of His present Majesty, within this Kingdom encouraged a War, which had for its object the total overthrow of the Protestant Government and the utter exclusion of the Protestant Sovereign then existing, on whose head a price was set by the foreign enemy whose cause they favoured. || It was the Creed of those, who within our own memory, within the short period of Eleven Years past, in

* See “ The Life of Thuanus,” by Rev. Mr. J. Collinson, p. 10. Sully's Memoirs, Vol. I, p. 26. English Translation in 1761. The skilful hand of Vasari was employed to perpetuate the memory of this transaction. See " The History of the Helvetic Rcpublics,” by F. H. Naylor, Esq. Vol. 4, p. 500, Note.

of See Hume's “ History of England;" Vol. 6, p. 373. A. D. 1641. t See “ The Bill of Rights.”

$ The banishment from Saltzburgh was in 1732; the executions at Thorn were in 1725. Archbishop Secker alludes to those events in his Volume of Nine Sermons, p. 87. Serm. 4. The facts are detailed in a Work entitled “ The Historical Register;" Vol. 10. p. 42. and Vol. 17. p. 51. The occurrences at Thorn are related in Vol. 10. those at Saltzburgh in Vol. 17. See also “ A complete System of Geography." Ed. Folio. Vol. I. p. 668 and 989. .

See Smollet's “ History of England," p. 160. Vol. 3. Ed. 1796.

Ireland instigated a Rebellion, which a *Writer of that Country declares to have been “eminently destructive ;” and which he affirms " masssacred, without mercy, all Protestants, Men, Women and Children.”

My Brethren, can we advert with indifference to the several facts recalled to your memory? Can we lull ourselves into a blind, a fatal security, in full conviction that similar causes will never again produce similar effects? In other words, can we possibly believe, that if oppore tunity be given, the Romanist Creed will not be enforced on Protestants, if not by sanguinary, yet by all other most compulsive means? If there are those, who are so persuaded, to them shall the manly, eloquent, and pathetic Sherlock thus speak;

Our Fathers, who lived under the dread of Popery and Arbitrary Power, are most of them gone off the stage ; and have carried with them the experience which we their sons stand in need of, to make us earnest to preserve the Blessing of Liberty, and pure Religion, which they have bequeathed us. O that I bad words to represent to the present Generation, the Miseries which their Fathers underwent; that I could describe their fears and anxieties; their restless nights, and uneasy days, when every Morning threatened to usher in, the last day of England's Liberty.-Had Men such a sense of the Miseries of the Time past, it would teach them wbat consequences they were to expect from any successful attempt against the present + Establishment."

A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese of Lincoln, at the

triennial Visitation of that Diocese, in May, June, and' July, 1812. Bij George Tomline, D.D. F.R.S. Lord Bishop of Lincoln, Cadell and Davies.

We are happy to number the Bishop of Lincoln amongst those of our prelates who are the active friends of Protestantism, and the firm opposers of the Roman Catholic Claims.

This learned divine had a great share in forming the mind of the late Mr. Pitt. He was his tutor at college, and his confiden

See “ The Nature and Extent of the Demands of the Irish Roman Catholics fully explained; by P. Duigenan, LL.D. and M.P.” published in 1810. pages 7. 11. 122. 132. 133.

+ See " A Discourse preached on June 7, 1716." in the Volume of “ Discourses Preached on Several Occasions ;" by Bishop Sherlock; of whom, and Bishop Butler, it may be said without fear of contradiction, that of all our English Writers, few have qualied, none have excelled them, in close reasoning.

Vol. I. (Prot. Adv. Oct. 1812 ]

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