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after. Ingoldsby, in his private memoranda states, that "he early appeared in Ireland in King William's interest, was made a prisoner in Limerick, and sustained losses here to the amount of twelve thousand pounds, at least, notwithstanding which, he never troubled His Majesty for anything more than to be engaged in his service."

The following is a copy of the petition which was forwarded to the Lords Justices:'—

"To their Excellencys the Lords Justices of Ireland. The humble Petition of the Mayor, Bishop, Aldermen, and Common Council of the Citty of Limerick.

Humbly sheweth That your Petitioners were several times of late, in a violent manner insulted by several officers of this garrison, viz., Major Cheater, Capt. Jephson, Capt. Wright, Capt. Plasto, Lieut. Mason, Ensigne Kelly, and Lieut. Barkley; that the said officers att one time in the dead of the night, went about this Citty, and under the Bishop's and other Houses, Drank Confusion, Damnation, Plague, pestilence, and famine, battle, murder, and sudden death to all Arch Bishops, Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, Doctor Sechivorel and all his adherents, at another time, in like manner, drunk such like and Bawdy healths, and at the third time in like manner, with the large pack of Doggs and a flFox hunted through the Citty, first abusing the Mayor and Corporation when they were celebrating the anniversary of the twenty-third of October, all wch. pticalarly appear at large by scvll. Informations taken upon oath before the mayor and magistrates of this Citty hereunto annexed [and by memorial of ye M. Bp. also annexed]. And since we Complaine against some officers, we can't but acknowledge and make knowne by this Petition, that Collonll Kendol commanding officer of this garrison, behaved himselfe oblidging to this City, and took great care and pains to recline these abnsses.

May it therefore please your Excellency to order such Releife for your Petitioners in the premises as your Excellency's in your great Wisdom shall think fitt; and your Petitionrs will ever pray.

Dated under the Comon Seal of the said Citty, at our Comon Council Chamber this 27th of October, ano dni 1710."

Annexed are several Depositions taken before Pearce Piercy, Mayor, and 3 magistrates, occupying several pages.

The above given List of 11 officers complained against, and mayor's reasons for omitting 2 names.

"Dublin Castle, 2nd Nov. 1710. Sir,—The enclosed Petition and Informations, with a Complaint of the Bishop of Lymerick all in his own hand writing, having ben laid before the Lords Justices, their Excys. imediatly sent for all the officers complained of to come up hither, and suspended them from their commands and pay untill her maties. further Pleasure be known therein, and in the mean time, their Excys. h'av commanded me to transmit them to you, to be laid before my Lord Duke, that his Grace may doe therein as he shall judge proper.

You will also herewith receive a memorial of some of the officers concerned in the Riot, to Lieut. Gcull. Ingoldsby, that his Grace may see what they say in their own behalf. I have nothing else to trouble you with at this time, being very truly,

Sr. your most faithfull

humble servt.,

J. Dawson; Mr. Southwell."

'Ex Sloane MSS. Brit. Mas 20720.

The officers returned the following untrue reply:—

"To his Excellency Lientt. Genii. Ingoldsby, one of her magties. Lord Chief Justices of Ireland.

May itt Please your Excellcy,

Wee the undernamed officers In the Ilonble. Sr. John Wittenrong's Regimt., Being Injuriously and falsly Impeached for several misdemeanours (as they are pleas'd to term them), By the aldermen of Limrick for meeting on Septembr last and Drinking the glorious memory of King William with other like Healths, which wee humbly presume do nott In the least argue any disaffection to the present goverment, and some other Innocent proceedings, which, we believe will be specifi'd with additions to your Excellency, nott out of any Conviction of a Crime Committed, But an ambition we shall all ways have to bear your Excellency preposess'd with nothing to our disadvantage, as we can on our honours assure jour Excellency our Intentions wero fair and not levell'd att any particular persons, So we flatter our selves your Excellency will construe our actions as such, your Excellcys favourable determination will be an Extrordinary Obligation to your Excellcys

most humble and obedient servtts,
H. Chattoe,
Geo. Weight,
Tho. Mason,
Tho. Plaistow,
Edmd. Bartlett."

Ingoldsby writing to James Butler, second Duke of Ormonde, relative to these military outrages, states that a court-martial would be most likely favourable to their own cloth—orders the officers' pay to be suspended, and hints that His Grace should give directions that the pay, during the suspension, "should be distributed by the Bishop to the poor of the tovn of Limerick."1

Chaytor, and his brothers in arms and in disgrace, who were at length convicted of these doings, lost no time in throwing themselves on the mercy of the authorities; they addressed "an Humble Petition" to Ingoldsby, and as a specimen of utter abasement and trepidation, we do not know th»t we have ever read a more "humble" document in every particular.'

l Thorpe's Catalogue of tbo Southwell MS3.

» "To His Excellency Lieutenant-General Ir.golsby, one of His Majesty's Lord JustiW of Ireland.

The humble petition of Major Henry Chayter and the several subscribing officers, Shewetb,

That your Petrs, having through Inadvertency & in Excesse of Liquour, acted some Irregularityes in Lymerick for which tha Bishop and Corporation have lately exhibited their memorialls against us with several affidavits relating thereto (to several of which your Petitioners object).

That some of those Irregularitys so complained off were longo since actually forgiven by the Bishop and Corporation, pardon being publickly asked the Bishop for the same en the Exchange in Lymerick, by some of yr. Petis. who sine* that time have not offered the least affront or sbutt to the Bishop or Corporation.

That your Petis. assure your Excellency, and they do Hereby declare upon their Honours, that such indiscretions and errors (as they were really guilty off) were totally owing to Liqaours, and that neither of them was committed with any intent whatever to affront, abuse, insult, or disturbs either the Bishop or any member of the Corporation.

That your Petis. havo a just resentment of their Irregularityes and are willing to m«k* such acknowlegements to the Bishop and Corporation as your Excellency shall please to order and direct them.

That your Petis. have not only laboured under your Excys. displeasure a long time, but «1*>

The petition document having been presented, in due form, the LieutenantGeneral forwarded it to the Lord Lieutenant for His Grace's consideration and directions; but notwithstanding the very submissive tone of the petition, and the alleged forgiveness of the outrages by the Bishop, Mayor, &c, the Duke of Ormonde wrote to the Lords Justices "ordering the dismissal of Major Chaytor from the army, as being commanding officer he should have prevented such riotous proceedings/'1

The Bishop, however, was destined for further troubles. He received a threatening letter "in an unknown hand," (a very good hand too) "if the seat in St. Mary's Church, Limerick, which Alderman Colpoys enjoys, be not given to Mr. JSindon." The letter was sent by a messenger, and was wrapped up in an envelope, inside which was the following note :-—

"Sir,—The Bearer being not well acquainted with yr. towne, I presume to desire the favour, that you will send one of your servants with this Letter to my Lord Bishop's, that when he returns tomorrow he may have an answer thereto, for Sir,

Your faithful] humble servt.,

Bridge, the 1st June, (1710). John Cole."

We are not told that His Lordship complied with the mandate. But notwithstanding his sufferings and annoyances, as well from the military rioters as from members of his own congregation, the Right Rev. Dr. Thomas Smyth survived them and lived to a ripe old age.

Matters became somewhat more tranquil afterwards.

On the 21st of May, 1712, peace was proclaimed in Limerick between England and France by the Mayor, William Butler, Dar, the Sheriff, the Corporation, accompanied by the Earl of Inchiquin and his son, the Lord O'Brien, and many other gentlemen, all on horseback; the trades also appeared with their usual colours.2

The same year William Butler being Mayor, His Grace James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, came to Limerick. The inhabitants went to meet him as far as Bruff. The streets were lined by the army. The Governor, Mayor, Bishop, Clergy, Corporation, met him at St. John's Gate, where the Governor stopped his coach, " demanding if he was the Lord Lieutenant, James, Duke of Ormonde? Upon his avowing that he was, and at the same time showing his star, the Governor delivered him the keys of the City, the Mayor delivered him the sword and mace, and the Bishop gave him the keys of the Church, &C. ; the great guns then fired and the bells rung. He was conducted to the Bishop's house, where he then lodged, and the army fired three rounds.'''3

under the misfortune of being suspended and being at great expenses in Towne, and totally strangers, and being wholly unable to support themselves and Familyes any longer,

Yor. Petis. therefore humbly begg (the Premises being considered) yor. Excllcy. to take off their suspensions or to grant such other relief as to your Excellency shall seem fit, and yor. Petis. further pray for and entirely depend on your Excliency's clemency and goodnesso in remitting and forgiving them.

and your pets, shall for ever pray, &c.

Edmd. Babtlett, 5;,EHATB'

W. Jf.phson,
Tho. Mason."

Ogle Thorpe's Catalogue of the Southwell MSS.

> White's MSS. > Ibid.

1713.—Dr. James Strich, age 71 years, Catholic Pastor of Gallo way's vicar-general of the Diocese of Limerick, the See being long vacant of a Bishop.1

This year there was a general election: among those anxious to represent in Parliament the city of Limerick was Mr. Ingoldsby Phipps, son of Sir Constantine Phipps, the then notorious Lord Chancellor of Ireland. As the Protestant Bishop had very great interest in the city, and as he was potent not only with the anglican clergy, but with the Mayor and Corporation, the Lord Chancellor3 zealously sought his influence on behalf of his son.

Local interests and local men were more potent, and Mr. Henry Ingoldsby and Mr. George Roche were returned.

Diverging for a moment from these matters, it may be remarked that Lord Orrery, having had considerable landed property in the County of Limerick, had also much to do with tithes, &c, and a fair share of correspondence with the Bishop. Several of the Protestant Churches at this period were falling, or had fallen into ruins, and attention having been called to the extremely dilapidated state of the Chancel of Cleve land Orrery wrote to the Bishop in these terms:—

"London, Feb. 2nd, 1714. My Sir,

I have received your Lrds Letter of the 19 th of Novb. wh. I have thus long delayed giving an answer to only that yourself, first speak with Mr. Badham about the business of it who is now here. I have now talk'd with him upon it, and given him the necessary orders, for supplying my proportion towards repairing the chancel of Kilfinane.

He tells me there are some perquisites due to me which he has not yet been able to receive, but by your Lordships assistance he hopes he shall. I will not trouble your Lordship with a further explanation of the matter, but leave it to him to admit &c, and

am, my Lord,

Your Lordship's most obedient Sevt
Obreet."

During the mayoralty of Mr. Hezechiah Holland in 1714, peace was proclaimed in Limerick between Anne Queen of England and Philip V. King of Spain. As on all other similar occasions the Corporation and public functionaries made a great display.3

'White's MSS.

• Lord Chancellor Phipps was one of the Lords Justices with Lieut. Gen. Ingoldsby In 1711. General Ingoldsby died in the Government, January 29th, 1711. Lord Chancellor Middleton succeeded Sir Constantine Phipps on the Irish woolsack on the 20th of March, 1716. Sir Constantine wrote a peculiarly small and exceedingly neat hand, and "dried" his letter to the Bishop, not with blotting paper, but with sand of a shining substance.

» Dis miss.

CHAPTER XXXIX.

TROUBLES IN THE CORPORATION OF LIMERICK—ACCUSATIONS AND RECRIMINATIONS—LOYALTY AND DISLOYALTY—PETITIONS AND COUNTER PETITIONS —PERSECUTIONS, ETC—POSITION OF THE CATHOLIC CLERGY.

The year 1715, was rendered famous in Limerick by violent disputes between the Whig and Tory—rather between the Orange and the old Loyalists parties, into which the Corporation was already split. As yet, the notion of the success of the Prince of Wales, King James's son, had not ceased to be entertained by a considerable number, even of Protestants in Ireland; and whilst their "honours" were dividing the loaves and fishes among themselves, and leaving a legacy of debt and poverty to their successors to the seventh generation, jealousies arose among them, which developed their ugly features in the shape of mutual recriminations on many occasions. Though they joined in hate against their Catholic fellow citizens—if indeed Catholics could now be designated by the name of citizens at all, they did not join in love among themselves. This state of things was exemplified in a remarkable manner early in this year, when " underhand" representations were made to the government, reflecting on the loyalty to the Hanoverian rule, which had just commenced on the death of Queen Anne, of certain corporators, including Mr. William Franklin, the Mayor, and involving in the charge, the Protestant Bishop, Dr. Smyth, who, it was alleged by his enemies "disturbed the government," and "was present at a meeting of the Corporate Body, when a sum of £150 was improperly voted to His Worship the Mayor." So gross and injurious a charge was promptly met and refuted, for on the 11th of October, a meeting of the Corporation was held, at which it was resolved, "that it does not appear to us, that the Right Rev. Father in God, Thomas Lord Bishop of Limerick, has busied himself in our corporate affairs, and to obstruct the service of the government. In testimony whereof, we have put our hands, this 11th of October, 1715."

This document, or resolution, which is rather obscure in its phraseology, bears the subjoined signatures :—

William Franklin, Mayor,

John Seymour,
James Yeomans,
David Davis,
Paul Farel,
William Carr,
Robert Palmer,
Christopher Carr,
Joseph Ffepps,
Michael John.

Edward Wright,

James Robinson,

Robert Twigg,

Richard Pope,

John Vincent,

Richard Lilies,

John Higgins,

Randal Holland,

Rawley Colpoys,

Hezekiah Holland,

Edward Voakcs, |

Benjamin Barrington, J bh"a

Henry Exham,

Francis Sergeant,

Edward Sexton,

James Jacques,

George Robinson.

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