Updated with the latest data from the field, Climatology, Second Edition presents students with a thorough introduction to the global climatic system. Written for upper-level undergraduate or introductory-level graduate courses, Climatology opens with an overview of climatology basics, including an introduction to the atmosphere and climate systems. The authors then delve into more advanced topics, like the global hydrologic cycle and general and secondary circulations, which are critical for understanding the processes that characterize climate across space and time. Closing with an in-depth look at climate change and the future of climatology, the text looks at sustainability from a climatologist's perspective and ties the climatic system to the rest of the earth-ocean-atmosphere system.
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advection air mass amount anticyclones areas atmo atmosphere average annual precipitation Average annual temperature carbon cause Chapter circulation climatic change climatic type climatology Climograph cloud coast coastal cold continental convection cooling Coriolis effect cryosphere decreases Deficit Soil-moisture withdrawal Desert Earth Earth’s surface Ekman spiral El Niño energy equation equatorial equatorward Figure flow flux geopotential height global warming greenhouse Hadley cell heat humidity impacts increases ITCZ jet stream Köppen Köppen system latitude layer locations longwave moisture monsoon motion moving Niño North America northern hemisphere occur Oscillation period phase polar poleward pollutants radiation region relatively represents Rossby wave scale sea level season soil Soil-moisture recharge Surplus Soil-moisture withdrawal Soil-moisture solar South southern spatial sphere subtropical anticyclones summer thermal tion trade winds tropical tropical cyclone troposphere variability vertical warmer water balance Water balance diagram water vapor weather winter withdrawal Soil-moisture recharge zone