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JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF THE STATE.

DISTRICT.

JUDGE.
TERM. RESIDENCE. |

COUNTIES.
First, ....... Hon. BENJAMIN HAYES,.... | 1865 Los Angeles, .. Los Angeles, San Bernardino and San Diego....
Second, ... .. Hon. JOAQUIN CARILLO, .... 1865 Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara ......
Third, .. Hon. Sam’l B. McKEE,.... | 1865 Oakland,..... Alameda, Monterey, Santa Clara and Santa Cruz
Fourth,...... Hon. John S. Hager,..... 1862 San Francisco, Northern part of San Francisco......
Fifth,........ Hon. CHARLES M. CREANER, 1865 Stockton,..... San Joaquin and Tuolumne ......
Sixth, ....... Hon. JOHN H. MCKUN
Hon. John H. McKUNE,...] 1865 Sacramento,.. Sacramento .......

I. Contra Costa, Marin, Mendocino, Napa, So-
Seventh,. .... Hon. E. W. McKINSTRY,... | 1865 Benicia,......

benicid,.l1

woord is, in

lano and Sonoma......
Hon. Wm. R. TURNER,..... 1865 Trinidad, ..... Klamath, Del Norte and Humboldt.......
Ninth, ....... Hon. Wm. P. DAINGERFIELD, 1866 Shasta, ...... Shasta, Siskiyou and Trinity ......
Tenth,. ...... Hon. SAM'L M. Bliss, ..... 1865 Marysville, ... Sutter and Yuba. ........
Eleventh, .... Hon. BENJ. F. MYRES,..... 1865 Auburn, ..... El Dorado, Placer and Yolo.......
Twelfth,... ... Hon. EDWARD NORTON,..... 1861 San Francisco, Southern part of San Francisco and San Mateo..

| Frezno, Mariposa, Merced, Stanislaus, Tulare
Thirteenth,... Hon. EDWARD BURKE,......
1861 Mariposa, .... and Buena Vista.....

.......
Fourteenth,... Hon. NILES SEARLS,. ,..... 1865 Nevada, ..... Nevada. .......
Fifteenth,.... Hon. W. T. SEXTON, ...... 1863 Oroville, ..... Colusi, Tehama and Butte.......
Sixteenth,.... Hon. JAMES H. HARDY,.... | 1866 Mok'lmne Hill, Amador and Calaveras ....
Seventeenth,.. Hon. ROBERT H. TAYLOR, .. | 1866 (Downieville, . . Sierra and Plumas......

...........

TERMS OF THE COURTS OF RECORD IN THIS STATE.

Alameda,...... 3 3d Monday in July, Nov. and March....

. 3d Monday of above months........ See County Court.... See Courty Court............ Amador ....... 16 1st Monday in March, June, Sept. and Dec... ... 3d Mon. Jan., Mar., May, July, Sept, See County Court....

and Nov.). . (Sept. and 4th Mon. Nov................ [July and Oct...........[Aug.; 2 Mon. Dec. Buena Vist 13 (Attached to Tulare County)...

1st Monday in March, July and Nov. Butte,...

1st Mon. March and June; 2d Mon. 2d Mon. Feb.; 3d Mon. Apr., 4 Mon. Feb. and May; 3 Mon. Calaveras, ..... 16 1st Monday in Feb., May, August and Nov... . 1 Mon. Jan., Ap. & July; 3 Mon. Oct. See County Court.... ....... See County Court........

..........(and Nov........ Colusa, ........ 15 2d Monday in January; 1st Mond. May and Sept..... 2d Mon. Jan., Mar., May, July, Sept. 2d Mon. Mar. July and Nov. See County Court...: Contra Costa, - 7 1st Monday in January, May and Sept.....

. 3 Mon. May; 1 M. Aug Nov. & Feb. See County Court.... 8 lst Monday in May, August and Nov.... Del Norte,

. 1 Mon. Apr.; 3 M. July & Oct........ See County Court.... El Dorado, .... 11 2d Monday in Feb. and May; 3d Mond. Aug. and Nov. 1st Mon. Jan., May and Sept. ....... 1st Mon. Mar., July and Nov. ........

18 lst Monday in March, July and Nov..... Frezno,...

............(and Dec........ Humboldt,.... 8 1st Monday in March, June and Sept..

.: 20 Mon. Feb., April, June, Aug., Oct. See County Court.... See County Court......... 8 1st Monday in April, July and Oct..... Klamath,

...(June, Aug. and Oct......... (July, Sept and Nov. Los Angeles, ..13d Monday in March, July and Nov....

20 Mon. Feb. and 3d Mon. April, 4th Mon Feb., 1 Mon. May,l.. 7 1st Monday in March, July and Nov...

1st Mon. Feb., May, Aug and Nov... See County Court. ... ....... See County Court............ Marin,......... Mariposa,...... 182d Monday in March, July and Nov. .......

..................[Dec.
7 8d Monday in March, July and Nov.....

: 1st Mon. Mar., June, Sept. and Dec.. See County Court....
Mendocino,

3 Mon. Mar., June, Sept. and
Merced,... 3 3d Monday in February, June and Oct...

1 M. Jan. Mar. May, Jul. Sep.
2d Monday in December, April and August

See Court of Sessions.............
Monterey,

See Court of Sess'ns..[ & Nov.
Ist Monday in February, June and Oct...

. 2d Mon. Mar., July, and 1 Mon. Nov. 1st Mon. Apr., Sept, and Dec. 30 Mon. Mar., July, 2d Mon.
Napa,........
Nevada, ....... 14 1st Monday in Feb., Apr., June, Aug., Oct. and Dec.. 1st Mon. Jan., May and Sept........ 1st Mon. Mar., July and Nov...

. [Nov.
... 15 2d Monday in Jan., April, July; 3d Mond. Oct........ 2d Mon. Sep., 4 Mon. Jan. and May. See County Court....
Placer, ...
Plumas,.. 172d Monday in April, July, Oct. and Jan......

1st Mon. Jan., May and Sept..... See County Court.....
Sacramento,...6 1st Monday in Feb., Apr., June, Aug., Oct, and Dec. . lst Mon, Jan., April, June & Sept... See County Court....
S. Bernardin 1 3d Monday in Feb., June and Oct......

1st Mon. Jan., Mar., May, July, Sep Ist Mon. Feb., June and Oct.......
San Diego, ..
1 2d Monday in Jan., May and Sept.....

.....(and Nov.
4 1st Monday in Feb. Apr., June, Aug., Oct. and Dec...

....3d Mon. Jan., Mar., May, Ju-
S. Francisco, 1
1st Monday in Jan., Mar.. May, July, Sept. and Nov..

and Nov...
San Joaquin, 5 1st Monday in Jan., April, August and Dec. ........... 1st Mon Feb. and Oct.; 2 Mon. May. See County Court.......[Dec.................
S. L. Obispo,.. 12 2d Monday in Jan., April, July and Oct.............. . 3d Mon. Mar., June, Sept. and Dec.. 4th Mon. Mar., June, Sept. & 3d Wednesday each month..
San Mateo, .... 12 3d Monday in April, August and Dec. ......

1st Mon. March, July and Nov...... Wedn. after County Court. . Tues, after County Court....
Santa Barbara, 2 1st Monday in March, June, Sept. and De

..1st Mon. Feb., May, Aug. & Nov..... 2d Mop. Feb., May, Aug. and 3d Wednesday each month.. Santa Clara,... 31st Monday in May, Sept. and Jan......

1st Mon. Feb. June and Oct.......... See County Court......(Nov. See County Court......... Santa Cruz, 8 3d Monday in April, August and Dec.....

4th Mon. March, July and Nov..... See County Court.......
Shasta, ...
92d Monday in March, June and Nov.....

... 1st Mon. Jan., May and Sept........ See County Court....
Sierra,......... 17 1st Mond. Mar.; 2d Mon. May and Aug.; 1 Mon. Nov. 1st Mon. April, Aug., Oct. and Dec.. See County Court.... .. See County Court.....
Siskiyou, ...... 9 30 Monday in Jan.; 1st Mon. May and 3d Mon Sept. . 1 Mon. Jan., Apr., Oct.; 3 Mon. July See County Court.... See County Court. ....
Solano,...
7 3d Monday in Jan., May and Sept...

... 3d Mon. April, Aug. and Dec...... See County Court......
8d Monday in Feb., June and Oct.....
Sonoma, ..

...... 1st Mon. Feb., May, Aug. and Nov.. 1st Mon. Feb., May, Aug. and See County Court............ Stanislaus,... 20 Monday in Feb., June and Oct.....

............ Nov. Sutter,... ... 10 20 Monday in March, June, Sept. and Dec. ........... 1st Mon. Mar., June, Sept. and Dec..

.. 1st Mon. April, Aug. and Dec.. ... ... See County Court... Tehama, ..

15 1st Monday in Feb., June and Oct............ Trinity,.. | 9|2d Monday in April, August and Dec. .........

..... 2d Mon, Feb., May, Aug. and.. Tulare,.. . 13 4th Monday in Feb. June and Oct...........

....Nov. Tuolumne 5 1st Monday in March, July and Noy...

ist Mon. Jan., May and Sept........See County Court........ Yolo, .......... 10 3d Monday in March; 2d Mon. Aug.; 3d Mond. Dec.. 1st Mon. Jan. May and Sept........ 1st Mon. Apr., July and Dec. 2d Mon. Jan., March, May, Yuba, ... .. 10 8d Monday in Jan., April, July and Oct....... 1st Mon. Jan., April, July and Oct. . 3 Mo. Feb., May, Aug. & Nov. ....... (July, Sept. and Nov.

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AN ACT

TO REGULATE PROCEEDINGS IN CIVIL CASES IN THE

COURTS OF JUSTICE OF THIS STATE.

AS PASSED APRIL 29, 1851, AND AMENDED MAY 18, 1853; MAY 18, 1854; APRIL 28, MAY 4 AND MAY 7, 1856; FEBRUARY 20, 1857; MARCH 24, APRIL 15, 1858;

FEBRUARY 21, MARCH 28, APRIL 2 AND 12, 1859; APRIL 28, 1860.

1. The practice act is prospective, and not retrospective in its operation. People v. Hays, 4 Cal. 127.

2. This act applies, as a general rule, as well to cases in equity as to actions at law. Riddle v. Baker, Cal. April T. 1859; Goodwin v. Hammond, ib.; Duff v. Fisher, Cal. April T. 1860.

The People of the State of California represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows :

TITLE I.

OF THE FORM OF CIVIL ACTIONS, AND OF THE PARTIES THERETO.

THE FORM OF CIVIL

ACT

THE PARTIES THERETO.

1. There shall be in this state but one form of civil action, for the enforcement or protection of private rights, and the redress or prevention of private wrongs.

1. “There shall be but one form of civil action," extends only to the form and to the pleadings, dispensing with the technicalities in the statement of the cause of action and defense, without regard to ancient forms, whether of assumpsit, trespass, or ejectment, etc. De Witt v. Hays, 2 Cal. 463.

2. Although the forms of civil actions are similar, yet the distinction of common law in actions is preserved, and if a plain, speedy and adequate remedy exists at law, the party will not be allowed to resort to equity pleadings. White v. Fratt, Cal. April T. 1859; Cole v. Reynolds, 18 N. Y. 74.

3. We still recognize the use of common counts as proper in the practice in this state under the act, yet we have never gone so far as to recognize a jumble of all the causes of action in one count. Buckingham v. Waters, Cal. Oct. T. 1859.

4. The blending of an action at law with one in equity, is admissible under our system of practice, but to prevent confusion, and preserve the simplicity and directness requisite in the averments of a complaint in an action at law, the grounds of equity interposition should be stated subsequently to, and distinct from, those upon which the judgment at law is sought. Natoma Water Co. v. Clarkin, Cal. Oct. T. 1859.

5. The form of an action is determined by the matter set forth in the complaint, and not by the name which the plaintiff may give it. Cornes v. Harris, 1 Coms. 223.

6. There is no longer a distinction between suits at law and in equity, either in the form of the pleadings or the jurisdiction of the court. General Mutual Insurance Co. v. Benson, 5 Duer, 168.

7. Abolishing the forms of pleading does not disturb the common law rule as to the order of introducing matter of defense. Van Buskirk v. Roberts, 14 How. Pr. 61.

2. In such action the party complaining shall be known as the plaintiff, and the adverse party as the defendant.

1. A person named as defendant, and not served with process, is not a party to the action. Robinson v. Frost, 14 Barb. 536; East River Bank v. Cutting, 1 Bosworth, 636.

3. When a question of fact not put in issue by the pleadings is to be tried by a jury, an order for the trial may be made, stating distinctly and plainly the question of fact to be tried; and such order shall be the only authority necessary for a trial.

4. [1854, 1855.*] Every action shall be prosecuted in the name of the real party in interest, except as otherwise provided in this act; but in suits brought by the assignee of an account, unliquidated demand, or thing in action not arising out of contract, assigned subsequently to the first day of July, 1854, the assignor shall not be a witness on behalf of the plaintiff.

1. The assignor cannot be a witness for the assignee. Jones v. Post, 4 Cal. 14; Griffin v. Alsop, ib. 406 ; Allen v. Citizens' Steam Navigation Co., 6 Cal. 400.

* Statutes of 1855, 303.

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