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spent much of her childhood. It will prob- The New York Literary Digest quotes ably take the shape of a clock tower in brick from the July Unitarian a very full sumand stone, with a bronze bust in a niche mary of Mr. Chadwick's article on “Prof. below the clock, and a quotation from Briggs from the Unitarian Point of View." “Aurora Leigh" and some other suitable in

Harper & Brothers are soon to publish a scription.

Life of Gladstone, by G. W. E. Russell. Mr. Amos K. Fiske, author of “Midnight

Rev. F. W. Hugenholtz of Grand Rapids, Talks at the Club," has written another Mich., has changed his monthly periodical, book, which will be immediately brought out

Stemmen, into a weekly called Zondagsblad. by Fords, Howard & Hulbert. It is entitled

Its price will be $1.50 a year. It is the “Beyond the Bourne: Reports by a Traveller only liberal Holland weekly published in returned from the Undiscovered Country."

America. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. will issue soon Here is Dr. Edward Everett Hale's own Mr. John Fiske's work on “The Discovery account-given to the San Francisco Examand Spanish Conquest of America."

iner-of the way in which he came to write

his famous story, “The Man without a A monthly entitled University Extension,

Country":devoted, as its name indicates, to the pro

“This is the way I came to write abou motion of the University Extension move

him. It was in 1863, when the country was ment, has been established in Philadelphia

torn by the Civil War. There was a very under the management of the American exciting election in Society for the Extension of University States.

one of the Middle

A prominent politician became disTeaching. Subscription, three dollars a

gusted with the way affairs were going. year.

He said some very bard things. I hate The Onward Club of the First Unitarian the United States,' he said. “I wish there Church of San Francisco has begun the pub- was no such country. I'm sorry I was born lication of a small monthly periodical to be here!' The general in command of the called the Guidon, which is designed to rep

Northern troops sent this emphatic gentleresent that vigorous church and its many

man out of the State. There was some exactivities. The first number promises well.

citement over the episode, and it gave me It is particularly full of news from our

the idea of my story.

I wanted to show twenty-four Pacific Coast churches and mis- what would become of a man who wished sion stations.

he had no country. I wrote the story for

the Atlantic, and I did not want my name The general meeting of the American

to appear.

I wanted it to seem to be writSocial Science Association for 1891 will be

ten by a navy officer. By some inadverheld in Saratoga September 1-4. The open- tence my name was published, however, as ing address will be given by Hon. Andrew the author. There was much discussion D. White, LL.D., of Ithaca, N.Y. There over the hero. Some said he was not dead. will be about twenty papers upon important Some said his mother and sister were living. subjects connected with education, social There were all sorts of denials and countereconomy, jurisprudence, and health, fol- denials. The fact is, there was no such lowed by discussions. Among the persons man, though there was a Philip Nolan, of eminence in their various departments whose life and adventures were well known who are to read papers are Dr. Walter Chan- in the South." ning of Brookline, Mass., Dr. H. L. Wayland of Philadelphia, F. B. Sanborn of Con

Rev. Henry C. Badger has written a pamcord, Mass., William G. Talbot of Boston, phlet (printed by Geo. H. Ellis) entitled Charlton T. Lewis of New York, Profs.

“Mr. Savage's Unitarian Catechism: Its

It is the most radical and Jenks of Cornell University and Bemis of Philosophy.” Vanderbilt University.

severe criticism of this catechism that we have seen.

It is written in the interest of “Comfortings" is the title of a little vol- what the author regards as a deeper and more ume of very beautiful selections made by spiritual philosophy. It seems to us extrav. Rev. Judson Fisher, bearing upon such sub- agant and one-sided, doing only imperfect jects as Fear of Death, Death a Transition, justice to Mr. Savage's real thought; and Death a Release, The Dead still live in their yet we recognize in it a side of important Works, Death of Children, The Future truth. Its criticism of the sensational phiLife, Faith, and Trust. These choice ex- losophy, to which Mr. Savage seems in part tracts in prose and verse were gathered by to adhere, we believe to be essentially just. Mr. Fisher for his own use at funerals ; Mr. Savage professes to build upon the and, now that he has passed on to the basis of Herbert Spencer; but, in fact, he higher life, friends have wished for their constructs a religious house much larger and publication. They can hardly fail to be of better than will stand upon a Spencerian use to other ministers, and also in many basis. This inconsistency in Mr. Savage homes where bereavement has come. Charles might well have been brought out much H. Kerr & Co. of Chicago are the pub- more clearly than it is in the pamphlet. lishers.

Indeed, the pamphlet does injustice to Mr. Savage in not being willing to admit that little, if any, share in the compilation of his structure is larger or better than Spen- the five books which bear his name. cerism. Mr. Badger criticises the catechism The religion of Moses has become purely a as making religion to rest too much on a matter of inference.” Dr. Montefiore's arbasis of ratiocination, and not enough on ticle treats chiefly of the origin of the Decsimple faith, trust, love, conscience, spirit- alogue as explained by modern scholarship, ual insight, immediate consciousness of and in places he takes issue with Kuenen, God. He also objects to its treatment of Wellhausen, and Stade. This essay, which sin, pain, and sorrow as too superficial. On shows the present tendency of Biblical scithese points we think the criticism is true ence, is well worth a careful study. and needed. But, after making full allow

In several numbers of Revue des Etudes ance for all shortcomings, we still regard Mr. Savage's catechism as surprisingly good,

Juives at the close of 1890, M. Isidore Loeb -one of the most valuable pieces of work presents an exhaustive study of the Psalms, done in the denomination for years.

in order to show that they were produced by a Jewish fraternity interested in advocating the cause of the righteous poor

against the cruelty and oppression of the BIBLICAL NOTES.

rich; and that they were all written between

the Exile and the time of the Maccabees. The Theologische Literaturzeitung for April 4, 1891, the organ of Profs. Harnack

The two series of noteworthy articles, so and Schürer, contains a review of Dr. Ezra

far this year, in the Expositor have been: Abbot's “Critical Essays" by the latter,

(1) “A Survey of the Synoptic Question,” which will be of special interest to the February-June, by Dr. W. Sanday of Orfriends of this painstaking American

ford. He reviews the positions held by scholar. Dr. Schürer praises the work of

Drs. Holtzmann, Resch, and P. Ewald with Mr. Abbot in the highest terms for its general approval, using language that will exact and exhaustive character; every stu- surprise his conservative friends. His condent must take account of it. But, in treat

clusion is that the original sources of the

two documents now ing of the problem of the Fourth Gospel, gospel history were the reviewer holds that Mr. Abbot was too

lost, -the brief tract by Matthew in Hebrew, much under the influence of the “apologetic and the proto-Mark which preserved the tendency,” and that, while very thorough teachings of Peter. From these our presrespecting details, he failed to exercise a ent Mark was first compiled. Then from clear historic insight in his discussion of

the three our Greek Matthew, and aiterthe question.

wards Luke. The author seems too much

inclined to push the date of our Gospels Andorer Review.-In the number for back to an earlier time than the facts warApril, 1891, Prof. H. G. Mitchell, Boston rant. (2) “The Aramaic Gospel,” by Prof. University, discusses the meaning of J. T. Marshall of Manchester, who argues Isaiah's prophecy respecting the child Im- for an original document or documents writmanuel, chapter vii. 14. Apologists have ten in Aramaic as the source of the Synoplong used this as a prediction of Jesus. tics : he also claims that Paul made use of Prof. Mitchell takes the more rational view this written record. Prof. Marshall appar“that Isaiah's prophecy refers to the imme- ently sheds much light upon many texts as diate future; that, therefore, if it was ful- they now stand before us, by showing what filled in any proper sense, it must have been

modifications were introduced by translation fulfilled toward the beginning of the reign from Aramaic to Greek. Both these and of Ahaz." The article is very interesting, Dr. Sanday's article are very suggestive, and and encouraging, too; for it shows that a they strike very heavy blows against the old more wholesome spirit is beginning to pre- theories of infallible text and plenary inspivail in Biblical study even in America. ration. In the June number, 1891, Prof. Steenstra of the Cambridge Episcopal Theological

In the first number of Theologische School considers the question, “Can there be

Studien und Kritiken for this year are two no Davidic Psalms in the Psalter?" in a

very important articles : (1) "A Discussion very calm and fair spirit, going over the

of the Meaning of 'Kapper,' as used in the negative arguments presented by Reuss and

Old Testament,” by Dr. A. Schmaller of Kuenen. While freely admitting that little

Heilbronn. He shows that the Hebrew idea can be from David, he concludes that it is

of “atonement” was radically unlike the probable that he was a great poet and that

Christian dogma of redemption, and there

fore it follows that the sacrificial scheme as some products of his genius have been preserved in the Psalter.

applied to Jesus by church theologians has

no support in the Jewish doctrine of sacriIn the Jewish Quarterly Review for Jan- fice, -a position toward which scholars bare uary, 1891, Dr. Claude G. Montefiore dis

for some time been tending. (2) An article cusses in a long article of forty pages by Prof. L. Weiss of Göttingen on Mark's cent Criticism upon Moses." He assumes Gospel, in which it is argued, from the lanthe truth of the new criticism: “Moses bore guage of its parables, that our present Mark

6 Re

is not the original work, but an enlarged

The North American Review, and revised edition of the first Gospel bear- The Scientific Basis of Belief. (Aug.) ing this name.

By Robert H. Thurston. The Theologisch Tijdschrift, the organ of

Vampire Literature. (Aug.) By Anthony the Moderns in Holland, is always valuable.

Comstock. In the November number, 1890, Dr. Loman

Goldwin Smith and the Jews. (Sept.) passes favorable judgment upon the theory By Isaac B. Bendavid. advanced by Dr. A. Resch,-in his Agrapha,

Co-operative Womanhood in the State. Leipzig, 1889,—that the most primitive (Sept.) By Mary A. Livermore. sources of information respecting Jesus are The Ideal Sunday. (Sept.) By Charles the quotations in the oldest apostolic liter- H. Eaton, D.D. ature, including Paul, which were taken

The Forum (September). from works now lost, that antedate the oldest of our Gospels, -a position which, if

Ideals of the New American University. sustained, will set the problem of the age of By President David S. Jordan. our Gospels in a new light.

The Growth of Technological Education

in the United States. By Prof. U. W. The Expository Times is devoted to the

Tyler. interests of Orthodoxy, and still it often A Review of the Higher Education for contains valuable contributions. The most Women, By Alice Freeman Palmer. notable for some time are three articles June-August, 1891-by Canon Cheyne of The Andover Review (August). Oxford, given there as two lectures, on Poetry and Philosophy. By Prof. John “ Possible Zoroastrian Influences on the Re- Dewey. ligion of Israel.” The treatment is popular

Slavery as it appeared to a Northern Man rather than exhaustive, but interesting. in 1844. By A. P. Peabody, D.D. The author looks upon Zoroaster as an historical personage, and believes that the Per- Old and New Testament Student (August). sian faith did influence Judaism. He treats

The Religious Ideas of the Book of Ecclethe same subject in his recently published siasticus. By Prof. Frank C. Porter. Bampton Lectures on the Psalms; and it is

Inorganic Nature in the Poem of Job. By welcome news that Prof. Darmesteter will Rev. Albert P. Brigham. devote the next Hibbert Lectures to the Mazdean religion. In the June number The Unitarian Review (August). Prof. Ryle of Cambridge, in the second of a Did Jesus claim to be the Messiah? By series of articles on “The Assyrian Chronol- Prof. J. Estlin Carpenter. ogy and the Days of Creation,” asserts the Evolution and the Moral Ideal.

By dependence of the Hebrew creation poems Christopher Pearse Cranch. upon Assyrian traditions, admits that we Dissent in Russia. By Cornelia W. Cyr. must consider “the days” to be ordinary Public Opinion in France. By L. Gilard. days, and holds that no possible barmony can be brought about between Genesis and

The Home-maker (August). geology.

J. H. C. Sketches in Madison Square. By Charles Madison, Wis.

F. Bridgman.

Nantucketers and their Island. By Nel


The New England Magazine (August). We name below some of the more impor- The State of Vermont. By Albert Clarke. tant articles in the magazines and reviews of The Literature of the White Mountains. the month :

By William Howe Downes.
The Arena (August).

The Atlantic Monthly (August).
Where must Lasting Progress begin? By Gen. Sherman. By John C. Ropes.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

Six Centuries of Self-government.

The Tyranny of Nationalism. By Minot W. D. McCrackan.
J. Savage.

Browning's Life.
Working Women of To-day. By Helen

The Century Magazine (August).

The German Emperor. By Poultney The Reriew of Rerievs (August).

Bigelow. Progress of the World.

On the Study of Tennyson. By Henry
The Prince of Wales. By W. T. Stead. Van Dyke.
Cromwell and the Independents.

Lend a land (August).
Scribner's Magazine (August).

The Rejuvenation of the East. By E. P. Piccadilly. By Andrew Lang.

Thwing. Parliamentary Days in Japan. By John Leading Principles of Modern Prison ReH. Wigmore.

form. Charles A. Collin,


1.30 P.M. Dinner.

3 to 5 P.M. Women's Alliance, Annual MeetUNITARIAN AND OTHER


7.30 P.M. Missionary Mass Meeting, arranged

and conducted by Rev. Grindall Reynolds. SARATOGA SPRINGS, SEPT. 21 to 25.

Speakers to be announced.
Programme of Meetings.


9 A.M. Devotional meeting, Rev. S. H. Camp. 4 P.M. Meeting of the Council.

10 to 10.20 A.M. Meadville Theological School. 7.45 P.M.

Sermon, Rev. Richard A. Arm- Report of Committee on Endowment, with recstrong of Liverpool, Eng.


10.20 to 11 A.M. Report of the Committee on

Liturgy, Rev. Howard N. Brown, fifteen minTUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22.

utes. Discussions and recommendations from 9 A.M. Communion, Rev. E. E. Hale, D.D.

the floor, five minutes each. 10 to 10.30 A.M. Conference called to order. 11 A.M. Rev. A. M. Knapp, Report on Japan, Resolutions in memory of Justice Miller, late with recommendations. President of the Conference. Introduction of 11.30 A.M. The Bible in Theology, Res. new President, Hon. George William Curtis. W. W. Fenn of Chicago. Organization.

12 15 P.M. Business Committee. Election of 10.30 to 10.55 A.M. Report of the Council, by officers, resolutions. Rev. Brooke Herford, D.D., Chairman.

1.30 P.M. Dinner. 10 55 to 11.20 A.M. Report by Rev. Grindall 3 to 5 P.M. Business session, if needed, for Reynolds, Secretary American Unitarian Associ- practical recommendations, resolutions, and genation.

eral business. 11.20 to 11.35 A.M. Report of the Women's

7.30 P.M.

The Religious Outlook. Hon. Alliance, by Mrs. Emily A. Fifield.

Fred. T. Green halge and others. Twenty-fire 11.35 A.M. to 12.20 P.M. Church Extension. minutes each. Closing address by Rev. E. E. Recommendations from the field, fifteen minute Hale, D.D. addresses by Rev. John F. Moors, D.D., Rev. An Assistant Secretary will be put in charge T. B. Forbush, and

of the bell, which will strike one minute before 12.20 to 12.45 P.M.

Discussion and recom- the close of the time allotted to each speaker; mendations from the floor, five minutes each. and, unless the Conference disapproves of the

12.45 P.M. Report of Business Committee and rule, each speaker will be rung down at the exreception of foreign delegates.

piration of his time. 1.30 P.M.

Dinner. 3 P.M. Joint meeting of the Council, the Fellowship Committees, and Secretaries of local

Railroad Fares. conferences.

Arrangements have been made with the Fitch7.30 P.M. Meeting conducted by Rev. E. A. burg and the Boston & Albany Railroads by Horton, “Our Young People,” to include va- which round-trip tickets, good going September rious modes of activity, such as guilds, clubs, etc. 18 to 23 and returning on or before September

30, will be sold as follows: – WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23.

Via Fitchburg Railroad. 9 A.M. Devotional Meeting, Rev. Mary A. Boston

$7.00 Miller's Falls........ 85.00 Safford.




431) 10 to 10.45 A.M. Church Extension continued. Ayer Junction...


Shelburne Falls...... 4.25 Fitchburg...

North Adams.. Recommendations from the field. Addresses, Gardner..

Williamstown........ 2.75

5.75 fifteen minutes each, by Rev. D. W. Morehouse, and Rev. George L. Chaney.

Via Boston & Albany Railroad. 10.45 to 11.10 A.M. Report by Rev. Augustus

$7.00 West Brookfield.,

25.65 Woodbury, D.D., on the Working of the Com

South Framingham.. 6.75

7.00 Palmer... mittees on Fellowship, with resolutions.


6.20 Westfield 11.10 A.M. to 12 M. Recommendations from North Brookfield.... 6.15 Pittsfield..

East Brookfield...... 5.90 the floor, five minutes each.

12 M to 12.45 P. M. Marriage and Divorce, by It is understood that for railroads south and Hon. Carroll D. Wright of Washington.

west of Saratoga, a return ticket at one-third 12.45 P.M. Business Committee.

rates will be furnished.


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NEWS FROM THE FIELD. arranged for four meetings the coming sea

son, as follows:[Neurs items are solicited from all our ministers October 1, Third Unitarian Church. Suband other workers. Send them to the EDITOR OF

ject of paper, “Early Free Thinkers." THE UNITARIAX, 141 FRANKLIN ST., Boston, or ANN ARBOR, Mich., before the 18th of the month.)

December 3, All Souls' Church. Subject, Andover, N.H.-Rev. James F. Morton,

“New England Liberal Theology, 1750-1815.”

February 4, Third Church. Subject, who has been appointed principal of Proctor

“Channing and his Time, 1815-40." Academy, is a graduate of Acadia College,

April 7, All Souls' Church. Subject, N.S., and of the Newton Theological Insti

“Theodore Parker and his Time, 1840–60.” tute, Mass., and has taught three years in Colby Academy, New London, N.H.,--two Des Moines, Ia.- Rev. L. A. Harvey of years as principal. Miss Mary Morton, a Cincinnati has accepted a call from the Unidaughter, has been appointed assistant tarian church of Des Moines. teacher. Mr. Morton leaves a position as

Fitchburg, Mass.- Rev. Walter F. Greenpastor of the Unitarian society at Wolfboro

man has accepted a call to the pastorate of to enter upon his new duties.

He was

the Unitarian church here, and will be informerly of the Baptist denomination, and

stalled on September 2. served as pastor of a church at Littleton, Mass., and one at South Boston. He has Helena, Mont.—Rev. S. M. Crothers a family of five children, three of whom writes: “We held our first Unitarian serwill come with the family to Andover. vices in Helena last Sunday. I preached Mrs. Morton is a daughter of S. F. Smith, morning and evening in the hall used by who wrote our national hymn,

the legislature, which was well filled. An “My country, 'tis of thee."

admirable set of people are working for a The fall term of the school begins Septem- be successful if they can get a minister.”

church organization, which cannot fail to ber 7. The trustees of the school confidently commend it to those who wish to Helena Valley, Wis.—The annual Helena place their children under home influence Valley Grove Meeting was held on August and scholarly training.

15 and 16, with preaching by ministers in Ann Arbor, Mich.-Services were re

attendance upon the Tower Hill Ministers'

Institute. sumed in the Unitarian church the first Sunday in September. The library of the Hillside, Wis.—The second Tower Hill church has been in use during the vacation. Summer Assembly and Fifth Annual SunNearly a hundred dollars' worth of new day-school Institute were held here August books are being added. The Ann Arbor and 2 to 16. The Ministers' Institute held a the Toledo Unitarian Sunday-schools united session from 9 to 10.30 each day, and the in a picnic at Whitmore Lake in July. Sunday-school Institute a session from 11 to There is prospect of a very large attendance 12.30. At the latter the time was given at the university the coming year.

mainly to discussion of the Sunday-school Boston and Vicinity.-While the vaca

lessons as proposed for the coming year, the tion season has drawn away from the city of St. Louis and Miss Juniata Stafford of

discussions being led by Rev. J. C. Learned nearly all our own ministers, it has attracted Chicago. In the evenings there were a hither many visitors from the South and West.

number of lectures and concerts. On our hottest days Rev. A. D. Mayo, Rev. John Snyder, Rev. George L. Hinsdale, Ill.-Prof. A. W. Gould of ManChaney, have apparently found our North- istee, Mich., has accepted the pastorate of ern air fresh and bracing, though the steep Unity Church of this place. ascent by which one gains an entrance to

Hobart, Ind.—The Unitarian society here the A. U. A. rooms, up a sun-scorched flight of red stone steps, has been terribly of Chicago has been engaged for another

Mr. Milsted

keeps up its old enthusiasm. suggestive of an almost forgotten theology.

year. He also preaches at Valparaiso to Might not the headquarters of Unitarianism

audiences of five or six hundred, mostly stuhelpfully illustrate our belief in“ salvation dents of the Normal School. in this life” by stretching out an awning?

The success of the first six weeks' course La Porte, Ind.-Mr. Jennings of Toledo of the “School of Applied Ethics,” held at preached here on a recent Sunday to a large Plymouth has been such as to insure an congregation. He writes: "The society is enthusiastic gathering in 1892, when the in a good condition. It has the finest school will again be held at Plymouth. The church building in the town. It needs it interest shown in the department devoted to good man, and will settle one as soon as the study of the “History of Religions” was possible.” remarkable. This department was under the direction of Prof. Toy of Harvard Uni- opportunity for Unitarians who are par

Lexington, Mass.—The very desirable versity.

ents of having their children during early Chicago, Ill.—The Chicago Branch of the school life under the religious influence of Women's Western Unitarian Conference has their own faith is to be made possible here

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