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Be still, my soul, and know.

writes what we call the twentieth chapter That holy Voice upspringing, Its word of wisdom bringing,

in his little book, precisely as though he Which thrills like heavenly music, soft and low,

meant deliberately to discredit these reports, Dost thou not know?

and strip the event of these factitious an

gelic glories. Be still, and thou shalt know. The mystic Word that thrilled thee,

He begins by saying it was very early, And with strange wonder filled thee,

while it was yet dark, that Mary went to 'Twas God; and, hark! he speaketh to thee now. the tomb alone, and saw it was open. She Be still, and know.

runs back and gets John and Peter, and CHARLES E. PERKINS.

they hurry to the garden, and both enter Athol, Mass.

the tomb. They do not find the body, but

find the cloths in which it had been wrapped THE TWENTIETH OF JOHN. lying in two separate parcels. The writer

is very particular to say that both apostles 1. It is almost universally conceded that saw, and noted, that the cloths were not tothe Fourth Gospel is one of the later books gether, but in two different places. They of the New Testament.

return to the city, and Mary remains, weep2. It is equally indisputable that the ing; and, looking into the tomb, she sees author of it was a Christian believer.

two angels in white, who ask her why she 3. It follows, as it seems to me, that, if weeps. She replies, and then suddenly perhe was

not actually acquainted with the ceives Jesus standing near, who repeats the three Synoptic Gospels, he was at least angels' question in their very words. She familiar with the traditions, oral or writ- thinks him the gardener, until he calls her ten, out of which the synoptics were con- by name, when she recognizes him. structed. To deny this is either to deny the How

we account for it that this first or the second of the preceding proposi- writer, holding Christ in such exalted bonor, tions, or else it is to claim that the writer nevertheless appears so deliberately to set to had an entirely original and independent work to destroy his reader's faith in the knowledge of Jesus' history.

Angelophany? It was dark, Mary's eyes 4. It is almost universally conceded that were so full of tears that in the dim light the author held a very exalted view of she did not recognize Jesus when she had Christ. So true is this that it is frequently turned and looked at him; yet it was on said, Such a high Christology could not her testimony alone that the appearance of have been developed earlier than in the the angels rested. And what was her testisecond century.

mony? That she had looked out of gray 5. The third and fourth of these proposi- dawn into the dark tomb, and had seen two tions give to the twentieth chapter of the angels in white, just where Peter and John Fourth Gospel a very peculiar interest. had but a few moments before entered, and Mark tells us that three women went to the found nothing but two white heaps of gravetomb, after the sun had risen, and found a clothes. young man in the tomb, arrayed in white, The more carefully I ponder this question, who told them that Jesus was not there. so much the more firmly am I convinced Luke says more than three came at early that there is but one rational answer to it; dawn, and received the message from two namely, that the writer is the Apostle John

in dazzling apparel. Matthew also himself, striving with conscientious fidelity says it was at early dawn; but he gives us to narrate things exactly as he saw them only two women, and one angel, with an and as he understood them. As far as he appearance like lightning, and raiment knew, Mary alone saw Jesus on Sunday like snow, who descended with a great morning; but he and the other apostles, earthquake, and told the women that Jesus except Thomas, saw him that same evening. was not there.

Jesus was crucified on Friday, died in the The writer of the Fourth Gospel, un- afternoon, and in thirty or thirty-six hours doubtedly having the most exalted ideas of afterward had returned to life. I see nothChrist, and undoubtedly being familiar with ing in that statement incredible, or beyond these traditions concerning the resurrection, the power of evidence to substantiate. We


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have in this twentieth of John evidence ing he erected at Tufts College, Boston, as which seems to me conclusive, especially Natural History Museum for the students, when it is backed up by the patent, unde- which must have cost him many thousands niable fact that the whole existence of the of pounds. He certainly practised John Christian Church, and its triumphs for Wesley's maxim, “Make as much as you nearly twenty centuries, have been based can, save as much as you can, and give as upon the faith of the first generation of much as you can." No one could look on Christians that Christ has risen.

his fine, bland, and benevolent face without Delicate points of nature peer out through reading in that countenance that there was the traditions. John must have got hold of goodness in his heart as well as a large Mary's own account of that first Sunday piece of fun in his nature. morning, or how else should he have felt It seems only yesterday that he called on that her rapturous “Rabboni!” must be pre- us at the Christian Life office, as he had served in its Hebrew form? Mark must been told by some one that we were in receipt have got his version from Peter, or why of the American religious papers which he should he have inserted in the angel's mes- liked to see.

This led him to ask us more sage the words “and Peter”? And how than once to call at his hotel. Here it was powerfully (as our beloved and venerated learned that he had written a paper Dr. Furness showed us, many decades ago) while in London on the question, “Why I does that “and Peter" testify to the reality am a Universalist.” He favored us with of the transaction, and to the identity (in- the loan of the manuscript, which he timated by John) of the angel with Jesus thought might be printed after his death. himself. He alone would thus remember We induced him to allow us the possesthe penitent apostle. THOMAS HILL. sion of the article for the Christian World.

It appeared in that journal, and was read by


several ministers from their pulpits. SPECTACLES.

has since been printed as a tract, and in the

Japanese language as well as the English, This prince of showmen, from the first to and has secured a circulation, up to the the last of his life, was ever distinguished present time, of some sixty thousand copies. by his kindness. On Tuesday morning,

It is a very remarkable and clever essay, chatting with his minister, Rev. J. Fisher, doing immense credit to Mr. Barnum’s head of Bridgeport, he said, in his usual cheerful and heart. * manner, he was ready to oby the death From what we have stated, it may now summons as soon as his Master called him. be seen that Mr. Barnum had a religious In the afternoon the call came.

side to his nature. He never travelled withThrough a long life he not less out his Bible, of which he was a student. anxious for the sobriety, thrift, and virtue

He also told us that the little volume of of his neighbors than for their entertain- our mutual friend, Dr. Hanson, “Daily ment. A lady friend of ours tells us that, Manna,” was a cherished companion of his. some forty years ago, when Mr. Barnum When in New York, he usually attended heard of the death of her husband, and that the ministry of our revered countryman, Robshe was left with a large family, he sent her ert Collyer. “Probably,” said he, "you know most kindly a handsome present of money,

the anecdote which states the difference befor no other reason than the promptings of

tween the Universalists and the Unitarians : his heart to lessen her anxiety. She thanked the former believe God is too good to damn him by a letter, and told him how provi- any one, and the latter believe that man is dential was his gift. He replied that it was too good to be damned.” Mr. Barnum has a pleasure to him to have been a second long been regarded as the prince of showProvidence to her. Only a few weeks ago

If he could say, as he could, “I have he gave a sum of money to erect in Bridge- amused and instructed more persons than port a Natural History Museum, and since any other showman who ever lived,” he the beginning of this year made his church could also say, “I have always given the a present of £2,000. We have also had the public a shilling's worth for their shilling, pleasure of going through the splendid build- * It was printed in the Unitarian of September, 1890.




and, with all my love of fun and fame, I He set the example, too, of immense inhave never pandered to any temptation of a dustry: he was always busy. Disappointdemoralizing character.”

ments and disasters he knew, like others; The words of a poet might justly be ap- but he made them the stepping-stones to plied to the merriment that he created :

his success.

He never said “fail." We

have heard from him several times since he "You hear that be's laughing, you think

left London, and there was always somehe's all fun; But the angels laugh, too, at the good he thing cheerful and bright in his correspondhas done.

We are sure no death will be more The children laugh loud as they troop to his regretted, among both old and young, in the call,

Great Republic, and elsewhere, than his.And the poor man that knows him laughs London Christian Life.

loudest of all.”



He was brimful of wit and fun that seemed

A HISTORIC CHURCH AND A to well up from his benevolent soul. He

NOTABLE MEETING. could interest and please the humblest and the highest of social rank. “Would you The oldest church building in Kansas is not like to run the Life Guards?” said an the church from which the Unitarian society illustrious personage to him one day. “I

of Lawrence moved about a month ago. have no desire,” he replied, “to run the new and more convenient church has been Life Guards in the States; but I would give erected, and on Sunday, April 26, the fareyou liberal terms to run your Royal High- well meeting in the old was held. The ness in my country.” Mr. Barnum has been occasion drew together a large congregation, welcomed not only by numbers of the most representing all denominations, but united distinguished and titled among us, but by

in interest in the old building on account of crowned heads. He was equally at home

its historic associations. This final meeting with the prince and the peasant. By the side

in the old church, which was so closely conof dukes and earls he was capital company.

nected with the early and exciting history In the drawing-room he was not less the of Kansas, was very appropriately made a object of interest than in the arena. It time for recalling something of the history was more than once observed of the "great- of its struggle to become a free State as well est show on earth” that Mr. Barnum himself as of the history of the church.

of greater interest than his show. In the morning Rev. John S. Brown, the There must have been real merit in the second pastor of the church, who is now man, and there was. Think of him, in eighty-five years of age, preached. His sercultivated Boston, taking in one day £3,000

mon was a review of the progress of religious as entrance money to his entertainment. thought during his lifetime, and was remark

His life has not been without some sig- ably full of interest. nificance and human service. We have all In the afternoon there were letters read our different gifts for some wise purpose.

and addresses given, reviving memories of His appeared to be to please.

He said: the religious life of the young free state “Men like to be tickled, and talked into a community. The addresses were by Capt. momentary belief in what they well know to J. G. Haskell, Gov. Robinson, Rev. W. C. be a delusion. I am here to do it for Tenney, Mr. Alfred Whitman, and Mr. them.” He more than once reminded us of

C. L. Edwards. A letter from Mrs. Gov. a great, kind-hearted man who drew the Robinson was read by the chairman, recallchildren around him to hear some impossible ing the Sunday afternoon meetings held at story. They knew it was impossible, and

their house on Mount Oread (now a part of they knew his entertaining qualities, and the city of Lawrence) in 1855, the laying they were always willing to listen to him ; of the corner-stone of the church, and the and they knew he was good, and he was.

rejoicings over the building. Not only of children, but of others, it is

The chairman also read a letter from said,

Rev. E. Nute, the first pastor of the church. "A little nonsense now and then

Mr. Nute said :-
Is relished by the best of men.”

“My mind reverts to that day, nearly

thirty-four years ago, when the first meeting occupy the field for church work, were the for public worship was held within these first to complete a permanent house of worthen rude, unfinished walls. Compared ship. About May, 1855, Rev. E. Nute arwith the average occupancy of meeting- rived here, and preached his first sermon in houses, it is but a short time; but, meas- the open air on Mount Oread, May 28. ured by the long series of stirring and The Herald of Freedom of June 9, speaking tragic events and the changes in the progress of Mr. Nute's meeting, said: 'Mr. Nute of your historic city, it seems more like a comes among us as a missionary from the rounded century. It is only the period of American Unitarian Association. He is a an average generation ; yet, taking into view gentleman of classical education, a very the advance that has been made in the pleasant speaker, and, withal, we believe, march of civilization, is it too much to say a very worthy man.' that the changes wrought have been greater “Mr. Nute continued these meetings on than that of centuries that preceded?

Mount Oread, Sunday afternoons, during “Your primitive house of worship stands the summer and fall of 1855. On his return the most conspicuous, if not absolutely the from a visit East in August, he called a sole, relic of the olden time.

meeting of those interested in building a “May it long remain as the eloquent mon- church, and October 13 announced that nment and reminder of those days when, funds had been raised for the erection of a amid heroic strife and bloodshed, perils and Unitarian church, forty by sixty feet on the privations, which to-day are more like hid- ground, with basement and gallery. The eous dreams than sober realities, these walls result of this movement was the erection of were reared. Here, within sight of this this church building which you have occuedifice, were enacted the opening scenes of pied more than thirty years. the great struggle on which hung the des- “The Unitarians of Boston at that time tinies of our nation. Here began the bloody evidently seemed to think that a town clock contest which led to the overthrow of the and bell were a necessary appendage to a giant evil which, had it continued for an- church building, and so they provided one other generation, might have destroyed the for this church. It was shipped, I believe, Union, and established a republic with sla- by the way of New Orleans, and for some very for its chief corner-stone.

reason did not reach its place of destination “It may not be too presumptuous to assert for three or four years, and, when it did that the pioneer churches of Lawrence, like arrive, was found to be damaged and some those of the Pilgrims and Puritans of New parts of it lost; and so it was sent to the England, were the ark of safety for our machine-shop for repairs. They found, country; that they cast the turning weight when the bell and clock arrived, that they into the scale when the interests of the had no place to put it in; and so it was nation and of human civilization hung wav- placed, after being repaired, in the upper ering in the balance. Truly, you have part of the machine-shop, and its striking abundant cause for thanksgiving in the parts were connected with the steam-whistle. memories of the past and powerful incite- For a long tiine the steam-whistle took the ments to renewed and hopeful endeavor.” place of the bell, and struck the hours of

The history of the building as the home the day. Later the city came to your aid, of the first free school in Kansas was then and furnished funds for the completion of given by Mr. C. L. Edwards, who came to the tower, where the clock and bell were Lawrence in 1856, was chorister and super- placed, which for nearly thirty years have intendent of the union Sunday-school, counted the time and called the people to which was held in the church, and princi- work. pal of the Quincy High School and Lawrence A few months ago they were removed to University, which for a time held their our new high school building; and to-day sessions in its baseinent.

you leave this old church, with all its sacred The annals of the early churches in Law- memories, for your new home which you rence were read, and those of the Unita- have provided. May peace and prosperity rian church were as follows:

attend you.” “The Unitarians, while not the first to Capt. J. G. Haskell, one of the board of trustees when the building was finished, DEDICATION OF THE NEW CHURCH said, with reference to this bell and its

IN LAWRENCE. givers : “On that bell the donors placed the inscription, 'Proclaim liberty,'-a motto sig- The Unitarian society in Lawrence, Kan., nificant for the Boston Unitarians of their

has long needed a new house of worship

more comfortable and better located than progressive spirit in all things. I was then

the old. That want is met at last. OD living in Boston, and attended the services

May 13 a pretty and homelike new church, of Theodore Parker, Freeman Clarke, Starr centrally situated in the town, was dedKing, and E. E. Hale. Their four churches

icated, to the great joy of the faithful little

Unitarian band. were the centre from which the effective in

On the preceding evening a meeting was fluence for liberty proceeded. It was they held in the new room, with addresses by the who inspired the Emigrant Aid Society. pastor, Rev. C. G. Howland, and the MethThose men, and they alone, dared to give

odist, Presbyterian, Episcopal, and Congre

gational ministers of the city, and the Jew. Kansas preludes in their services, - not

ish rabbi. every Sunday, but frequently. Their spirit At the dedication there was an original is a precious heritage to you and to me. hymn composed for the occasion by Mr. That spirit is stamped in the bronze letters Howland. Scripture was read by Rev. J. E.

Roberts of Kansas City. The opening prayer of the old bell, “Proclaim liberty.' Did you

was offered by Rev. S. A. Eliot of Denver. ever consider what it meant that there was

The keys of the Building Committee were no Unitarian church in the South? They formally presented to the society by Prof. had not the spirit of liberty there. They

W. H. Carruth, Col. 0. E. Learnard rewere afraid of liberty in religion as well as

sponding. Addresses were made by Mr.

B. W. Woodward, Judge Thacher, Chanin politics.

cellor Snow of the University of Kansas, “ The men who sent that bell trusted in Prof. J. H. Canfield, and Rev. T. B. For the gifts of God. They were willing to trust bush. The prayer of dedication was offered the soul of man in every direction. They

by Rev. E. Powell. The minister and peo

ple united in the following noble and upmeant liberty of belief, but not that only.

lifting dedicatory sentences, prepared by Mr. With them creed and deed were one. They Howland :meant liberty of person, liberty to human- “ Minister.-In all times and in every ity,—a State without a king as well as a

land the children of men have erected altars

and built temples and sought the Eternal church without a bishop,—that was the the

God. In obedience to this high behest of ory of Congregationalism. For remember

our common nature, we have built this house, that Unitarianism is only a younger and that we may come here and offer our worship more radical brother of Congregationalism.

to him. What though for him who filleih

heaven and earth there can be no dwelling “And they went at it in the right spirit.

made with hands, what though his way is They put the free school in the basement of

in the deep and his knowledge too wonderthe church: they meant liberty of thought, ful for us, and before him we are as chiland knew that liberty of conscience could dren that cannot speak, yet, touched by the come only from liberty of thought. This altar's living glow, we learn, as an infant,

to lisp his name. To God, the supremely church stood here in the early times as

Holy, the First and the Last, let us dedicate Faneuil Hall stands on State Street, -the this house. rallying-place and bulwark of liberty.

People.—Here may we seek and find “ Liberty to man!'—that was what the

that Presence which is over all and in all, old bell was taught to say; dare to trust

holy and helpful forevermore. Blessed be the temple hallowed by his name. Pray for

peace within its walls, peace to young and “I bespeak for you in your new church old that enter here, peace to every soul abidthe spirit that dwelt in the donors of the ing herein.

Minister, -Let us dedicate this church bell, - liberty, better too loose than too

to the divine law of righteousness, truth, tight, but liberty; and I wish you God

and love. speed, and believe that the men who gave People.—To that law of righteousness the bell will be glad they gave it if you

which man did not make and cannot change; keep on in their spirit.”

to that spirit of truth without which relig. ion itself is but an empty word ; and that

love which suffereth long and is kind, that What doth the Lord require of thee but to thinketh no evil, that envieth not, that is do justly and to love mercy and to walk not easily provoked, that rejoiceth in the humbly with thy God?

truth, that endureth all things, and hopeth


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