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tranquillity of his college 54; from that garden of piety, of pleasure, of peace, and a sweet conversation, into the thorny wilderness of a busy world ; into those corroding cares that attend a married priest, and a country parsonage; which was Draiton Beauchamp in Buckinghamshire (not far from Ailesbury, and in the diocese of Lincoln); to which he was presented by John Cheny, esq. then patron of it, the 9th of December 1584, where he behaved himself so to give no occasion of evil, but (as St. Paul adviseth a minister of God) “ in much patience, in afflictions, in
anguishes, in necessities; in poverty, and no doubt in
long-suffering ;" yet troubling no man with his discontents and wants.
And in this condition he continued about a year, in which time his two pupils, Edwin Sandys and George Cranmer 55, took a journey to see their tutor ; where they found him with a book in his hand it was the Odes of Horace), he being then, like humble and innocent Abel, tending his small allotment of sheep in a common field, which he told his pupils he was forced to do then, for that his servant was gone home to dine, and assist his wife to do some necessary household business. When his servant returned and released him, then his two pupils attended him unto his house, where their best entertainment was his quiet company, which was presently denied them; for “ Richard was called to rock the cradle 56 ;" and the rest of their welcome was so like this, that they stayed but till the next morning, which was time enough to discover and pity their tutor's condition: and they having in that time rejoiced in the remembrance, and then paraphrased on many of the innocent recreations of their younger days, and other
54 [The college at that time was Cranmer, not till July 13, 1589. less tranquil than usual: as might This seems to shew that they went be expected after the strong mea abroad together after their visit to sures taken in 1568. Mr. Ful Hooker, and of course confirms man's papers contain many in Walton's correction.] stances, besides those which have [ “ This narrative reminds me been adduced, of the turbulence “ of a domestic picture in the Life and faction by which it was long “ of Melancthon, who was seen by infested.]
one of his friends with one hand 55 [Originally,“were returned from rocking the cradle of his child, “ travel, and took a journey,” &c. “ with the other holding a book." Now it appears from Fulman's Zouch, Life of Walton, subjoined papers, vol. VIII. that Sandys was to Walton's Lives, II. p. 370. note.] made regent M. A. July 8, 1583;
like diversions, and thereby given him as much present comfort as they were able, they were forced to leave him to the company of his wife Joan, and seek themselves a quieter lodging for next night. But at their parting from him, Mr. Cranmer said, “ Good tutor, I am sorry your lot is fallen “ in no better ground as to your parsonage : and more sorry “ that your wife proves not a more comfortable companion “ after you have wearied yourself in your restless studies.” To whom the good man replied, “ My dear George, if saints “ have usually a double share in the miseries of this life, “I that am none, ought not to repine at what my wise “ Creator hath appointed for me, but labour (as indeed I do
daily) to submit mine to his will, and possess my soul in patience and peace.”
At their return to London, Edwin Sandys acquaints his father57, who was then Archbishop of York, with his tutor's sad condition, and solicits for his removal to some benefice that might give him a more quiet and a more comfortable subsistence; which his father did most willingly grant him, when it should next fall into his power. And not long after this time, which was in the year 158558, Mr. Alvie (Master of the Temple) died, who was a man of a strict life, of great learning, and of so venerable behaviour, as to gain so high a degree of love and reverence from all men, that he was generally known by the name of Father Alvie. And at the Temple reading, next after the death of this Father Alvie, he the said Archbishop of York being then at dinner with the judges, the reader and benchers of that society, met with a general condolement for the death of Father Alvie, and with a high commendation of his saint-like life, and of his great merit both towards God and man; and as they bewailed his death, so they wished for a like pattern of virtue and learning to succeed him. And here came in a fair occasion for the bishop to commend Mr. Hooker to Father Alvie's place, which he did with so effectual an earnestness, and that seconded with so many other testimonies of his worth, that Mr. Hooker was sent for from Draiton Beauchamp to London,
57 (Corrected from “ then bishop 58 He was dead, and the place “ of London, and after archbi- void in the month of August,
anno 1584. J. S. [John Strype.]
and there the mastership of the Temple proposed unto him
mention was made of Mr. Hooker for Endeavours this place, two other divines were nominated to succeed to be Master Alvey; whereof Mr. Walter Travers, a disciplinarian in his Temple. judgment and practice, and preacher here in the afternoons, was chief, and recommended by Alvey himself on his deathbed, to be master after him: and no marvel, for Alvey's and Travers's principles did somewhat correspond. And many gentlemen of the house desired him; which desire the lord treasurer Burghley was privy to, and by their request, and his own inclination towards him, being a good preacher, he moved the queen to allow of him ; for the disposal of the place was in her. But Archbishop Whitgift knew the man, and his hot temper and principles, from the time he was fellow in Trinity college, and had observed his steps ever after: he knew how turbulently he had carried himself at the college, how he had disowned the English established church and episcopacy, and went to Geneva, and afterwards to Antwerp, to be ordained minister,
59 This you may find in the Tem- year by patent, in terminis, as
Richard Hooker. [The year meant
revised the Life of Hooker for the Richard Hooker succeeded that edition of his works printed 1705.]
as he was by Villers 61 and Cartwright and others, the heads of a congregation there; and so came back again more confirmed for the discipline. And knowing how much the doctrine and converse of the master to be placed here would influence the gentlemen, and their influence and authority prevail in all parts of the realm, where their habitations and
estates were, that careful prelate made it his endeavour to Opposed by stop Travers' coming in; and had a learned man in his view,
and of principles more conformable and agreeable to the church, namely one Dr. Bond, the queen's chaplain, and one well known to her. She well understanding the importance of this place, and knowing by the archbishop what Travers was, by a letter he timely writ to her majesty upon the vacancy, gave particular order to the treasurer to discourse with the archbishop about it.
The lord treasurer, hereupon, in a letter, consulted with the said archbishop, and mentioned Travers to him as one desired by many of the house. But the archbishop in his answer, plainly signified to his lordship that he judged him altogether unfit, for the reasons mentioned before; and that he had recommended to the queen Dr. Bond as a very fit person. But however she declined him, fearing his bodily strength to perform the duty of the place, as she did Travers for other causes. And by laying both aside, she avoided giving disgust to either of those great men. This Dr. Bond seems to be that Dr. Nicholas Bond that afterwards was President of Magdalen college, Oxon, and was much abused by Martin Mar-prelate.
These particulars I have collected from a letter of the archbishop to the queen, and other letters that passed between the archbishop and the lord treasurer about this affair, while the mastership was vacant. The passages whereof, taken verbatim out of their said letters, may deserve here to be specified for the satisfaction of the readers.
And first, in the month of August, upon the death of the former master, the archbishop wrote this letter unto
the queen : The archbi.
“ It may please your majesty to be advertised, that the “ mastership of the Temple is vacant by the death of Mr.
[Of whom see some account in Strype, Whitg. I. 477.]
shop to the queen con. cerning the vacancy of the Temple.
Alvey. The living is not great, yet doth it require a “ learned, discreet, and wise man, in respect of the company “ there: who being well directed and taught may do much “ good elsewhere in the commonwealth, as otherwise also
they may do much harm. And because I hear there “ is a suit made unto your highness for one Mr. Travers, “ I thought it my duty to signify unto your majesty, that “ the said Travers hath been and is one of the chief and “ principal authors of dissension in this church, a contemner “ of the book of Prayers, and of other orders by authority “ established ; an earnest seeker of innovation ; and either in
no degree of the ministry at all, or else ordered beyond “the seas; not according to the form in this church of “ England used. Whose placing in that room, especially
by your majesty, would greatly animate the rest of that “ faction, and do very much harm in sundry respects.
“ Your majesty hath a chaplain of your own, Dr. Bond, a man in my opinion very fit for that office, and willing “ also to take pains therein, if it shall please your highness “ to bestow it upon him. Which I refer to your most “ gracious disposition : beseeching Almighty God long to “ bless, prosper, and preserve your majesty to his glory, 6 and all our comforts. “ Your majesty's most faithful servant and chaplain,
“ Jo. CANTUAR." “From Croyden,
day of August, 1584." Next, in a letter of the archbishop to the lord treasurer, dated from Lambeth, Sept. 14, 1584, he hath these words:
“I beseech your lordship to help such an one to the The archbi“ mastership of the Temple, as is known to be conformable lord trea“ to the laws and orders established ; and a defender not a depraver of the present state and government.
He “ that now readeth there is nothing less, as I of mine own
knowledge and experience can testify. Dr. Bond is 6 desirous of it, and I know not a fitter man.”
The lord treasurer in a letter to the archbishop, dated from Oatlands (where the queen now was), Sept. 17, 1584, thus wrote:
“ The queen hath asked me what I thought of Travers treasurer to
the archbi. shop.