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"And so the shadows fall apart,

superfluous. They are not attacked, but igAnd so the west winds play ;

nored, because from his point of view they And all the windows of my heart

have disappeared from the landscape. I open to the day.”

Dr: Bascom at the beginning asserts the Such is the gentle, reverent, loving spirit existence of the law of progress in religion, which so graciously crowns the closing years and he rightly characterizes the transformaof his life. To those who have felt its tions in progress as

a movement toward tender influence it is more beautiful than deeper religious life rather than as a mere any poem that ever flowed from his inspired

reconstruction of dogmatic theology: “The pen; and they can repeat with grateful re

New Theology is, after all, not a theology. membrance the fitting tribute of Phoebe There is no creed that we can call the new Cary,

creed; there is no conclusion or series of “But not thy strains, with courage rife,

conclusions that occupies, in this movement, Nor holiest hymn, shall rank above

any more

a final position than do other The rhythmic beauty of thy life,

allied convictions. The New Theology is Itself a canticle of love."

not a creed, but a tendency: it is not a reGEORGE W. CUTTER.

sult, but a movement." Newport, R.I.

The first chapter, “Naturalism,” is a dis

cussion of the inevitable influence of the THE NEW THEOLOGY.*

scientific spirit upon religious doctrines and

methods. The influence of the idea of law In Dr. Bascom's recently published book bearing the above title, we have a discussion

upon the thought of God is fully recognized.

The problem of authority in religion is reof fundamental religious problems and prin

construed from the standpoint of the scienciples by a man of great vigor and indepen

tific method. Here the nature of revelation dence of thought, of incisive and practical

and the position of Scripture are treated in spirit, and of luminous style. The book is

a thoroughly rational manner. The question not a systematic theology so much as a re

recently raised by Prof. Briggs is disposed of ligious philosoplıy, a manful and earnest

without any quibbling, in pleasing contrast effort to interpret life in terms which shall

with much that is written on this subject. at once express both modern thought and

This brief but explicit sentence is signifireligious sentiment. It is written from

cant: “This belief of a sufficient and final the platform of scientific truth, in sympathy with the spirit of progress, but also as the

statement of religious truth in the Scriptures expression of a very deep religious convic

lacks proof.” How refreshing is such cleartion. It is widely separated from much

ness aud candor as here expressed! “The that has passed current under the name of

doctrine of the trinity assumed form in the the “New Theology,” from Andover Sem

midst of theosophic and gnostic speculainary and other sources, It is profoundly

tions. Occult conceptions, foreign to our different in both matter and method, being experience and alien to the Christian temper, both more radical and more lucid, There

find expression in it.” One will find in this is here no verbal jugglery, keeping the old chapter little specific information respecting word while smuggling into it a new mean

the Bible; but one will find a very satisfacing; no effort to weld together both tradi

tory statement of what our attitude toward tion and rationalism in a compromise which

the Bible ought to be. is as weak as it is unworthy of respect.

In the next chapter, “The Supernatural,"

there will be found some things which men While the heart is reverent, the eye is wide and declares frankly what it sees.

of scientific training will probably set aside open Moreover, the once prominent topics of the

as unsatisfactory. Dr. Bascom understands ology-incarnation, atonement, probation, by the supernatural something far different here occupy little or no space. Dr. Bascom

than the old idea of the miraculous, which has taken a fresh view of religion, and his

meant little more than the monstrous; and, discussion runs along those deeper lines

while he defines his terms clearly, yet it which make the consideration of such topics may well be questioned whether all his dis

tinctions are either founded upon reality or *THE NEW THEOLOGY. By John Bascom. New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 217. $1.50.

serviceable for religion. He retains his be

and opens

men

lief in Jesus' resurrection, more from phil- gross materialism of life, and wbich is necosophical prepossession than from the coher- essary to hold intellectual efforts to noble ence of the evidence; and this will look to uses and permanent blessings. many like a needless surrender to tradition This is indeed a deep, invigorating, and in order to defend the spirituality of human instructive book, which provokes thought life. However, there is much in this dis

new horizons,- the best office cussion of a difficult subject which is both that any book can perform. It brings a helpful and suggestive; and yet the convic- breath of health to the soul. tion deepens as we turn these tonic pages.

JOSEPH HENRY CROOKER. Here still linger some of the unrejected fictions of traditional dogma.

UNITARIANISM A MOVEMENT," The third chapter, “Dogmatism," brings

AND NOTHING MORE? into clear view the barrenness and harmfulness of theological dogmatism. Dr. Bascom

“Unitarianism is a movement, a tendency here enters into a caustic but just criticism

of thought.” Such is the phrase, vague and of Dr. Charles Hodge for his misuse of inadequate enough, which commends itself Scripture, for his violation of the inductive

to certain minds. method, and for his dogmatic spirit where

Granted, for the moment, that the statereason ought to have been free and active.

ment is true, the urgent question presents He is severe in his condemnation of those

itself, “Need it remain only a movement?” who have turned Paul's metaphors into defi

Why will assume that our Liberal nitions, and erected a gigantic system of Church must lose something vital, if more theology upon a few figures of speech. Dr.

perfectly organized? The steam escaping Bascom does not leave us in doubt respect- uselessly from a cauldron is no more steam ing his attitude toward one of the so-called than when made to send its power through cardinal dogmas: “The dogma of justifica- wheel and lever, to advance the commerce tion, as a forensic act, springs out of the

of the world. dogma of a supernatural regeneration, and

How often the Pharisaic phrase falls unfrom the two arises the dogma of an atone

consciously from our lips, “Oh, we are not ment, in which the sufferings and righteous- sect (with the implication, “Thank ness of Christ take the place of our own Heaven, we are above that !"): we righteousness and sufferings. Thus

part of a liberal movement'" ! build up a theological blockhouse in defiance

Alas that we are such Hamlets of indeof ethical principles, and we pass righteous- cision or such sophists of speculation or ness backward and forward as if it were a such Harold Skimpoles of irresponsibility as commodity of the market.”

to be content with so chaotic a condition! In the last two chapters, “Pietism” and For, whether it be a lack of clearness and “Spiritualism,” we enter a realm more eth- conviction in our thought or a lack of pracical than philosophical, and yet a region of tical colomon sense in our policy, we are intense thoughtfulness. In the former, the

recreant to our trust if we do not try to one-sidedness of many forms of piety is bring our gospel of light and liberty to the noted, and a plea for manliness and prac

great mass of the people in any way that

shall best serve to reach them. ticality in religion is made, and a broad spirit and policy are urged upon the church :

“In any way." Why, then, will we ig“Our purpose is not so much to crowd and

nore the fact, we vague dreamers, that the buddle the fugitives of the world into the working world must have more definiteness,

more concreteness, in its religion, and that church as a place of immediate safety as it

it always desires, in its intellectual timidis to march a conquering church into the

ity, to “belong" to something, to some orworld for its instant renovation.

The com

ganized body, the larger the better? Why munity is the larger of the two ideas. Not

should we, the few who happen to be able till the church is coextensive with the com

to stand mentally alone, deny to the many munity will it be continuous with its own that re-enforcement of their thought and blessings.” In the last chapter the need of feeling which comes from union with a large spirituality is enforced, as that grace and company? Why should we persist in living power which alone can protect man from upon an open veranda the cold year through,

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of the Church. In art, in painting, or in cause of the narrowness, the limitations"? music, we do find vague elements that can Then make the room as large as you wish; only be defined as “tendencies"; but that is but let it be a room, a living room,” with in an airy world, quite apart from the daily warmth and beauty and increasing associa- religious needs of the working world. tions.

To see the need of closer organization What if Saint Paul had contented himself among our scattered wandering liberal sociwith being "a part of a Tendency?"-even eties, -that is the first step. Then methods spelling the word with a very large capital. will more and more clear themselves. Thank Heaven, he was not. The Christ High amid the hills lies a clear, deep had passed, having finished his peculiar lake, fed by fountains which a prophet's mission; and Saint Paul hastened to organ

staff had smitten from the rocks, Å far ize the followers of the Master. If he had upon the plain rise the walls of a city, merely journeyed through the various cities and the cry of a people's thirst. Who will and left an “influence” or a “tendency,” he liste o the cry, and help to build cisterns would have failed in his duty; and his and pipes and conduits that shall bring the duty is our duty. The Pauls are many, but waters of life into perisbing households? the Christs are few.

BRADI.EY GILMAN. When we read of the rapid growth of other denominations, we often exclaim, with eyes piously upturned, “This worldly

HOW TO HELP THE SOUTH. success of mere (?) numbers is not for us." Thus we utter the same phrase that a cer

So many people have spoken to me of tain disappointed fox uttered on a similar

their interest in the South and their desire occasion. Yet how pathetically inconsistent

to do something for our cause there that I is the delight we often exhibit over some

take this means of telling them where their microscopic gain in numbers or strength!

help is likely, in my opinion, to do the This is the question that faces us. No most good. As we are not a large Church, particular questions about particular meth- and the South can only receive a part of our ods of organization, but this. Do we not aid, I purposely limit my suggestions to a see that by greater organization, by greater few objects :external unity, corresponding to our remark- In Middle Florida, Rev. I. C. Gibson of able internal unity, our “movement” would Mount Pleasant, Gadsden County, is doing lose nothing essential, and the world at the work of an evangelist in the region exlarge would gain immeasurably?

tending from Apalachicola to Quincy. He We make a pitiful mistake if we think must depend for the coming year on the that we alone carry in our midst the treasure support given him by voluntary offerings of liberality. The Broad Church in Eng- from individuals or local alliances there and land—as witness its sermons--has more at the North. breadth and catholic spirit than has any In Middle Texas, Rev. Nicolai Schultz of other branch of Christ's Church. What we Fort Worth is doing a similar work. He do have is the liberal form, the intellectual has proved himself self-sacrificing, earnest, statement, which should go with that spirit. and able in many ways. He, too, must de

A "movement,” forsooth! Have we not pend for the coming year on contributions read with regret the history of another recent from friends of his work. “movement,”--the Free Religious move- In Asheville, N.C., a new society has ment? And has the record of that brave been formed; and Mr. (. T. Sempers, rebut fatally unorganized attempt no lesson cently of Cambridge, is preaching there. for us?

Like every other new society formed at the Admit, for a moment, that the mass of South, this young church must be accomthe people, the devout multitude, half fed panied by the good will and lively encourby half-truths, do need unity of statement, agement of its friends elsewhere. If a few of liturgy, and the like, -results of thorough people of wealth who have visited Asheville, organization,—then what prevents us from or have become interested in it in other offering it? We delude ourselves if we ways, would unite to build an attractive, think our theological position so elevated but not necessarily costly, chapel there, it and unique that it will not bear statement

would insure the success of this movement, and use similar to those of other branches and be a blessing to those of our faith who

our

go to this health-giving city for its repose most fatal scourges that have afllicted manand cure.

kind may at an early day be wholly extirThe ladies of the Church of All Souls' in pated. An international postal congress, Chattanooga, Tenn., will hold a Christmas

assembled recently in Eastern Europe, has sale in mid-December, and contributions to added much to the perfection of means for that sale would help our excellent and prom

the cheap and rapid dissemination of intelising society there. Articles may be sent to

ligence throughout the world. An internaMrs. E. D. Towle.

tional labor congress, convened in the name If the education and elevation of the col

of workingmen, bas at least given evidence ored youth of the South seem most impor- of a wondrous widening of vision and growth tant to any, I can cordially recommend the

of intelligence on the part of the once diswork of the Tuskegee Normal School, under organized and ignorant sons of toil. And the charge of Mr. Booker Washington,

the official international conference called Tuskegee, Ala.

not very long ago by the young emperor of There are other opportunities for

Germany, to consider legislation for the Church at the South which will probably re

welfare of labor, was a yet more notable ceive the support of the Association if the sign of the growing “internationalism” of forthcoming contributions to that organiza

the day. The successive “World's Fairs" tion warrant enlarged missionary enterprise.

are not content to promote more intimate But the objects already named are already knowledge of the world's commercial rein the field, and are ready now to receive

sources, and to exbibit the inventions and whatever may be cheerfully extended to

skilled handiwork of mankind; but they are them. GEORGE L. CHANEY.

also made the occasion for a long series of

international congresses and gatherings for INTERNATIONAL THOUGIIT

the consideration of all kinds of subjects of EXCILANGES.

large human concern. This was true of the

recent Paris Exposition, and it will be true The “known world” is making remarkable

of the coming Exposition at Chicago. Nowstrides in knowledge of itself. An interna- adays no man knows his science or his art tional congress of geographers has just been completely until he has learned what all held in Berne, well attended by delegates

other countries besides his own may be able

to teach him, from Europe and America; and one of its most interesting tasks has been the designation of those patcbes of the globe that remain ONE UPWARD LOOK EACH DAY. to be explored. In order further to demonstrate conclusively the linits of our collec

SUNDAY, tive knowledge of the surface of the earth,

Beauty. -its physical features, its races, and its “All thirgs are beautiful,” the wise man political divisions, -it has been arranged “All things' in their own time are beauti

said, that an international commission of savans

ful,”_ shall unite in making a great sectional map All that God makes or does or teaches us. of the world, upon a uniform scale. An- As Moses saw the bush that burned with other international congress—this one com

fire,

So they who love and wait for him shall see posed of geologists-has just been held in

His glory shining still in every place, Washington; and its wise men will, through Where God instructs us as on holy ground, their interchange of observations and opin- Where nothing that is common is unclean. ions, have added very much to the sum total

MONDAY. of our knowledge of Time's processes in the

All Things Beautiful. preparation of this world for the inhabitancy of its present swarms of sentient beings.

All things are beautiful,—the stately clouds ;

The gliding river with its waving reeds ; An international hygienic congress in Lon

The opening buds that string with beads of don has within a few weeks thrown a flood

green of light upon the means by which the mod- The grim, weird boughs that winter had

despoiled; ern medical and sanitary sciences have been

The lily's stem, parting the yielding soil ; enabled to add notably to the longevity of

The gentle flowers that turn with conscious civilized races, and by which many of the

need

returns

To fill their censers where all sweets do lie; When clouds depart and earth's poor The bright young eyes that shame our sadder

shadows flee; gaze;

And, over all, the inmortal face that looks The ships far out at sea, with graceful sail Forever on the changing ways of men. Throbbing against the silvery morning light, Like some fond dove with wings outspread

THURSDAY. for home;

The Beauty of Weakness. The never silent, ever-sounding sea,

But none the less is weakness beautiful: Its grand old psalm now loud and terrible

The head that learns to bend, the hand to Like furious battle-cry, now softly breathed

lean; Like whispered vow or gentlest hymn of

The chastened heart that comes home sorpraise;

rowful The music of the lonely forest trees,

With that which gives a pathos to the The glorious harpings of the solemn pines,

tongue : Standing forever true, for praise or prayer;

The poor, pale face that teaches men to box, The whispers, sweet or sad, that passing feet

And temper voice and thought to gentleness; May win from lost leaves that have had

And children young, who lie at beaven's their day,

gate, And music make, both when they slowly

And slowly, faintly, look and enter in. fall

And peace is beautiful: the quiet sky, And gently lie, needing no burial ;

When storms are hushed and the dear sun The wondrous orb that can behold all this, And that mysterious niind or greater soul

Like some fond mother to the sorry heart, Whose dread and high prerogative it is

To kiss the weeping world the cruel winds To reverence Him who built the steadfast

Had all too rudely torn, and turn her grief heavens,

To shining laughter, - laughing through her Like some bright temple roof begemmed

tears ; with stars,

The peaceful woods, far from the dreams of And spread beneath so fair a temple floor,

men, That men and babes might kneel and wor

Where dwell realities that men call dreams; ship him.

The faces of tired children in their sleep. TUESDAY.

Tired with the pleasures of the werry day, The Deeper Beauty.

The sweet wild violets in their litile hands,

The perfume of the woods and meadows green But He who made us loves to manifest

Still lingering faintly in their golden hair. Himself, not only in the outward things . His hands have fashioned or his care pre

FRIDAY. served,

The Beauty of Comfort. But in the hopes and fears and thoughts of

Comfort is beautiful: the low-breathed words men,

Of him who comes when hope is dark and Till his Eternal Beauty ever shines

dead; Where only human frailty seems to be:

The mother's pity that does not disdain The brightness of the Father's glory seen

The trivial sorrows of her little child; Fairest in that dear Son who knew so well

The ulterance calm of true high priest who Our earthly path, our woes, and heavy care,

brings To teach us that the Majesty of Heaven

The heavenly meaning of our earthly care, Does not disdain our earthly burdens sore,

For humblest faces then transfigured are Our trivial sorrows, or our human needs.

When, bending low to pour the bealing Thus all the common life of man receives

word An undertone of music, since it manifests

Into the hearts of sad and sorry men, Not man and earth alone, but God and

They find “the angel of His presence" heaven.

there. WEDNESDAY.

SATURDAY. The Beauty of Strength.

0 Thou Infinite Beauty! All strength is beautiful that roots itself O Thou on whose illimitable might In God, the strong and true, -the father's All lusser lights and lower gifts depend,

Who art the Fountain of our noblest powers Sheltering the shrinking. trusting little one; And Source of all that fair or holy is, A mother's mighty love confronting greed To thee, O Lord! we lift beseeching hands, Or lust or wrong, to save her own from And from our sad unworthiness and gloom harm;

Cry, as the blind who sat beside the way The barren rock,--storm-battered solitude, - When once the Light passed by and beard An Eden fair to struguling, shipwrecked men

their prayer. Who feel its strength beneath their trembling Behold, O Lord! their cry is ours: that we, feet;

Receiving sight, may know ourselves and The unfailing blue; the eternal stars that

thee, stay

And dwell as sons at home forevermore.

arm

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