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Among the grants in Limerick, was a house purchased by act of Parliament, set out as annexed to this see for ever, for the Protestant bishop.1

After the general survey of the kingdom, the highest value given was only 4s. an acre, and for some acres only one penny. It was Lord Broughill who proposed that the whole kingdom might be surveyed, and the number of

Richard Sweete, gent a total grant in same barony of 795a. lr. 3p. stat. Inrolled 19th of April, 1667.

James, Duke of York, obtained grants of Castle Troy, 350a., Anghacotta. Newcastle, Kilbane, Kilmurry, Kerryship, Ballinglasseene, Ballynagh, Ballydoe, Eng Lislane, and Medinedally; Ballysamon, Tolton, Sheadfeackle, Scrylane, Lyslane, Bally-Kinucke, Killowtiane, and Garryglasse, 2150a. One parcels of Killkenan, called Seaven Stang, with five-eighth parts of the net fishing on the south side of the Shannon, from the Blackwater to the island point of Rebogue, with one whole and two half fishing weares upon the Shannon, and one upon the Muskerne (Mulkaire), Co. of the City of Limerick. Liscadowne, Boherloyde, Ballymacree, Labanamuck, Ardemonacamore, Ardmonicabegg, Lysmelanbegg, Caher-Joolly, and Lismakelly, Whittstowne Ballyagag, Carrigmasteene, Colereagh, 2117 acres, Bar. Clanwilliam; Bally-Coughlane and Ardlagh, with the fishing weares, &c. 653a. 2r. 32p. prof. 200a. unprof. The Castle and six ploughlands of Ballyglaghane, Clourkelly, Tyne-Kelly, Gartane, Dowgart, Ballygogh, Killeene, Shanballymore, Gortgloghan, the houses and lands of Curragh, Ballyneraoney, Ballardicke, 1990a. prof. 84a. and 14p. unprof. Rallies, Castle Pallice, Shane Pallice, Knocklershane, 283a. lr. 18p. Forrenstowne (part) 20a. The COOth part of the wearers in the libertie and island of Oniseclene ; Killenane, Clonkelly, and Ballyerahane, 409a. Ballynehane, part of Liscoclany, with Newcastle and Ballykunickc, the horse island in Limerick, part of Castletowne, called Island, 190a. part of Castletowne, Ballymartin, in Ballyclarone, 200a. same co.

The Duke of York's estate (the unfortunate James H.) was granted to Henry Guy, Robert Rochfort, and Mathew Hutton, Esqs., by letters patent dated 1st of June, 1693, and enrolled 24th following July (anno 5° Guil. III.

Captain Arthur Ormsby—Total quantity (including in Cork County easterly part of Mahowna, alias Bohowna, 1040a., in Lysbyalat, 13a. 2r. 4s. Id.; bar. of East Carburv, Co. Cork) 3,746a. 2r. plant (6068a. 2r. 39p. stat.)

George Evans—Total quantity (including grants in Owneybeg and Cosmasane, and in Owny and Arra, Co. Tip.), 1467a. and 13p. plant (2,376a. lr. 32p. stat.)

William White, of Lyme-Regis, merchant—Total quantity 197a. 3r. 23p. plant. (320a. 2r. 27p. stat.) Inrolled 22nd February, 1666.

Ahasuerius Regimort, Mary and Martha Fowler, same grants. Inrolled 17th March, 1666.

William Barker, Esq. In Meolicke and Ballyeightra, 215a. 2r. 16p. £3 5s. 6d. Craggane alias Cragane Farrenowney, Coolengore and Knockbracke, 146a. 2r. £2 4s. 7^d. Corkaghanarron, alias Corkanarrow, part of Knockbracke, 40a. lr. 8p. 12s. 2|d. Inch-Dromard, alias InishDromard, Barnard, Loy alias Ballyfadine, Cahirnor and Ballybeg, 184a. I5s. 10^d.— more of the same 14a. 4s. 2^d. Upper Meelicke, 64a. and 16p. 19s. 4Jd. Ballynevine, 83a. Sr. 24p. £1 5s. 5Jd. Leacorrowmore, 11a. and 16p. 3s. 4jd. Leacorrowbcg, 14a. 2r. 16p. 4s. 4jd. Cragg-beg, 132a. and lGp. 2s. Ad. Killtemplaine, f plow. 123a. and lip. El 17 4;}d. Liscoulta, Ma. 2r. 32p. Ms. 1-jd. Killcoulman, A plow. 50a. lr. 8p. 153. 3^d. Commons of Killcoullman, Killcoulta, and Broska-Briankeigh or bragh, 22a. 2r. 6s. 9Jd. Clounabegg, ^ plow. 246a. If. £3 14s. 9d. Lissdoffee, 179a. 3r. 8p. £2 14s. 7 Id. Lisnemore, alias Lisceleenmore, 73a. 3r. 8p. £1 2s. 4Jd. Clounanana, or Cloonana, (part) 54a. lr. 8p. 16s. 5jd. Commons of the same, 36a. 2r. 8p. lis. Id. Ballycarrane, part of ye J, plow, of Clounanetemple, 98a. and 32p. £1 9s. 9Jd. Ballinroge, ailas Ballinemernoge (part), 34a. 3r. 14p. 10s. 7^d. Cloughtackabegg, 21a. 3r. 24p. Cs. 7Jd. Commons to ye Cloghterkas, IN. 2r. 5s. 3}d. South Cloughterka, 50a. lr. 24p. 15s. 34d. Glascloyne, alias Glasfoyne, part of Cloughterka, 30a. N. l^d. Cloughtecka, alias North Cloughtccka, 72a. and 32p. £1 Is. 10|d. bar. Poplebricn, Co. Limerick. Total quantity, 2,064a. 2r. 22p. plant. (3,344a. lr. 14p. stat.) Total rent, £31 7s. £d. Date, 11th May, 19th year. Inrolled, 17th May, 1667.

This gentleman was ancestor to William Ponsonby Barker, Esq. D.L., of Kilcooly Abbey, Co. Tipperary, who holds these estates now.

1 The house chosen by "John Lord Bishop of Limerick," in the City of Limerick, and set out to him for seven years, according to the Act of Settlement, together with that small waste plott of ground, and 4 ruinous tenements therein, which he rents at £20 per annum, lying on the back side of the said dwelling-house, equal with the part thereof, &c. dc, &c.—enacted to be annexed unto the See of Limerick for ever, and to be the mansion-house of the Bishop and his successors.—Meriton'e Abridgment of the Act of Settlement, c. xli.

acres taken, and the quality of them,' and then all the soldiers to bring in their arrears, and thus, to give every man, by lot, as many acres, as might answer the value of the arrears. The names of all that were in arrears were taken accordingly, and lots were drawn, as to what part of the kingdom their portion should be. In this manner, the whole kingdom was divided among the conquerors and the money adventurers. It was also agreed, that the Irish should be transplanted from the south to the north, and so to the contrary, "which did break and shatter that nation in such a manner, that they never could make head afterwards."2 Orrery states that Broughill knew more about what he did than himself; but as his Lordship's papers were burned at the conflagration of Lord Orrery's house at Charleville, by the Irish, they never came to light.

At this crisis the well known body of Quakers, who had already settled in Limerick, did not escape the persecution of Cromwell, as the following letter manifests:—

To Colonel Ingoldsby.

Sir,—The Council being credibly informed that there are at present in the city of Limerick divers persons, commonly called Quakers, who have repaired thither out of England and other places, making it their practice to wander up and down, seducing divers honest people, neglecting and impoverishing their families, troubling the public peace of the nation, disturbing the congregations of sober Christians in the worship of God, and with railing accusations aspersing and discouraging divers of the godly ministers of the gospel in their faithful labours, and thereby bringing into contempt the ordinances of God, and encouraging evil-minded persons to looseness and profaneness:—Out of a due sense whereof, their Lordships have commanded me to signify unto you their dislike of such pernicious practices, and that they do (from good grounds) apprehend, that persons committing such misdemeanours do (under colour of such their wild carriage and proceedings) advance some designs which may be of dangerous consequence to the public good and safety, if not seasonably looked into and prevented; and do, therefore, desire you to inquire into the truth thereof, and to take speedy and effectual course that such persons as are come thither upon that account be excluded the garrison, and not permitted to return or reside there. And if any of the inhabitants profess themselves such, and shall at any time disturb the congregations when assembled for the service and worship of God, or otherwise break the public peace, you are then to secure such persons, and take care they be proceeded with according to due course of law in such cases provided, having due regard to preserve (by all good ways and means) the good government of that place, and timely to discountenance and suppress all disorders.

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1 Quantity according to the Down Survey made under Sir William Petty of the several Counties of Ireland :—

LEINSTER.

1 Wicklow

2 Wexford

3 Carlow

4 Kilkenny

6 Queen's County C King's County

7 Kildara .

8 Dublin .

9 Weetmeath

10 Meath .

11 Longford

Acres.
252,410
815,396
116,900
287,650
288,415
257,510
228,590
123,784
249,943
320,480
134,700

Total inJMunster . 3,289,932
Total in Ireland exclusive of bogs and sloughs
Lough Neagh as surveyed by P. Leahy, Esq. C.E. 1812*
> Orrery's State Letters, Vol. I. p. 89.

* This eminent Civil Engineer, who afterwards held the office of County Surveyor of Cork, East, while one of his sons held that of Cork, West, was father of the Most Rev. Patrick Leahy, D.D., Lord Archbishop of Caahel and Emly.

[thomas Herbert, Clk. Council.]
Council Chamber, Dublin, 25th November, 1656.1

The Quakers suffered in consequence a very severe persecution in Limerick,* where several of them suffered imprisonment, and were scourged. Barbara Blagdon, a Quakeress, was banished by Colonel Henry Ingoldsby, Governor of Limerick. He was aided by Lieut.-Colonel Hurd and Major Ralph Wilson in his violence to the Quakers, who first settled in the city two years before the above letter was written, and who in 1671 built a meeting-house in Creagh Lane.

CHAPTER XXXI.

DEATH OF CROMWELL—ACCESSION OF CHARLES II.—DISAPPOINTMENT OP

CATHOLICS. REWARDS OF THE REGICIDES AND ADVENTURERS. GRANTS.

TRADESMEN'S TOKENS.—GRANT OP FISHERIES TO SIR GEORGE PRESTON.— LORD ORRERY.—CORPORATION doings, &C. &C.

"A Heavy blow and a great discouragement" now awaited the Cromwellians in the death of their darling, who "was hurried to his woe" in 1657, bequeathing a title which did not long survive him, to his son Richard Cromwell, who wanted the sagacity, the talent, the unscrupulousness, and the daring of his father to support a position which demanded at this time more even of those qualities than the Protector could lay claim to, to retain his hold of power. With the exception of Ludlow and Sir Hardress Waller, there were few others who were either able or willing to sustain a tottering dominion. Broughill, Coote, Monk, Lambert, and others, who had raised themselves to fortune, if not to fame, on the Protectorate, now began to desert a cause which, in more prosperous seasons, had been dear to them. Limerick, Galway, Clonmel, Carlow, Athlone, and many other cities and towns, now in the possession of the Boyalists, through the operations of Coote and Broughill, only awaited the sign, to pronounce openly in favor of Charles II., who was speedily proclaimed king, and presented, not only a loyal address, but a present of twenty thousand pounds, with four thousand to the Duke of York, and two thousand to the Duke of Gloucester. The Cromwellian confiscations, however, laid the foundation of many families in the city and county of Limerick, to whom immense grants of land and houses were given, which were afterwards confirmed to them by the monarch whose father some of them helped to bring to the scaffold, and who now, with a weakness and treachery unparalleled in history, betrayed and ruined those who fought and bled, and lost all because of their attachment to his cause.1 It was thus that those were caressed who had enlisted under the banners of the usurper; whilst the Catholics, who expected to see justice done them, were compelled to mourn over disappointed hopes, and to bewail the folly of placing faith in princes. Whilst the rebellious regicides were confirmed in their broad lands, the ancient possessors were hunted to the fastnesses of Connaught, and forced to remain within the Mile End, that is, at the distance of a mile from the Shannon, to which they were confined by the Act of Settlement! Broughill was created Earl of Orrery, Coote, Earl of Mountrath; Sir Maurice Eustace, the old friend of the Marquis of Ormond, was made Lord High Chancellor; and Ormond himself who had surmounted all his difficulties and dangers, and now basked in the full effulgence of royal sunshine, was raised to a Dukedom, and the Viceroyalty of Ireland, and giren territories in eight counties.1

1 Entries of Letters, &c, A. 30, p. 212.

* See Fuller's Account of the |icr*ecutiuns of the Quakers, 4c.

1 I have given in the preceding chapter a list of some of those who obtained grants at this period, which grants were subsequently confirmed by Act of Charles II. I annex a few others:—

William Pope obtained large grants in the Liberties of the City of Limerick, amounting in all to 90O acres.

Grant to Roger Boyle, Earl of Orrery, (enrolled under the Act of Settlement, Nov. Gth, 1CCG) comprised the lands of the manor of Tough, viz. Killaragh, Dromalty, Glauragh, and Tounteriffe (part). 788a. Dromsally, 180a. Moybegan, Portenard, Glassragh, and Ryceagh, 304a. Cregan and part Cregan, 120a. Cullinagh, and part of do., 725a. Annagh, 788a. Tobcrgariffe (part), 225a. Lohenbagh (part), 27a. Corastprecoone, or Carantirocoan, 301a. Caporenat Shenagh, or Capienahene, 310a. Tearaff and Cullenaghshiffe, or Terehiss and Cullenacliffe, 328a. Cloughloghin, 27a. Barony Oulhneybeg, Co. Limerick, &c.

"Grantt under the Commission of Grace." Printed folio.

1684. To Digby Foulkes of various lands in Limerick and Cork. Ps. 5 and 6.

Grant to John Crips, of estates in the Co. of Limerick, and within the liberties. Id. p. 6.

Do. to Thomas Maunsell in this County. Id. p. 6.

Do. to George and Simon Purdon of lands here and in Clare Co. Id. p. 7.

Do. to Joseph Stepney of lands in Co. Limerick. Id. p. 7.

Do. to Thady Quin of lands in Clare and Limerick, including weirs and fisheries. Id. p. 8.

Do. to Joseph Ormsby. Id. p. 8.

Do. to Thomas Power. Id. p 9.

Do. to Robert Nayley. Id. p. 9.

Do. to Edward Rice of lands in the Barony of Costello, Id. p. 12.

Do. to Henry Widdenham. Id. p. 17.

Do. to Brooke Briges. Id. 18.

Do. to Patrick Sarsfield. Id. 18.

1685. To Laurence Clayton, in Cork Co., and in Limerick Co. and City. Id. 34.

Do. in the City of Limerick to Doctor Jeremy Hall. Id. 36.

Do. to Samuel Burton. Id. 36.

Do. in Cork and Limerick, to Nicholas Lysaght. Id. 36.

Do. in the liberties of Limerick and Kilmallock. Id. 37.

Do. within the City of Limerick, very extensively, to Archbishop Michael Boyle. Id.p.37-8

Do. to Dame Mabell Tynte and to Henry Tynte. Id. p. 41.

1686. Grant of a small portion of lands in this Co., with extensive possessions in Mayo and Sligo. Id. 46-7.

Do. to Daniel Webb. Id. 47.

Thus the cup of hope which had been presented to the lips of the Irish Catholics, was rudely dashed from it by hands from which better treatment was

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1 Lands granted to the Duke of Ormonde by the Act of Settlement and Court of Claims.— Cartt't Ormond, Vol. 11. p. 132.

* Smith's-town contained 834 acres, and New-Chnrch 116 acres, two roods and eight poles, and was granted by the Duke to Robert Walsh and his heirs male, for the rent of j£5 a year.

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