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“ Charta, but many modern statutes have " denounced a curse


those that “ break Magna Charta ; a curse like “ the leprosy, that was entailed on the “ Jews : for as that, so these curses have “ and will cleave to the very stones of “ those buildings that have been conse“ crated to God; and the father's fin of

facrilege hath and will prove to be en“ tailed on his son and family. And now, “ Madam, what account can be given " for the breach of this path at the last “ great day, either by your Majesty, or “ by me, if it be wilfully or but negli

gently violated, I know not.

“ And therefore, good Madam, let not o the late Lord's exceptions against the “ failings of some few clergymen prevail “ with you to punish posterity for the er"rors of this present age: let particular 66 men suffer for their particular errors ; 66 but let God and his Church have their “ inheritance : and though I pretend not “ to prophesy, yet I beg posterity to take 6 notice of what is already become visible “ in many families; that Church-land,

66 added

" added to an ancient and just inherit

ance, hath proved like a moth fretting

a garment, and secretly consumed both: “ or like the eagle that stole a coal from “ the altar, and thereby set her nest on “ fire, which consumed both her young “ eagles, and herself that stole it. And

though I shall forbear to speak reproach

fully of your father, yet I beg you to “ take notice, that a part of the Church's

rights, added to the vast treasure left “ him by his father, hath been conceived “ to bring an unavoidable consumption

upon both, notwithstanding all his diligence to preserve them.

“And consider, that after the violation “ of those laws, to which he had sworn “ in Magna Charta, God did so far deny “ him his restraining grace, that as King “ Saul, after he was forsaken of God, fell « from one fin to another; fo he, till at “ last he fell into greater fins than I am “ willing to mention. Madam, religion « is the foundation and cement of human “ societies ; and when they that serve at “God's altar shall be exposed to poverty,

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" then

66 to men,

“ then religion itself will be exposed to “ scorn, and become contemptible; as

you may already observe it to be in

too many poor vicarages in this nation. “ And therefore, as you are by a late act « or acts of Parliament entrusted with a

great power to preserve or waste the “ Church's lands; yet dispose of them, “ for Jesus' fake, as you have promised

and vowed to God, that is, as " the donors intended : let neither false. “ hood nor fattery beguile you to do “ otherwise; but put a stop to God's and “the Levites portion, I beseech you, and “ to the approaching ruins of his Church, “ as you expect comfort at the last great

day ; for Kings must be judged. Par“ don this affectionate plainness, my most “ dear Sovereign, and let me beg to be “ still continued in your favour ; and the “ Lord Atill continue you in his.”

The Queen's patient hearing this affectionate speech, and her future care to preserve the Church's rights, which till then had been neglected, may appear a fair testimony, that he made hers and the


Church's good the chiefest of his cares, and that she also thought so. And of this there were such daily testimonies given, as begot betwixt them so mutual a joy and confidence, that they seemed born to believe and do good to each other; she not doubting his piety to be more than all his opposers, which were many; nor doubting his prudence to be equal to the chiefest of her council, who were then as remarkable for active wisdom, as those dangerous times did require, or this nation did ever enjoy. And in this condition he continued twenty years, in which time he saw some flowings, but many more ebbings of her favour towards all men that had opposed him, especially the Earl of Leicester : so that God seemed still to keep him in her favour, that he might preserve the remaining Church-lands and immunities from facrilegious alienations. And this good man deserved all the honour and power with which the gratified and trusted him ; for he was a pious man, and naturally of noble and grateful principles : he eased her of all her Church


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future care and protection of them only in the Crown : and amongst many that made a bad use of this power or trust of the Queen's, the Earl of Leicester was one ;

and the Bishop having, by his interest with her Majesty, put a stop to the Earl's facrilegious designs, they two fell to an open opposition before her; after which they both quitted the room, not friends in appearance. But the Bishop made a sudden and a seasonable return to her Majesty, (for he found her alone,) and spake to her with great humility and reverence, to this purpose.

“ I beseech your Majesty to hear me “ with patience, and to believe that yours 66 and the Church's safety are dearer to “me than my life, but my conscience “ dearer than both : and therefore give “ me leave to do my duty, and tell you, " that Princes are deputed nursing Fa" thers of the Church, and owe it a pro“ tection; and therefore God forbid that

you should be so much as passive in her “ ruin, when you may prevent it; or 6 that I should behold it without horror

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