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411

Correspondence.

ZINE.

TRANSLATION OF THE WORD to be allowed to stand; in all sub“ BAPTIZO.”

sequent versions, the original Greek

word was to be retained. This resoTo the Editor of the Baptist Maga. lution placed the Bible Society, which

down to that time had been repreSIR, --Referring to the recent an

sented by its admirers as the noblest nual meeting of the Bible Translation type of the liberality of the nineSociety, it has struck me, that some teenth century, in the singular posiof your readers might not be unin- tion of treating the translation of a terested in perusing the following single disputed word as a question extract from a letter of Mr. Fuller, of greater importance than the disto his friends at Serampore, on the semination of Christian truth. For, subject. It refers to the first occasion whenever a version could not be aton which the question of leaving the

tained in the language of any heaword " baptizo" untranslated was

then tribe in which the word was mooted in England, and furnishes us left untranslated, that tribe, as far as with his very decided opinion re

the agency of the Bible Society was garding it. After the rebuff which concerned, was to go without the Mr. Hughes received from Mr. Ful- Bible. ler, he appears to have allowed the The Serampore missionaries conmatter to remain in abeyance for fif- sidered that there was no ground for teen years, during which period, the abandoning a practice which had British and Foreign Bible Society prevailed in India for thirty years, sent a sum exceeding £20,000 for and was still to be held sacred in the encouragement of versions in Europe, and that every faithful verwhich the word was translated. Then sion should have been encouraged came an acrimonious controversy of without reference to the shibboleth five years, which resulted in the of“ baptizo.” This course was the Society's being compelled, by the pre- most obviously consistent and equitdominance of a powerful influence, able, and the arguments against it to come to the determination of re- were of so feeble a complexion, that versing its old practice, and deter- it was impossible to avoid the conmining to withhold support from any viction that the question was decided version in India, in which the word more by the importunity of denomiwas not left untranslated. To con- national feeling than by the voice of ceal the anomaly of thus establish

Christian truth could no ing one rule for Europe, and another more suffer in heathen lands than it for Asia, it was resolved into a ques- has done in Christendom, by a divertion of chronology. In all transla- sified translation of a single word. tions made before the year of grace

The natives, of India, moreover, are 1800, the word, as translated, was

accustomed to different schools of

reason.

interpretation of the books on which ignores its existence. And the fact their faith is founded. No Hindoo of this difference of opinion as to the considers the authenticity of the mode of baptism has been still more Vedas impugned, and no Mahome- clearly demonstrated by the introdan has his confidence in the Koran duction of appliances for baptism by shaken by a different exposition of immersion, which the Bishop of Calparticular passages or phrases. A cutta is said to have sanctioned in pædo-Baptist, with a version in which the edifices of the Church of England. the word was translated immerse, The convert is thus at liberty to might as consistently adopt the prac- make his election between the font tice of sprinkling in India as in and the baptistry, and as the rite is Europe, when the rendering of this oriental, he will, in all probability, word does not regulate the local choose the latter. J. C. M. practice. One of the great leaders London, May 18, 1864. of the movement in India had him

February 4th, 1812. self for several years been in the habit of using and distributing copies and at the dinner of the Baptist monthly

About a fortnight ago I was in London, of the New Testament, in which the

meeting. Hughes and another member of word was rendered by a terin akin the Bible Society were present. Sitting to dipping. If, however, our pædo- next to Hughes, he asked me a few quesBaptist friends, and missionary col- tions in a low voice about our translations.

I took down the substance of the converleagues in India, scrupled to circu

sation after I got away, and will give it to late a version among their converts you. H. “Do the translators introduce in which the translation of the word either note or comment ?" F. “I believe did not correspond with their own not."

H. “I did not know but there practice, the remedy was easy. Print might be now and then a line as a glos

sary." F. “I never heard of any." H. an edition, print a dozen editions for

“Do they make the English translation them, with the original word untouch- any rule of their rendering, or do they ed: but was this any reason for depriv- translate merely from the originals ?" ¥. ing the agents of the Baptist Mission

“I think only from the originals, whatever

use they make of the English, or any other ary Society of all aid from the Bible

translation : I do not suppose they attach Society ? It was quite possible to be

any authority to it." H. " How have they liberal to the one without being rendered the word baptize?” F. “ In the illiberal to the other. If the object Bengalee by a word that signifies to imwas to prevent the circulation of any

merse; and I suppose in all the other

translations also." H. . Would it not copy of the New Testament which

have been better to have done as our could raise any doubts in the mind translators have done,-left the word unof the convert as to the mode of the translated, only_giving it a Bengalee terordinance, it has been singularly de.

mination ?" F. “Why should they do

so?” H. “It might then have been cirfeated, for the most acceptable ver

culated by pædo-Baptists." F. “When sions, in the language of fifty millions they rendered the word into Bengalee, of people in Bengal and the north- there was no Society which wished to do west provinces, have been executed so; they did it in simplicity as honest men.

But if it had been otherwise, I do not see by the Baptists, and the word is, in them, translated. On either side of translated without tacitly acknowledging

how they could have left the word unthe bay, in Orissa and Burmah, there that they did not understand its meaning, is not a copy of the New Testament which was not true.” H. “I think they in circulation, in which the word is might have done so consistent with integnot rendered as in the Dutch and

rity.'. F. “And would you have them

alter it?” H. “I think they might in a the German, though the Bible Society future edition; at least, I wish it had been

a

text was,

done so at first." F. “I would not have While a student at Bristol, in 1819, had them done so for £20,000." This the late Dr. Ryland sent me to Norwich being spoken in rather an elevated tone,

for six weeks to supply the pulpit at St. the company cried, “What is that Mr. Fuller would not have had done for

Clement's, previously to the settlement £20,000 ?” Now we were quite public,

of the late Mr. Gibbs. I was kindly and obliged to explain. Mr. Hughes made

received at Sproston Lodge, the resich in his own defence, in which he

dence of the late Mr. Cozens. At that spoke against translations being the work time young Allen was an apprentice in of a party, smelling of a party mint, &c., the establishment of Messrs. Cozens and and wished for mere literary men as trans- Coleman. He was often sent out with lators. I answered, “mere literary men

me to show me the lions of the city and cannot understand the Bible, and therefore

neighbourhood. Our society and converare not qualified to translate it—that I wished for no union that required the sac

sations were mutually agreeable. I found rifice of principle, and that a man could not

that he went to church with his family, be an honest translator who did not give

and that he had never been in a chapel. the meaning of every word according to

But, as I afterwards learnt, he purposed the best of his judgment.” I added, " If a in his mind that he would hear me pædo-Baptist were to translate, and were

preach before I left. He deferred it till to render baptize by a word that means to

the evening of the last Sabbath. The sprinkle, I would help to circulate it in a

“We must all appear before heathen country, not on that account, but notwithstanding it." The other members

the judgment seat," &c., &c. of the Bible Society spoke of the import

The next morning I left for London. ance of that Society, and of what great

But when I arrived at the coach office, things it had done. I readily admitted this, to my surprise I found my young friend and said I would willingly promote it to waiting for me. He grasped me warmly the utmost of my power; but they should by the hand, and anxiously enquired not arrogate to themselves what did not

where a letter would find me in a day or belong to them. I had seen and heard

two. I told him, and on the following speeches by some of their members which implied that all which had been done in

Wednesday I received a long letter statIndia was of their doing, whereas the trans- ing, that he was present in the chapel lations then carrying on were begun before

on the previous Sabbath evening, that that society was thought of, and, much as his mind was deeply impressed with we felt obliged by their generous assist- what he heard, that he was very un. ance, the work did not depend on them, happy about his state before God, and nor would it stop if they were to withhold

that he hoped I would write to him on their hand. He said the Society made no such pretences as I referred to. This I

the subject. A correspondence comadmitted, and was happy to acquit them of

menced, which continued for several it, but individuals had done so, which I years. hoped they would not repeat. There was My young friend in a comparatively no ill-blood, but the company was much short time found peace in believing. He interested, and generally took part against attended the ministry of Mr. Gibbs, and

joined the church under his pastoral care at St. Clement's; but after some

time, removed to St. Mary's. To the Editor of the Baptist MAGA

He became a Sunday-school teacher, a village preacher, and a zealous friend

to our missionary societies soon after DEAR SIR,—I have read with deep his entrance to the visible church of interest the memoir of J. H. Allen in Christ. the Magazine for this month. If I had For about twenty-five years we did known Mr. Mursell's purpose to write it, not see each other, but when we met the I would have given him some striking interview may be imagined. After this facts in our friend's early history, as he we saw each other occasionally, and corwas the first fruit of my ministry. responded to a very recent date.

Mr. Hughes.

ZINE.

I knew the manner of my friend's life, rified presence of our adorable and blessed and rejoiced in it. Now I know the Saviour. manner of his death, and am thankful

SAML. BLACKMORE. for it. We shall meet again, in the glo- Eardisland, May, 7th, 1864.

Rebiebus

Sermons preached in Lincoln's Inn merits in that way; and we are not less

Chapel, and on Special Occasions. By confident that they would command acF. C. Cook, M.A., Chaplain in Ordi- cess to many circles which the volume nary to the Queen, one of H.M.'s In- before us will not reach. They are well spectors of Schools, Preacher to the suited to the wants of our times, and Hon. Society of Lincoln's Inn, &c. would guard those who studied them London: Murray. 1863.

against the insidious advances of that

distrust of the authority of Holy ScripThese are the best sermons which

ture which is, we fear, on the increase have reached us from any one of the

amongst our countrymen. We shall be Royal Chaplains of late. There is a

very glad if Mr. Cook adopts this sug. hearty recognition of the truthy which

gestion, and if Mr. Murray, with his wellall Evangelical Christians hold, and a

known energy and tact, gives these sermanly assertion of their practical adap- mons the widest possible scope; for tation to the wants of men who have to

many would read a succinct statement work in the world ; so that with such

of the doctrine of Inspiration who would passports to our esteem, we can welcome

not care to examine the subject with them as likely to be of use in quarters minute and exhaustive research. which other preachers cannot so readily As a fair specimen of the theology reach. We should have been glad if and of the style of the volume, we quote there had been more compression of one passage from a sermon on “ St. thought, because the style would have Paul's doctrine”:been more energetic and impassioned ;

" What the elder apostles contemplated but it may be that the preacher felt himself under the painful necessity of

and taught for the most part as an external

revelation, St. Paul habitually realized to beating out his materials to gain the at- himself and to his hearers as an inward tention of his hearers, and to convey the

manifestation. Of all aspects of the truth, truth to their consciences in the sight of

that which he inculcated most earnestly, God.

was the living union between Christ and

His people-the indwelling of Christ in their Some of the sermons might well be hearts—the interpretation of the human and printed in small volumes for very wide the divine ; his great work as a teacher was circulation, such as those on the “ Four

to apply this principle, and the truth which Evangelists,"" the Twelve Apostles," and

it involves, to the solution of the manifold “St. Paul ” more particularly ; and es

and perplexing questions which then agitated

the Church, which will never cease to agi. pecially the three “on the Inspiration tate it until the second coming of the Son of of Scripture.” If these last were

God. printed in a form suitable for presenta izing opponents, he went at once to the root

“ Thus, in the controversy with his Judation to young men, we think they would of their errors. : . If they once knew be eagerly used by all who know their that they would be accepted only when they

ness

were brought into living union with Christ, the masters of theology ; which breathe then all hope of justification by such fulfil. ment of the law, as they in their self-right

upon us from the tomes of the Fathers eousness deemed possible, fell to the ground.

of the Church and the best of the The righteousness of Christ, communicated writers of the Elizabethan and Caroline to the believer in virtue of that union, was eras. The lofty language, fit vehicle for incompatible with the assertion of claims

the lofty thought, which almost every resting upon the individuals own righteous. Once convinced of that, the Jew be

page of Irving's writings presents, can came really a Christian. Until convinced of only be compared with the still living that, no adhesion of the understanding speech of Hooker, Jeremy Taylor, Milbrought him out of Judaism into the sphere ton and Howe. And we can conceive of reconciliation with God. And since faith

of no finer exercise for our modern stuis the only conceivable medium of an union essentially spiritual with an invisible Saviour,

dents of divine knowledge, than the that great Christian principle came out in a perusal and mastery of the works of this new light, and assumed its true aspect and great man-great, notwithstanding his right place in the doctrinal system of Paula system in which all true-hearted Chris.

grievous heresies and faults. tians recognize the complete explanation of

The present volume is the first of a their inner life. Faith was thus shown to series of five volumes, to contain both have a justifying efficacy quite independent the published and unpublished writings of any inherent meritoriousness, acceptable as it must be to God, being, in fact, a recog.

of Irving, such as will“ fairly exhibit his nition of the adaptation of His best gifts to

great powers of oratory and thought." the deepest groanings of man's heart: it jus. In the present volume we have, the Ora. tifies because it brings the soul to Christ, tion on the Word of God, the Discourse opens the inner chamber of the heart to

on the Parable of the Sower, the grand Christ, and expels from it all thoughts and

Introduction to the Book of Psalms, the feelings which are incompatible with His indwelling. Justification by faith is but the celebrated Discourse on Missionaries after aspect-the first and most affecting aspect- the Apostolical School, and three smaller in which the results of the union between

pieces. We cannot, however, understand Christ and the believer are represented to the conscience-stricken sinner, seeking to

on what principle the editor has arknow the terms on which reconciliation is

ranged these selections ; why, for inpossible with a Holy God. Hence the effects stance, has he separated the fourOrations of that doctrine when faithfully proclaimed. on the Oracles of God, published in It cuts like a two-edged sword-it makes the

1823, from the second part of the same decisive separation between the hearers of the Gospel.”

volume, and changed the title to “ Th.

Word of God," omitting also the preWe hope that Mr. Cook will be emi- face, and the dedication to Dr. Chalmers ? nently successful in winning his learned The discourses on the Parable of the hearers to the obedience of faith.

Sower were first published in 1828, and formed the second volume of a series of

Sermons, Lectures and Discourses" in The Collected Writings of Edward

three volumes. Why does not the Irving. In Five Volumes. Edited

Editor give some explanation of this by his Nephew, the Rev. G. CARLYLE,

piecemeal separation of discourses, which M.A. Vol. I. London : Strahan &

Irving himself had united in one per('0., 1864, pp. 615.

fect whole? Some explanations also are

required as to the circumstances under For some years the writings of Ed- which these pieces were published. No ward Irving have been very difficult to reader, for example, would know that the obtain. Whatever opinion may be formed Historical view of the Church of Scotof his career, there can be no question as land before the Reformation, in this voto the power, depth and grandeur of his lume,was originally prefixed to an edition literary productions. We seem to hear of the “Confession of Faith” that Irin them again those grand old tones ving published to justify his views in which come to us over the ages from 1831. We hope that in the succeeding

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