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ma y practice

Assembly shall have power to pass laws modifying the Assembly
practice thereof, and conferring such additional jurisdic- therein.
tion as may be necessary to the due execution and enforce-
ment of the laws of said District.


(General Clause 54.)

Sec. 26. And be it further enacted, That there shall be

To be appointed appointed by the President of the United States, by and by the President. with the advice and consent of the Senate, a Board of Health for said District, to consist of five persons, whose duty it shall be to declare what shall be deemed nuisances Duty of, prescribed. injurious to health, and to provide for the removal thereof; to make and enforce regulations to prevent domestic animals from running at large in the cities of Washington and Georgetown; to prevent the sale of unwholesome food in said cities, and to perform such other duties as shall be imposed upon said board by the Legislative Assembly.



(General Clanse 55.)

Sec. 27. And be it further enacted, That the offices and duties of register of wills,* recorder of deeds,t United gress.

To continue till changed by Coo

abolished, and the appointment of a fifth ice pro led for the silpreme court; and also the latter court was vested with all the powers formerly possessed by the julges of the orphans' court.

An act was also passed at the said last-mentioned session of Congress depriving justices of the peace of the District of police jurisdiction, and providing for the appointment of a police judge of said District, and the organization of a court to be known as the police court of the District of Columbia.

* REGISTER OF WILLS.-By act of Congress of 27th February, 1801, (ride 2 U. S. Stut.-at-Large, p. 107,) the appointment of register of wills for each county of the District was provided for, and his duties prescribed to be identical with those performed by the register of wills under the laws of the State of Maryland. This officer and his official duties remain unchanged in all material respects at present.

† RECORDER OF DEEDS.—By act of Congress of 11th February, 1963, (ride sec. 1, 12 U. S. State-at-Large, p. 651,) entitled “ An act to establish the office of register of deals for the District of Columbia,” pro

Assembly impose additional duties upon them.

States attorney,* and United States marshalt for said Dis

trict, shall remain as under existing laws, till modified by may act of Congress; but said Legislative Assembly shall have

power to impose such additional duties upon said officers, respectively, as may be necessary to the due enforcement of the laws of said District.


Assembly create, modify, re

define their powers and liabilities.

(General Clause 56.) SEC. 28. And be it further enacted, That the said Legisla

may tive Assembly shall have power to create by general law, peal, or amend, and modify, repeal, or amend, within said District, corpora

tions aggregate for religious, charitable, educational, industrial, or commercial purposes, and to define theirpowers and liabilities: Provided, That the powers of corporations so created shall be limited to the District of Columbia.


as paupers.

(General Clause 57.) Sec. 29. And be it further enacted, That the Legislative Assembly to define Assembly shall detine by law who shall be entitled to

relief as paupers in said District, and shall provide by law for the support and maintenance of such


and for that purpose shall raise the money necessary by taxation.


(General Clause 58.) Assembly

Sec. 30. And be it further enacted, That the Legislative appoint and scribe duties and Assembly shall have power to provide by law for the compeusation.

ma y pre

vision was made for the appointment of such an officer by the President, with and by the consent of the Senate, and the giving into his custody hy the clerk of the circuit court of the District, who up to that time had charge of the records, of all the recorıls, pipers, and property pertaining to the recording of deeds and other liens and alienations of real estate in the District. The law has, as thus created, remained unchanged.

* D'ISTRICT ATTORNEY.-See act of Congress of 27th February, 1801, (sec. 7, 2 vol. U. S. Stat.-al-Large, 100.)

HU. S. MARSHAL.--(Ibil, sec. 9.)

election or appointment of such ministerial officers as may be deemed necessary to carry into effect the laws of said District, to prescribe their duties, their terms of office, and the rate and manner of their compensation.


(General Clause 59.) Sec. 31. And be it further enacted, That the Governor, refarrerarend DisSecretary, and other officers to be appointed pursuant to trict, and all other this act, shall, before they act as such, respectively take act required to take and subscribe an oath or affirmation before a judge of the supreme court of the District of Columbia, or some justice of the peace within the limits of said District, duly authorized to administer oaths or affirmations by the laws now in force therein, or before the Chief Justice or some associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, to support the Constitution of the United States, and faithfully to discharge the duties of their respective


Which said oaths, when so taken, shall be certified by the person before whom the same shall have been taken;

And such certificates shall be received and recorded by the said Secretary among the executive proceedings;

And all civil officers in said District, before they act as such, shall take and subscribe a like oath or aflirmation before the said Governor or Secretary, or some judge or taken before any justice of the peace of the District, who may be duly com- to suminister vathis missioned and qualified, or before the Chief Justice of the ti be recorded. Supreme Court of the United States, which said oath or affirmation shall be certified and transmitted by the person administering the same to the Secretary, to be by him recorded as aforesaid ;

And afterward the like oath or affirmation shall be taken and subscribed, certified and recorded in such manner and form as may be prescribed by law.


(General Clause 60.)

Sec. 32. And be it further enacted, That the Governor shall receive an annual salary of three thousand dollars ; $3,000 per annun,

Governor to receive quarterly.

Secretarie, to re- and the Secretary shall receive an annual salary of two

thousand dollars; and that the said salaries shall be paid Sarmed to be paid quarter-yearly, from the dates of the respective appoint

ments, at the Treasury of the United States; but no payment shall be made until said officers shall have entered upon the duties of their respective appointments.

(General Clause 61.)

Members of As- The members of the Legislative Assembly shall be ensembly to receive $4 per diem.

titled to receive four dollars each per day during their actual attendance at the session thereof, and an additional

allowance of four dollars per day shall be made to the Presiding officers presiding officer of each house for each day he shall so


to receive $1 addi. tional.

(General Clause 62.)

A chief clerk, assistant clerk, en

And a chief clerk, one assistant clerk, one engrossing grossing clerk, en, and one enrolling clerk, and a sergeant-at-arms may be rengeanteatzarmos be chosen for each house; and the chief clerk shall receive receive siperden; four dollars per day, and the said other officers three dolWhen lars per day, during the session of the Legislative Assem

bly: Proviled, That there shall be but one session of the Legislative Assembly annually, unless, on an extraordinary occasion, the Governor shall think proper to call the Legislative Assembly together.


(General Clanse 63.)

Goremor and Sec. retary to disburse

trict under the in

And the Governor and Secretary of the District shall, ngueys of the Diso in the disbursement of all moneys appropriated by ConSecursos gress and intrusted to them, be governed solely by the Treasury: instructions of the Secretary of the Treasury of the United

States, and shall semi-annually account to the said Secretary for the manner in which the aforesaid moneys shall have been expended; and no expenditore shall be made by the said Legislative Assembly of funds appropriated by Congress, for objects not especially authorized by acts of Congress making the appropriations, nor beyond the sums thus appropriated for such objects.


(General Clause 64.)

SEC. 33. And be it further enacted, That the Legislative polar ertime to and Assembly of the District of Columbia shall hold its first place of." session at such time and place in said District as the Governor thereof shall appoint and direct.


(General Clause 65.)

To be elected for

Must be a citizen



Sec. 34. And be it further enacted, That a Delegate to the House of Representative of the United States, to serve for two years. the term of two years, who shall be a citizen of the United States, and of the District of Columbia, and shall have and a voter in the the qualifications of a voter, may be elected by the voters qualified to elect members of the Legislative Assembly, , who shall be entitled to the same rights and privileges as

privileges as Terriare exercised and enjoyed by the Delegates from the sev- torial delegates, and eral Territories of the United States to the House of Rep-Committee on Dis. resentatives, and shall also be a member of the Committee for the District of Columbia ; but the Delegate first elected shall hold his seat only during the term of the Congress to which he shall be elected.

To have


trict of Columbia.

(General Clause 66.)

The first electiou shall be held at the time and places First election--how and be conducted in such manner as the elections for elections to be tixed

by law. members of the House of Representatives are conducted ; and at all subsequent elections the time and places and the manner of holding the elections, shall be prescribed by law.

* In every Territory of the United States in which a temporary gov-. ernment has been or hereafter shall be established, and in which, by virtue of the ordinance of Congress of the 13th of July, 1787, or of any subsequent act of Congress pas or to be pa ex!, 110w hath or hereafter shall have the right to send a delegate to Congress, such delegate shall be elected every second year for the term of two years, for which members of the House of Representatives of the United States are elected; and in that house each of the said delegates shall have a seat, with a right of debating, but not of voting.-(Ville 1ct of Congress of March 3, 1817, sec. 1, 3 U. S. Stat.-at-L.,

p. 363.)

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