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James, to supply the deficiencies of the royal revenue, which had been prodigally squandered. For his exertions Cotton was rewarded with a baronetsy: and he was the twentyninth baronet that was created. He died at Westminster, in 1631.
The works of sir Robert Cotton are nume
1. «A Brief Abstract of the Question of Precedency between England and Spain." This tract was occasioned by Elizabeth expressing a desire to know the ideas of the antiquarian society relative to that point; and is still extant in the Cotton-library.
2. Being appointed in the year 1608, one of the commissioners to enquire into the state of the navy, which had been neglected since the death of Elizabeth, he drew up on this occasion," A Memorial of their Proceedings," to be presented to the king. This piece is also reposited in the Cottonian library,
3. “ A Discourse of the Lawfulness of Combats to be performed in the presence of the King or the Constable and Marshal of England," written in 1609, and printed in 1651, and in 1672.
4. The samne year he wrote, “ An Answer to
such Motives as were offered by certain Military Men to. Prince Henry, to incite him to affect Arms more than Peace;" composed by order of that prince, and remaining still in MS. in his library.
5. " A Vindication of the Behaviour and Actions of Mary, Queen of Scots, from the Misrepresentations of Buchanan and Thuanus." This was written at the request of king James, and is supposed to be interwoven either in Camden's Annals of Queen Elizabeth, or printed at the end of Camden's Epistles." ;
6. In the reign of James the numbers and activity of the catholics being so formidable as to give just cause of alarm to the nation, his majesty, in 1616, commissioned Cotton to examine whether it was authorized by the laws of the land, either to imprison or put them to death ? In the inyestigation of this subject, sir Robert displayed great legal and constituțional knowledge, and produced twentyfour, arguments against proceeding to extremity with the papists. These arguments were published in 1672, among Cottoni Posthuma.
7. Probably about the same time he composed a tract relative to the same subject, still in MS. in the royal library, entitled, “ Consi
derations for the repressing of the Increase of Priests, Jesuits, and Recusants, without drawing blood."
8. «A Remonstrance of the Treaties of Amity,” &c. This piece was written at the time when the match between prince Charles and the Infanta of Spain was in, agitation, and at the instance of the House of Commons. He was desired to prove by an examination of the treaties between England and the house of Austria, the insincerity and unfaithfulness of the latter; and that in all her transactions, her sole object had been universal monarchy. This traet is printed among Cottori Posthuma.
9. “An Answer to certain Arguments raised from supposed Antiquity, and urged by some Members of the Lower House of Parliament, to prove that Ecclesiastical Laws ought to be enacted by temporal Men." This was a vin. dication of our ecclesiastical constitution against the innovations of the Puritans.
10. “ A Relation to prove that the Kings of England have been pleased to consult with their Peers in the great Council and Commons of Parliament, of Marriage, Peace, and War.” It was written in 1621, and printed in 1651 and 3672, among Cottoni Posthuma ; also, in 1679, under the title of " The Antiquity and Digo nity of Parliaments.”
11. " A Relation of the Proceedings against Ambassadors, who have miscarried themselves and exceeded their Commission."
12. “That the Sovereign's Person is required in the great Councils or Assemblies of the States, as well at the Consultations as at the Conclusions."
13. "The Argument made by the command of the House of Cominons out of the Acts of Parliament and Authoritỷ of Law expounding the same; at a Conference with the Lords, concerning the Liberty of the Person of every Freemani”
14. “A brief Discourse concerning the Power of the Peers and Commons of Parliament in point of Judicature." The four last are also printed in Cottoni Posthuna.
15. “A short View of the long Life and Reign of Henry III. King of England, written in 1614, and presented to James I.” It was printed in 1627, 4to. and reprinted in Cottoni Posthuma.
16. "Money raised by the King without Parliament, from the Conquest until this day, either by, Imposition, or Free Gift, taken out
of Records or Ancient Registers.” Printed in the Royal Treasury of England, or General History of Taxes, by Captain James Stephens, Svo.
17. “ A Narrative of Count Gundamor's Transactions during his Einbassy in England.” Lond. 1659, 4to.
Besides these, he wrote on various other subjects, some of which are the following: Of Scrutage; Of Enclosures and converting Arable Land into Pasture ; Of the Antiquity, Authority, and Office of the High Steward and Marshal of England; Of the Antiquity, Etymology, and Privileges of Castles; Of Towns; Of the Measures of Land; Of the Antiquity of Coats of Arms; Of Curious Collections; Of Military Affairs; Of Trade; Collections out of the Rells of Parliament;-different from those that were printed, but falsely, under his name, in 1657, by Wm. Prynne, esq. He likewise collected materials for “ The History and Antiquities of Huntingdonshire;" and conceived the project of writing An Account of the State of Christianity in these Islands, from the first Reception of it here, to the Reformation. The first part of this design was executed by archbishop Usher, in his book,