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For whose sweet sake that glorious badge he wore,
But of his cheer did seem too solemn sad;
10 Upon a great adventure he was bound,
That greatest Gloriana to him gave,
Upon his foe, and his new force to learn
11. A lovely Lady rode him fair beside,
Upon a lowly ass more white than snow;
Seemed in heart some hidden care she had;
12. So pure and innocent, as that same lamb,
She was in life and every virtuous lore;
Till that infernal fiend with foul uprore
Forwasted all their land, and them expelled; Whom to avenge she had this Knight from far compelled.
13. The second day there came in a palmer bearing an infant with bloody hands, whose parents he complained to have been slain by an enchantress called Acrasia; and therefore he craved of the Faerie Queen to appoint him some knight to perform that adventure. This being assigned to Sir Guyon or Temperance, he presently went forth with that same palmer. This forms the beginning and, indeed, the whole subject of the Second Book.
Caedmon was a monk in Whitby, and died about 680. He was originally a cow-herd. His poem the Paraphrase is one of the chief Anglo-Saxon poems that have come down to us. The Paraphrase contained various Bible histories, such as that of the fall of man, some passages in which have been thought to bear considerable resemblance to Milton's description of the same event.
palmer, spent all his days in visiting holy places with a consecrated palm-branch in his hand. He lived on alms as he travelled.
“His sandals were with travel tore,
Showed pilgrim from the Holy Land.” pricking, spurring his horse: yclad, clad: jolly, Fr. joli, handsome: jousts, tournaments : cheer, visage, mien: sad, grave: ydrad, dreaded : worship (worthiness), esteem: pu-iss-ance, power: silver shield, the legend was that when Arviragus was converted, he received “a shield of silver white,” with a cross on it.
“These arms were used through all Britain'
Saint George's arms.”
a veil, that wimpled, a reil and wimple were the same thing. Here it is meant that the veil covered the person of Una as well as her face.
1. So forth she comes, and to her coach does climb,
Adornéd all with gold and girlonds gay,
And strove to match, in royal rich array,
2. But this was drawn of six unequal beasts,
On which her six sage counsellors did ride,
Arrayed in habit black and amis thin;
3. And in his hand his portesse still he bare,
That much was worn, but therein little read;
When such an one had guiding of the way,
4. Gluttony rode by the side of Idleness on "a filthy swine;" next came Impurity, Avarice, Envy, and Wrath riding on a lion. Satan, with a "smarting whip” in his hand, lashes on the team as often as Sloth is disposed to allow it to come to a stand in the mire.
5. And greedy Avarice by him did ride,
Upon a camel loaden all with gold:
Accursed usury was all his trade, And right and wrong alike in equal balance weighed. 6. His life was nigh unto death's door yplaced; placed
And threadbare coat and cobbled shoes he ware;
To get, and nightly fear to lose his own,
Whose greedy lust did lack in greatest store;
That well he could not touch, nor go, nor stand;
8. And next to him malicious Envy rode
Upon a ravenous wolf, and still did chaw