Page images
PDF
EPUB

ز

to afford it their own. I wish it may have this effect upon such as have any prejudice against the truth which I assert and maintain, because it is of so much concernment to the public good, that I cannot think it would have any adversaries but such as are the enemies of mankind, if it were not through some misunderstanding, which I have endeavoured to remove.

I hope at least some will lay aside that envy, with which they look upon the Bishops for the height and dignity of their office, and esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake*; when they shall have seen here, that it is not only an office of dignity but of work, and that work as good as the office is great. I will say no more to them here, than that the peace and safety of the kingdom is so bound up with that of the Church, that he that is a friend to the one cannot be an enemy to the other; and that the office and dignity of a Bishop is so necessary to the peace and safety of the Church, that the opposing of the one must needs beget disorder and confusion in the other. But I will pray that God, who has restored us to a better understanding of the royal office and dignity, will likewise give us a right apprehension of the episcopal. And as he led his people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron t, so he will make us all the

* 1 Thess. v. 13.

† Psalm lxxviii. 53.

people of his pasture and the sheep of his hands, and lead us like a flock in the right and good way, which will make us as happy as we can be in this world, and finally bring us to the perfection of our happiness in his eternal kingdom. And herein I doubt not, but your Lordship is ready to joyne your devotions with those of Your Lordship's most humble and most faithful servant,

JOHN SUDBURY."

66 A * The unadorned simplicity, with which the excellence of the Christian religion is described, cannot but be grateful to

In this discourse, the nature of the episcopal office is thus briefly but fully explained. priest or presbyter is over his flock, inasmuch as it is his office to minister to them the things that are holy, and to instruct and teach them the word of God. But his flock is but a small part of that greater flock, which the Bishop is to oversee: and it is his work to oversee not the flock only, but the overseers of the several parts of his flock; for, though they be over their several flocks, they are under him. It is his work to oversee the whole business of the Church, to see that the service of God be duly and decently celebrated, that all the congregations be supplied with such and such only as teach the things which become sound doctrine that cannot be condemned; that in their life and conversation they behave themselves in all things as the ministers of God, giving no offence in any thing, that the ministry be not blamed; that such as are scandalous may be removed, if they will not be reformed; to purge the Church of them, if they will not purge themselves; to see that they, whom they have baptized, be first instructed by them, and confirmed by him *.”

In the Lower House of Convocation, which was convened as Westminster in 1661, Dr. Sudbury

every reader:

There is no religion so effectual to take away

all manner of iniquity.as the Christian: the precepts thereof, which are in their natare the most pure, are likewise in the extent of them the most perfect and complete; reaching to all sorts of men, in all manner of conversation, to princes, subjects, parents, children, husbands, wives, masters, servants, neighbours, strangers; to make them all good in their several relations, and the better they are, the more happy in each other. The promises annexed to the observation of these precepts are the most high and heavenly, the confirmation of those promises the most divine: to the end that the promises being so confirmed might be the more steadfastly believed, and the promises being believed the precepts might be better observed, and, the precepts being so observed, all men might conspire together mutually to promote the happiness of each other, than which they can do nothing better to advance their own. This is the natural effect of that truth, which is according to godliness, the receiving and observing whereof is the most excellent means to procure the favour of God, than which nothing can make the happiness of men ever in this world more complete." (pp. 24, 25.)

was elected Proctor for the College of Westminster. In this Convocation the Book of Common Prayer, now used in the Church of England, was confirmed and approved.

The condition of the Cathedral in the metropolis was truly deplorable. It had been, literally, converted into a stable for horses. A renewal of it's ancient magnificence could not be effected, but by a more than common energy. To this arduous task Dr. Barwick alone was thought equal. He obeyed the royal mandate. A regard for the public weal impelled him at all times to sacrifice his ease, by undertaking an office which required the most unremitting atten. tion.

He resigned his appointment at Durham, however, with great regret, and “ was not very easily torn from a place which was always dear to him, and where he was much beloved, nor from that venerable college of his brethren to whom he had engaged himself in the strictest ties of friendship and affection *.” On his promotion to the deanery of St. Paul's, Dr. Sudbury was nominated Dean of Durham in October, 1661, and was installed on the fifth of February following. Before his admission into his new preferment, Dr. Barwick gave a convincing proof of his disinterestedness by putting a stop to all leasing of farms, even of some where the fine had been already agreed upon; that the revenue of the deanery might devolve more entire to his successor.

* In the number of those whom he left with reluctance was Mr Richard Wrench, formerly a great ornament of St. John's College, Cambridge, whom he had from his youth upward esteemed as his brother. They wore chosen fellows of their college at the same time. Mr. Wrench was ejected by the Earl of Manchester, in 1644; and at the Restoration, finding a worthy man in his place, he would not disturb him. He was, afterward, preferred to the sixth prebend in the Church of

Durham

Nothing could equal the ardor, with which the the new Dean endeavoured to execute the plans of improvement suggested by his predecessor, and to promote every measure which tended to the advantage and ornament of his college. Under his auspices, a double organ was placed in the Cathedral, a new school built, a conduit erected, and water conveyed in pipes of lead from a distance exceeding eight hundred yards to supply the prebendal houses. Those houses likewise, the ruinous library, and the chapter-house were repaired. Of the books which had been embezzled some were recovered *, and those

Durham. Mr. Thomas Baker characterises him as an excellent man, and an encourager of learning, who would often come into the school at Durham and examine the scholars. (Life of Dr. Barwick, p. 306. Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, II. 149.)

* In the answer of the minor canons to the Articles of In.

quiry

« PreviousContinue »