« PreviousContinue »
The total revenue may be gleaned from the above. Cost of glebe houses, £25,894, statute acres of glebe, 1082, cost of Protestant parish churches, £27,647, number of persons for whom accommodation is pro- vided in parish churches, 8,670, number of members of Established Church in benefice, 11,122, Catholics in benefice, 246,302.'
The following are the places of worship attended by the Protestant dissenters, who form a numerous and respectable portion of the inhabitants
The Presbyterian Meeting House, a commodious edifice of cut stone, is situated in Glcntworth Street, near the Dominican church. Their former place of worship was in Peter Street, having been built in 1775, with a house for the minister, at an expense of £500. They had previously, that is, soon after the Revolution, rented the chapel of the old Augustine Nunnery in Peter's Cell. The Presbyterians in Limerick have been largely increased by an accession of several Scotch families, whose representatives are now merchants, and otherwise respectably employed in the city.
The Quakers' Meeting House is at present in Cecil Street. It had been first in Crcagh Lane, and was alterwards in Peter Street, where they had a cemetery, now disused for the more modern one at Ballinacurra Pike. The Quakers settled in Limerick in 1655.
The Methodists.—Shortly after 1748 or 1749, when the first Methodist sermon was preached upon the Parade Castle Barrack by a Mr. Swindall, the celebrated Mr. Wesley visited Limerick, and a society being formed, they rented the old Church of St. Francis' Abbey, where they continued until 1763, when they erected a handsome brick house, near the city court house, at the expense of £600. It was supported by four columns of the Tuscan order. The congregation subsequently removed to the new town.
The Methodist Wesleyan Chapel.—In 1812 this very neat preaching house was erected in George Street. It is built of cut stone, with a flight of steps and balustrade of cast iron. The interior is neat and conveniently arranged. After the disputes respecting the expediency of sacramental administrations by the preachers in 1815, the Methodists divided into the Wesleyan Methodists, who kept possession of the new house in George Street, while the Primitive Wesleyan Methodists retained the old one; but the latter society soon found means to build ll better house, known as
1 Sir William (Justice) Shec's History and Statistics of the Irish Church.
The Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Preaching House, in Bedford Row, founded in 1821, built of cut stone, in the Gothic style, with iron balustrade and handsome entrance. The interior is very neat. Apartments for the preacher are attached to the house.
The Independent Chapel—a plain, substantial building, wel suited for the purpose for which it is intended, and adjoining the latter place of worship.
A LIST OF THE PROVOSTS, MAYORS, BAILIFFS, AND SHERIFFS, OF THE CITY OF LIMERICK, FROM THE YEAR 1195, TO THE YEAR 1866, etc.
1197. In this year, being the ninth of Richard I., Limerick obtained a charter to elect mayors and bailiffs; The Arthur and Sexten MSS. say: "On the 18th of December this year, John, Earl of Moreton, then sole Lord of Ireland, dwelling at the time in Killaloe (in pago Laonensi), bestowed on Limerick, by his charter, the honours of a city, and gave to it the same liberties, immunities, indulgences, and privileges, which he had a short time before granted to the city of Dublin; he gave to it the faculty of electing praetors, who are called mayors, and duumvirs, whom they used to call bailiffs, but whom by a more recent charter of King James I., they now call sheriffs". The first royal charter was not granted to Waterford till 1205-6, by King John in the seventh year of his reign; and it was not till 1220, the 5th of Henry III., that a charter was granted to Cork. The 6th of July, first Richard I., 1189, is assigned by some audiorities as the date of the grant of mayor and bailiffs to London.1 The White MSS., followed by Ferrar and Fitzgerald, state that London did not obtain a mayor till 1207, ten years after Limerick. The charter of King John to London (12th May, 1208), gave the privilege of appointing the mayor annually to the citizens. Richard reserved the choice to the king. White, who states he compiled his list of mayors from three ancient manuscripts, disagrees in some particulars with Sexten's Chartulary and Book in the British Museum, which contains a list of mayors and bailiffs from 1256, when he places Reynald de Sancto Jacobo as mayor, to 1636, when his list terminates. The Arthur MSS. begin the list in 1215, when they place Siwardus de Fferandona as provost; and in the year 1218, give Thomas Fitz-John Arthur as mayor. Arthur's list ends in 1651. We compile our roll from the three MSS., supplying names from one which do not appear in the other.
1 We learn from Nash's City of London Records, that Alfred, King of the West Saxons, committed the safe custody of London to his son-in-law, Adhern, Earl of Mercia; on his death the whole city reverted to King Edward "the Elder", and remained in his hands and governed by him by " Portgraves" or "Portreeves".
Coke says, 2 Institute, " Before and since the time of Richard I., London was governed by i Portreeve. In Richard I. by the bailiffs, afterwards by R ' mayor' appointed by the Ktxg. But by 9th John, the King granted ' quod eliyant a mayor de semi annually'".
Stow says, that in the reign of King Edward, the last before the Conqueror, Wolfegue in portgrave, as appears by charter.
The charter was, "Edward, King, greeteth Alfward, Bishop, and Wolfgare, my Portgme, and all the burgesses of London".
Another charter, " King Edward greeteth William Bishop and Swetonan my Portgrave*.
Also in another charter to Cherlsey ho says, " To William Bishop and Lcofstane and Alfij portgraves".
1195 John Spafford, elected and sworn on Monday after Michaelmas Day, and to continue such till Monday after Michaelmas the year following.
1196 Alexander Barrett,
1197 Henry Troy.
1197-8 Adam Sarvant, John Bambery, Walter White.
1199 Thomas Cropper,
1210 Roger Maij,
1211 John Cambitor.
1212 Walter Crop,
1213 Robert White,
In reign of William Conqueror, " William Bishop" procured from the Conqueror his charter of liberties. "To the said William Bishop and Godfrey, portgrave, and to all tho burgesses of the city of London". Anno 1087.
"Portgrave, or portreeve, means (Saxon, two words) port or town, and guardian or keeper".
The first charter was as follows:—
"William, Kyng, gret William Bisceep and Gosfregh porterelan, and eallo tha Burhwarn binnen Londone Frencisce and Englisce friendlise".
(By William Conqueror in Saxon language.)
King Stephen used portgrave.
Henry IL "Portgrave".
These portgraves were called vice d viscounts, or sheriff, as being under comes, i.e., an earl.
Fitz-Stephens wrote (Henry II.), this city is divided like Rome, instead of consuls has sheriffs, it has senators and aldermen.
Richard I. changed the title of portgrave to bailiff1, and appointed two persons yearly.
12u9 King John altered the title from bailiff to "mayor" (quere from Latin major, or mop (Sax.), or miret (Brit.), and the sheriffs called baliva.
Stowe shows that the office of mayor was older than that of Richard I., 1189.
Henry Fitz-Alwyn (draper) was first elected Mayor of London. He served from Richard I. Until 15th John (24 years), but he was originally " bailiff", and then nominated " mayor".
In 1208 the King, by letters patent, granted to the citizens the liberty and authority yearly to choose themselves a mayor.
In 12th May, 9th King John, by letters patent, granted permission for a mayor to be annually chosen by themselves out of their own body.
Henry III, in 1233, granted a charter to the citizens of London to choose their own mayor.
The title of " Lord" accorded to mayor by Richard II. in 1381.
The first Provost of Dublin, given in Harris's His. of Dub., was John Le Decer, 1308; first mayor, 1309, Thomas Cussack; first Lord Mayor, Sir Daniel Bellingham, 1665. [A S. W. refer respectively to Arthur, Sexton, and White's MSS.]
John Moore, Richard Reyrnbold.
1214 Siward Minutor,
1215 Siwnrdus de Fl'orcndonn.
1216 J. Russell, alias Creagh.
1217 John Banbury.
1218 John Fitz-Tuomas Arthur. Nicholas Walsh, Nicholas Fitz-Hiu, A.
1219 John Avonbrugger,
Fitzgerald gives the above name and date, on what authority I know not.
1230 Reynold de St. Jacobo, Maurice Bland, Pierso Russell.
In page it of the Mack llmk. Simon Horwnrder is styled Mayor, and Maurice Bland and Walter of Aim Provosts; again, p. 40, Reginald dc Sto. Jacobo is called Seneschal of Limerick.
1231 Nicholas Fitzsimon, John Bolingford, William Mac John.
1234 Geraldus Domiler,
1235 John de Hanco,
1236 John Poines,
1237 Henry Troy, John White, Philip Rainbold.
1238 Richard Millesowen.
From 1S3S to 1256 sixteen Medic are unknown say White's MSS., but the following appear in A sod S.
1241 Nicholas Fitz-Thos. Arthur 1255 John White,
1258 Thomas Crop,
1259 Adam Serjeant, 1200 Henry Troy,
1261 Robert Juvenis (S.) (or
Young?) Robert Key-
1262 Reginald de St. Jacobo,
1263 John Russell, alias Creaghe,
1264 John Banbery,
1265 Richard Troway,
1266 Geraldus de Mulier, S.
1267 John Hamilton, (S. W.
1268 Robert Poynes, (W.)
1269 Henry Troy, W.
1270 Richard Milles Owen, W.
1271 John White, W.
1272 Gregory Wanybould, W.
1273 John Bambcry, W.
1274 Gilbert Fitz-thomas, W.
1275 Geraldus Millis Owen,
1276 Edmund Longan,
Anlane 0 None, Owen Moore, S.
John Moore, Richard Reyrnbold, S.
Thorn Albe, John Troy, (S.)
1278 Morris Lisborne.S.
1279 Gerald De Murley,
1280 Maurice Blund,
1281 Richard Troy,
1282 Henry Troy,
1283 John Kildare, 1284* Gerald Morales, 1285 Edmond Longane,
1294 Maurice Lisborn,
1295 Gerald de Morly,
1296 Richard Troy.
1297 Nicholas Fitzsimons,
1298 Gerald Morlcs,
1299 Richard Troy,
1300 John Kildare (second time
Mayor, Arthur MSS.)
* No names ate given for sixteen years, commencing 12S4 and ending 1300, by Sex ten r Arto. White supplies nick names during these years.
Anlane O'Noyne, Owen Moore, S.
Anlonus O'Neonan, Owen Moore, S.