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judgment; yet are they pleasing and Art. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. acceptable to God in CHRIST, and do spring out necessarily of a true committed after baptism, is sin
Not every deadly sin, willingly and lively faith ; insomuch that by against the Holy Ghost, and un. them a lively faith may be as evi: pardonable. Wherefore the grant of dently known, as a tree discerned by repentance is not to be denied to such the fruit.
as fall into sin after baptism. After Art. XIII. Of Works before Justi. we have received the Holy GHOST, fication.
we may depart from grace given, and Works done before the grace of fall into sin, and by the grace of God CHRIST, and the inspiration of his we may) arise again, and amend our SPIRIT, are not pleasant to God, lives. And therefore they are to be forasmuch as they spring not of faith condemned, which say, they can no in JESUS CHRIST, neither do they more sin as long as they live here, make men meet to receive grace, or or deny the place of forgiveness to (as the School-authors say deserve such as truly repent. grace of congruity : yea rather, for Art. XVII. Of Predestination and that they are not done as God hath
Election. willed and commanded them to be
Predestination to life is the everdone, we doubt not but they have the lasting purpose of God, whereby nature of sin.
(before the foundations of the world ART. XIV. Of Works of Superero. were laid, he hath constantly decreed, gation.
by his counsel, secret to us, to deliver Voluntary works, besides over and from curse and damnation, those above God's commandments, which whom he hath chosen in CHRIST they call Works of Supererogation, out of mankind, and to bring them cannot be taught without arrogancy by CHRIST to everlasting salvation, and impiety. For by them men do as vessels made to honor. Where declare. That they do not only render fore they which be endyed with unto God as much as they are bound so excellent a benefit of God, be to do, but that they do more for his called according to God's purpose sake than of bounden duty is required: by his SPIRIT working in due sea whereas CHRIST saith plainly, When son: they through grace obey the ye have done all that are command calling they be justified freely : they ed to you, say, We are unprofitable be made
sons of God by adoption: servants.
they be made like the image of his ART. XV. Of CHRIST alone with they walk religiously in good works ;
only begotten Son Jesus CHRIST : out sin.
and at length by God's mercy they CHRIST in the truth of our nature, attain to everlasting felicity. was made like unto us in all things, As the godly consideration of sin only except, from which he was predestination, and our election in clearly void, both in his flesh, and in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, his spirit. He came to be a Lamb and unspeakable comfort to godly without spot, who by sacrifice of persons, and such as feel in themhimself once made, should take away selves the working of the SPIRIT of the sins of the world ; and sin (as CHRIST, mortifying the works of the St. John saith) was not in him. But flesh and their earthly members, and all we the rest (although baptized and drawing up their mind to high and born again in CHRIST) yet offend in heavenly things, as well because it many things; and if we say we have doth greatly establish and confirm no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the their faith of eternal salvation, to truth is not in us.
be enjoyed through CHRIST, as be.
cause it doth fervently kindle their God's word written ; neither may it love toward God: so, for. curious so expound one place of Scripture, and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit that it be repugnant to another of Christ, to have continually before Wherefore, although the Church be their eyes the sentence of God's a witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, predestination, is a most dangerous yet as it ought not to decree any thing downfall, whereby the devis doth against the same, so besides the same thrust them either into desperation, ought it not to enforce any thing to or into wretchlessness of most un be believed for necessity of salvation. clean living, no less perilous than ART. XXI. Of the Authority of desperation.
General Councils. * Furthermore, we must receive
ART. XXII. Of Purgatory. God's promises in such wise as they be generally set forth to us in
The Romish doctrine concerning holy Scripture : and in our doings, purgatory, pardons, worshipping, and that will of God is to be followed, adoration, as well of images, as of which we have expressly declared reliques, and also invocation of saints, unto us in the word of God.
is a fond thing vainly invented, and
grounded upon no warranty of Scrip: ART. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal ture, but rather repugnant to the word
Salvation only by the Name of of GOD.
ART. XXIII. Of Ministering in the They are also to be had accursed,
Congregation. that presume to say, that every man
It is not lawful for any man to shall be saved by the law or sect take upon him the office of public diligent to frame his life according to preaching, or ministering the sacra.
ments in the congregation, before he that law, and the light of nature. be lawfully called, and sent to execute For holy Scripture doth set out unto the same. And those we ought to us only the name of JESUS CHRIST, judge lawfully called and sent, which whereby men must be saved.
be chosen and called to this work by Art. XIX. Of the Church.
men who have public authority given The visible Church of CHRIST is and send ministers into the LORD'S
unto them in the congregation, to call & congregation of faithful men, in vineyard. the which the pure word of God is preached, and the sacraments be duly Art. XXIV. Of Speaking in the ministered according to CHRIST'S
Congregation in such a tongue as ordinance, in all those things that of the People understandeth. necessity are requisite to the same. It is a thing plainly repugnant to
As the Church of Hierusalem, the word of God, and the custom of Alexandria, and Antioch, have erred; the primitive Church, to have public 80 also the Church of Rome hath prayer in the Church, or to minister erred, not only in their living and the sacraments in a tongue not under manner of ceremonies, but also in standed of the people. matters of faith.
ART. XXV. Of the Sacraments. Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Sacraments ordained of CHRIST be Church.
not only badges or tokens of Christian The Church hath power to decree men's profession; but rather they be rites or ceremonies, and authority in controversies of faith : and yet it
• The Twenty-first of the former Articles is is not lawful for the Church to or nature, and is provided for, as to the remaining
omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil dain any thing that is contrary to parts of it, in other articles
Gertain sure witnesses, and effectual promise, although they be ministered signs of grace, and God's good will by evil men, toward us, by the which he doth Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the work invisibly in us, and doth not discipline of the Church, that inqui. only quicken, but also strengthen and ry be made of evil ministers, and confirm our faith in him.
that they be accused by those that There are two sacraments ordained have knowledge of their offences : of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, and finally being found guilty, by that is to say, Baptism, and the Sup- just judgment, be deposed. per of the LORD.
ART. XXVII. Of Baptism. Those five commonly called Sacra. ments, that is to say, Confirmation fession, and mark of difference,
Baptism is not only a sign of proPenance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be count: whereby Christian men are discerned ed for Sacraments of the Gospel, be from others that be not christened : ing such as have grown, partly or but it is also a sign of regeneration, the corrupt lollowing of the apostles,
or new birth, whereby, as by an in. partly are states of life allowed by the strument, they that receive baptism Scriptures; but yet have not like na.
rightly are grafted into the Church : ture of sacraments with Baptism and the promises of the forgiveness of sin, the Lord's Supper, for that they have and of our adoption to be the sons of not any visible sign or ceremony or.
God by the Holy Ghost, are visi. dained or God.
bly signed and sealed : faith is conThe sacraments were not ordained firmed, and grace increased by virtue of CHRIST to be gazed upon, or to
prayer unto God. The baptism
of be carried about, but that we should
young children is in any wise to duly use them.
be retained in the Church as most And in such only as worthily receive the same, they agreeable with the institution of have a wholesoine effect or operation:
CHRIST. but they that receive them unworthi. ART. XXVIII. Of the Lord's ly, purchase to themselves damna.
Supper. tion, as St. Paul saith,
The Supper of the LORD is not Art. XXVI of the Unworthiness ought to have among themselves one
only a sign of the love that Christians of the Ministers, which hinders not to another ; but rather it is a sacrathe effect of the Sacraments.
ment of our redemption by CHRIST'S Although in the visible Church the death : insomuch that to such as evil be ever mingled with the good, rightly, worthily, and with faith re. and sometime the evil have chief au ceive the same, the bread which we thority in the ministration of the word break is a partaking of the body of and sacraments : yet, forasmuch as CHRIST; and likewise the cup of they do not the same in their own blessing is a partaking of the blood of name, but in CHRIST's, and do min. CHRIST. ister by his commission and author. Transubstantiation (or the change ity, we may use their ministry, both of the substance of bread and wine) in hearing the word of God, and in in the Supper of the LORD, cannot receiving the sacraments. Neither be proved by Holy Writ; but it is is the effect of CHRIST's ordinance repugnant to the plain words of taken away by their wickedness, nor Scripture, overthroweth the nature the grace of God's gifts diminished of a sacrament, and hath given occa. from such, as by faith, and rightly, sion to many superstitions. do receive the sacraments minister The body of CHRIST is given, ed unto them, which be effectual, be taken, and eaten in the supper, only cause of CHRIST's institution and after a heavenly and spiritual man.
And the mean whereby the | Abt. XXXIII. Of excommunicate body of Christ is received -and eat- Persons, how they are to be avoiden in the Supper, is faith.
ed. The sacrament of the Lord's Sup
That person which by open deper was not by CHRIST's ordinance nunciation of the Church is rightly reserved, carried about, lifted up, or cut off from the unity of the Church, worshipped.
and excommunicated, ought to be ART. XXIX. Of the wicked, which taken of the whole multitude of the
eat not of the Body of Christ in faithful, as a Heathen and publican, the use of the Lord's Supper.
until he be openly reconciled by peThe wicked, and such as be void nance, and received into the Church of a lively faith, although they do by a judge that hath authority there carnally and visibly press with their unto. teeth (as St. Augustine saith) the Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of sacrament of the body and blood of
the Church. CHRIST; yet in no wise are they It is not necessary that traditions partakers of CHRIST; but rather to and ceremonies be in all places one, their condemnation do eat and drink or utterly like ; for at all times they the sign or sacrament of so great a have been divers, and may be changed thing
according to the diversity of countries, Art. XXX. Of both Kinds.
times, and men's manners, so that The cup of the LORD is not to be nothing be ordained against God's denied to the lay-people: for both word. Whosoever, through his pri parts of the Lord's sacrament by
vate judgment, willingly and pur. CHRIST's ordinance and command posely doth openly break the tradi ment, ought to be ministered to all tions and ceremonies of the Church, Christian men alike.
which be not repugnant to the word
of God, and be ordained and apArt. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of proved by common authority, ought CHRIST finished upon the Cross. to be rebuked openly (that other
The offering of Christ once made, may fear to do the like) as be that is that perfect redemption, propitia offendeth against the common order tion, and satisfaction for all the sins of the Church, and hurteth the au. of the whole world, both original thority of the magistrate, and woundand actual; and there is none other eth the consciences of the weak satisfaction for sin, but that alone. brethren. Wherefore the sacrifice of masses, in
Every particular or national Church which it was commonly said, that hath authority to ordain, change, and the priest did offer Christ for the abolish ceremonies, or rites of the quick and the dead, to have remission Church, ordained only by man's anof pain or guilt, were blasphemous thority, so that all things be done to fables, and dangerous deceits. edifying ART. XXXII. Of the Marriage of ART. XXXV. Of Homilies. Priests.
The second Book of Homilies, the Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are several titles whereof we have joined, not commanded by GOD's law, either under this Article, doth contain a to vow the estate of single life, or to godly and wholesome doctrine, and abstain from marriage: therefore it necessary for these times, as doth the is lawful for them, as for all other former Book of Homilies, which were Christian men, to marry at their own set forth in the time of Edward the discretion, as they shall judge the Sixth, and therefore we judge them samé to serve better to godliness. Ito be read in charches by the min
isters diligently and distinctly, that|Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of they may be understanded of the
Bishops and Ministers. people.
The Book of Consecration of Bish. Of the Names of the Homilies. : ops, and Ordering of Priests and
Deacons, as set forth by the General 1. Of the right Use of the Church. Convention of this Church in 1792, . 2. Against Peril of Idolatry. doth contain all things nécessary to 3. Of repairing and keeping clean such consecration and ordering ; of Churches.
neither hath it any thing that, of itself, 4. Of good Works : first of Fasting. is superstitious and ungodly: and, 5. Against Gluttony and Drunk. therefore, whosoever are consecrated
or ordered according to said form, we 6. Against Excess of Apparel. decree all such to be rightly, orderly, 7. Of Prayer.
and lawfully consecrated and ordered. 8. Of the Place and Time of Prayer.
ART. XXXVII. Of the Power of 9. That Common Prayers and Sa
the Civil Magistrates. craments ought to be minis. The power of the civil magistrate
tered in a known Tongue. extendeth to all men, as well clergy 10. Of the rederent Estimation of as laity, in all things temporal; but God's Word.
hath no authority in things purely 11. Of Alms-doing.
spiritual. And we hold it to be the 12. Of the Nativity of CHRIST. duty of all men who are professors of 13. Of the Passion of CHRIST. the Gospel, to pay respectful obedi. 14. Of the Resurrection of CHRIST. ence to the civil authority, regularly 15. Of the worthy receiving of the and legitimately constituted.
Sacrament of the Body and
ART. XXXVIII. Of Christian 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy
Men's Goods, which are not comGHOST. 17. For the Rogation-days.
The riches and goods of Christians 18. Of the State of Matrimony. are not common, as touching the 19. Of Repentance.
right, title, and possession of the 20. Against Idleness.
same, as certain Anabaptists do falsely 21. Against Rebellion.
boast. Notwithstanding, every man [This Article is received in this liberally to give alms to the poor, ac
ought of such things as he possesseth, Church, so far as it declares the cording to his ability. Book of Homilies to be an explica. tion of Christian doctrine, and in- Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian structive in piety and morals. But
Man's Oath. all references to the constitution and As we confess that vain and rash laws of England are considered as swearing is forbidden Christian men inapplicable to the circumstances of by our Lord JESUS CHRIST, and this Church, which also suspends James his Apostle : so we judge that the order for the reading of said Ho- Christian religion doth not prohibit, milies in churches until a revision of but that a man may swear when the them may be conveniently made, for rnagistrate requireth, in a cause of the clearing of them, as well frorn faith and charity, so it be done acobsolete words and phrases, as from cording to the prophet's teaching in the local references.]
l justice, judgment, and truth.