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what he had promised, he was able also to perform. And therefore it was imputed to 23 So all holy Scripture is written him for righteousness. 23 Now for our learning. it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him ; but for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus

25 His resurrection was in proof our Lord from the dead ;

that he had effected our salvation25 who was delivered for our had finished the work appointed Him. offences, and was raised Else death and the grave would not again for our justification.

have yielded to Him as their coqueror.


taunts us.

Jan. 7, May 6, Sept. 4. ' THEREFORE being justified | Blessed end of justification by faith, we have peace with peace with our God : Christ's rightGod through our Lord Jesus eousness made ours by faith. Christ: by whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. 3 And not only so, 3 The trials of earth discipline the but we glory in tribulations soul for heaven. The Christian is also : knowing that tribula- called thereto to prove his soidiertion worketh patience; and ship. “In the world,” said the

great Captain of our salvation, se patience, experience ; and shall have tribulation." experience, hope: and hope 5 Thus glorying in what God ap. maketh not ashamed ; be- points, we shame not to suffer those cause the love of God is afflictions with which the world

Our hearts, warm with shed abroad in our hearts by the love of God, and sanctified by the Holy Ghost which is his Spirit, look in hope to the eai given unto us. For when we thereof - even glory, and honour, were yet without strength, in

and immortality. (See ch. vi. 23.) due time Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die : yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die *. But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died

Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath, 10 The apostle's argument is equally through him.

For if, when beautiful, strong, and comforting. we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of

This reflection would strike a Roman very forcibly. The history of their nation boasted instances of patriotism, where some more noble spirits did “ dare to diefor their country. Their memory was held high in honour. Hence the apostle's argument would derive added force.

for us.


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his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 11 And not only 11 If there be joy for man, it must

but we also joy in flow from a conviction that his sins God through our Lord Jesus are for ever blotted out, by the

atoning blood of Christ. Christ, by whom we have

12 St. Paul institutes a striking now received the atonement.

comparison between the first man, 12 Wherefore, as by one man Adam ; and the second man, the sin entered into the world,

Lord Jesus Christ. and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: (for until the law sin was in the world : but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to

15 Great as was the evil brought by come. 15 But not as the of- Adam, greater still is the blessing fence, so also is the free gift. brought by Jesus Christ—God's free For if through the offence of

gift by grace to man. one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift : for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. For if by one man's offence death reigned by one ; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Je

18 By the offence of Adam, all men sus Christ.) 18 Therefore as are born in sin, for they are born by the offence of one judg- in his likeness-stamped with oriment came upon all men to

ginal sin ; though at their birth “not condemnation ; even so by

having sinned after the similitude

of Adam's transgression.” By the the righteousness of one, the righteousness of Jesus Christ, all .free gift came upon all men men are born again — children of unto justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. 20 Moreover the law entered,

20 The Law gave clearer knowledge that the offence might abound.

of evil and good ; and the measure But where sin abounded, of an offence is always in proportion grace did much more abound: to the moral knowledge of the ofthat as sin hath reigned unto

fender. But the Gospel more than

meets the difficulty. death, even so might grace

grace *

* Infants, though unconscious, are brought to baptism, to receive by grace the spirit of righteousness, as a corrective of that spirit of evil, with which, though unconscious, they are born. (See vi. 3.)


reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

CHAPTER VI. Jan. 8, MAY 7, SEPT. 5. EASTER-Day, morning. What shall we say then ? 1 The more entirely we trust in Shall we continue in sin, that God's grace, the more derotedly

God must we follow after holiness. grace may abound ? forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein ? Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism * into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk

5 What a glorious encouragement in newness of life. 5 For if to die unto sin ! we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection : knowing this, that our old man is crucified † with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. For he that is dead is 8 Well may this faith animate oor freed from sin. Now if we perseverance ! be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him : knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him. For in that he died, he died unto sin once : but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God. Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord. Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that

ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin : but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. For sin shall not have dominion over you : for ye are not under the law, but under 15 Again, as in ver. 1, he guards grace.

15 What then ? shall against a presumptuous trust in we sin, because we are not grace to the exclusion of holiness.

* The term -to baptize—means, to dip into water. Hence the 00:ward act of baptism well represents its inward and spiritual grace, death unto sin, and a new birth unto righteousness.

+ In our baptismal service we are exhorted to this “ crucifixion of the body of sin;” or “the old man," as sin is called, with reference to Adam, the first man.

We are to “mortify”—or kill" all our evil and corrupt affections, and daily proceed in all virtue and godliness of living." And is not this well recompensed in the promise, that if thus “ we be dead with Christ, we shall also live with him ?"

under the law, but under 16 Our blessed Lord hath himself grace ? God forbid. 1 Know well warned us, “ Ye cannot serve ye not, that to whom ye yield God and Mammon.” yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey ; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness. I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh : for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity ; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness. For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free 21 Even then sin brought bitter fruit from righteousness.

of compunction and remorse. fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed ? for the end of those things

22 Glorious and blessed change ! is death. But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the

23 Sin is full of toil; yet what wages end everlasting life. ? For

does it receive for all its pain and the wages of sin is death; weariness but death? Whereas holibut the gift of God is eternal ness is peace; and receives freely, life through Jesus Christ our

as a gracious gift, the promise of

eternal life through Jesus Christ. Lord.

Christian ! well mayest thou make thy boast in the Lord !" Does the sinner boast his ease, his riches, his honours; and contrast his own proud station in the world with thine- - one of sorrow and of trial ? Be it so. Thou lookest to the day of recompense, when the great Householder shall call his household, and give to each his wages. In expectation of that day, thou goest on thy way rejoicing.

21 What



JAN. 9, May 8, SEPT. 6. Know ye not, brethren, (for 1 St. Paul here specially addresses I speak to them that know his countrymen, the Jews, who were the law,) how that the law at Rome, and who generally were hath dominion over a man as

well versed in the Mosaic law. long as he liveth ? For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth ; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband. So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress : but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she bemar

4 He thus shows the nature of that ried to another man. 'Where- union which is betwixt Christ and fore, my brethren, ye also are his Church-firm, affectionate, and become dead to the law by

indissoluble. the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, Eren to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God. For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

6 The ceremonial law, to which • But now we are delivered once they were bound, being dead, from the law, that being dead

a new union was effected. wherein we were held ; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness

7 It is clear, that as sin is a breakof the letter. " What shall ing of the law, so where there is no we say then ? Is the law sin? law to be broken, there can be no God forbid. Nay, I had not

sin. known sin, but by the law : for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead. For I was alive without the law once : but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died. 1° And

10 To keep the commandment, is the commandment, which was life : but as none liveth who sinneth ordained to life, I found to be not, the commandment is found to unto death. For sin, taking

be death. Jesus alone is the life. occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me. Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good. Was then that which is good made death unto me ? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good ; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful. For we know that the law is spiritual : but I am carnal, sold under sin. 15 For that which I do I allow 15 The apostle here expresses very not: for what I would, that strongly the struggles of conscience, do I not; but what I hate,

which more or less all men feel. that do I. If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good. Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me ; but how to perform that which is good I find not. For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. 20 Not that this palliates our

our offences. 20 Now if I do that I would Christ is at hand to subdue for us

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