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what could be seen immediately below? Beyond the engines what were seen? What on Olivet? What did the Jews expect to happen to this array? What is said of the Romans as regards these expectations ? What did they see rising amid the tumult in the temple? What did this lead Titus to do? What were the consequences of the digging of the trench? As the siege went on what became of Antonia ? The outer court? The colonnades? Where was the final resistance made? What became of the survivors ? Of the city?
Gibeon, in the tribe of Benjamin, north from Jerusalem, about 6} miles by the main road.
Antonia, a fortress on the north-west corner of the temple, built by Herod and named after Antony.
shields, &c., the Roman testudo or tortoise, a protection formed for troops advancing against a hostile wall by locking together their shields above their heads.
Vespasian, father of Titus, proclaimed emperor on the 1st of July, A.D. 69. He had been sent to conduct the Jewish war in the end of the year A.D. 66.
THE FALL OF JERUSALEM.
The Front of the Temple.
1. They fight around the altar, and the dead
Heap the chok'd pavement. Israel tramples Israel,
For conquest, but the desperate joy of slaying. 2. Priests, Levites, women, pass and hurry on,
At least to die within the sanctuary.
Hold their calm march, nor deviate to their venge
On earth, in holy patience, Lord, I wait,
Defying thy long lingering to subdue
'Twas but now I pass'd
The light within
To save or to destroy. On Sinai's top,
Titus, Placidus, Terentius, Soldiers, Simon.
Save, save the Temple! Placidus, Terentius,
Who's this, that stands unmoved
Titus, dost thou think that Rome Shall quench the fire that burns within yon temple? Ay, when your countless and victorious cohorts, Ay, when your Cæsar's throne, your Capitol Have fallen before it.
Madman, speak! what art thou?
The uncircumcised have known me heretofore,
It is he-
Bind straight your heaviest chains. An unhoped
Knit them close, See that ye rivet well their galling links.
(Holding up the chains.) And ye’ve no finer flax to gyve me with ?
Burst these, and we will forge thee stronger then.
SIMON. Fool, 'tis not yet the hour.
Hark! hark! the shrieks Of those that perish in the flames. Too late I came to spare,
the fabric round. Fate, Fate, I feel thou’rt mightier than Cæsar, He cannot save what thou hast doom'd! Back, Romans, Withdraw your angry cohorts, and give place To the inevitable ruin. Destiny, It is thine own, and Cæsar yields it to thee. Lead off the prisoner.
Can it be? the fire Destroys, the thunders cease. I'll not believe, And yet how dare I doubt?
A moment, Romans. Is't then thy will, Almighty Lord of Israel,
That this thy temple be a heap of ashes?
Put on the raiment of captivity?
The Patriarch Sons of Jacob! by the Law
'Tis there—I see it. The fire that rends the Veil!
We are then of thee Abandon'd—not abandon'd of ourselves. Heap woes upon us, scatter us abroad, Earth's scorn and hissing; to the race of men A loathsome proverb; spurn’d by every foot, And curs’d by every tongue; our heritage And birthright bondage; and our very brows Bearing, like Cain's, the outcast mark of hate: Israel will still be Israel, still will boast Her fallen Temple, her departed glory; And, wrapt in conscious righteousness, defy Earth’s utmost hate, and answer scorn with scorn.
-H. H. Milman.