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not, it is no more I that do

this sin ; as the apostle shows at the it, but sin that dwelleth in close of his argument, (ver. 25.) me. I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man :

but I see an- 23 This struggle constitutes the fight other law in my members, of faith, which St. Paul so nobly warring against the law of fought, and so gloriously won. my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. 2 O

24 Is there none to deliver ! Yes, wretched man that I am ! blessed be God ! Jesus is the deliwho shall deliver me from the body of this death ? 25 I

25 Well may the soul pour forth its

thanks for so mighty deliverance ! thank God through Jesus If by nature we once served the law Christ our Lord. So then of sin, by grace we now serve the law with the mind I myself serve

of God. Grace triumphs ! the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.

derer.

CHAPTER VIII.

Jan. 10, MAY 9, Sept. 7. "THERE is therefore now 1 To avoid condemnation, it will not no condemnation to them be enough to be called Christianswhich are in Christ Jesus,

we must live as Christians ; after the who walk not after the flesh, pure and holy spirit of Christ. but after the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in

4 That, being in the spirit of Christ, the flesh: “that the right- we might practise the purity and eousness of the law might be righteousness which the law of God fulfilled in us, who walk not requires. after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh ; but they that are after the Spirit the things of 6 For where, or when, does a worldly the Spirit. For to be car- mind find peace ? nally minded is death ; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God : for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

10 As the body, when dead, is 10 And if Christ be in you, devoid of sensation, so the soul, when

12

the body is dead because of dead unto sin, returns no response sin; but the Spirit is life to the suggestions of sin-is no because of righteousness. longer alive to its influence. But if the spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. Therefore, brethren, we are

12 The sinner binds himself to ser. debtors, not to the flesh, to vice for wages—yet what other wages live after the flesh. For if has sin than death? O the folly as

well as the wickedness of the wicked! ye live after the flesh, ye shall die : but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. " For

14 The Spirit of God speaketh to us as many as are led by the

the will of God, as though it were Spirit of God, they are the the voice of a parent to a child. sons of God. For ye have Wilt thou boast thyself a son of not received the spirit of God, and not be led by Him! If

thou wouldst be blessed, and not lose bondage again to fear; but

thine inheritance, obey ! ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry,

16 Every man's conscience confirms

this truth. Abba, Father. 16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God : 17 and if children, 17 To suffer with Christ is trisdos; then heirs ; heirs of God, and for the end is glory with Him. joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified to

18 To give up, for Christ's sake, life gether. 8 For I reckon that figuratively its enjoyments, or abthe sufferings of this present solutely its existence- will well be time are not worthy to be recompensed in the kingdom of

glory, compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. 20 For the creature

20 Man became subject to destrucwas made subject to vanity, tion, or vanity, by the sin of Adam, not willingly, but by reason who entailed sin and death upon liis of him who hath subjected posterity. the same in hope, ? because 21 Death is mercy; for it delivers the creature itself also shall man from a corruptible body, and be delivered from the bon

prepares him for one incorruptible. dage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22 For we know that 22 The whole race of mankind-the the whole creation groaneth dark Heathen, the enlightened Christand travaileth in pain toge- philosophy itself never dreamed that

ian-alike long for immortality. But ther until now. And not

the body would be raised. That hope only they, but ourselves also, is the brighter triumph of religion.

28 And

which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. For we are saved by hope : but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? But if we hope for that we see not, then do we with patience wait for it.

26 The outpourings of the soul in * Likewise the Spirit also

prayer, influenced by the gracious helpeth our infirmities : for Spirit from on high, are often such we know not what we should as words can scarcely give due ut

terance to. pray for as we ought : but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according

28 Joyful truth !-Whatever then be to the will of God.

my troubles, surely God will bring we know that all things work all to a good end, if my faith in Him together for good to them fail not. that love God, to them who 29 God, of course, knows who will, are the called according to

and who will not, accept his call of his purpose. 29 For whom

salvation through Jesus Christ, and

make that calling and election sure*. he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called : and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

31 What shall we 31 Make God thy friend : thou maythen say to these things ? est then be very easy, though all the If God be for us, who can be

world be against thee. against us? He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things ? Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect t? It is God that justifieth. Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword ? As it is written, For thy

* The union of God's foreknowledge and man's free will, is a mystery. But we believe it, though it were folly to suppose our shallow reason could fathom it ; seeing that it is among the deep things of God. (See Deut. xxx. 15, p. 330, and Ecclus. xv. 14, 17, p. 357.)

+ The Jews did lay grievous things to the charge of St. Paul and others, who, having obeyed the Gospel call, were striving, by a holy life, to make their calling and election sure.

sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that

38 God grant you to adopt these aniloved us.

38 For I am per- mating sentiments. May neither evil suaded, that neither death, men nor evil spirits, neither the nor life , nor angels, nor prin- glory, neither fear of death nor hope

depth of misery nor the height of cipalities, nor powers, nor of life, separate you from the lote things present, nor things to and favour of your God, whieh is in come, nor height, nor depth, Christ Jesus our Lord ! nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

CHAPTER IX.

ac

Jan. 11, May 10, SEPT. 8. 'I say the truth in Christ, I 1 A solemn oath, in the name of lie not, my conscience also Jesus and the Holy Ghost-two perbearing me witness in the sons of the blessed Trinity. Holy Ghost, that I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I

3 So earnest St. Paul for his councould wish that myself were

trymen's conversion, that like Moses accursed from Christ for my of old, he would fain resign some of brethren, my kinsmen his own high privileges, if such a cording to the flesh : who are

sacrifice on his part could secure

their reception of the Gospel*. Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel : neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, in Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son.

And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by 11 By referring to Gen. xxv, 23, we our father Isaac, (for the understand that the calling and eleechildren being not yet born,

tion here declared, were so declared neither having done any good clear from ver. 18.

to their posterity generally. This is

We are God's or evil, that the purpose of creatures; the work of his hands.

* See the note upon Exodus xxxii. 32.

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16

God according to election He cannot be unrighteous either in might stand, not of works, withholding or in granting blessings, but of him that calleth ;) it which we cannot merit.

whether of providence or grace, was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. What shall we say then ? Is there unrighteousness with God?

15 See Ex, xxxiii. 19. God forbid. * For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. 18 Therefore hath mercies and privileges are at the

18 No one will deny, that national he mercy on whom he will disposal of God. have mercy, and whom he 19 The doubter cavils, and pleads will he hardeneth. 19 Thou that if God ordained these things, wilt say then unto me, Why why condemn those, by whose human doth he yet find fault? For Faith exposes the vanity of such rea

agency they are brought about ?who hath resisted his will ? soning, by reminding the caviller, Nay but, О man, who art that folly itself might shame to questhou that repliest against tion the Will of the Creator of all. God ? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus ? 21 It is seldom we find an illustra21 Hath not the potter power tion so conclusive as this. over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour ? What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction * : and that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people ; and her beloved, which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a rem

* Locke compares this verse with Col. i. 27, and draws at once the conclusion, that by “ the riches of his glory," we are to understand the gift of Jesus Christ ; offered to whom God shall choose.

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