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all things, and shall never fail or vanish and dutiful in all the work of our hands! away, whatever else may cease,-to these May we be followers of him who lived a eternal realities we solemnly dedicate this blameless life and whose joy was in doing church.

good, and may love and faith and reverence “Minister.- We dedicate this house to

grow more and more unto the perfect day! eternal hope, the strong persuasion of the

Amen." truth, and the power of an endless life.

The dedication of the church was folPeople.-Qur fathers thou hast called to lowed on the 14th by the annual session of thy higher praise, and gathered to their the Missouri Valley Conference. fathers must all the children be. Thou hast made one family, there and here, -one living communion of seen and unseen. Blessed

TIIE ESSENTIALS OF CHRISbe the Lord God that giveth beauty for ashes

TIANITY. and the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness. * Minister. - To the memory of Jesus

The first great truth taught by Christ is Christ, first among the mighty spirits of that there is One Almighty Being, whose our race; to the noble army of martyrs and nature is goodness and love, who is in a workers for every form of truth; to the

father's relation to every human soul. The revered names among the living and the dead

second follows from that we are one and in our own household of faith; yea, and to the tenderly beloved who have gone from

all, children of God, and bound up forever our homes and friendships, -We lovingly

with him as a child with a father. The dedicate this house.

third is that on account of this there is a People.—To a religion of joy and trust; spiritual brotherhood of all men, which to the spirit of a common brotherhood and

carries with it all the duties and loves of all the kindly helpfulness which that relationship involves ; to faith in human reason

brotherhood. The fourth is that, since the and affection for the discernment of truth,

Father is immortal, so are the children, and and to its free and sincere pursuit,

- we ded

that all those whom we call dead, and all icate this house.

those whom we now call living, and that all Minister.-In this public and solemn

who shall be born are alive now in the manner we have expressed our purpose in building this house, and it is now dedicated

thought of God, and shall be loving and to the noblest uses that we can name. To

thinking and resting forever and ever in a this place may childhood and youth come, vast humanity which will attain perfection and find the holy spirit of reverence and in God and enjoy him forever and ever. love, of wisdom and purity. May vigorous And, fifth, these carry with them the final manhood be made thoughtful and gentle overthrow of all evil, and the faith that, in here, and old age find the rest and peace of God. Here may infants and little children spite of all that seemingly contradicts them, be brought, and consecrated to the service of Love and Righteousness rule and develop all that is noble and beautiful in life. the world.

STOPFORD A. BROOKE. When troth is plighted and marriage vows are taken here, may young man and maiden feel them as a sacrament. When the sor- TILE FREE CHURCH OF AMERICA." rowful come to this house, may they find consolation, and may the sharpest grief be Under the above heading the Christian soothed by serenest faith.

People.-- We rejoice in the completion of Register of May 7 prints a letter containing this work, and shall come here from Sunday to

what the writer calls a “Sketch of ResoluSunday with new interest and pleasure. We tions proposed for the Consideration of the shall always welcome most cordially our Conference of Unitarian and Other Chrisneighbors and friends, and we now invite them to come here and share the hospitalities

tian Churches to be held at Saratoga this and fellowship of our church. Here are our

coming Autumn." altar and our fireside, our place of worship Said “Sketch of Resolutions" is as foland our common home. May it long be, to

lows:-rich and poor alike, to friends and strangers, to old and young, to us and to our Whereas the name “Unitarian," while children, a house of God, a gate to heaven. holding honored memories, is nevertheless,

“ All. -And do thou, Heavenly Father, upon the whole, somewhat misleading rather bless and hallow this place forevermore. than helpful or characteristic, and represents As we enter these gates for worship, may no important living issue, but is popularly the bonds of friendship be strengthened and associated with historical, negative, and extended. Far from us be all strife and un- transitional views rather than with distinct, charitableness. Quicken our aspirations for positive, or inspiring modern thought in boliness ; give us knowledge and penitence religion; of the wrong we do. May we be vigilant Inasmuch, too, as many who gladly accept


we are.

our thought for various reasons object to a good," "love." These are words and expresname which appears to them to be that only sions with which we have grown very familof a sect;

iar within a few years past. On the lips of And, since the times demand, in behalf of increasing numbers of earnest minds,

men who see in them all that is essential to clearer setting-forth of the comprehensive,

Unitarianism, we have learned exactly what constructive, and practical nature of the they mean. religion which the wisest and best men and We confess, therefore, that this proposiwomen are everywhere coming to adopt,- tion in the Christian Register looks to us

Resolved, therefore, that we recommend, as far and as rapidly as possible, the disuse

very much like a shrewd plan to get the of the word “Unitarian,” and that we hence

National Conference practically to repudiate forth call ourselves and ask to be called its Christian and theistic character, and to

commit itself to a very wild and loose THE FREE CHURCH OF AMERICA;

scheme of ethicalism. Of course, we may be and that we seek to include in this designa- mistaken. We shall be glad if we find that tion those of whatever name, whose religious thought asks the methods of fearless inquiry, who would make their sympathies as

BROADENING OUR NATIONAL wide as humanity, and whose practical end is righteousness, the doing of good, and the

CONFERENCE. growth of love in the world.

Editor of the Unitarian :: With regard to this proposition, one or In a National Convention of Unitarians, two thoughts suggest themselves.

assembled in New York City April, 180),

was formed what has since been known as First, is the name “Unitarian" one that

“The National Conference of Unitarian and we can so easily rid ourselves of as the

Other Christian Churches." James Freewriter would seem to suppose? And, even man Clarke preached the sermon of the if we can, are we quite sure that we want occasion. In it he said: “I hope that, to?

though we meet as a Unitarian Convention We might possibly gain in certain

this year, we shall meet next year on a much ways; but is it clear that we would not lose

broader basis, which shall include all Libmuch more in other ways?

eral Christian churches who may desire to Second, what is the real meaning of the co-operate with us. We and they can be change proposed? What is the writer's in- what we choose at home, have our own tention as to the character of this Free

creeds and methods, but can meet once a Church of America? Is the new church to

year in a National Convention, with all

who believe in a broad co-operation for be one in fact or only in name? If it is

Christian work." (Life of James Freeman not to be Unitarian or Trinitarian, is it to Clarke, p. 266.) be Christian? Is it to be established for Thus it was that our National Conference the worship of God, as one of its ends? Or was started as a Liberal Christian Alliance,

J. C. will it, like the so-called church founded by

and so it stands at this day, August Comte, recognize no God except

Boston, Mass. Humanity? Or, still again, are worship Such, it is true, seems to have been Dr. and the God-idea to be put among the Clarke's idea ; and the name of the Conoptionals?

ference makes room, after a fashion, for These queries are not manufactured: they other churches besides our own. But, pracare compelled by the very strange fact that tically, this has been little more than nomthe proposition for this new “Free Church inal. Our Conference name gives Unitaof America" leaves out all reference to rians an overshadowing prominence, and Christianity, to Christ, to God, to worship, extends but a chilly welcome to any others; and gives no slightest hint or intimation of while, as a fact, little effort seems ever to any purpose higher than that of an associa

have been made to bring in our Universalist tion of Comtists, or an Ethical Culture or Independent Liberal Christian brethren. society. Of course, all this may be an acci- Perhaps this plan has been wisest; perhaps dental omission. We hope it is. But, if it will be wisest to continue the same. so, it is a very unfortunate omission.

But, if so, there is still need for a real LibThe main thing that we are told about the eral Christian Alliance. For ourselves, howproposed new church is that it must be ever, we confess our leaning toward Dr. broad, so broad as to contain all people who Clarke's plan. Now that the American believe in “fearless inquiry,” “sympathies Unitarian Association is a representative wide as humanity," "righteousness," "doing body, and in the fullest sense national, we see no reason why our national denomina- recounted by Secretary Reynolds without tional life (strictly speaking) should not be feeling anew the greatness of the mission poured wholly through the ample channels which God has intrusted to the Unitarians of that Association, leaving the National of this country, or without being stirred Conference to broaden out and become really with new zeal and consecration. We repeat, what seems to have been in Dr. Clarke's

let every reader of the Unitarian read this mind, —a general congress of the Liberal report of Secretary Reynolds. Anniversary Christian churches of America. That in

Week was crowded with interesting meetsome form or other there ought to be an or

ings; but this report was the central thing ganization to bring together in large num

of all, because amid all the delightful and bers, annually, biennially, or triennially, inspiring talking this showed what we have representatives of all phases of liberal Christianity, we feel increasingly sure.

done, and, perhaps still more important, Surely, the time has come for the different what there is still to be done. divisions of the great (great and strong,

For the most part, the weather of the if united) Liberal Christian army to know

week was fine. The Common and Public each other, and to discover that they are

Garden were at their loveliest. The Unitaonly divisions of one army. Nothing do rian Headquarters were as full of attraction Unitarians and Universalists more need than and hospitality as ever. The representaplans and aims that look beyond sect lines. tives of our churches, East and West, were While we give due diligence to the smaller out in good numbers. things, let us not be blind to the larger. It Many meetings of great interest are grows increasingly evident that there are held on this week besides those of a dislarger things to plan for than we have yet tinctly Unitarian character. Our Univerventured.

salist brethren had several, which were well We commend to the Council of our Na- attended and full of earnestness and hope. tional Conference the question whether they The Boston Young Men's Christian Union, cannot with good results open the doors of one of the noblest and most influential insti. the coming meeting in Saratoga much more

tutions of the city, celebrated its anniverwidely than usual. For ourselves we should

sary with a large attendance of friends of greatly like to see in prominent places on

all denominations. The American Peace the programme some of the leading brethren of the Universalist Church, and other repre

Society, the Social Science Institute, the sentatives of Liberal Christianity outside of

New England Woman Suffrage Association, our own immediate fold. —[EDITOR.]

the Moral Education Society, and the Free

Religious Association, all held important THE BOSTON ANNIVERSARIES.

meetings with attractive speakers.

Our own Unitarian gatherings consisted We delay the issue of this number of the of a devotional meeting each morning of the Unilarian to allow us to give our readers a week at 8.30 in King's Chapel, - these were glance at the Boston May meetings, and es- well attended for so early an hour, and were pecially to enable us to print the Annual very uplifting and delightful,- followed by Report of the Board of Directors of the meetings of the American Unitarian AssoAmerican Unitarian Association. This re- ciation, the National Alliance of Unitarian port is one of the most interesting, encour- and Other Liberal Christian Women, the aging, and stirring ever made by that Board. Unitarian Sunday School Society, the TemLet no one fail to read it. It is a graphic perance Society, the National Bureau of picture of what our national missionary or- Unity Clubs, the National Guild Alliance,

, ganization has done the past year, and the the Ministerial Union, the Berry Street Confar greater work that opens. Does any one ference of Ministers; also the anniversary think we are dead or asleep or standing of the Children's Mission to the Children of still, let him look into this report and see. the Destitute, the annual meeting of Lend Does any one think our mission is accom- a Hand Clubs and Orders based upon the plished and that there is no more for us to Wadsworth Mottoes, the annual reception do, let him read these pages and find his extended by Rev. Brooke Herford to all mistake.

We see not how any one can visiting ministers, and the Unitarian Festiplace himself face to face with the facts val at Music Hall.


The great day of the week was Tuesday, hours and a half to speeches which, for which was all devoted to the American Uni- combined practicalness, point, humor, and tarian Association. Tremont Temple was moral earnestness, are rarely excelled. full morning and afternoon, and crowded Charles W. Eliot, president of Harvard in the evening. The morning was devoted University, presided. to business, the election of officers, and re- The Boston Post says of the occasion :ports and plans of work.

'here was a The festival held in Music Hall last erendivision of judgment as to the new director ing was the fiftieth anniversary of this to be elected from the West. A few mem- annual banquet. The distinguished charbers of the Western Conference strongly acter of the audience may be inferred from urged the election of Rev. J. R. Effinger,

a glance at the list, printed elsewhere, of

some of the distinguished persons who were secretary of that conference, as the distinct

present. Among them were the presidents representative of that conference. Others

of the American Academy of Arts and Sciurged the name of Rev. S. M. Crothers of ences and of the New England Historic St. Paul as quite as ably and acceptably rep- Genealogical Society, the vice-president of resenting the Western Conference (twenty of Harvard University, the chairman and

the Society of the Cincinnati, the president nine churches) and all the rest of the West

members of its Board of Overseers, past and (sixty-five churches) besides. Mr. Crothers present preachers to the university, and was elected, and the denomination, alike members of its faculty, members and exEast and West, is to be congratulated that members of Congress, the Sub-Treasurer of he was; for his election means increasing the United States in this city, Mayors and harmony in the West, whereas Mr. Etlin. ex-Mayors, prominent members of the bench

and bar, and private citizens identified with ger's would have meant continuing and

the various charitable and philanthropic deepening antagonisms. The afternoon and institutions of Boston. evening meetings of the Association were The ringing speech of Congressman Willgiven to addresses, and some earnest, able, iams upon the duty of maintaiving ideals in

pul life was received with enthusiasm and stirring ones we had from eight or nine

and applause. It was an earnest and couof our best men, representing all sections

rageous appeal to the pulpit to do its full of the country.

share in moulding public opinion and in The social meeting of the ministers at attacking public abuses. The speech of Mr. Herford's afforded the best opportunity Rev. Mr. Crothers of St. Paul, Minn., was of the week for the preachers to meet each

one of the happiest after-dinner speeches

full of wit and wisdom-that has recently other. They were very appreciative of the been heard in Boston. All of the speeches kindness of their host in giving such an were good, and there was not a heavy one opportunity

among them. Indeed, the festival was the The intellectual high tide of the week was

best that the Unitarians have had for many reached at the Berry Street Conference, years; and that is high praise. where Rev. J. C. Learned of St. Louis gave

President Eliot's opening speech in full an able paper upon “Three Distinctions in

was as follows: Worship.” The discussion which followed the paper was particularly strong, construc

I do not see how any body of Christian

believers can have a better right than we to tive, and helpful.

keep an annual festival of thankfulness and We have not space to report the Sunday- good cheer. Our simple and hospitable school, Unity Club, Temperance, and Guild church seems to us the most cheerful in the meetings, but hope to do so to some extent world. It has rejected all the depressing in our next. They were not so large as they fables and myths and the cruel imaginings ought to have been, yet they were all inter- which, until lately, have made part of ao

cepted Christianity, such as the fall of man, esting and excellent. They represent very birth-sin, the devil, and hell. It accepts important movements. Our churches every with enthusiasm the uplifting doctrine of where should give earnest heed to them. the Roman Catholic church that inspiration

In popular interest and enjoyment the and revelation are perpetual. It has emanclimax of the week was, as usual, the Thurs- cipated itself from all authority in religion, day evening Festival at Music Hall. Some science, from the authority alike of a theo

except the authority of reason and coneight or nine hundred persons sat down to

cratic priesthood, of ecclesiastical councils, dinner, after which we listened for two and of traditional dogmas. Our ministers


have no peculiar sanctity in our eyes : they not imply that our doctrines are new in the are our comrades, friends, and teachers. If world. They have been held and taught by they are a little better than laymen, they scattered individuals, or small groups, ail are only what the laymen might be and through the centuries ; but our organized ought to be.

communion and our liberty are new. We Unitarians try to follow reverently How thankful we should be that we are the transparent thought which the founder free to hold and proclaim our heretical of Christianity cast" upon the breezes of opinions! It seems to me that we UnitaJudea, without having pen or type, or leav- rians should never meet to rejoice together ing any record except in the memories of without remembering, in loving gratitude, his hearers; and we try to make just appli- the countless heroes and martyrs of civil cations of his thought under the new condi- and religious liberty through whose strugtions of our time. But we care nothing for gles and sufferings we are free. Within the the decrees of those semi-barbarous conven- Christian body we are the extreme Protestions which centuries ago mystified and tants of to-day, just as the exiles who settled perverted his thought. We take no interest Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay were the in time-hallowed formularies. Mysteries we extreme Protestants of their earlier day. As find all around us. We cannot imagine how we value our own birthright, as we cherish one blade of grass grows.

We use famil- our own privileges, let us never forget the iarly electric force, but we cannot conceive hospitality which is due, on these New Engwhat it is, or even find words to shadow land shores at least, to exiles for conscience' forth its nature; we know that moral and sake, no matter of what religion or what mental qualities are hereditary, but we cannot form any idea of the mode of their Freely we have received: what shall we transmission. So in religion we find mys- freely give? We must give to the present teries ; but we do not try to formulate them and future generations the bold, fresh, canin human speech, and then worship the for- did thought which we have received from mulæ. These are unspeakable deliverances our teachers and guides, from Channing, from bondage, fear, and gloom. They make Emerson, and Parker, from Hedge, Clarke, daily life for all of us the brighter and the and Martineau; and this stream should flow sweeter.

ever wider and deeper. We must give this We are not at war with modern scholar- through our preachers and writers, and ship, or in dread lest the objects of our through our children trained in the docworship undergo sudden and apparently de- trines which we hold precious. As present structive transformation. Not to us can be means for the conveyance of this thought addressed that startling statement which we must provide presses and churches. And Prof. J. Henry Thayer-one of the lead against the needs of the future we must ing New Testanient scholars in our time- provide for the raising up and the training addressed to an evangelical audience in this of a constant succession of learned, devout, city three months ago: “The critics are and devoted ministers of our faith. agreed that the view of the Scripture in The ministers of our church have no which you and I were educated, which has shields or coverings, like ceremonies or ritbeen prevalent in New England for genera- uals,-no resources, indeed, but their inteltions, is untenable.” Heresy trials, revisions lectual powers and attainments, and their of confessions and standards, and elections moral purity and vigor. No beaten paths of large-minded bishops have no terrors are laid down for them to follow, no hedges for us.

keep them from wandering, no traditional But we Unitarians are in number a feeble or consecrated phrases can make up the folk,-an insignificant minority in the total bulk of their utterances. They must stand population. The number attached to this in the open, and contend for simple truth. anniversary (fifty) reminds us forcibly that These principal duties of our denominaamong Christian churches the Unitarian is tion will be adverted to once and again this very young as well as very small. Our evening: they may all be described by the opinions do not commend themselves, as a words teaching and preaching: This fesrule, either to the luxurious classes or to the tival has for its primary object the honoring stationary mass of the people. Indeed, they of those who are now teaching and preachare shocking to the great majority of Chris- ing our faith. tians. Nevertheless, our churches slowly increase in numbers in the Eastern States, Letters of regret and congratulation were and they have now been planted all over received from a large number of persons the Western and North-western States, and even in the Rocky Mountains and on the

unable to be present, among them Oliver Pacific Slope. The movement which began Wendell Holmes, James Russell Lowell, here in Eastern New England has been John G. Whittier, and George William propagated all over the continent. I would Curtis.

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