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cient belief that the Christian religion tal, so far as it goes; but, instead of bewas an exclusive revelation. These stud. ing, as some seem to suppose, an enies, prosecuted by a multitude of dis- largement of the bounds of liberty, it is tinguished scholars, have had everything a distinct and definite contraction of to do with disabusing the popular mind them. It leaves out of account two of of the belief in the miraculous writing, the main elements and forces of human preservation, and authority, of biblical life—the God-Ideal and Religion. We literature, and with leaving us free to may say of man, in Emerson's words: read and interpret, to accept and to re- “ Himself from God he could not free." ject, according to the canons of enlight- He cannot escape God any more than ened reason. On all hands there has he can escape the horizon, or his own been a great liberalizing of knowledge heart-beat. No matter what your theand belief about the Bible. At the time ory may be, God is the most real reality I entered the ministry, there were some of life. This word has not been, and epoch-making discussions going on, such is not now, a dogmatic limitation. The as the Colenso controversy in England, God Ideal and Religion are two factors and here among us liberals the contro. of human life so large that they can versy between naturalism and super. not be ignored or left out of the platnaturalism, and between Christianity form of any movement that proposes to and the absolute religion, brought on by be wide enough for the growing life of the Transcendentalists. Since then, as humanity to stand upon. I have already intimated, Spencer's
M. J. SAVAGE. "Philosophy of Evolution,” and Darwin's
THE LIBERAL CHRISTIAN ALLI“ Origin of Species," have ruled the
ANCE. public mind, and given rise to a vast siterature of philosophy and religion.
We are beginning to see that
“Our little systems have their day, Matthew Arnold's “Literature and Dog
They have their day and cease to be; ma" has brought in a new criticism of the They are but broken lights of Thee, Bible. The doctrine of eternal punish- And Thou, O Lord, art more than they.' ment, like some dread giant, has been It is a shame and a disgrace to the felled by one of its own household, the Christian name that Christendom should doughty Canon Farrar. Formerly we be rent into so many factions. To the turned always to Germany for critical honor of the Christian Church be it scholarship; but Holland has now given said that this has always been felt, and us a school of critical scholars who have many attempts have been made to corrected for us the chronology of the unify the Church of Christ. But the Bible and given us new readings of unification was conditioned on the
pracJewi:h history. Scotland, also, has pro- tical surrender of diverse organizations duced a school of preachers in full sym- to some one sect. Hence the failure. pathy with the trend of our liberal faith. The difficulty was to find a basis of And here comes the great Encyclopedia union broad enough for all. Where Brittanica into all households with its should we seek this except in the words articles upon religious history, philos- of the Master himself? And what ophy, and biography, written over from better basis can there be than the great the advanced knowledge and broader commands of the law which Jesus exfeeling of the age.
alted above everything else--to love
God with our heart and mind and soul THE BASIS OF THE CHURCH OF THE and strength, and our neighbor as ourFUTURE.
selves. Yea, so all inclusive is this that The Church of the Future will not be Jesus said that whoever should do the founded, as some think, upon the plat. will of the Father in heaven and law form of simply "liberty of thought, is simply the expression of will-was to and the physical, intellectual and moral him a brother or a sister. Think of the elevation of mankind.” What is the resources of that relationship, closer matter with such a platform ? It is capi. than to be a friend or a follower, or a member of any church-a brother or a this basis. Two results would follow: sister to the Master, by the doing of the first, a broader and more spiritual intwo great commands of the law. Though terpretation of Christianity. The essenwe seek through all the realms of faith tials of our faith are here emphasized, we can find no other basis than this. and many would be won to it if the
It was in this spirit and in this belief beauty of Christ's own faith could take that a number of ministers of Chicago the place of the dogmas of the schools. and vicinity have for several years been Secondly, co-operation among the varitrying to effect a union on such a basis. ous denominations in religious and phiMr. Beecher was consulted shortly be. lanthropic work. In many small towns fore his death, and he heartily approved and cities the forces which ought to of the attempt and bade us godspeed. come together to make one or two The organization was recently effected strong churches are scattered in mainunder the name of “The Liberal taining half a dozen in a feeble exis. Christian Alliance."
tence. There is no fervor and enthuA few words as to this name. Some siasm in the nearly empty churches, wished to substitute "religious” for and the resources are exbausted, leav“Christian." But the belief prevailed ing nothing for charitable work. In a that the way of Christ is, and will ever farming country, when the grain is be, the way man must go. Science and meager, the fences are most conspicuphilosophy prove this. And “Chris. ous; let the grain and produce of tian " is the only word expressing the the fields be abundant and the fences best and highest aims of modern reli- are hidden from sight. The denominagion and civilization. Others again tional fences are the most conspicuous wished to discard the word “ liberal”; signs in many a field of the Lord, which but no other could be found to take its should be hidden, rather, by an abundplace. The word has been abused, as ant harvest of heavenly things. Let the has the mother word, “liberty “O churches unite on essentials, and the liberty, what crimes have been commit- unessentials will be hidden from sight. ted in thy name!"--but no other word Next to the emphasis which this move60 well expresses the working of the ment lays on the oneness of the seamleaven of the new theology as opposed less robe of God's truth, the corollaries to dogma and tradition. By it is meant of which are the oneness and possible neither more nor less than the loving, unification of Christendom, together reasonable faith which characterizes the with co-operation for Christian work, great preachers in the pulpit of Amer- the further emphasis is that it is not a ica to-day; or, as one speaker said, now denomination. Many different deit means Christianity as opposed to nominations came together in Chicago, Churchianity.
and the denominational affiliation, or That the Alliance is decidedly Chris- the autonomy of any church is not distian is seen in the text of the opening turbed. Prof. Swing and Dr. Thomas sermon, which was the keynote of all are the two chief officers. The aim is the meetings—“Heaven and earth shall to have different churches and denompass away, but my words shall not pass inations fellowship together and become away.”
Christianity will not pass one, as did the apostles and early Chrisaway; because it voices the eternal tians. Though they were of different needs of the human soul and holds be- names and diverse characters, they were fore us the eternal vision.
of one spirit, and churches can likewise The constitution adopted declares be made one. All the sects came ont of that the Alliance exists to work for the Christianity by emphasizing some one unification of Christendom “on the thing unduly. They will go back into basis of the fatherhood of God, the Christianity by overleaping their limibrotherhood of man, and the spiritual tations and becoming one with the full leadership of Christ.” It invites the circle of religion. Different churches co-operation of all willing to work on and denominations will, indeed, have different names by way of distinction, one humanity compels many names of as individuals, cities, nations have. sects to meet in only one substantial Bands of veterans who fought in the religious belief. Instead of being an war take the name of some departed idle dream, a universal religion is al. hero --not that he was the only patriot, ready a reality, unless under universal but taking his name is a tribute of lov. we include the savage tribes as well as ing remembrance. And churches will the civilized races. That is to say, there continue to be named after some theo. are millions of persons who have found logical hero, or will commemorate some the religion of the human race just as important movement or phase of faith. they have found the equality of men. It But all denominations and churches remains for what is called education to will, in God's good time, be filled with, increase the number of these harmoni. and guided by, one common Christian- ous millions. When the Hindoo Moity. Then one Lord, one faith, one zoomdar began to study deeply the baptism, within and through and over Christian religion, he discovered that it all; and as there is one God and one was also his own. Dean Stanley and humanity, there shall at last be one Canon Farrar reciprocated the intelshepherd and one fold.—T. G. Milsted lectual favor, and found that they were in the “Christian Union."
the religious brothers of Mozoomdar.
Max Müller joined this brotherhood, A UNIVERSAL RELIGION. and confessed that one chain of religion A universal religion can come more binds all hearts. Reason is the great easily than a universal language, because winnowing mill of the earth. It blows in language humanity must become one steadily and powerfully, and the one in minute details, while in religion result is the separation of the wheat unity may be perfect when all minds from the chaff. The future cannot agree in great cardinal ideas. Indeed, avoid the happy destiny of possessing a universal religion will come as rap- more of wheat and less of chaff. The idly, as civilization appears, because the chaff cannot come back to mingle again logical faculty is able at last to reach with the wheat; for, as Christ said, it only one result. As the European and passes into an unrelenting fire. The American mind is rapidly tending to. mind can move from polytheism to the ward one definition of man, is assigning unity of deism, but it can never retrace him equality of right and unity of its steps. It must be that religion is physical nature, is passing by as insig. composed of permanent elements. As nificant the facts of color, height, and water is always composed of the same weight, so the same mind resolves the two great component parts, and must idea of a Creator into that of one God, not be conceived of as liable to any because two causes must not be thought new form of composition, so religion of when one will suffice. The fact of possesses such permanent elements as an advancing civilization implies thus a faith, worship, repentance, charity, and coming universal religion. What Soc- hope. Whatever may be these elerates saw as to the oneness of God ments, they will slowly reveal themNewton was compelled to affirm, because selves to studious years; and, once there is only one logic for all the phil. found, they will remain permanent. osophers of the entire human family. Therefore, a universal religion is as What civilization does is to carry for- necessary as a universal chemistry, but ward all those millions who in thought with this difference of situation,--restand between Socrates and Newton, ligion lies in a more puzzling entanglethat all may be one. As man rises, ment with man's habits, teachings, and many details become insignificant. prejudices. Time and thought will at Where civilization is now highest there last reach a final analysis of piety; and, is already only one religion.
as astronomy is one for China, England son which compels many faces which and America, so religion will be one differ in features and color to meet in and the same sentiment in all lands. It
must be remembered that the religion Mrs. Milman if she joined in the repealong the Congo river, among the black tition of such dreadful passages when cannibals, is no more false than their she came to them in the church service. politics and their chemistry. The Here is the reply as Miss Kemble reAfrican priest is no deeper in error than cords it: “Mrs. Milman answered with the African astronomer. The mental much simplicity, like a good woman progress which shall harmonize the and faithful clergywoman as she is, 'Oh, African chemist with the English chem. yes, but then you know one never ist, and compel the statesmen of Cen- means what one says’; which, in spite tral Africa to agree with Lincoln and of our company consisting chiefly of Castelar, shall modify the worship and witty churchmen,' elicited from it a doctrines of negro piety until they shall universal burst of laughter." differ in nothing from the worship de. A universal burst of laughter! indeed! lineated by a Jesus Christ, or by the - at the thought of turning a religious human leaders such as Dean Stanley, service into a farce, not to say a blasFarrar, and Freeman Clarke.-Prof. phemy, by habitually repeating in conDavid Swing, D. D., in “ The States. nection with it things which one does man."
not believe, and some things so dread
ful and God dishonoring that reason, RELIGIOUS HONESTY.
heart and conscience alike revolt at the In the writings of the distinguished thought of them! Alas! we little realFrances Anne Kemble appears the fol- ize how large and important is the work lowing record: “I am just come from that Unitarianism has to do in teaching church, where the Psalms of the day our age not only higher views of God made me sick. How can one utter, and life, but simple honesty and truthwithout shuddering, such sentences as fulness in religious utterances and wor'Let them be confounded and put to ship. shame that seek after my soul. ... Let their way be dark and slippery, and let
SOUL-SAVING. the angel of the Lord persecute them.' It seems to me like a selfish cry, – Is it not dreadful to think that one This telling a man that the only thing must say, as I did, 'God forbid,' while of any importance here below
Is saving himself from a future sting. my eye rested on the terrible words contained in the appointed Psalm of the Far nobler, far better, it seems to me, day; or utter in God's house that to To send him up and down through the
To tell a man to save some other; which one attaches no signification; or,
world, worst of all, connect in any way such Seeking and saving his fallen brother; sentiments with one's feelings, and repeat, with lips that confess Christ, To put him off from the beaten track, curses for which his blessed command To teach and to tell to the captives there
Out into the hedges of sin and shame, has substituted blessings."
The bounty and glory of virtue's name; Is it impiety or is it piety to attempt, To rescue the starving one from death; as Unitarianism is doing, to purge re
To rescue the sinning one from crime; ligion; to set aside the imprecatory To preach the gospel of present help Psalms and say,
" These are not God's To the weary ones on the shores of word, they cannot be, they are only
time; man's imperfect and unworthy thoughts To seek out those whom the world forabout God in darker ages”? Is it im
gets; piety, or is it not rather the noblest To plant a flower on a nameless grave;
To hide the erring one in the heart, piety, that seeks to strip our liturgies
And strengthen it with a purpose brave; and Scripture readings of everything that degrades the character of God ? To do to the little ones of God Miss Kemble goes on to say that this
The things which the world does to the
great; subject came up in the conversation one
To walk the world with a purpose grand, evening at Dean Milman's, and she asked And, with eye on the final good, to wait
If a man does this, I dare affirm
life to the day's atmosphere, for it was That be can afford to forego al care About going to heaven, and give his whole baying time and the land was shorn of time
its tresses. To the work of getting his neighbor Guy's Cliff received its name from there.
Sir Guy of Warwick, the same -Hattie Tyng Griswold.
doubtable individual of whom they tell
such apocryphal tales at Warwick Castle, AN ENGLISH COUNTRY HOUSE.
from the slaying of the dun cow to the Guy's Cliff is one of the pleasantest swallowing of enormous potations from and best known places in Warwickshire. the huge bowl now on exhibition. Here It is a delightful walk there from he long dwelt, "desiring a quiet, retired Leamington Spa, taking one by the life for his devotions and study," and centuries' old field paths, secluded, and hollowed out for bimself suitable rooms leading past quaint little churches, mills in the rather soft limestone cliffs along and homes. We passed through the the river side. Here, the fable runs, he typical English hamlet of Milverton, ended the years of his bustling life, fed wee, prim, still and respectable. Close by the hands of his betrothed, Felice, beside the tiny churchyard, which sur. to whom he revealed his identity only rounds the church, the path strikes into on his deathbed. The legend conthe fields which belong to Guy's Cliff; cludes with the statement that they although it is a considerable stretch of were buried, his Countess Felice, and country which you traverse, dotted with Sir Guy, together, in one of the caves. English elms and enlivened here and Damp, dripping, overhung with aged there by groups of English cattle, before ivies, these caves appear to day suggesyou come to the quiet Avon, Shaks- tive of incalculable rheumatism and the peare's Avon, which winds so close to the blues. In one of them, most picturgreat house. At last you see the stream, esque of all, is a moss-covered, bubbling brooded over by drooping willows and spring, its broad curbing, now so soft languid swans, and hedged about with and green, the gift of Richard Beaunoble elms of impenetrable shade. As champ, Earl of Warwick, in the reign first seen on a fair summer afternoon of Henry VI. The water is clear and the landscape
asleep and good and suggests “the silver welles” dreamy, with just breath enough astir of the historian. In an adjoining to move the birds without a ripple and Gothic chapel, where services are now send the variant leaf gently down to held when Miss Percy, the lady of the float, midriffed keeled, upon the stream. house, is at home, there may be seen a As you cross the bridge the stately statue of Guy, whose gigantic form house is seen, substance and shadow, carries out the traditional idea of his across the water; and from that moment size and strength. It is the appearance on till the visit ends, substance and in England of the same worshipful idea shadow accompany your observations that painted Egyptian kings so huge and retrospections, and it is not always upon their monuments. easy on that spot to separate the seem- The regular drive from the lodge ing from the real, the legendary from gates to the house is the customarily the historic. But first you see close by circuitous one through broad green acres, the bridge the old Saxon mill, possibly and now and then beneath noble old the one mentioned in Domesday Book, trees; but directly in front of the house certainly very old, and with its stone entrance is a wide roadway, grass grown walls and arches in a very good state of and evidently unused for driving, which preservation. Directly opposite, across boasts a double row of as majestic the flood, rise the towers of Guy's Cliff; trees as are to be found in the kingdom. and its vine-embossed balconies shel. They remind one of the famous lime tered that afternoon some pleasant tree walk at Cambridge University, and home scenes. Beneath its many wind- these trees are quite as erect and strong. ows the grass was yielding its sweet The present house was built by Mr.