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mode," he says. Mr. Harington does not that immersion was in the majority of see that he has thus shifted the terms of cases the primitive form of baptism. his argument, and that on his own show- He thinks that John the Baptist, and ing both the matter and the mode may be the Disciples of Jesus, ordinarily admi. symbolic—the matter, “as expressive of nistered the ordinance by immersion. the idea of purity;" and the mode, as a This frank admission made, he is at the representation of burial.
same time convinced that in “many inWe must confess ourselves quite un- stances” there was baptism without imable to understand what Mr. Harington mersion. Mr. Harington is very easily means by the following exposition of convinced. Baptists cannot find in ScripCol. ii. 12, or how it sustains his pre- ture any instance at all. We believe there vious assertions. “ This passage mani- are some fourteen instances of baptism festly signifies that in baptism we have narrated in the New Testament. As amaa symbol of the grace of Christ which jority of these cases took place by immerwas wrought out in that Atonement, to sion, according to Mr. Harington's own complete which death and the grave were belief, there remain only six which can in solemn necessities.” Neither in Colos. any way be construed as supporting his sians, nor in the parallel passage in equally strong conviction on the other Romans, can we find that the Apostle side. Butof the six, he ventures to adduce alludes to the grace of Christ, or to the only two. It is “very improbable,” he Atonement, yet the meaning ought to be says, “ that the three thousand converted very clear, for Mr. Harington says it is on the Day of Pentecost were baptized “manifestly" as he states it.
by immersion.” If this were estabThen follows a very curious denial, in lished, the “instances” would indeed answer to a supposed objection that im- be“ many”--three thousand probably. mersion is necessary to express the per
But we suppose that Mr. Harington fection of Christian purification. “We intends by “many instances,” those deny,” says our author, that the com- several occasions on which baptism is pleteness of the purification can be more mentioned by the sacred writers. This, vividly expressed by immersion than by then, is but one instance. His second, the application of a few drops of water.” and only other example, is the following: We are not aware that any Baptist would -It is "morally certain," he continues, argue that immersion is necessary for " that Lydia could not have been imany such object. But putting that aside, mersed. As in the first instance, our we think a laundress would open her authorisvery chary of stating the grounds eyes tolerably wide if she were told that on which he has acquired this certainty, the sprinkling of a few drops of water --this moral certainty. He gives us no would as completely cleanse the cloths reason whatever why we should depart in her hands as a good dipping. If bap- from the lexical meaning of the evantism be a symbol of purification at all, gelist's words. Following all classical the application of a few drops of water as well as scriptural usage, we affirm, is surely not quite so vivid an expression that Luke
says with regard to the Penof it as a thorough immersion. Mr. tecostal converts : • They, having re: Harington, however, knows better; he ceived his word, were immersed ;" and says it is. He is even very poetical in with respect to Lydia,“ she was immersed the expression of his belief :-* One glis- and her household.” If Mr. Haringtening drop of water falling from the ton questions this plain statement of finger of a Pædo-baptist, as fully ex- facts, let him read Dr. Carson's masterly presses the spiritual idea, as would an exposition of the use, by Greek authors, immersion by a Baptist, with the Atlantic of the word “ baptize, "as a word expresOcean for a baptistery.” We are over- sive of mode. Our space will not allow whelmed by the thought!
us to reproduce it. Forum mutum, elinguem curiam, tacitam et
It is, however, “very improbable" fractam civitatem, videbatis.
that any argument or proof on this
point will avail with Mr. Harington. Mr. Harington nevertheless believes He has a powerful solvent in reserve for
all difficulties. “Granted” he says, without any notice of this invaluable " that the word 'baptize' means to im- publication.
publication. They will, however, we merse, to understand the word so in- feel assured, pardon us when they learn volves a gross literalness foreign to the that the brother to whom it was entrusted spirit of the Gospel, a slavish adherence for review was laid aside by severe into the mere accidents which charac- disposition soon after the appearance terized the primitive celebration of the of the first three volumes, and has not sacraments-accidents simply depending yet been sufficiently restored to health upon the age, country, and varying cir- to resume his duties. It was his intencumstances of the hour.” The Master tion to enter fully into the merits and whom Mr. Harington has vowed honour- scope of the work, and present the large ably to serve, and whose doctrines he has number of our readers who are not solemnly undertaken to teach, has some likely to purchase so voluminous a prowhere said : “ whosoever shall break one duction with a digest of its arguments; of these least commandments, and shall but that, for the reason assigned, has been teach men so, he shall be called the rendered impossible. Únwilling to least in the kingdom of heaven." defer any longer a notice already too Has Mr. Harington realized whither this long delayed, we must be content simply principle of setting aside a command of to express our thanks to the publishers of Christ as slavish, will lead him? for so valuable a book, and to recom
In the second section of the pamphlet mend all, and especially our ministerial there is nothing new. Mr. Harington brethren, to become possessed both of simply reproduces Dr. Halley's opinions, the book and its contents. We would with a revival of the stale argument further suggest to the deacons and from circumcision, which Dr. Halley has wealthy members of our churches, the discarded. Mr. Stovel's work on Chris- desirableness of presenting a copy to tian Discipleship contains all that need their minister, upon whose limited be said in reply.
resources the purchase of such a work, We wish for Mr. Harington all the although emphatically cheap, might happiness and prosperity he can desire prove too large a draught. It is in his new connection ; but can only probably the only way in which smile at his curious notion of the sort of a sufficient sale will be secured to union it is desirable to bring about be- indemnify the enterprising publishers; tween the Baptist and Pædo-baptist de- whilst, at the same time, its judinominations. Is he serious when he urges cious use by the minister will much that all that is requisite, is for every conduce to guide the congregation and Baptist chapel to be furnished with a the Bible class into an intelligent conbasin, or font, and every Independent viction of the firm foundation on which chapel with a baptistry, and the thing is the authenticity and inspiration of the done?
Bible are based. We must not, however, be supposed to assent to every
thing the work contains ; but the whole The Life of the Lord Jesus Christ : a
is worthy of careful study, and some porComplete Critical Examination of
tions from which we dissent are highly the Origin, Contents and Connexion
suggestive. The first part will not of the Gospels. Translated from the
prove so attractive as the subsequent German of J.P. LANGE, D.D.,&c., &c., parts to English readers, who are not and Edited, with Additional Notes, by generally so fond as the Germans of the the Rev. MARCUS DODS, A.M. Six
cloud-land of abstract and a priori theovolumes 8vo., price 358. Edinburgh: logy; but its perusal will amply repay T. & T. Clark; London: Hamilton &
their perseverance, and they will find Co.
many a gem by the way. It is pleasing
to receive such a publication from a We owe an apology, both to our country which has arrived at an unenreaders and the publishers, for the viable notoriety for rationalism and infilengthened time we have allowed to pass delity; and the time of its appearance in
an English garb, although some years very God, every moment the same, that after its publication in Germany, is most now pervades the theology of the Church auspicious, as it anticipates and refutes of Christ, becomes the spring of its life, much that has been recently issued, both and, by close abiding association with all from the French and English press, its members, who are also members of with intent to undermine the anthority His body, inspires them with confidence of the Word of God. Those who are and peace, and invigorates their piety. acquainted with Lange's excellent and, The thorough and universal realization in some some respects, unrivalled com- by the Church of God of a living Jesus mentaries on the Gospel, will be pre- ever in its midst, its life and its light, pared to welcome anything from his pen ; its strength and its salvation, would inand these volumes will not disappoint vest it with that beauty, compactness, them.
and power which were never imparted to We cannot conclude this notice with- it by its unwieldy and time-worn battleout expressing our delight in noting ments and defences of formularies and the growing tendency of the age to fix articles. The realization of a living its thoughts upon the person and life of Christ as its foundation will produce a Christ. A living Jesus forms a striking living church; whilst that which is based and lovely contrast, in the theology of upon creeds will eventually prove as cold the present day, to the rusty formulæ and and lifeless as the creeds themselves. multiplied articles, which distinguished, We welcome, then, most, heartily all such if it did not constitute, that of past publications as this, and thank the pubgenerations. There is, however, too
lishers for the good work they are doing much inclination to separate the hu- in putting into English, in such a pleasmanity from the divinity of Jesus ; to ing garb and homely words, and at such distinguish that which Christ did as unprecedented cheapness, the one before man, from that which he did as God. From this inclination Lange is not altogether free. The distinction seems to
Memoir of T. E. Taylor, by his Father. us altogether without warrant. There
With Selections from his Literary Rewas no single moment in which the Deity
mains. Edited by G. GILFILLAN. 2nd was not as intimately associated with
Edition. London: J. H. Tresidder. the humanity of Jesus as our souls are with our bodies; and the flesh was as To many of our readers the wild but much an integral part of Christ as our beautifulscenery of Coniston, Ulverstone, bodies are of us. The incarnation was and Windermere will be familiar, and not the entrance of the Deity into the perhaps, to some, the old meeting-house body of the offspring of Mary, as Cerin- and parsonage at Tottlebank may be thus and his followers taught in the first known. The historical associations of century-whose teaching the phraseology this locality are many and touching. The of many orthodox Christians since would glens and mountain fastnesses of this suit—but it was the BECOMING flesh, district were refuges, in generations past, passing into a state of flesh, of Him who to some of God's heroes, when “the was the Word—who was in the beginning Lord's anointed" sought their destrucwith God, and who was God. The Em- tion in 1662. For more than 200 years, manuel, God with us, was, and is, Deity a church, holding the articles of our comin our nature, always Deity—and every mon faith, watched over by a succession act of Jesus was the act of the God-man, of faithful men, has existed in this once and there never was, and never could have very secluded region. In the parsonage been, a moment in which this close as- attached to the chapel, the subject of sociation ceased to exist, as it was in- this memoir first saw the light. The herent in the very nature of the Christ. space at our command forbids an outline It is this divine man, this human God, of the life of this very interesting young this Son given to us, and at the same The memoir is eminently suggestime everlasting Father, very man and tive, especially to our young men. It
records the efforts of a mind of no ordi- lished. Still these publications are read nary strength and capacity to reach the by all classes ; and the false theories of highest literary excellence. Ambitious their writers infest much of our popular to excel in every department upon which literature. We rejoice that our esteemed thought exerts an influence, he exhausted brother, the Rev. J. Millard, of Hunhis energies, and fell an early victim to tingdon, has not shrunk from bringing an overtaxed brain. Externally, Mr. T. before the Association of his county his was everything that a parent could wish; eloquent statement of the main argubut the love of distinction was the ab- ments for the inspiration of the Scripsorbing passion of his life: and it was tures. A single sermon cannot be exonly when disease,-induced, no doubt, pected to contain a full discussion of so by incessant efforts to gratify this desire, difficult a subject; but Mr. Millard -laid him aside, that the value of religion shows that he has been a diligent was felt, sought, and enjoyed. The chap- student, and has availed himself of the ter in which the great change is recorded chief treatises on the subject. We miss, is very touching, and will be read with however, in his enumeration, the exhausinterest by most. The remains are of tive work of Professor Lee, of Dublin ; varied interest, and consist of prose and and, with more surprise, the very able poetic fragments. The latter reveal the lecture of the Rev. J. H. Hinton, degenuine spirit of poesy. “Thinking and livered a few years ago at the opening of Doing," ** Charles and Leonard," are full the session at Stepney. Nor does Mr. of fine flashes of genius. His life re- Millard appear to be acquainted with an minds us of the expanding bud of some admirable Association sermon, delivered beautiful flower in early spring, which, at Bath, by the Rev. Dr. Gotch. This as you gaze upon it, excites the hope of latter is peculiarly valuable. It points fuller bloom and richer fragrance, but out a distinction, unobserved by almost which, by some chilling frost, is withered all writers on this subject, between the in the night. The threshold of his man- inspiration of the writers of Scripture, hood was just reached, when to a holier and the record, which Scripture is, of sphere and to far nobler service his spirit what inspired men said and wrote. This was called. We can only add, that the distinction, we are persuaded, is most task of preparation has been executed important, and opens the way for the with a loving hand, and that the secluded easy disposal of those difficulties, which pastor of Tottlebank has produced a work spring from the imperfection or inaccuwhich may be read with interest in all racy of the record.
We greatly regret our social circles.
that the manifold labours in which Dr. Gotch is engaged, have prevented his
tracing out this fertile distinction into The Living Word: being a short Argu- all its ramifications. The tract of Mr. ment for the Inspiration of the Bible.
M'Gregor is in every respect inferior to A Sermon by Jas. H. MILLARD, B.A. Mr. Millard's. It maintains the exLondon: Heaton & Son, pp. 47.
ploded theory of verbal inspiration. The Inspiration of Scripture; its Nature
and Extent. By the Rev. Jas. MACGREGOR, of Paisley. London: J. Nis
Sermons by Henry Ward Beecher. bet & Co., pp. 36.
London: J. Heaton & Son, 1864. We are glad to find the pastors of our churches entering upon the discussion of
Parts 1 to 3, containing 12 Sermons. the great subjects which are now agitat- The chief characteristic of this eminent ing all minds. It is true that the chief preacher is the breadth and richness of assailants of divine truth are members of his illustrations. He lays all nature the Church of England, and that hitherto under contribution, while human life and the Dissenting ministry has shown but science afford him abundant examples of slight indications that it sympathizes the truths he seeks to illustrate. His with the heresies that bishops and teaching, in the main, is more ethical doctors in the Establishment have pub- than theological, more practical than doctrinal. This comes out very empha- their guiding principle a literal translatically in the closing sentences of his tion of the original texts, very clearly sermon on the Holy Scriptures.
“I prove, that in the way they propose, no wish,” he says, “I could have infused satisfactory result can be secured. If we into the memory of every young man must have bad English in order to be and maiden of my charge the proverbs literally accurate, it will be long before of Solomon, the Psalms, the Evangelists, the new versions will displace the old. and the three or four last chapters of the But, in fact, to give in English words Epistles, where the arguments, being the fundamental meanings of the words finished, are applied to the ethical side of the originals, and in the order of the of life. These, committed to memory, Hebrew and Greek texts, is misleading, would give you more practical wisdom, and productive of greater errors than and would do you more good than all the free translation of our authorized the other books of the Bible.” Here Bible. No translation will live that is Mr. Beecher, in his earnest regard for not written in good idiomatic English; the practical, altogether overlooks the and we are sure that such a version may teaching of his text—“All Scripture is be made more truly representative of the profitable, for doctrine,” as well as for originals than the bald, uncouth, unethical instruction. So far these sermons grammatical renderings contained in are defective; yet we are glad to see this the versions of Mr. Young and Mr. reprint of them.
Johnstone. The work of the Revising
is of far higher value. It is a laborious 1. The New Testament of our Lord and endeavour to improve the authorized
Saviour Jesus Christ. The Common version without marring its beauties. It English Version corrected by the aims to retain our old idiomatic Saxon Final Committee of the American tongue in all its strength and harmony, Bible Union. New York, American without sacrificing accuracy,
or slayishly Bible Union : 1864. 12mo. pp. 540. adhering to mere literality. It strives to 2. Popular Appeal in favour of a New express without pedantry, in good sound
Version of Scripture. Part_first. English speech, all that the original text Perth: 1861. By JAMES JOHN- contains. We do not say that the work STONE. 8vo., pp. 32.
is a perfect success. With some of its 3. Marginal Readings for the English renderings we do not agree. But on the
Bible, in addition to those of King whole the result is one on which we may James's Version. By ROBERT YOUNG. warmly congratulate the American Bible
Edinburgh : 1864. 12mo. pp. 56. Union. 4. The Epistles of the Apostle Paul to Mr. Julian has chosen a very at
the Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, tractive subject for his lecture. It is Colossians, and Thessalonians. Ex- well printed. But here commendation tracted from the literal translation of must stop. As a composition it is turgid
the Holy Bible. By ROBERT YOUNG. in style, false in imagery, and defective 5. Biblical Tracts for every Day of the in taste. The friends, at whose“ special
Year. By ROBERT YOUNG. For request” he published it, have done him the Month of January.
a great dis-service. 6. The English Bible and its Transla
tors. A Lecture by the Rev. JOHN JULIAN. London : Freeman, 1864.
The Collected Writings of Edward
Irving. In Five Volumes. Edited by The above list of books and pamphlets
his nephew, the Rev. G. CARLYLE, on our table testifies to the widely pre
M.A.Vol. ii. London: Strahan & valent desire for a new translation of
Co., pp. 642, 8vo. the Bible, or for a more correct version This second volume of Irving's writthan the one now in use. The works of ings contains fifteen lectures on the hisMr. Young and Mr.Johnstone, having as tory of John the Baptist, an incomplete