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68. Attorneys General of Pennsylvania.........

69. Adjutants General of Pennsylvania...

436

70. Former Speakers of the Senate of Pennsylvania.

437

71. Presidents pro tem. of the Senate....

437

72. Former Speakers of the House of Representatives of Pa., 438

73. Judges of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania....

439

74. Organization of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania..... 442

75. Judges of the District and Orphans' courts.......... 443

76. President Judges of the courts of Common Pleas.

444

77. Organization of counties .....

445

78. Organization of counties and county towns..

448

79. County surveyors.....

451

85. Weights and measures ............

452

81. Valuation of personal property in the State, 1875.. 453

82. Stocks held by the Commonwealth

456

83, Public loans of the Commonwealth

458

81. Public debt........

460

85. Monthly receipts and expenditures for 1875..

461

86. School statistics

462

87. Educational growth in the past ten years

463

88. County tabular statement for school year ending June 1,

404

83. County, city and borough superintendents

467

90. Orphan school statistics, 1875

470

91. State governments, 1876

472

92. Territorial governments, 1876.........

423

93. Times of elections of State officers of the several States.. 474

94. Times of meeting of State Legislatures of the several

States..

474

95. United States Legations abroad ...

476

96. Members of the Forty-Fourth Congress..

479

97. Senators and Representatives from Pennsylvania in the

Forty-Fourth Congress

468

38. Officers Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society for 1876, 489

99. Trustees of State (Agricultural] College, 1876..

491

100. Rules of the State Library

492

101. Joint rules of the Senate and House of Representatives .. 496

102. Rules of the Senate of Pennsylvania

499

193. Decisions of the Senate......

104. Rules of the House of Representatives of Pennsylvania.. 524

105. Decisions of the House of Representatives...

545

106. Legislative practice.

572

1875...

DECLARATION

OF

INDEPENDENCE OF UNITED STATES.

WHEN, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed ; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundations on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established, should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly, all ex..

;

perience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute otism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present king of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world :

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operations till his assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature; a right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable and distant fromt he repository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at large for their exercise ; the State remaining, in the mean time, exposed to all the dangers of invasions from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for the naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing his assent to laws for esta blishing judiciary powers.

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

lle has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, without the consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the military independent of, and superior to the civil power.

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitutions, and unac knowledged by our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation:

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