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fellowship. And for some time past it has chanical function, may be found in the unseemed to me that it was desirable to make fortunate fact that so-called ministers of resome statement of the view in which ligion are, by the machinery of theological thoughtful outsiders regard such utterances schools, by the contrivances of sects, and the of what is called the “religious press.' In other misfortunes of high organization, acthis case, the usual formal exercises' of customed to think even of devout sermons, which you speak were:

and of what they themselves call “sacra“First, a devout and intensely interesting ments,' as being 'formal exercises,' which sermon, by a distinguished preacher, on the might be spoken of like the roll-call of a Real Presence of God, and the evidences

militia company.

For persons who have the from man's free will which show that man lead of religious bodies which are fettered is a child of God. This sermon was heard by creeds or for persons who direct the ex. by fifteen hundred people, crowded together pressions of journals which are organs of in the great town hall of Saratoga, which

such bodies, it is quite worth while to note has generally been given to political pur

such dangers of high organization. For this poses. The mere delivery of such a sermon,

is certain: that the Roman Catholic church alive with the profoundest lessons of in

lost half Europe when it came to regard its finite life, consecrated that place, and made

forms as forms which were not alive by the it a church.

spirit. And organized Protestantism to-day “Second, the other of the usual formal

is losing the disciples of Christ whom it

would most prize by every step which it exercises' was the celebration of the Lord's

takes in the same direction. The moment Supper, in the same place, crowded as be

when any believer comes to think that the fore. The officiating clergyman said after

sermon in a church or the administration of ward that the cups returned empty which

the Lord's Supper is to be ranked with other had been filled for the purpose of the com

usual formal exercises will be the moment munion service long before the clergymen when he inquires, first, whether religion, in charge of them could pass to the end of in all its forms of worship and communion, the hall. I have been present at many occa- may not be found more certainly in communsions where large bodies of people met to- ions where people believe that the letter gether for the celebration of the communion ; killeth, and that only the spirit giveth but I have never joined in a communion life.”

“E. E. HALE, service where so many persons received the 6 Chairman of the Council of the Unitaelements, certainly not in any service where

rian many different races of the world, so many different nations, and so many States

REV. DR. SADLER. of our country joined thus in the expression of universal brotherhood, and in seeking the The recent death of Dr. Sadler, minister closest communion with God.

of the Rosslyn Hill Chapel, London, removes “ To us who, as I think you will yourself from the ranks of English Unitarianism admit, are Congregationalists of the Congre- one of its oldest, most useful, and most gationalists, -Congregationalists pure and honored ministers.

He was not widely simple, --services like these do not seem to known on this side of the ocean, though be “the usual formal exercises,' which are to occasionally his name has gone the rounds be spoken of as mere matters of detail, and of our papers, -as, for example, in connecpushed out of the way. But, as I said, we tion with the funeral of George Eliot, his are not unused to language of this sort in address on that occasion (one of singular what are called the 'evangelical' journals. felicity and beauty) having been widely And I take the liberty to write to you to say printed and read here. IIe had been for that, if you are at all curious as to the rea

many years before his death the Unitarian son why large numbers of persons of relig- minister of longest settlement in London, as ious habit dislike what is called Orthodoxy, well as the minister of our strongest Unitaabstain when they can from the services of rian church there. It is to fill the impororthodox churches, trample creeds under tant place made vacant by his death that their feet, and, in general, refuse to admit Rev. Brooke Herford haz been called to that religious service is in any way a me- England.




The tributes to Dr. Sadler that have ap- hymn-books and tracts; and they are very peared in the English papers have been

glad that our brethren there do not forget ir

here, though we are abundant and Says the Christian

80 poor and few in

number. Dear brother, I say that the kindLife:

ness of our brethren in America towards us “The death of Rev. Dr. Sadler removes greatly inspirited my brethren here in the from the ranks of the Unitarian ministry

work of God. I hope that this will not be one whose name was honored wherever it

the end, but the beginning, of the kind work

of the American Unitarians for us and for was known. Personally he was best known

our fellow-countrymen. I was urged by my in London, where he passed the whole of brethren to write to America, but I am his ministerial life, extending over forty

ashamed that I cannot write English coreight years. But far beyond the capital

rectly. I am always praying for your long

life and for your welfare. I beg you also he was known by reputation, and by the

pray for me and for my brethren that God works he committed to the press, mostly will help us in endeavoring to put this Great modest in aim and pretension, but each pos- Truth in the hearts of all men. sessing high merit of its kind.

His reputa

have purchased one bell for the use of our

religious meetings. Please write to Amertion was that of a man who led a blameless,

ica that we are very thankful to them. godly, and eminently useful life, who was

“U. RIANG POHLOX6.** highly gifted and highly successful as

Some time ago I wrote to Rev. W. Robpreacher, and whose praise came most read

erts, Unitarian missionary, Pursewawkum, ily from the lips of those who saw him Madras, and received a very interesting reply closest. And what reputation said about

from him. The following is an extract him, actual facts and his actual character

from his letter:most amply justified. He was at once a “I am much pleased to hear that there strong pillar and a great ornament to our

are seventeen Unitarians [nou tucenty in

Assam. I read your letter after service. religious denomination, and we shall rarely They were all much gratified on knowing the look upon his like again."

contents of it. I receive no magazine from the United States of America. If they will

be kindly pleased to send us some of their THE UNITARIAN CAUSE AMONG periodicals and books, such as Channing's, TIE KIASI HILLS OF INDIA.

Parker's, Collyer's, and others, it will be a

great blessing to India; but we have only to The earnest little band of Unitarians

wait till they may be pleased to have syrupa

thy and regard toward us. ... I really canamong the Khasi Hills of North-eastern

not imagine how you came to know of my India are keeping up their meetings and intention to start a paper to be called The doing what they can to spread the liberal Madras Unitarian Christian Herald.? It gospel. They are looking forward eagerly to surprises me very much. ... I hope to have the time when they expect to receive the

it started soon, ... the paper to be issued Khasi hymn-books which are being printed fortnightly; but unless I can get some of

our friends in England and in America to for them in Ann Arbor, Mich. Mr. Kissor

assist us in bearing the financial burden, I Singh, their leader, writes from Jowai, fear it cannot be continued very long. under date of August 12, as follows:

When it is published, it will contain both

English and Tamil articles. ...I would be We are very much obliged to Mrs. Helen

very glad to know something more about N. Bates, of Watertown, Me., and her friends, Munshi Akbar Masih and yourself as to how for having undertaken to defray the expenses you became acquainted with Unitarian of printing the two Khasi pamphlets; and Christianity. ... I remain, etc., we are also indebted to the American Uni

"WILLIAM ROBERTS." tarian Association for sending us $25 for the same object, and for two packets of In another private letter Mr. Kissor Singh tracts, which we hope will do much good. writes in substance as follows:

The Unitarian brethren of Nongtalang have appointed one of their number, U.

I beg now to add a word about a matter Kiri Tongper, their lay leader for

of great importance to the Unitarian cause

here. The Unitarian brethren at Nongta1890-91. The following is an extract from

lang are now fourteen in number (telre a letter written to me by one of them :

men and two women), according to the roll “Our brethren here are exceedingly glad register. They greatly need a permanent to know that our own hymn-books shall be leader to guide them and minister to their printed in October, 1891, and they are also spiritual wants. I see you cannot send a very thankful to our brethren in America missionary to us from America, but we must for their kindness in printing for us Khasi have a man to act as our lay minister and

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preacher. Such a man would need to spend ercise, of study, and of sleep; she chooses most of his time at Nongtalang, but should her own society, clubs, and church. The occasionally visit me here at Jowai, and those few brethren who are now at Shillong

advice she gets comes from another girl and other places. Fortunately, I find that

student of sophomoric dignity who chances one of the Nongtalang brethren, U. Riang to be in the same house, or possibly from a Pohlong, is a fit man to be a lay minister.

still more advanced young woman whom she Besides his other qualifications, he has a fair knowledge of English. If we can give

met on the journey, or sat near in church him twenty-four rupees, or ninety-six dol

on her first Sunday. Strong is the comradelars, per annum, it will be sufficient for his ship among these ambitious girls, who nurse maintenance. Though my own means are one another in illness, admonish one another very limited, I think I can make a personal in health, and rival one another in study contribution of twenty-four dollars a year; and all contingent expenses can be met from only less eagerly than they all rival the the small contributions which the friends boys. In my time in college the little group here are able to make. Now, I beg to ask if of girls, suddenly introduced into the army the Unitarians of America cannot manage to raise the seventy-two dollars necessary to

of young men, felt that the fate of our sex maintain a Unitarian lay preacher. In case

hung upon proving that “lady Greek” inyou are able to grant to the cause here this volved the accents, and that women's minds aid, I propose to send for U. Riang to come were particularly absorptive of the calculus to Jowai and study with me for a few

and metaphysics. And still in those secmonths to learn something more of Unitarian theology, and music, and then he will

tions where, with growing experience, the be ready to take up his work permanently. anxieties about coeducation have been al

You may ask why we do not bear all the layed, a healthy and hearty relationship and expense of this work ourselves. The reason honest rivalry between young

men and is, we are poor. We are doing what we can, but we are not able yet to sustain a lay

women exists. It is a stimulating atmospreacher. You in America can have little phere, and develops in good stock a strength idea how very scanty are the resources of and independent balance which tell in after people here.

life. As for myself, I am employed as a clerk in a government office, and have only a few leisure hours, mornings and evenings. I

GREAT THOUGHTS FROM cannot do much for the work of organiza

MARTINEU. * tion and preaching, as I would like to do. I am very anxious to see Unitarianism “The universe which includes us and firmly established in this region, but under

folds us round is the life-dwelling of an my present circumstances I have no means to do it. It has pleased God to cast my lot

Eternal Mind." among the Unitarians, so that their inter- "The assumption of atoms can explain no ests have become mine, and I cannot but property which has not previously been atshare their joys and sorrows. Please take tributed to the atoms themselves.” such means as you may see fit to ascertain whether our brethren in America would not

“To educe mind from what is not yet like to contribute the small sum necessary

mind and conscience from blind and neutral to enable us to sustain a Unitarian lay force is to put more into the effect than preacher and missionary in this part of

the cause provides." India. HAJOM KISSOR SINGH.

“For all spiritual natures Unity and Per

sonality are one. . . . This rule of thought GIRLS IV MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY. is our only guide when we pass to things

divine; and it compels us to say that, if The girl who goes to the University of

God be not One Person, he is not One Michigan to-day, just as when I entered

at all." there in 1872, writes Mrs. Alice Freeman

“Are we to worship the self-ideality, to Palmer in the September Forum, finds her

pray to an empty image in the air? No. own boarding-place in one of the quiet If religious communion is reduced to a monhomes of the pleasant little city whose in- ologue, its essence is extinct and its soul is terest centres in the 2,500 students scattered

gone.' within its borders. She makes the business

“Will any moonlit form be seen kneeling arrangements for her winter's fuel and its

and asking, 'O Thou Eternal! not storage; she finds her washerwoman or her

* From his last published volume, “Essays, Relaundry; she arranges her own hours of ex

views, and Addresses,” vol. iv.



selves that makest for righteousness, if it grand, transcendent belief in the Divine Imbe possible, let this cup pass from me'? Will manence and in the constant witness of the any lose the bitterness of death in crying, Inner Light. Is he seemed quite willing O Stream of Tendency! into thy hands I to speak to us on some of the deeper themes commit my spirit'? "

of life and religion, we listened eagerly, “If it takes mind to construe the world, reverently, almost affectionately, to the words how can the negative of mind suffice to con- that fell from his lips. If I rightly recall stitute it?"

the hour, he spoke in substance as follows. “On the hypothesis of a mindless universe, The Inner Light sets us free from all dog. such is the fatal breach between the highest

That is the true citadel of our faith, inward life of man and his picture of the and, when understood aright, is unassailouter world, all that is subjectively noblest able. The Eternal Spirit beareth witness to turns out to be the objectively hollowest.”

our spirits of all the necessary truths of re

ligion. Everything of value to the soul has WHITTIER.

its corresponding need in the soul, and God

continually ministers to that need. HeretoIt was

a calm, clear October afternoon, fore religion has rested almost universally and the soft, dreamy haze of autumn had upon authority. The divine law has been begun to fall upon earth and sky, when a proclaimed as the Thou shalt or the Thou small party of friends set out to call upon shalt not of an arbitrary Being, who would the preacher poet at his beautiful summer not permit men to reason or to inquire retreat near Danvers. He had been apprised concerning that law. This must all be of our coming, and received us with a sim- changed. God did not drop the Bible from ple, earnest cordiality, which assured us the skies, and then go off and leave us, that, if we did not trespass too far upon but with the written Word gave us also the his time and strength, we were truly wel- Living Spirit and the Inner Light by which

In personal appearance he has to think and reason and inquire. The letter changed of late; yet the touch of fourscore killeth, but the spirit maketh alive. years upon his tall, manly form has been a boy," he said, “my only book was the gentle and tender. He still shows that he Bible: from that and an old dictionary I got comes of a race of men remarkable for their

my knowledge of English words, and these gigantic size, as well as for their moral and have always clung to me. Yet, in poetry, physical energy. For an elderly person he cannot be very precise in the use of is unusually erect. He did not impress us words, since the thought and sentiment as an old man; for, whether listening at- transcend and elude. all speech. I never tentively to others or modestly expressing wrote a hymn as such.” his own convictions, a peculiar look of an- There is an absolute religion above all imation and serenity lights up his high, written revelations, and this rests at last noble forehead, his dark, deep-set, piercing upon absolute truth. Slowly the change is eyes, and his benignant lips, which make going on from old religious ideas to new one forget the large number of his mortal facts; yet we have no cause for fear or days. He indeed partakes of the eternal alarm. It is a natural and necessary change, freshness and cheer of the immortals. In and the truth at length comes uppermost. outward observance, he is loyal to the simple The times are never so bad as some people ways of his own sect. He dresses in a suit imagine. The teachings of Christianity are of black, cut in Quaker fashion, and in his founded on the needs of man. The real speech to some extent retains the peculiar- claims of Christ are based upon the perfecities of the people whose modes of life and tion of his life and character, and not upon forms of worship he prefers to any other. his authority. His highest authority is in But, while he still clings .to the formal his perfect life. Mr. Whittier does not acformlessness of the Friends, he is in thought cept the doctrine of the trinity as it is and faith almost too broad and free to be taught in the creeds. To him, however, counted as a defender of any sect or denom- Jesus is no common man, but is a special ination of Christians. He is thoroughly and peculiar manifestation of the Divine. emancipated from all dogmas, unless it be a There is none equal to Christ, and he stands




apart from the general order of humanity; Thou livest, Follen !--not in vain yet his superiority was a difference in degree

Hath thy fine spirit meekly borue

The burden of life's cross of pain.” only, not an essential difference in kind. Christ forever leads us on; but he, like our

And, again, in “Snowbound,” speaking of selves, is always subject to the Father.

his sister :In social and public life we need a larger “And yet, dear heart, remembering thee, recognition of spiritual forces and ethical

Am I not richer than of old? laws. As civilization advances, we may Safe in thy immortality, Icok for this. At the beginning of the What change can reach the wealth I hold?" anti-slavery agitation, the Quakers, being non-resistants upon principle and firm be

Annihilation, he said, was to be preferred

to a state of eternal punishment; yet we lievers in moral forces, thought that evil

may believe that, in the hereafter, good might be removed by peaceful

awaits us all. A future life he considers They said: Truth and justice ought to prevail. Let right principles be proclaimed,

a moral necessity. It is demanded by the and the emancipation of the blacks will

incompleteness and unsatisfactoriness of the

present. Here our highest aspirations and gradually be achieved. They urged this

noblest ideals are at best but broken fragamong themselves, and some thirty or forty

ments: they call for a fuller realization thousands of the colored race were freed by

elsewhere. The hope and yearning for conthem. This they considered the divine

tinued existence is inborn and divinely method; and they hoped that other bodies of Christians would accept and act upon

given: all races partake of it, and reach this idea. The Quakers were never guilty upward for a larger and larger life.

Mr. Whittier regards Channing as a hero of defending the institution of slavery upon

and a saint, and felt that he was at one with the authority of the Scriptures. But God's ways are not our ways. The Civil War

bim in his pure, ardent enthusiasm for hu

manity, and in his earnest defence of the burst upon us; and, by blood and violence, the wished for end came to pass.

rights of all men. The poet is still deeply

interested in all social reforins, and in Whittier will always be remembered as our inspired poet-militant, when that awful

every movement which will help to open up crisis came. As Samuel J. May has truly larger opportunities for the best services of

faithful men and devoted women. said of him: “Of all our poets, he, from

of the human never fails to move him, and first to last, did most for the abolition of

his heart is quickly responsive to the sufferslavery; and all my anti-slavery brethren will unite with me to crown him as our

ing of man for man. To-day, as forty years laureate.”

ago, this serene prophet of the coming king

dom of God celebrates all brave, heroic Referring to the great problem of immortality, he said: There is much restlessness deeds, and rejoices in all acts of fine renun

ciation, at the present time in regard to a future

His optimism is not idle or indifstate, and there are many who cannot pa

ferent, but illustrates the resolute faith of tiently accept the blank uncertainty about

those who, having done their part valiantly, the dead; yet the silence of the grave is quietly, and confidently, leave results with

God. wisely ordered, while we certainly have all the light we need for our daily living.

“I mourn no more my vanished years ; Some day we may have more clear and defi- Beneath a tender rain, nite relations with the future life; but there An April rain of smiles and tears, is no reason for us to murmur or complain.

My heart is young again.
The Eternal Goodness reigns everywhere.
And, as he was speaking, I could not but " That care and trial seem at last,
recall some of his conceptions expressed Through memory's sunset air,

Like mountain ranges overpast elsewhere,

In purple distance fair; “I have friends in spirit-land; Not shadows in a shadowy band,

“That all the jarring notes of life Not others, but themselves, are they."

Seem blending in a psalm,

And all the angles of its strife The transition is simple and natural,

Slow rounding into calm.

The cry

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