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throne of that nation, which, by the happy issue of moderate and healing counsels, was to be made Great Britain, he should see his son, Lord Chancellor of England, turn back the current of hereditary dignity to its fountain, and raise him to a higher rank of peerage, whilst he enriched the family with a new one.

3. If amidst these bright and happy scenes of domestic honour and prosperity that angel should have drawn up the curtain, and unfolded the rising glories of his country, and whilst he was gazing with admiration on the then commercial grandeur of England, the Genius should point out to him a little speck, scarce visible in the mass of the national interest, a small seminal principle rather than a formed body, and should tell him, “Young man, there is America—which at this day serves for little more than to amuse you with stories of savage men and uncouth manners, yet shall, before you taste of death, show itself equal to the whole of that commerce which now attracts the

envy of the world. 4. “Whatever England has been growing to by a progressive increase of improvement, brought in by varieties of people, by succession of civilising conquests and civilising settlements in a series of seventeen hundred years, you shall see as much added to her by America in the course of a single life!" If this state of his country had been foretold to him, would it not require all the sanguine credulity of youth, and all the fervid glow of enthusiasm, to make him believe it? Fortunate man, he has lived to see it! Fortunate, indeed, if he lives to see nothing that shall vary the prospect and cloud the setting of his day.

5. Magnanimity in politics is not seldom the truest wisdom, and a great empire and little minds go ill together. If we are conscious of our situation and glow

with zeal to fill our places as becomes our station and ourselves, we ought to auspicate all our public proceedings on America, with the old warning of the church, sursum corda ! [elevate your minds!] We ought to elevate our minds to the greatness of that trust to which the order of Providence has called us.

6. By adverting to the dignity of this high calling, our ancestors have turned a savage wilderness into a glorious empire, and have made the most extensive and the only honourable conquests, not by destroying but by promoting the wealth, the number, the happiness of the human race. Let us get an American revenue as we have got an American empire. English privileges have made it all that it is; English privileges alone will make it all it can be. In full confidence of this unalterable truth, I now lay the first stone of the temple of peace. Edmund Burke.

English privileges.-Burke proposed that the American colonies should receive the right to representation in the English parliament. His motion was not carried.


1. Auspicious Hope! in thy sweet garden grow

Wreaths for each toil, a charm for every woe:
Won by their sweets, in Nature's languid hour,
The way-worn pilgrim seeks thy summer bower;
There, as the wild-bee murmurs on the wing,
What peaceful dreams thy handmaid spirits bring!
What viewless forms th' Æolian organ play,

And sweep the furrow'd lines of anxious thought away! 2. Angel of life! thy glittering wings explore

Earth's loneliest bounds, and Ocean's wildest shore.

Lo! to the wintry winds the pilot yields
His bark careering o'er unfathom'd fields;


Now on Atlantic waves he rides afar,
Where Andes, giant of the western star,
With meteor standard to the winds unfurl'd,

Looks from his throne of clouds o'er half the world. 3. Now far he sweeps, where scarce a summer smiles,

On Behring's rocks, or Greenland's naked isles;
Cold on his midnight watch the breezes blow,
From wastes that slumber in eternal snow;
And waft, across the waves' tumultuous roar,

The wolf's long howl from Oonalaska's shore. 4. Poor child of danger, nursling of the storm,

Sad are the woes that wreck thy manly form!

Rocks, waves, and winds, the shattered bark delay;

Thy heart is sad, thy home is far away.
5. But Hope can here her moonlight vigils keep,

And sing to charm the spirit of the deep:
Swift as yon streamer lights the starry pole,
Her visions warm the watchman's pensive soul:
His native hills that rise in happier climes,
The grot that heard his song of other times,
His cottage-home, his bark of slender sail,
His glassy lake, and broomwood-blossom'd vale,
Rush on his thought; he sweeps before the wind,
Treads the lov'd shore he sigh'd to leave behind;
Meets at each step a friend's familiar face,
And flies at last to Helen's long embrace;
Wipes from her cheek the rapture-speaking tear,
And clasps, with many a sigh, his children dear!
While, long neglected, but at length caress'd,
His faithful dog salutes the smiling guest,
Points to the master's eyes (where'er they roam)

His wistful face, and whines a welcome home. 6. Friend of the brave! in peril's darkest hour,

Intrepid Virtue looks to thee for power:
To thee the heart its trembling homage yields,
On stormy floods, and carnage-covered fields,
When front to front the banner'd hosts combine,
Halt ere they close, and form the dreadful line.
When all is still on Death's devoted soil,
The march-worn soldier mingles for the toil;
As rings his glittering tube, he lifts on high
The dauntless brow, and spirit-speaking eye,
Hails in his heart the triumph yet to come,
And hears thy stormy music in the drum!

- Thomas Campbell (1777–1844). Questions on the lesson :-In the first stanza what is Hope represented as having? What grow in this garden of Hope? When does the pilgrim enter it? What effect has it on him? How? In verse second how is Hope represented? What kind of places does it in. duce men to visit? What places are named? What character, belonging to these severally, illustrates the power of Hope to carry over difficulties? How does Hope cheer in those regions? What visions rise before the voyager? In what third aspect is Hope presented? (see verse 6).

Æolian organ (Eolian), is a stringed instrument which sounds by the impulse of the winds. Here it is the music caused by the wind among the trees.

Behring's rocks.—Behring Strait is between Asia and North America. It received its name from an eminent Russian navigator.

Andes, the mountains which extend along the western side of South America. The highest point is 22,422 feet.

Oonalaska, in the North Pacific—one of the largest of the Fox Islands. The surface is mountainous and rises to a volcano in the centre of the island.



1. For the most part, the roots of plants descend into the soil. Some, however, as is the case with the banyantree, taking their rise from the stem or branches, grow at first suspended in the air. After a time, these roots, which are known as aërial, reach the ground and do their part in feeding and supporting the tree which sent them forth. The roots of some orchids and a few other plants never reach the soil. The atmosphere alone supplies them with the nourishment they require.

2. The Mistletoe and similar parasitical plants send down what may be called their roots into the substance of the apple or other tree on which they grow and from which one their food is obtained. The green mould found on bread and articles which have been exposed to

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