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never imagine, that it could be our will to reject your prayers.
“With respect to the transactions discussed in that your letter, you should ever feel persuaded that all our efforts and solicitude, (we, to whom the deposit and protection of the faith, and the rule of the whole church have been committed by Divine authority,) are directed to no other object than to secure by all means the integrity and advancement of the Catholic religion. Therefore when we signified that we would permit those things, if the British government would pass an act of emancipation, which should entirely favour the Catholics, we were induced to it by no temporal considerations or political counsels (of which it be criminial even to suspect us) but we had solely in view the interests and well being of the Catholic religion. We proposed to ourselves, that in consideration of the faculties to be conceded by us, the desired emancipation would be granted to the Catholics by the repeal of the penal statutes, and thus that wretched condition, in which those Catholic churches have been placed for nearly three hundred years, would be terminated; peace and liberty would be restored to the Catholics; they would be rescued from the temptation to apostatize from the orthodox faith, to which human frailty is exposed; and finally, that the fear of the laws now in force against Catholics, which might, perhaps deter separatists from entering the bosom of our holy mother church, would be removed. In our aforesaid letter to the bishops of Ireland, we have proved fully and clearly, that our proposition, was altogether harmless, and guarded by such limitations and conditions, that, if they should be observed, no room could remain for abuse.
“ But it is fit that you should particularly remark that we promised the before mentioned things only, as we have said in the event that, and after the aforesaid act of government should pass; nor did we by any means command, that even on those terms, the matter should be concluded, but we only declared that after emancipation should have been completed, we, on our part would feel no reluctance to concede them, that by
such our declaration we might in some degree, facilitate the attainment of the aforesaid emancipation.
“ As to the suspicion and alarm which we learn from the conclusion of your letter, you entertain concerning the ecclesiastical affairs of your country we order you to be at ease, for you ought to consider, we have well viewed and weighed the manner in which we should conduct ourselves in regard to those matters, whenever an opportunity should present itself, and that we shall never deem any thing of higher importance than the interests of the Catholic religion.
“ Now to proceed to what relates to Richard Hayes, of the order of the friars minor of St. Francis; you have complained that we expelled him from our territory: though as you write, he had given us no cause of complaint. You even seem to think, that we were driven into that measure, perhaps by foreign influence, lest the statements which he had to make in your name, should obtain easy access to our ear. When you wrote this, you were little acquainted, as it seems to us, with that man's mode of conducting himself, for having abused that hospitality which he enjoyed in the city, he furnished us with many and weighty causes of grief and vexation, as well as his deportment altogether unbecoming, a man professing a religious institute, and by incessant aspersions on our government as by writings disseminated in every direction, overflowing with calumny and rancour no less injurious to us and to this Holy See, than to his own government, of which he boasted every where, and publicly, that he was the author, until at length he proceeded to such a degree of arrogance and audacity, that he did not blush to offend ourselves by injurious expressions, so that we could no longer suppress our sentiments, without the abandonment of our personal dignity. Wherefore, though we could have proceeded with severity against him, nevertheless, acting towards him with lenity, the causes of complaint which we had, having been declared by our orders, some without any difficulty, he did not blush to acknowledge, and others, indeed, he could not deny. We caused it to be notorious to him that he should of his own accord, depart from the city, with intimation of ours, when he altogether and obstinately refused to obey, we ordered at length that he should be removed, even by force, beyond the limits of our territory. Wherefore, as we were induced to act towards him in this manner, by motives quite different from those which you imagined, and these of weighty moment, you have no reason to complain, as if by this act we had inflicted an injury on the affairs of the Catholics, which are dear to us, for most essential reasons. In the meantime, that same man of whom we speak, since his return to his own country, has not changed his line of conduct; for in the public journals of the !7th of last December, printed in Dublin, we have seen a report delivered by him to you of his proceedings in this city; like his former writings, it is full of falsehood and calumnies to which report therefore, we most unreservedly declare to you, that no credit should be attached.
“ To conclude, assuring you of our paternal charity, we impart to you from our heart, the apostolical benediction.
“ Given at Rome, at St. Mary Majors, this 21st day of Fe bruary 1818, of our Pontificate the xviii.
" PIUS P. P. VII."
The reading of this document did not go fully to remove the doubts from Mr. O'Connell's mind of some unfair proceedings in the business. The tergiversating conduct of Mr. Clinch also contributed to strengthen the suspicions which Mr. O'Connell entertained, for on Dr. Troy being applied to relative to the communications made by Mr. Clinch to the board, that clergyman transmitted the extraordinary answer, that he had not sent any message to the board by Mr. Clinch, nor had desired him to make any communication to it, simply praying that he might be permitted to attend the board, to observe whether the letter of his Holiness would be read correctly, and that he gave the office copy of it to Mr, Clinch, as it was sent to him by Cardinal Litta, in order that he should ascertain the correct reading.
On this statement, Mr. O'Connell felt himself in rather an unpleasant embarrassment, for on the statement of Mr. Clinch, he had openly accused Dr. Troy of some under-handed dealings and his reliance on the verity of other men for his disrespectful observations on an individual, who had fully justified himself for every act which he had committed, and so far from incuring censure, was entitled to the fullest approbation. As, how aver, Mr. O'Connell had publicly expressed his sentiments, so was he disposed also publicly to retract what he had said, and he therefore moved a vote of thanks to Dr. Troy, coupling with it at the same time a motion of censure on Mr. Clinch for the erroneous statement which he had made to the committee.
This affair was likely to have embroiled Mr. O'Connell in a fresh quarrel, as Mr. Clinch felt himself aggrieved by some expressions, which Mr. O'Connell had used as being derogatory to his character as a gentleman, and for which he considered an explanation was necessary. Mr. O'Connell unhesitatingly gave the required explanation, stating, that in whatever he had said, he had no other motive than to sift to the bottom, the extraordinary proceedings which then engrossed the attention of the committee, and which in fact threatened to compromise the character of every one of the members of the Catholic board ;—that he as one of the sub-committee of that board was empowered to examine, and to report to the general committee the result of their investigation, and that finally, in whatever remark he had made on the conduct of certain individuals, whose conduct had come under their investigation, he was not actuated by any personal motive, but by an anxious desire faithfully to perform the duty imposed upon him. This proving satisfactory to Mr. Clinch, the affair passed off.
The mind of Mr. O'Connell was, however, not yet at rest on the subject of the mission to Rome. He was himself the promoter of the measures, which had been adopted, and therefore his character was to a certain degree implicated in the result of those measures, which so far from proving satisfactory
Lad subjected one of the delegates to imprisonment and forcible expulsion from the Roman States. He therefore at a meeting of the Catholic board, moved that the letter of Mr. Hayes to Mr. Hay should be read, on which, perhaps, it would be necessary for him to found a substantial motion. The following letter was accordingly read.
Rome, Nov. 11th, 1815, “ I arrived here on the 25th of October, after a journey of five weeks the suppression of mail coaches, diligences, &c., in the Italian States obliged me to travel post from Chambery to Rome.
The prelates who had started from Dublin a fortnight before me, were in Rome only two days when I arrived.
“ I waited upon Cardinal Litta, to whom I was introduced by the Irish superior of St. Isidores, shewed my credentials, the remonstrance, and translation, all of which he approved adding, however, that it contained some bold expressions, as he termed them.
" After several conferences with his Eminence, he announced my arrival and the object of my mission to his Holiness, of whom I had yesterday my first audience, having been introduced by the general of my order, accompanied by the superior of St. Isidores. After I had kissed feet, I presented my credentials from the aggregate ; meeting the Remonstrance, and a translation of it, together with a compendium, all in Italian, and prayed an answer.
“ His Holiness entered into a detailed conversation with me on the subject, in which the Guardian and the General joined me in deprecating the Veto. His Holiness said, there was no occasion for the great alarm among his good children in Ireland, that nothing had yet been done in the business ; that the letter from Genoa, besides being merely conditional was by no means preceptive upon the Catholics; that it contained nothing more than a permission of submitting to the government (if the usual electors pleased so to do,) the ordinary list of candidates presented to a vacant see, in order that