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to promulgate its peculiar doctrines that is right and noble and good; is destroyed. Our Lord accordingly and might expect them to guide appealed to the moral influence of the Convocation, being animated truth in the lives of men as decisive by such a Divine impulse. So that, of its claims upon the acceptance of using our Lord's test, if the fruit all. “A good tree cannot bring forth exhibited by these men be "corrupt," evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree we may be sure that the tree on bring forth good fruit, for a tree is which it grows cannot be "good." known by its fruits." We propose to It is generally confessed that Mr. use this simple test, and to ascertain Jowett is qualified not only to fill, the worth of Anglican teaching by but to add celebrity to the Greek chair. some of the forms of Anglican His diligence in fulfilling the duties morality
which are implied in an appointment The case of the Rev. B. Jowett, to such a post, has stood forth in Regius Professor of Greek in the honourable contrast with the indoUniversity of Oxford, may well sup- lence of his learned predecessor, Dr. ply us with our first illustration. It Gaisford, and commanded the reis the boast of the majority of the spectful acknowledgment of his an, members of that ancient seat of scrupulous opponents.
The stipend learning that it is pervaded by the of the professorship is £40 per spirit of the Church of England, and annum, a sum which stands in ludithat it is the best exponent of the crous contrast with the incomes manifold virtues and excellencies of assigned to the other professors in that Church. It is the shrine of the University. It was not to be Anglican orthodoxy, unsullied by the expected that such a disproportion touch of Nonconformity, and unpol- would pass unnoticed, or remain unluted by the breath of popular redressed, and various efforts have opinions. There, at least, we ought to been made from time to time in find the choicest fruits of that teach- Convocation to secure him a payment ing in which it glories, and to dis- for his services in keeping with the cover in the truthfulness and salaries of his learned brethren in scrupulous honour of its members the office. Every effort of this kind has evidences of the fitness of Anglican bitherto failed, through the blind doctrines to produce the noblest forms fury of country clergymen, led by the of English character. And when we notorious Archdeacon of Taunton, recollect still further that the over- the Venerable George Anthony Dewhelming majority of the members nison, editor of the Church and Slate of Convocation are clergymen who Rericu. profess to have been “inwardly The pleas upon which these clergymoved by the Holy Ghost” to under- men have chiefly rested their oppositake the work of the ministry, and tion to any increase of Mr. Jowett's “ do think in their hearts that they stipend from the University are mainly be truly called according to the will two:—first, that he is not orthodox of our Lord Jesus Christ ... to in doctrine as a clergyman, and the order and ministry of priest- secondly, that as he is Regius Profeshood," we might expect
expect such sor, and owes his appointment to the selected witnesses of the truth to favour of the Crown, it is only fair be living epistles of Christ, which that the Crown should adequately all men may easily read. In their provide for its own nominee. It is votes we might reasonably look worth while to examine each of these for an unworldly zeal for everything pleas in turn,
That Mr. Jowett has published two the score of his opinions on subjects volumes on the Epistles of St. Paul which he is not appointed to teach, to the Thessalonians, Galatians, and is to make religion the cause of sin. Romans, with critical notes and dis- And the mortifying fact is that in the sertations, and that he also contributed majority of cases similar conduct one of the ablest papers in the Essays would be denounced as an intolerable and Reviews, is known to every well- wrong to religion itself, whereas in read Englishman. Upon these pro- this instance it is paraded forsooth ductions of his pen his enemies rest as an act of homage to the truth of their charges of heterodoxy, and God! It is at least conceivable that declare him to be disentitled to ade- instead of the present Boden Profesquate remuneration as the Professor sor of Sanscrit at Oxford, a learned of Greek. But everyone can see at Pundit fresh from Benares might have a glance that the conclusion does not been appointed to that chair. We follow from the premises laid down. can believe that he might have been We do not for a moment subscribe as efficient a teacher of that marvelto several of the opinions broached by lous language as the Rev. Monier Mr. Jowett, nor are we satisfied with Williams, or even as the learned Max his exegesis of various passages in Müller who coveted the appointthe writings of St. Paul; but our ment. But would any honourable differences of judgment do not con- man have refused the Brahmin
payvict him of an inability to teach ment for his services as a teacher of Greek. His stipend is paid him not Sanscrit, because he was not sound for teaching Anglican orthodoxy, but on the doctrines of grace, or found it for teaching Greek; and we have hard to digest the terms of the never heard of a man who questioned Athanasian Creed ? Newton did not his fitness to do that which he was write his Principia any the worse appointed to do. A man's orthodoxy for his Arian proclivities, and we has nothing whatever to do with his believe that Professor Jowett does attainments as a scholar. Porson was not lecture on Plato a whit the worse unorthodox, but he was such a master because he is too honest to conceal of Greek as any university in the his divergence from the beaten track world might be proud of. The late which others love. Dr. Donaldson was not orthodox, but But then it is urged—“of course who would deny him a place amongst the Professor ought to be fairly paid the ripest scholars of the last thirty for his services, but the Crown should years? And the scholarship of Pro- provide the necessary revenues.” fessor Jowett is to be determined by Even here we submit that the reaother considerations than his reputa- soning is unfair. It may be for the tion for orthodoxy. If he did not interest of the University itself that know Greek, or could not teach it to the nomination to its principal chairs all comers, or if his lectures were should rest with the crown. The attended by men whose acquaintance rivalries and jealousies which somewith the language was far superior to how struggle into existence, even in his own, there might be fair grounds seats of learning, are not the condialleged for not increasing his salary, tions of the wisest choice for the and even for a petition to the Crown chief places in them; and it is quite to remove him from his post, and to possible that if the selection of a appoint some other graduate who Professor of Greek had been left to might be fit for it; but to refuse just the University of Oxford, a gentlepayment for services rendered, on man might have been elected of
very moderate learning, and quite the monopoly which it held for pubcontent to be as lazy as was Dr. lishing the Almanac, may be cited as Gaisford. The source of the appoint- instances. The profits accruing in ment does not determine its value, the present day from the first-named and as the University derives what- of these grants are estimated at ever advantage is secured by the £10,000 to £12,000 per annum, nomination of an efficient man to whilst the income arising from the any office in it, there is good reason other cannot be accurately stated, but shown why the University itself must amount to a large sum. As should remunerate services which for remission of taxes, not to dwell illustrate its usefulness and add to upon the exemption of the Univerits renown.
sity from the provisions of the MortBut these considerations, and others main Act-in itself an immense adof a kindred nature, have had no vantage---within the last ten years' weight with the majority of the Con- taxes on taking degrees, &c., amountvocation at Oxford. The Anglican ing to £2,400 per annum have been divines, who have voted against the remitted, upon the distinct underjust claims of Mr. Jowett, have been standing that the University was to holding up before England their make provision for the endowment practical interpretation of our Lord's of certain professors named in the command—“Whatsoever ye would Act. In this last case, as that rethat men should do to you, do
ye even inission was not to take place until so to them,” and have shown that, the specified endowments were made though with their lips they have the engagement has been fulfilled; but owned Him as Master, in their con- in spite of the other funds created duct they deny Him. A good man for such a purpose, the endowment of out of the good treasure of his heart the Regius Professorship of Greek is bringeth forth good things, and an not increased! This is the honesty evil man out of the evil treasure of of Convocation! Does it speak well his heart bringeth forth evil things." for the religious principles of its Injustice when perpetrated in the meinbers ? name of God, and under the cloak Another illustration of Anglican of austere piety, is aggravated in its morality is supplied by the conduct criminality by the hypocrisy in which of Sir Roundell Palmer and others in it is disguised; and no one acquainted connection with “The Church Buildwith the merits of the case under ing Acts Consolidation Bill,” now review can hesitate in reprobating before the House of Commons. The the immorality of men who claim to necessity of some such measure is be the spiritual guides of the nation. admitted on all hands, and the great
But there is something more to be ability of the learned Attorney added to these remarks if our readers General pointed him out as the man are to judge aright of the conduct of who could best consolidate the various these men. The University has been measures which have been already enriched by grants from the Crown enacted. To that ability it was also and Parliament, and by remission of felt must be added, in judging of his taxes at different times, avowedly for fitness for the task, the reputation in the advancement of literature in its which Sir Roundell Palmer has been precincts; and for the public benefit held for his delicate sense of honour of the former, the patent granted by and his unaffected piety: and byElizabeth to enable the University standers, who were not forgetful of to print the Holy Scriptures, and the his opinions on various questions compensation voted it on abolishing affecting the Anglican establishment
congratulated themselves that Non- ought to have been the conduct of conformists were safe in his hands, honourable men? Finding that the as too upright to take any advantage measure which had been suffered to of them in his new Bill. It seems to pass on the strength of their assurus that they were justified in expect- ances as to its nature and design was ing fair and upright dealing from such of the contrary tendency, is it too a man, and we are the more grievously much to say that they should have disappointed at the course which he striven to repair the mischief they has taken.
had done? Were they not honourFrom the introduction of the ably bound to have introduced a Church Building Act of 1828 to Bill into the lIouse of Commons to that of 1856, the House of Commons amend the Act which had been has always been assured that the passed, by making its provisions acBills laid before it have not conferred cordant with the avowed intentions upon the new parishes to be created of its promoters? Yet to this hour by those measures the right of levy- they have done nothing of the kind ! ing Church-rates, and it has required But now that Sir Roundell Palmer that assurance as the preliminary brings in his Bill, instead of fulfilling rondition of discussing those Bills. the known intentions of the LegislaThe Marquis of Blandford (now ture, he seeks to re-enact the very Duke of Marlborough), in answer terms which, according to Dr. Lushto a distinct question from Sir ington, give the right to levy ChurchWilliam Clay on this point, de- rates in every district church in the clared that his Bill (of 1856), would kingdom which either is, or may benot give the right of levying Church- come, a new parish under his Bill. rates, and Sir George Grey volun- And he does this in spite of reinonteered his assurance that the Bill of strance, and of his accurate acquaintthe noble lord did not ask any money ance with the intentions of the from the public, nor to create a power Church-legislators, whose various to deal with any property not the measures he consolidates! Would property of the Church. Upon these Sir Roundell teach his Sundayassurances the Bill became statute- scholars that such conduct on the law, and soon afterwards it was dis- part of Dissenters towards Churchcovered that both the Marquis of men would be right? Yet the result Blandford and Sir George Grey had- of his Anglican theological training we are willing to believe quite unin- is simply this—that he acts as if it tentionally-misled the House. In were right to secure the adoption of the opinion of such eminent counsel as a measure in the interest of the Sir Fitzroy Kelly, Mr. Baddeley and Establishment by the most positive Dr. Bayford, and others, the 14th assurances as to its design, but that and 15tli sections of the Act, by when those assurances prove to be constituting each district a false pretences, it is right to mainparish “for all ecclesiastical pur- tain the injustice which has been poses," did confer the right of levy- suffered to become law ! ing a Church-rate by the parishioners If these be the fruits of Anglican in vestry assembled for their own teaching we need not pursue any parish ; and that opinion has since recondite inquiries as to its origin. been confirmed by the judgment of It may be lisped by courtly divines, Dr. Lushington, in the Court of and be praised by lordly prelates as Arches.
the perfection of grace and wisdom; Under these circumstances what it may be traced through schoolmen
and fathers back to a remote anti- know she is the bride, the Lamb's quity, but it is not the Gospel of wife! But that confederation, which Christ. It may be its counterfeit, assumes the same glorious title, yet but can never be confounded with does not disdain the use of injustice the truth of God. It may prophesy
It may prophesy and wrong in its own behalf-which smooth things, but it uses deceit. It cares more for outward pomp and is the patron of wickedness, and the power
than for holiness of heart and abettor of injustice and wrong. The life, may occupy a conspicuous place Church of Christ is always repre- in the esteem of the worldly and the sented as a virgin attired in purity, corrupt, but will be treated by all beautiful in her lowliness of spirit, others as a wanton beauty that hath and girt about with truth and charity. a brow of brass and the attire of an Like her Divine Lord, her life is the harlot—the natural progeny of the counterpart of the doctrines she pro- mother of harlots and abominations claims to the world, and all men of the earth.
CHILDREN IN THE CHURCH. I wish here to put in a plea childhood more largely represented before Christian churches, in behalf in our churches. It would make us of the little ones. I believe there is simpler and wiser ourselves. It would room for the lambs in the fold of the make the church more of a family. Good Shepherd. When He blessed If the children were missed out of the children he said, “ of such is the our houses, it might be a graver kingdom of heaven." When He set a world, and a harder working world ; little child in the midst of His disciples, but I am sure it would be neither He spoke of “one of these little ones a holier nor a happier world; and which believe in me." When He gave so with our churches. And it Peter his pastoral charge He named were well to have the weakness of the lambs as well as the sheep. In Christian childhood among us, for the apostolic letters we find words defence and shelter. It would make addressed to children as well as to us more gentle, and more tender of fathers. A child may know and trust conscience, and would do ourselves the love of Jesus almost as soon as good as well as them. It is not right its own mother's love. The Good that the tender and beautiful flower Spirit may surely have access to the of youthful piety should be kept child-heart as soon as the world can. outside the garden fence; or that And we should seek for our children, Christ's lambs should be kept outside not that they may be converted by the fold; they have a right to be and bye, but that their hearts may be within for defence and nurture. And possessed by Jesus from the earliest we should find that, with all their dawn of reason. And I think it were weakness, they are a power: for out well to have the piety of childhood of the mouths of babes and sucklings represented more largely than it is has God ordained strength. What I in our Christian churches. It would contend for is the gathering of the be an additional element of spiritual little ones to Jesus; and when we beauty and power. If there is strength have reason to believe that they have in the piety of manhood, and glory given their young hearts to Him, the in that of old age, the piety of child- gathering of them into the fellowship hood is as dew and sweetness. It of the church.
Culross's Divine were well to have the simpleness of Compassion. .