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COMPRISING

THE JOURNAL OF A TOUR

THROUGH

IRELAND, ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, FRANCE, ITALY, AND

SWITZERLAND,

IN THE YEARS 1825, 26, AND *27.

BY N. H. CARTER.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

NEW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY G. & C. CARVILL, 108 BROADWAY.

SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, ss. BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the 11th day of October, A. D. 1827, in the fiftysecond year of the Independence of the United States of America, Nathaniel H. Carter, of the said district, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as author in the words following, to wit:

“ Letters from Europe, comprising the Journal of a Tour through Ireland, England, Scotland, France, Italy, and Switzerland, in the years 1825, 226, and '27. By N. H. Carter.”

In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned ;" and also, to an Act, entitled, “ An Act; supplementary to an Act, entitled an Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.”

FRED. I. BETTS, Clerk of the Southern District of New-York.

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CONTENTS OF VOLUME II.

Page.

LETTER XLV.-Route to Toulon-Sketch of the Town and Harbour

— Navy Yard-Arsenal-Botanic Garden.

9

LETTER XLVI.—Route to Nice-Le Luc-Draguignan-Frejus-Can-

nes- Antibes Arrival at Nice-Sketch of the Town.

20

LETTER XLVII.-Route from Nice to Genoa-Monaco-Mentone-

Ventimiglia-San Remo-Albenga—Finale-Savone-Arrival at Genoa. 31

LETTER XLVIII.—Sketch of Genoa—Principal Streets Aspect of the

Town-Harbour_Moles and Defences—Royal Navy-Arrival of the King

– Palaces—Paintings.

LETTER XLIX.-Genoa continued-University-Hospitals—Churches

-Cathedral—St. Mathew's-St. Stephen's-St. Maria-Annunziata-Cere-

monies of Holy Week-King's Birth-Day-Public Amusements-Manufac-

tures-Albaro-Birth-Place of Columbus.

. 57

LETTER L.-Route from Genoa to Pisa-Italian Coaches-Chiavari-

Sestri–Mountain Scenery–Borghetto-Gulf of Spezia—Sarzana–Massa-

Pietra Santa-Lucca—Ride to Pisa.

.69

LETTER LI.—Sketch of Pisa-Banks of the Arno-Bridges—Leaning

Tower-Ancient Port-Cathedral--Baptistry-Campo Santo_Churches

Santa Maria Della Spina--Botanic Garden-University—Theatre-Excur-

sion to Leghorn-Sketch of the Town and Harbour.

81

LETTER LII.-Vale of the Arno-Arrival at Florence-Sketch of the

City-External Appearance-Bridges-Cathedral-Baptistry-Campanile. 94

LETTER LIII.-Florence continued-Churches--Santa Croce-St. Lo-

renzo-Tombs of the Medici-Laurentian Library-Santa Maria Novella-

Annunziata -Museum-Botanic Garden-Pitti Palace-Boboli Garden-

Cascine.

106

LETTER LIV.-Florence continued --Gallery-Sketch of Fiesole-Ex-

cursion to Vallombrosa.

120

LETTER LV.-Departure for Rome-Incisa-Arezzo-Birth-Place of

Petrarch-Vale of Chiana --Lake Thrasymenus-Scene of the Battle between

Flaminius and Hannibal-Perugia_First View of the Tiber-Vale and Foun-

tain of the Clitumnus—Spoleto - Terni.

133

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LETTER LVI.-Route to Rome–Vale of the Nar-Passage through the

Mountains-Narni–Otricoli-Civita Castellana-Mount Soracte-Baccano

-Campagna di Roma-Milvian Bridge-Porta del Popolo-Arrival at

Rome.

LETTER LVII.—Sketch of Rome–View from the Capitoline Hill-Out-
lines of the City and Environs-Aspect of the Seven Hills-Ruins of the Fo-

rum-Triumphal Arches-Ancient Temples—Coliseum.

LETTER LVIII.-— Rome continued-Forum of Trajan-Pantheon-

Tomb of Raphael-Campus Martius–Mausoleum of Augustus-Banks of

the Tiber-Bridges-Castle of St. Angelo— Island of Æsculapius-Cloaca

Maxima-Temple of Vesta-Port at Ripa Grande.

169

LETTER LIX.—Rome continued-Capitoline Hill—Tarpeian Rock-

Mamertine Prison-Temple of Jupiter Feretrius—Church of Araceli-Sta-

tue of Aurelius-Senator's House-Museum.

177

LETTER LX.-Rome continued--Ride round the Walls—Tomb of the

Scipios—Baths of Caracalla—Tomb of Cecilia Metella-Circus of Caracalla

-Catacombs-Fountain of Egeria-Baths of Titus-Gardens of Sallust-

Excursion to Tivoli-Villa of Adrian.

187

LETTER LXI.-Departure for Naples—Alban Mount-Aricia-Genzano

Velletri-Pontine Marshes—Terracina-Entrance of the Neapolitan Domi-

nions-Fondi—Itri-Mausoleum of Cicero_Mola di Gaeta.

199

LETTER LXII.—Route from Gaeta to Naples—Minturnæ-River Li-

ris--Capua--Aversa—Arrival at Naples—Aspect of the City-Principal

Streets—Sketch of the Bay, Islands, Shores, Harbour, and other outlines

Royal Garden—Tombs of Virgil and Sannazaro.

213

LETTER LXIII.-Naples continued-Churches—Cathedral -Miracle of

St. Januarius—Religious Festivals-St. Sincero-Museum-King's Palace. 225

LETTER LXIV.— Naples continued—Capo di Monte-Albergo de Po-

veri-Chinese College-Catacombs-Campo Santo—Theatres—Excursion

to Capri.

237

LETTER LXV.--Excursion to Baia-Pausilypo-Lake Agnano-Grotto

del Cane-Gulf of Baiæ--Pozzuoli-Ancient Port-Baths of Nero—Lucrine

Lake-Lake of Avernus-Grotto of the Sibyl-Cumæ--Acheron-Ruins of

Baia-Elysian Fields--Cape Miseno-Villa of Cicero-Solfatara.

249

LETTER LXVI.—Excursion to the Top of Vesuvius-Description of the

Crater-Herculaneum.

262

LETTER LXVII.- Excursion to Pompeii-Description of the Ruins. 270

LETTER LXVIII.-Excursion to Pæstum-Vale of the Sarno-Nocera-

La Cava-Bay and Town of Salerno-Eboli-Sketch of the Ruins of Pæs-

tum. .

279

LETTER LXIX.-Departure from Naples-Visit to Caserta-Palace-

Garden--- Aqueduct-Return to Mont Albano.

289

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LETTER LXX.-Sketch of Monte Albano-Shores of the Alban Lake

Excursion to Lake Nemi-Pompey's Prison-Museum of Antiquities--Grot-

to-Ferrata-Frascati-Ruins of Tusculum-Modern Palaces—Return to

Rome.

297

LETTER LXXI.—Sketch of Rome resumed-Description of St. Peter's

Church.

. 306

LETTER LXXII.—Rome continued—Vatican—Sala Regia ---Sistine

Chapel-Last Judgment of Michael Angelo Paoline Chapel-Galleries and

Chambers of Raphael-Collection of Pictures.

. 318

LETTER LXXIII.—Rome continued—Vatican Museum-Library-Gar-

den-Sketch of the present Pope.

327

LETTER LXXIV.-Rome continued-Pope's Cathedral-Public Festi-

val-Baptistery-Scala Santa–Church of Santa Maria Maggiore--St. Mary

of the Angels—Monte T'estaccio—Tomb of Caius Cestius-Protestant Ceme-

tery-Excursion to St. Paul's of the Three Fountains.

. 338

LETTER LXXV.-Rome continued— Tomb of Tasso—Corsini Palace-

Mount Janiculum-Fountain of Paul V.- Villa Doria Pamfili-Doria Palace

-Scene upon the Corso-Palazzo Rospigliosi—Guido's Aurora–Gallery. 347

LETTER LXXVI.-Rome continued-Nero's Tower— Villa Albani-

Studio of Trentanove—Borghese Palace-Excursion to Mons Sacer-Canoni-

zation of a new Saint-Sunday in Rome-Spada and Farnese Palaces—Villa

Borghese-Finale of the Pope's Saint.

. 354

LETTER LXXVII.-Rome continued-Barberini Palace-Studio of Ca-

nova-Thorwaldsen—Colonna Palace—Michael Angelo's Statue of Moses

Studio of Camuccini—Sciarra Palace—Anniversary of St. John-Palazzo Far-

nesina—Jews at Rome–Villa Mattei—Church of St. Stephen-Studio of Lan-

di and Cavaliere.

364

LETTER LXXVIII.--Rome concluded-- Festival of St. Peter-illumination

of his Church-Fireworks of St. Angelo-Monte Cavallo— Temple of the Sun

-Massimi Palace—A Summer Day in Rome-Mal'aria-Ceremony of taking

the Veil—Theatres—Academy of St. Luke-Skull of Raphael-Celebration

of the Fourth of July-American Consul.

373

LETTER LXXIX.-Departure from Rome-Falls of the Velino-Re-

turn to Florence-Climate-Manners of the People—Public Amusements-

Character of the Government.

383

LETTER LXXX.-Florence continued-Productive Industry of Tuscany

-Manufacture of Silks—Straw Hats- Public Institutions- Education-As-

cendency of the Priesthood—Religious Processions—A Living Saint-Thea-

tres—Opera- The Goldoni—Academy of Fine Arts Reading-Room—Italian

Newspapers.

392

LETTER LXXXI.-Excursion to the Baths of Lucca-Pistoia--Pescia

-Vale of the Serchio-Arrival at the Baths Scorpions—Sketch of Scenery

-Hot Springs-Buonvisi-Count Demidoff—Theatre-Balls-Casino-Cor-

so— Ponte Serraglio.

. 400

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