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instead of being “nature's sweet restorer," would derange the circulation and cripple our frames.—Quarterly Review.

Questions on the lesson :—What was Davy's opinion about pain? What changed his opinion? What is said to depend on our sensibility to pain? What story illustrates its importance? How is the value of pain shown—as regards infancy? youth? dealing with burning substances? What arrangement has been made by nature that there may be the least pain to those who are suffering? What error is referred to as to the place where pain is most felt? Where is pain intensest? How is the advantage of this shown? What other purposes does the skin serve?

Sir Humphry Davy (1778–1829), well known by his discovery of the miner's safety-lamp. He also made important discoveries in various departments of chemical science.

Dr. Carpenter, one of the most distinguished physiologists of the present day.

Dr. Charles Bell (1774–1842), an eminent anatomist and surgeoncelebrated for a treatise on the Hand.


1. This rebellion proved still more fatal to the Lady Jane Grey as well as to her husband. The Duke of Suffolk's guilt was imputed to her, and though the rebels and malcontents seemed chiefly to rest their hopes on the Lady Elizabeth and the Earl of Devonshire, the queen, incapable of generosity or clemency, determined to remove every person from whom the least danger could be apprehended.

2. Warning was given the Lady Jane to prepare for death-a doom which she had long expected, and which the innocence of her life, as well the misfortunes to which she had been exposed, rendered nowise unwelcome


to her.

The queen's zeal, under colour of tender mercy to the prisoner's soul, induced her to send divines, who harassed her with perpetual disputation, and even reprieve for three days was granted her in hopes that she would be persuaded during that time to pay by a timely conversion some regard to her eternal welfare.

3. The Lady Jane had presence of mind, in these melancholy circumstances, not only to defend her religion by all the topics then in use, but also to write a letter to her sister in the Greek language, in which, besides sending her a copy of the Scriptures in that tongue, she exhorted her to maintain in every fortune a like steady perseverance. On the day of her execution her husband, Lord Guildford, desired permission to see her, but she refused her consent, and informed him by a message that the tenderness of their parting would overcome the fortitude of both, and would too much unbend their minds from that constancy which their approaching end required of them. Their separation, she said, would be only for a moment, and they would soon rejoin each other in a scene where their affections would be for ever united, and where death, disappointment, and misfortunes could no longer have access to them, or disturb their eternal felicity.

4. It had been intended to execute the Lady Jane and Lord Guildford together on the same scaffold at Tower Hill. But the council dreading the compassion of the people for their youth, beauty, innocence, and noble birth, changed their orders and gave directions that she should be beheaded within the verge of the Tower. She saw her husband led to execution; and having given him from the window some token of her remembrance, she waited with tranquillity till her own appointed hour should bring her to a like fate.

5. She even saw his headless body carried back in a cart, and found herself more confirmed by the reports which she heard of the constancy of his end than shaken by so tender and melancholy a spectacle. Sir John Gage, Con

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stable of the Tower, when he led her to execution, desired her to bestow on him some small present, which he might keep as a perpetual memorial of her. She gave him her table-book, on which she had just written three sentences on seeing her husband's dead body-one in Greek, another in Latin, a third in English. The purport of them was, that human justice was against his body, but

divine mercy would be favourable to his soul; that if her fault deserved punishment, her youth at least and her imprudence were worthy of excuse; and that God and posterity, she trusted, would show her favour

6. On the scaffold she made a speech to the by-standers, in which the mildness of her disposition led her to take the blame wholly on herself, without uttering one complaint against the severity with which she had been treated. She said that her offence was not the having laid her hand upon the crown but the not rejecting it with sufficient constancy: that she had less erred through ambition than through reverence to her parents whom she had been taught to respect and obey: that she willingly received death as the only satisfaction which she could now make to the injured state, and, though her infringement of the laws had been constrained, she would show by her voluntary submission to their sentence that she was desirous to atone for that disobedience into which too much filial piety had betrayed her: that she had justly deserved this punishment for being made the instrument, though the unwilling instrument, of the ambition of others; and that the story of her life, she hoped, might at least be useful, by proving that innocence excuses not great misdeeds, if they tend anywise to the destruction of the commonwealth.

7. After uttering these words, she caused herself to be disrobed by her women, and with a steady serene countenance submitted herself to the executioner.David Hume (1711–1776).

Questions on the lesson:- -What led Mary to resolve to put Lady Jane to death? What effort did the queen make with regard to her? How did the prisoner meet the attempts? Why did the Lady Jane refuse to her husband on the day of their execution? What circumstances added bitterness to her death? What had she written

on the book she gave to Sir John Gage before her death? In her speech on the scaffold what fault did she take to herself? What did she say had led her astray? What was the lesson which she thought the story of her life might teach?

This rebellion.— The Duke of Northumberland, on the death of Edward VI. in 1553, caused Lady Jane Grey to be proclaimed queen. She was eldest child of Frances, daughter of Mary sister of Henry VIII. and wife of Lord Grey, afterwards Duke of Suffolk. Lady Jane Grey had been married to Lord Guildford Dudley, fourth son of the Duke of Northumberland Northumberland was executed, and Lady Jane was sent to the Tower.

The Duke of Suffolk, in 1554, made an ineffectual attempt to have his daughter's claims to the throne recognised. He was instigated to rise on account of the dread entertained by the Protestants of Mary's marriage with Philip of Spain.

The Lady Elizabeth, afterwards Queen Elizabeth, was implicated in the insurrections at the beginning of Mary's reign, and was sent to the Tower.



1. But hark, the din of arms! no time for sorrow.

To horse, to horse! A day of blood to-morrow!
One parting pang, and then and then I fly,
Fly to the field, to triumph—or to die!
He goes, and Night comes as it never came!
With shrieks of horror!--and a vault of flame!
And lo! when morning mocks the desolate,
Red runs the river by; and at the gate

Breathless a horse without his rider stands!
2. But hush!-a shout from the victorious bands!

And oh the smiles and tears a sire restored !
One wears his helm-one buckles on his sword;
One hangs the wall with laurel-leaves, and all

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