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above all nations to the dignity of the Cæsarian guard; by nature consecrated to heroick activeness, disdaining other than sanguinean desudations; and who, during the whole age of the Roman monarchy, resisted the violence thereof, and were as often invaders as invaded.

After the dissolution of the Roman empire, how did the Teutonick glory and puissance break forth and diffuse themselves? The German colonies filled all Europe; the Franks seized upon the Transalpine Gaul, since, from them, named France; the Lombards upon the other Gaul, afterwards called Lombardy; the Goths on Spain; and the Saxons, or English, our peculiar progenitors, in a more plenary way, upon the best part of Britain, which we now possess, to which we have since also added the command of the Welsh, Irish, and Scots : So that in all the regions aforesaid, as the sovereignty and royalty, so also most of the nobility, and in England the whole communalty, are German, and of the German blood; and scarcely was there any worth or manhood left in these occidental nationis, after their so long servitude under the Roman yoke, until these new supplies of free-born men from Germany reinfused the same, and reinforced the then servile body of the west, with a spirit of honour and magnanimity; insomuch, that, as Du Bartus hath well observed, that land may well be stiled the equus Trojanus, or inexhausted fountain of Europe's worth and worthy men; which was also apparent and conspicuous in that ever-glorious and renowned expedition of the west, for the Holy Land, under the conduct of Godfrey of Bulloigne, wherein there was scarce a personage of worth, but who, together with the plurality of the inferior soldiery, was German by birth or blood.

As this our mother nation hath been transcendant above others in her atchievements, and her noble and fruitful issue of transmigrators and colonies, wherewith she hath replenished and re-edified her sister nations of the rest of Europe, and thereby inabled them to hold up their heads, as now they do among the potent monarchies of the world; so is she no Jess eminent in the vast bulk of her own body, and the ample tract of land which she holds and possesseth, and so ever hath done against all the world, being indeed the heart and main body of Europe, as reaching from the Alps, near to the frozen ocean one way, and from France and the British Sea, unto Poland and Hungary, the other way, containing for members her several tribes of the Imperial Germans, the Switzers, Belgians, Danes, Norwegians, Swedes, Goths, and Vandals, besides us English. It is true, that the Celtick nation was once very great and famous, as possessing both the Gallia's and Britain; but she hath long since, in all her three seats, surrendered up her possessions, or liberty, together with her name, to the incroachments of her Teutonick neighLours; and doubtless, were all the foresaid limbs of the Teutonick vation as united in the political association of one head and heart, as they are in the natural ligaments and communion of blood, laws, language, and situation, that empire would not only be the head of the west, as now it is, but also able to wrestle with the oriental competitor, for the command of the world, or at least to shoulder out of Europe his intruding usurpation.

One more power of this our mother nation's royal garland, and a

point of her prerogative above other nations, not only of Europe, but also of the rest of the world, the Scythick excepted, is her unconqueredness, her untainted virginity and freedom from foreign subjection, which, from her first foundation and cradle, she hath so conserved and defended, that none can truly hoast to have been her ravisher. The Roman invasions indeed often assayed her, but could never force her; as for Alexander, the Germans heard of him, but never saw him otherwise than by their ambassadors, who gave him and the world notice by their honourable answer to his insolent question, how much they feared him: and, lastly, for Charlemain's German wars, they were but as civil and domestick, his Franks, and more particularly himself, being then in all things, but habitation, Germans, and consequently also his atchievements may by good right also be reckoned among the German acts: What other nation can glory of the like? It is confessed, that the Greeks and Gauls were, for many ages, famous assertors of their liberties; but the latter of the two never enjoyed theirs since the time of Ariovistus and Julius Cæsar, and the poor, never enough to be lamented, Greeks, beside their ancient subjection to Rome, have in these latter times lost not only their liberty, but also an empire to boot, together with their laws, religion, honour, and never before conquered language, to the cruel oppression of Turkish barbarism, all which the Teutones have by the special favour of Heaven, from their first beginning, preserved inviolate against all invaders; indeed our neighbours the Scots boast much of the like privilege, but upun no equal grounds, for their remoteness and inaccessibleness, together with the unprofitableness of their soil, have been their chief protection from following the fortune of their mother nation of Ireland, and yet not so protected them, but as their own chronicles confess, their land hath been won from them, and they forced into exile for sixty years by the Romans, and their nation more than once subdued by our Edward the First, when they so often swore fealty and subjection to the Crown of England; and for the Scythians, as they of all the world have the best right to compare themselves, as having never submitted their necks to any external power, so may they also for that privilege in part thank their remoteness and barren climate, that have rendered their vast country not worth the conquering, and themselves as difficult to be found as vanquished by strong and well appointed armies.

But that, which makes up the sum ani apex of this nation's pre-eminence, is her Imperial crown, the crown of Christendom, which the Divine Providence upon special choice hath devolved on her, that so she might be no less in title than merit the queen of nations; this her possessive dignity was long since foretold by the Druids, who, as Tacitus recordeth, prophesied that the empire should be translated from Rome over the Alps, and is no other than what she was born to in the right of Askenaz's blood, educated to an inviolated freedom, and generous exercist's, and settled in by the purchase of the sword, and Rome's adoption; and the same hath been for many ages by her, without competition, enjoyed, she possessing also most of the other kingdoms and principalities of these parts by her colonies, insomuch that the German nation may justly seem to have been created and appointed, for heir of

of

the western world, even as the Scythick of the eastern, as betwixt which two nations and their colonies, both the sovereignty and possession of the most part of Europe and Asia is divided, they being in all things parallels and competitors; Heaven grant that at length our Teutonicks, shaking off their enervating vices and divisions, with the same manhood wherewith in ancient times their ancestors retunded that Scythick invasion of the Huns, mawling that orbis malleum, and in after ages chaced the Turks, another tribe of the same nation, from the Holy Land, and repressed their incroachings on Christendom, may also in these last times, at least, un-europe the same enemy and his barbarism, and readvancing the eagle in the midst of Constantinople, recover, to great Tuisco's name, that right and honour in Thracia, which, as may be conceived, his person there sometime enjoyed under the name of Mars, confirmable by the still lasting analogy both in roots and accidents betwixt the Greek and Teutonick idioms.

Such is the transcendent quality of our mother nation, and in these sundry respects she sufficiently appears to be the chief and most honourable nation of Europe; of all which honour of her's we are true inheritors and partakers, either as members of that body, or as children of that mother, we being fesh of her Aesh, and bone of her bone, yea the most ancient and noble of her tribes, according to the Germans opinion; the Saxon still retaining the name, with a little metathesis, as is before related, of the patriarch Askenaz, and this so totally and intirely, that whatsoever blood among us is not Teutonick is exotick; for, as is also before intimated, our progenitors, that transplanted themselves from Germany hither, did not commix themselves with the ancient inhabitants of this country, the Britons, as other colonies did with the natives in thosc places where they came, but totally expelling them, they took the sole possession of the land to themselves, thereby preserving their blood, laws, and language, incorrupted; and, in this panegyrick of the Teutonick blood, I have so prolixly insisted, not only to vindicate our own, as being a stream of the same, and to evince the nobility thereof, but withal to convince the folly of those wretches among us, who aversing ours do so much adhere unto, and dote upon descents from France and Normandy. But, lest

any that cannot reproach us as Germans, should calumniate us as transmigrators, the consideration of the general quality of such will be our sufficient apology, for that it is well known that most colonies and transmigrators are made up, and consisting of the flower and choice youth of that country from whence they are transplanted, and being such, cælum non animum mutant qui truns mare currunt, though they change air, they retain their spirits; and this is moreover observable for our advantage, that we left not the land of our fathers, either as exiled for demerits with the Parthians, nor forced and profligated by neighbours, as many others, nor yet with the mind of rovers, that go unjustly to despoil others of their goods and country. But, thar which nothing could be more honourable, the first cause and occasion of our coming into this land was, at the carnest suit and intreaty of the distressed Britons, the ancient possessors of the same, to relieve and succour their oppressed nation, against the barbarous and

ore than VOL. VI,

G

unneighbourly vastations and invasions of the Scots and Picts, who with the height of insolence and ferocity, dominecred, at that time, over this part of Britain. This was no less honourably atchieved than undertaken by our ancestors; for Prince Hengistus, with a small band of English voluntiers, which he brought over from Saxony, renownedly repressed and quelled the pride and insolence of the Scots, and with his additional forces so secured this land against them, that for many ages after they dared not to set foot out of their own limits; nor ever since could the most successful of their incursions penetrate to the walls of York.

But did we therefore leave the free country of our ancestors, and come over bither to relieve and deliver others from foreign subjection, that we ourselves might succeed in servitude? Sure it will scarce appear, that we had any such intent by our ensuing doings and sufferings, for after that, upon our fatal falling out with the Britons about pay, we had long wrestled with that nation, for the possession of this land, and with infinite expence of blood and labour, gained it wholly to ourselves, Hengistus's assistance to the Britons being much of kin to that of Ariovistus, unto the Sequanish Gauls. What inundations of invasions did we sustain, what numberless conflicts and encounters did we continually maintain, for the keeping of our possessions, and preservation of our honour and liberty, as they were derived inviolate from our progenitors? And all but against Danish intruders, a prople that were our consanguineans, our ancient countrymen and brethren, whose prevailing over us would have introduced scarce strange laws or language, nor other blood than Teutonick; and although in process of time, being overladen with their inexhausted numbers, and to avoid further profusion of christian and Teutonick blood, we condescended to some composition with them, and permitted them a cohabitation with us; yet afterwards did we sufficiently quit ourselves of them, and their intruding, and by a general execution, made them an example for such like usurpers; such was our ancient antipathy to servility, and the abhorringness of our nation's genius from closing with dishonour.

Neither was this our generosity of blood, and freeness of descent and condition, the sum of our inheritance, or the whole stock of honour, that the bounty of heaven had committed to our possession. We were also blessed with a hopeful language, and happy laws; laws envied, but not equalled in Christendom, and, by historians, admired, as most plain and compendious, and of such a politick structure, as made our Prince a true and happy monarch, and yet ourselves as free as any people of Europe. Our language was a dialect of the Teutonick, and although then but in her infancy, yet not so rude as hopeful, being most fruitful and copious in significant and well-sounding roots and primitives, and withal capable and apt for diffusion, from those her roots, into such a Greek-like ramosity of derivations and compositions, beyond the power of the Latin, and her offspring dialects, as might have, with majesty, delight, and plainness, interpreted our conceptions, and the writings of foreigners, to the capacity of any Englishman, without the help of a dictionary, or the knowledge of two or three other languages, which now is requisite to bim, that will rightly understand or speak even usual English; and our laws and language being not only thus laudable, but also congenite, and appropriate to our name and nation, were most essential parts of our honour, and no less dear unto us, and that worthily, than our blood, and so the pleasant subjects of our delight and study; as also our princes and nobility, being no less naturally our own, were the just objects of our zeal and affection, as was testified in that title of the Prince Edgar Atheling, who was stiled England's darling, for his blood's sake, and in opposition to the Norman.

And is it then suitable to the dignity, or tolerable to the spirit of this our nation, that, after so noble an extraction and descent, such honourable atchievements performed, so much done and suffered for our liberty and honour, against the most mighty of monarchs, and puissant nations; and, after such privileges conferred on us from heaven, we should have our spirits so broken, and un-teutonised, by one unfortunate battle, as for above five hundred years together, and even for eternity, not only to remain, but contentedly to rest under the disgraceful title of a conquered nation, and in captivity and vassalage to a foreign power?

Siccine in antiquam virtutem animosque viriles
Et pater Æneas 8; avunculus excitat Hector?

Did our ancestors, therefore, shake off the Roman yoke, with the slaughter of their legions, and, during the whole age of that empire, as Tacitus confesseth, resist the puissance thereof, that the honour and freedom of their blood might be reserved for an untainted prey to a fu. ture conqueror? Could not they endure the sight of a Cæsarian trophy, set up by Germanicus in their land? And can we not only endure, but embrace the title and ensigns of a conquest over us, that even still triumphs in our land, in her full insolence, while we can turn our eyes and meditations no where about us, but we meet with some object that reproacheth us as captives. If we address a look toward our laws, , they still scorn to speak otherwise, than in the conqueror's language, and are (if Master Daniel and others write true) for the most part, his introductions, shutting up the remaining liberties of our nation, under the name and notion of franchises, as if we were no further to be accounted free, than infranchised, that is, adopted into the quality of Frenchmen, or made denizens of France, whereby, the first point, that occurs to the reader of our laws, is our shame. If we survey our language, we there meet with so much tincture of Normanism, that some have esteemed it for a dialect of the Gallick. If we contemplate the he. raldry and titles of our nol lity, there is scarce any other matter than inventories of foreign villages, that speak them to be not of English blood; but tell us, as their ancestors sometimes told King John, that their progenitors conquered this land by the sword, And, lastly, if we but hear the royal title rehearsed, we hear it likewise attended with a post conquestum; so that we cannot move with our senses, but we hear the chains of our captivity rattle, and are put in mind that we are slaves. Vinci humanum est, no people but may be overcome; that may be born withal; but sub victoria acquiescere, for so many hundred years

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