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tain town that seems to belong to the six- Luke. It is a great treasure of the Church teenth century, has a silver model of the of St. Maria in Ara Cæli. It is dressed in cathedral, which weighs one hundred and blue satin, and literally covered with gold forty pounds. In this silver casket is the and silver chains and diamond ornaments. altar-cloth of Bolsena, upon which the blood It has seven gold watches. A carriage and from the host miraculously fell while an horses, two footmen, and a driver are at unbelieving priest was performing mass. its disposal when it visits the sick; for it is The cathedral of Orvieto was built to com- a miracle-working doll, and it is said even memorate this miracle, which is also the to have raised the dead. The Scala Santa is subject of one of Raphael's finest pictures another anomaly in the nineteenth century. in the Vatican.

This is the flight of stairs which Christ There is a great deal of enterprise and ascended in Pontius Pilate's house in Jerusaprogression in the Italy of to-day. The lem. It was brought to Rome by the Emlarge cities are comparatively clean, and are

press Helena.

A papal dispensation allows very orderly. “A cross everywhere, and a remission of sins for twenty-nine years everywhere nastiness at the foot of it,” is no for every one of the twenty-eight steps longer true of the Eternal City.

ascended on the knees and with a contrite The present government is striving to and believing heart. During Holy Week make education general. There are munic- these steps were packed with men and ipal schools in all the cities of Italy; and women, and I counted three children among in the north of Italy attendance is compul- the number. Martin Luther, when in sory, but the law is not thoroughly enforced. Rome, ascended these stairs half-way, when The school-houses in the towns and even he heard a voice saying, “The just shall in the cities are most miserable buildings. live by faith," and he arose and walked It seems a pity that some of the wealth down. hoarded up in the churches could not be Rome has become so modernized that it is used for the schools.

hard for strangers in the fine new part of But public opinion, and especially public the town to realize that it is the old historic religious opinion, changes slowly; and it is Rome. Florence, at least in her historic a great deal that Victor Emmanuel and his square, and in all of the streets radiating son have been able to take away so much of from the Piazza Signoria, is Florence of the the wealth and power of the Church. More

Middle Ages. Venice is only a shadow of reforms will soon come; for there is a

her own past. Bologna, Orvieto, and Siena strong rationalistic party nominally inside

are not of our century. The tide of modthe Church, and a stronger party outside

ern life has not entered these old cities, and which is avowedly hostile to the Church.

in them it is easy to form a conception of In Genoa all public ecclesiastical processions what the medieval cities of Italy were like. have been forbidden within the city limits,

Italy-her cities, her art, her people, and, because there is such a strong anti-clerical

above all, the beauty of the whole country, party in that city that there would be a dis- -seacoast, mountains, lakes, and smiling turbance of the peace, were such processions valleys-will long continue to be the land allowed. During Holy Week this year at

most attractive to travellers of all nations. Rome there were no imposing processions, But, on the whole, it is a land pleasanter to and very little ceremonial at the churches.

travel in than to live in; for, although the A resident of Rome told me that the relics

old will always fascinate us by its memories are very seldom carried in procession now,

and romance, the new, the life of to-day, is

the real life for men and women of to-day, because a large party within the Church no

and the life of Italy at the present time, allonger believe in the relics, and it is con

though full of great importance and interest, sidered wise to keep them in the background is not what attracts the crowds of tourists or as much as possible.

brings to Italy an important part of her Still there remain a few of the old super

revenue. In Italy the tourist lives in an stitions which seem very strange to the atmosphere of the past, and it becomes a Protestant. That of the Sacred Bambino is

little difficult to get back into the nineThe Bambino is a very ugly wooden teenth century after so long a sojourn in the doll, said to have been painted by Saint old.



As age

I wish to mention for the benefit of those that a man should be judged by his prime, contemplating a trip to Rome that Mr. these recantings, should they occur, would Forbes and Mr. Spadoni have made most ex- mean nothing. When a noted Christian haustive studies of the history and archæol- worker loses his mind in his old age, gros ogy of old Rome, and both give lectures pessimistic, and says that all things are beupon the old ruins of Rome among the ruins coming corrupt and vicious, he is themselves. The information and help turned out of the church. He is not judged brought so easily to the visitor are invaluable by these acts. It is said that it is the wornin helping to a right understanding and ap- out body that accounts for all this. So it preciation of the ruins of Rome.

is, largely. But, if so, why may not the MARIE C. REMICK. heretics have the advantage of the same Genoa, Italy.


Again, so to judge the confession of the SLANDERS OF DYING HERETICS" dying heretic is unfair, because quite as AGAIN.

often the matter happens the other way, and

no comment is made. It is true that the more uncultivated and No one who has observed the Christian less spiritual ministers make unwarranted temper carefully can bave failed to notice use of what they call the death-bed repent numberless cases where a man grows scepance of infidels and sceptics. While, no tical in his old age, and throws away his redoubt, in very many instances there is no ligion at the last moment.

Some men, truth at all in the reports of such repentances when boys, were like other boys. They that get circulated, in some cases, at least, were jolly, reckless, religionless. In midthey are true, and yet mean nothing. That dle life they are gathered into the Church. men grow more cautious and careful as they They are very devoted, it may be. grow older has been often recognized. It is comes on, the old life breaks out. It is to be expected that a man who studies manifest. I have noticed it again and widely and thinks profoundly will grow again. Any one may notice it. Judged by broader and more sympathetic; and there is the old standards, the man is no longer a much truth in the position taken by Her- Christian. This happens more often than mann Lotze, that the ideal life is the life of we have any idea. the old man. There are circumstances, how- Still another experience is very common: ever, that thwart this happy result.

it is for men and women to grow broad and It is natural, I think, for the old man to tolerant and charitable in their old age, revert to the beliefs of his childhood and losing their former theological and ecclesiyouth. To be sure, the man who retains astical dogmatisms and narrownesses, but his intellectual faculties to the end, who keeping and, indeed, increasing their Chriscontinues to read new books and think new tian spirit and their piety. Thus we find thoughts to the last hour, will not suffer thousands of the “nice old people" in the such a reversion to type; but the majority orthodox churches to be really Universalists of men will do just that thing in spite of and Unitarians. themselves. Psychologically, it is easy to The truth is, where one "heretic” really explain such a result, and, when so ex- goes back to a narrow Orthodoxy, thousands plained, it has lost all weight as a support of orthodox outgrow their creeds and become for extreme orthodox positions. I say the heretics. We must not, therefore, overestiresult is natural. For, while the youth mate death scenes. We must not judge a lives in the future, the old man lives in the man by his youth, his prime, or his old past. He thinks his old thoughts over age, until we know something of his hisagain, He tries to suck from them again tory, something of the influences which the joys they had yielded before. To assist turned him into this course or the other. him in the result, he tends to behave more Moreover, it is necessary to note whether and more as he then did. The thoughts in- the change was for the better or the worse. fluence the life; and the man dies renounc- A mere death-bed recanting, did it occur, ing the views of his prime, it may be. ought not to influence us deeply in our es

But, if our orthodox friends are right, timate of a man's real character. We ought

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to be beyond that doctrine which argues that Then the sun looked over the white world's rim, a man will be judged according to "the state And peered through the aisles of the woodland

dim; of his soul" at the last moment of his life.

The forest and fell,

The field and the dell,
Tufts College.

The broad highway, and the footpath small,

The sun looked forth and beheld them all.

Then every deed of the vanished night

Lay plain to the eye of the risen light,Blessed be the kind-hearted, motherly Its story writ in the tell-tale snow. negative, -the no to youth that becomes a The hillside fox that had prowled below, yes further along in maturity, the no to folly The hungry wolf that had torn his prey, that opens and blossoms, in due time, into

The strange, wild creatures that shun the day,

The skulking thief with his booty fled, the yes of wisdom, -the no on a lower plane

Pale murder chased by fear of the dead, that turns to yes, a delightful yes, on a The homeless turned from the rich man's door, higher plane. The great Affirmation of The mercy that Sought out the shivering poor,

Each left his track where his foot did fall : Heaven is for those to whom "failures on earth" had ever been saying, No, no, no.

The Night remembered and told it all.

So, sooner or later, each hidden deed, Being another's and not our own, how

Wrought in a darkness where none can read, many, how many a season of heart-ache do

But leaving its track on the Ways of Time, persons pass through, and come out com- Shall stand confessed; for a Light sublime fortable and happy on the other side of the

Will arise at last, when the night is done,

And Truth will shine as another sun. sorrow and pain! A charge has us to keep,

For the elements all are in league with Right, as well as we a charge.

And they serve her cause with a tireless might;

The Earth is the Lord's, and, whatever befall, Space is to set up house and home in, for

Will mark, will remember, will publish all. boys' kites and marbles, for lovers' walks,

- W. H. Savage, in Arena, April, 1890. for parabola and ellipse, for sun and sunny places, for lines and forms, figures and beauties, for Europe and London and St. AN EPITOME OF UNITARIANISM. Peter's, Boston and New York, to nestle in. Space is for books and birds to flutter in, The Unitarian movement in America was for the calling of mate to mate to pass simply and only this, –

-a calling of men in through, for learning and science, poetry and from their gotten up guesses and theories the Gospels, to pass over and bless.

and machinery of religion to religion itself. The day is to drive gloom away-the It said, Faith is a babe's cry for its own gloom of night and yours, -to put dark mother, a child's trust in things lovely and troubles out of countenance, and to lift the beautiful. It said, Theology is not religcovering from God's works and joys.

ion. It said, Salvation is not a shrewd deW. M. BICKNELL. vice to circumvent God's justice. It said, Malden, Mass.

Heaven is the natural joy of well-doing and

righteous living, and hell the cloud and THE MORNING COMETH.

pang that evil makes in a man's soul. It By night the Winter came out of the North,

said, again, after the Master: Ye must enter And went through the sleeping land :

the kingdom of knowledge and righteousness All wrapped in shroud

as a little child, saying, for substance of Of the dun, gray cloud,

faith: “Our Father, we love and hallow Over forest and fell, Over field and hill

thee. Thy rule and guardianship be over (The wind was asleep, and his step Thy will, not our passions, be our was still),

guide. Our daily bread is from thy hand. Went he like a sower, and scattered forth The snow from his spectral hand.

Forgive us, as our own mother does, for

every sin and meanness we are ashamed of. It fell like a dream Over meadow and stream,

Help us when we are in temptation; and Along the ways of the woodland glen,

may we keep thy strong and tender hand Above the homes of sleeping men,

when evil is around

The Lord's By the gray rocks on the ocean shore

Prayer, in place of scheming and diploWhere Mystery sleepeth evermore, On the broad highway, on the footpath small,

matic rituals; the being like Jesus, instead Fell the eddying whiteness enwrapping all. of trying to bargain for his virtues to be





set to our account; the banishing of a met- from the Chicago Graphic the following deaphysical and bewildering trinity, that we scription of the Athenæum:might more childlikely say, “Our Father”);

Six months before this honored institution the seeking of our paradise in daily love

has attained its “majority" we find it estaband duty rather than in far-off dream- lished in a commodious and elegant structure

of its own. lands; and the coming cheerfully from our

No choicer location, nor one sins and foolishness to be judged every day

better adapted for its educational work,

could have been chosen than that on which of our lives, as the child lays its head at

the new Athenæum Building stands. The nightfall on the familiar lap for mercy-seat, square, bounded by Van Buren Street on instead of keeping ourselves scared with

the north, Congress Street on the south, Michigan Boulevard the east,

and thoughts of one great distant judgment,

Wabash Avenue on the west, has well been this was the Unitarian movement of relig- characterized as that of "the three great ious reform, and this the name signifies A's"; namely, the Auditorium, the Art Into-day. This simple, instinctive religion, stitute, and the Atheneum. with its primal language of faith and affec

All who have carefully followed the his

tory of the Atheneum for the past twenty tion, making God only a shorter and dearer

years—its foundation having been laid in name for good, and never dreaming of any October, 1871, while the city was then in going to him by and by, because his chil- smoke and ashes-will gladly acknowledge dren are always with him here, -this faith,

that it richly deserves a fine, permanent

home. I say, has little charm for the gnostics of

Its beginning was modest, but the aniour time; but it is the sweet, strong power mating spirit and purpose was to extend its of daily work and daily joy. Men who can

usefulness as far as possible in promoting not reason metaphysically, humble women

an interest in self-improvement and in the

diffusion of knowledge. in their kitchens and nurseries, can toil by "Good will to men" in all that concerns it, be calm and brave and hopeful in it, their manly progress and well-being has alwith no theology but “Our Father," no sal- ways been an underlying principle of its vation but love and faithful work,

action. From a little company of educated

gentlemen and ladies, who for the first two heaven but the daily sunlight of affection

or three years were volunteer instructors, and conscience here, and a reunion of the the school has steadily grown till it has enfamily, when life's week-day task is ended, rolled a corps of twenty teachers. for nobler tasks and braver futures. Here,

The plan of this “People's College," sim

ply stated, is to provide competent teachers, in the great Master's company, is all the re

who, in evening hours as well as during the ligion a soul can need, and all the theology day, are ready to meet young men and one can ever be sure of this side the grave. women who have come to realize their need

of a better education and desire to improve S. C. BEANE.

their spare hours to the best advantage. Newburyport, Mass.

To such pupils it is a great boon to have a school the doors of which always open hos

pitably to them, and where they may enter A COLLEGE FOR THE PEOPLE. at their own convenience and select one or

more studies at will. So far as its classIn the very heart of Chicago there has

accommodations would admit, the been built up within the past twenty years

Atheneum has always shown a cheerful

willingness to provide able instruction in one of the noblest institutions of education

branches outside its regular course when“for the people” that this or any other ever there were five or six applicants for the country affords. We refer to the Chicago Athenæum, which within a few weeks past self for entering college, or the lady who de

Here, too, the boy who wishes to fit himhas moved into a large new building, which sires to pass the examination necessary to is to be its permanent home. It has addi- become a teacher in a public school, or that tional interest to the readers of the Unita- for a higher grade, may be accommodated.

The machinist, the carpenter, the engineer, rian, because, though strictly undenomina

the boiler-maker, come from their shops tional, it was founded and has largely been after eight or nine hours' work, the student built up by Unitarians, its present superin- of architecture, the engraver, the lithog. tendent, to whom its present prosperity is rapher, from their office tables; and all

find here the instruction they need in drawlargely due, being Rev. Edward D. Galvin,

ing, mathematics, or designing, for some years pastor of the Third Unitarian

For five evenings a week during nine Church of Chicago. We are glad to reprint months in the year these classes are open,



with a wide range of studies, from reading, culty. We must each of us bear our cross spelling, and penmanship to rhetoric, liter- with him. When we bear it, each day ature, and trigonometry. There are, also, makes it easier to bear. classes in French, German, and Latin, a large department devoted to elocution and oratory, and opportunities for the study of DR. BELLOWS AND THE NEW YORK instrumental and vocal music.

MINISTERS. During the autumn and winter courses of science lectures are given free. It is the purpose of the board to extend these lecture

We have recently come upon the following courses, and to make them of greater inter- incident in the life of Dr. Bellows of New est and helpfulness, especially to those who York. If the most eloquent Unitarian are engaged in the mechanic arts and in the preacher in America could have the cold construction of electrical apparatus. The new Athenæum building will, to a

shoulder turned on him by his brother very large extent, be devoted to art and ministers of the orthodox faith, persistently, science and general educational work. The for forty years, in the commercial metropoentire seventh story is occupied by studios

lis of the New World, Unitarian ministers and the large reception-room of the Chicago Artists' Association for the monthly ex

in smaller towns need not wonder if they hibit of their pictures. The Chicago Col

are treated in the same manner :lege of Law, with upwards of one hundred

At the time Russia and fifty students, the National College of

was waging war Music, the Chicago Watchmakers’ Institute against Turkey to protect the Bulgarian for practical instruction in watchmaking

Christians from persecution on account of and

Sketch repairing, the Architectural

their religion, a public meeting was held Club, and one of the Kindergarten Associa

in the city of New York, upon the call of a tions for the preparation of teachers are

large number of its leading citizens, to denow located here.

nounce the oppression, to sympathize with The entire first story and basement, 91 by

the oppressed, and to declare in favor of 97 feet and 25 feet in height, are given to religious toleration. one of the most attractive and best-equipped crowded with anxious hearers and

At an early hour the public hall was gymnasiums in the country. All the gym

the large nastic apparatus that could be devised is platform filled with prominent men, most of

whom were ministers of the different dehere provided, and in addition fine plunge and shower baths, a natatorium, two stand

nominations. After several clergymen and ard bowling-alleys, a running-track, and

others had spoken, Dr. Bellows was called spacious band-ball court.

out by acclamation. He stated, toward the On the sixth floor is a choice library and

close of an eloquent address, that during

his travels in the East he had frequently reading-room, supplied with the best standard literature, daily and weekly papers,

worshipped in the Greek Church and taken magazines and reviews. Out of the reading part in its service, and that he was always room opens a quiet and cheerful chess-room,

received as a minister of the gospel, with where the members of the Athenæum may

Christian fellowship with brotherly affecenjoy social parlor games.

tion, and that he now felt the deepest sym

A special desk furnished with stationery is also provided pathy for them in their trials and persecufor those who wish to write letters or make

tions for holding to their Christian belief. notes of their reading.

He then added : “I have preached the gospel It seems to be the universal judgment of

over forty years; and during all that time" visitors that the new Athenæum building is

-here he paused, and, looking around upon admirably planned for the purposes for

the ministers, said, with a lowered voice which it was constructed. Situated in the

and an expression of sorrow_“I have never very heart of the city, easily accessible from

been invited to preach in a pulpit in this all parts, it has the great advantages of city outside of the denomination to which

I am attached. And this may be one reason quietness, cheerful light, and excellent ventilation.

why I sympathize so deeply with my fellowLet this “People's College,” chartered by

Christians of the Greek Church in Bulthe State as an institution not for pecuniary garia.”. The audience here burst forth with profit, become the recipient of generous en

a round of applause, in which all the clergydowments, that it may not be bampered by

men on the platform heartily joined. For want of means in extending its valuable aid

the time the fellowship of Christian hearts to all eager seekers after useful knowledge.

triumphed over the Thirty-nine Articles and the Westminster Confession of Faith.

This, however, was of short duration, and A WORD TO REFORMERS. --We cannot im- passed away with the occasion ; for during prove ourselves, we cannot assist others, we the remainder of his active and useful mincannot do our duty in the world, except by istry he was ignored as he had previously exertion, except by unpopularity, except been by the ministers of the orthodox with annoyance, except with care and diffi- churches.

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