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And for the similitude of the head and the body, it may very well fall out, that the head will be forced to gail cut off some rotten member (as I have already said) to keep the rest of the body in integrity; but what state the body can be in, if the head, for any infirm ty that can fall to it, be cut off, I leave it to the reader's judgment.

So as (to conclude this part) if the children may upon any pretext that can be imagin d, lawfully rise up against their father, cut him oft, and choose any other whom they please in his room; and if the body for the weal of it, may for any infirmity that can be in the head, strike it off, then I cannot deny that the people may rebel, contrvul, and displace, or cut off their king at their own pleasure, and upon respects moving them. And whether these similitudes represent better the office of a king, or the offices of masters, or deacons of crafts, or doctois in physic, (which jolly comparisons are used by such writers as maintain the contrary proposition) I leave it also to the reader's discretion.

As a sort of salvo for the unqualified despotism of the preceding passage, his majesty presently adds:

Not that by all this former discourse of mine, and

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apology for kings, I mean that whatsoever errors and intolerable abominations a sovereign prince commit, he ought to escape all punishment, as if thereby the world were only ordained for kings, and they without controulment to turn it upside down, at their pleasure; but by the contrary, by remitting them to God (who is their only ordinary judge) I remit them to the sorest and sharpest school-master that can be devised for them : for the further a king is preferred by God above all other ranks and degrees of men, and the higher that his seat is above iheirs, the greater is his obligation to his maker.

The remaining pieces in the volume are :

6. A Counter-blast to Tobacco; Anonymous.

7. A Discourse of the Powder Treason. Anonymous.

8. An Apology for the Oath of Allegiance, first set out anonymous, and afterwards published with the præmonition under his majesty's

own name.

9. A Præmonition to all Christian Monarchs, free Princes and States, written both in English and Latin, by his majesty.

10. A Declaration agatnst Vorstius, written

by his majesty, first in French, after translated into English by his majesty's leave.

11. A Defence of the Right of Kings, against Cardinal Perron, written by his majesty in French, and thereafter translated into English by his majesty's leave.

To the above are added five speeches on different occasions. The king wrote also various pieces, in Latin, which it were needless to particularize.

The following lines are found under the print of James, prefixed to his works.

Crowns have their compass, length of days their date,
Triumphs their tombs, felicity her fate;
Of more than earth, can earth make none partaker,
But knowledge makes the king most like his maker.

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GLOSSARY.

A. ACCORDEX, to agree, accord, grant. Accordeden, agreed, granted. Adoube, to dubb. Adrad, adradde, afraid. Aferde, afraid. Again, ageyn, against. Againward, contrariwise. Agasten, to frighten, terrify Algates, always. Allies, kindreda Almayn, Germany. Angle, to jangle. Antesis, author, cause. Apay, to appease. Appayr, appaired, to impair, impaired. Appairing, impairing. Appropred, appropriated. Aren, arne, are. Arragonars, Arragonians. Artetykes, aching of limbs. Artyd, pressed, constrained. Assauts, assaults. Assoil, assoilen, to loose, absolve. Astonied, astonished. Avys, advice, opinion, understanding: Ayen, again.

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