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The laws relating to slave property have been introduced, with the exception of the slave law, which has been omitted, not only in consequence of the disallowance of the one passed last session of assembly, but because, it is presumed, most gentlemen interested would be in possession of an entire copy of the existing law; and, should a new law pass next session, it is the intention of the publisher to print an edition of it with the same type, and of the same size, as the present publication, which will be sold to its purchasers at the low price of a dollar.

From the number of laws in our statute book, having duration clauses, and subject to frequent alterations, it was thought best to arrange them in an appendix.

Besides the laws of this island other matters have been inftroduced, as fürnishing useful information, such as definitions 'of crimes from English law-books, a list of governors, post roads, &c.

On the whole, it is hoped, that the publication will be found an useful manual to magistrates, vestrymen, and others; and to gentlemen of the legal profession it will perhaps be valuable, as a general index to the laws of this island; at least the compiler has endeavoured, by every care and attention, to render it so. He is however fully aware that in a work of such a "nature errors in reference or omission may have escaped him, and, as only a small edition 'has been printed, lè solicits such gentlemen as may discover any to communicate them to the publisher, for the benefit of a sccond edition, should it be required:

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ABOLITION BY 57, Geo. 3, c. 18, sundry enactments are made it aid of the British acts of parliament, for the abolition' of the slave trade, which there has never been any occasion to en-' force in this island, and it is believed never will. It is therefore quite unnecessary to detail them here; more especially as this act will be found abridged in the Abstract of Slave Laws published in 1819.

ACCESSARY: Accessary is he that is not the chief actor but one concerned in the felony by commandment, aid, or receipt. An accessary before the fact is he that, being absent at the time of the felony committed, doth yet procure; counsel, combiand, or abet, another to commit a felony. An accessary after the fàct is, where a person, knowing the felony to be committed by another, relieves, comforts, or assists the felon: Receivers ot stolen goods are accessaries:


Receivers or purchasers of stolen goods, or those who harbour thieves, are deemed accessaries in the felony, and to suffer death as principals ; and, though principals be pardoned, or otherwise delivered, both before or after the fact, they may be punished as if the principals had been attainted; if princi pals cannot be found, they may be punished as for niisde. . meanors, which exempts them from further prosecution: 15 Geo. 3, c. 10.


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ACCOUNTS OF SALES. Accounts of sales must be annually recorded by mortgagecs in possession, upon oath, and what sums applicable or actu: tually applied to the mortgages, under penalty of five hundred pounds, recoverable in supreme court.-25 Geo. 3, c. 10.Trustees or guardians in possession must record sales within eighteen months after they record crop accounts, on oath before a judge of grand court or common pleas, under a like penalty, and forfeiture of commissions.--33 Geo, 3. c. 21.


ACTIONS, No action of waste to be brought in any court. No actions: for less than twenty pounds to be brought in supreme court, except by the inhabitants of the precinct of St. Catherine33, Chas. 2, c. 23, s. 6. Justices of assize to appoint auditors: in actions of account, upon verdict for defendant, who give final judgment, and theia returns may be immediate.-17 Geo. 3, c. 13,

All actions miëst be filed in the grand court, but must be tried in the county in which the cause of actions shall arise. 31 Geo. 2, c. 4, s. 5. Those for breach of laws relating to trade and navigation, or for duties or customs under quit-rent act, or escheats, to be tried in the supremecourt only, and all in form, mations for land under the quit rent acts, to be proclaimed in the courts of Surrey and Cornwall that immediately follow the supreme court in which the same is proclaimed, and as often ; and such proclamation in assize courts to be endorsed on the back of the information ; those for freedom, in ejectment, dower, partition, right or title of lands and tenements

in any county, may, on motion, be tried in the supreme court only; the party moving paying the expences...31 Geo. 3. C. 4, s. 13, 14. In actions depending when the defendant is detained in custody for want of surety, and such defendant not appearing to plead, the plaiņtiff shall have default entered upon the action, and proceed accordingly; but must proceed, within two courts, to final judgment, or the defendant discharged. 51 Geo. 3, c. 28. See COURTS, DEBTS, EXECUTORS, and articles referred to un


ADMIRAL'S PEN. Commissioners appointed and empowered to purchase land for a pen for the admiral on the station, to be vested in the king, his heirs, and successors.-14Geo. 3, c. klo


AFFIDAVITS.. The chief-justice empowered to appoint commissioners in the different parishes to take affidavits, concerning matters depending in the court ; such affidavits to be filed in the clerk of courts' office, and used in court, as if taken in court, and those guilty of perjury to incur same penalties as if taken in the court, fee for taking one shilling and three pence.--14 Geo. 2, c. 3. All affidavits made or taken before

commissioner in

any proceeding in the grand or assize courts may, notwithstanding any new appointment of a chief-justice, be received and read in the courts; commissions to be registered by the clerk of the crown, and, unless they have been registered, affidavits before them cannot be read; lists of commissioners to be published annually; those swearing falsely before them guilty of perjury.-42 Geo. 3. c. 26.


From the French effrayer, to frighten, signifies a fighting between two or more, in some public place, for, if the fighting be private, it is not an affray, but an assault. No' angry or threatening words, however violent, amount to an affray; but át a person arm himself with dangerous or unusual weapons, in a way to excite terror in the people, it is an affray. "The punishment of common affray is by fine and imprisonment.Affrays may be suppressed by any private person present; but a constable, who is bound to keep the peace, inay break open doors to suppress an affray, or apprehend the affrayer. [For forms of warrant and indictment, see Court of Quarter Ses:


ALIENS. Those settled may be naturalised by the governor, on taking the oaths of allegiance, and have the same right by the patent as his majesty's natural born subjects, and devises, sales, &c. made by them are confirmed.-35 Chas. 2, c. 3. Foreigners arriving in this island must give in their names to a magistrate within thirty days, with their trades pr vocations, the time they have been in the island, and where they belong, under penalty of one hundred pounds; and may be transported, un less naturalised within thirty days.-12 Geo. 1, c. 11. They are empowered to lend money on landed or other securities, on interest, and, in forfeiture of security to such alien, the property vested in the speaker and chief-justice, in trust for his benefit.--13 Geo. 3, c. 16.

See Aliexs in APPENDIX.


Annuities consisting of a rent charge, or annual sum of fifty pounds per annum, out of messuages, lands, and tenements, on which have been and are negroes or stock liable to taxation, for twelve calendar months þefore the election, confer a right of voting for members of assembly:21 Geo. 9, c. 15, s. 7. APPRENTICES, see MASTER. and SERVANTS and PARISHES.

ARMS AND ACCOUTREMENTS. No arms or accoutrements are deemed public but such as issue from the public arsenal, and there marked ; none to be issued but by order of commander-in-chief, on a representation made by the colonel ; colonels, under penalty of one hundred pounds, to make yearly returns in October of the number of

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