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his arms; that he asked him by what authority he had taken those things, knowing the lady was from home; when M-t-n replied, that the lady was on a visit near Utrecht port, and having given him the key, he was, agreeably to her orders, carrying the articles in question to her.

Circumstances militated so powerfully against Margaretta, that the justitia schout, Beaumont, was sent for; and after a mature investigation, she was committed to prison for trial. After a laborious investigation, she was found guilty, upon the fact of M—-n having followed her, on the day when the robbery was committed, to a house where she then was attending her mistress; and her haring, without her mistress's knowledge or consent, given the robber the key with which he had entered the house, and effected the robbery during their absence.

By the law of Holland, the offence of which she was convicted is one that is visited with the severest punishment, next to death. Her former master, from whose roof the robber had decoyed her, pitying her miserable condition, and believing her rather the dupe than the accomplice of the monster of iniquity, by whom she had been seduced, afforded her all the consolation her wretched state admitted, giving testimony as to her former good conduct, and procuring her the aid of the first advocates in Holland.

Eren her mistress was so much affected, that if the preservation of Margaretta could have been effected, by her abstaining from giving evidence against her, she would have done so ; but the public prosecutor was able to go through the process without her personal interference, further than what had taken place upon the commitment of the fair culprit to prison.

(To be concluded in our next.)

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Mr. Bruce has furnished the following description of what occurred in his journey across the deserts of Africa :-“We were here, at once, surprised and terrified by one of the most magnificent sights in the world. In the vast expanse of desert, to the west and north-west of us, we saw a number of prodigious pillars of sand at different distances, moving with great celerity, but


which was afterwards changed to a majestic slowness : at intervals we thought they would, in a few moments, overwhelm us, and small quantities of sand did actually, more than once, reach us; then they retreated, so as almost to be out of sight, their tops reaching to the very clouds. The tops often separated from the bodies, and, once disjointed, they dispersed, and were lost.

“ About noon they began to advance towards us with considerable swiftness, the wind being very strong at north. Eleven of them ranged alongside each other at about three miles from

The greatest diameter of the largest, appeared to me as if it would measure ten feet. With a wind at south-east, they retired, leaving an impression upon my mind to which I can give no name, though surely one ingredient in it was fear, joined to a considerable share of wonder and astonishment. It was in vain to think of escaping, as the swiftest horse, or the fastest sailing ship, could be of no use to carry us out of this danger; and the full persuasion of this, rivetted me to the spot where I stood, and let the camels gain on me so much, that, in my lame state, it was with difficulty I could overtake them.

“The same phenomenon again occurred in the course of a few days, but the pillars seemed to be greater in number, and less in size, than the preceding. They came several times in a direction close upon us, that is, I believe, within less than two miles. They began immediately after sun-rise, like a thick wood, and almost darkened the sun : his rays shining through them, gave them the appearance of pillars of fire. The Greeks shrieked out, saying it was the day of judgment.— Ismael pronounced it to be hell and the Tucowries said that the world was on fire.”


A lion which had escaped from the menagerie of the Great Duke of Tuscany, entered the city of Florence, everywhere spreading terror. Among the fugitives was a woman with a child in her arms, whom she let fall. The lion seized, and seemed ready to devour it, when the mother, transported by the tender affections of nature, ran back, threw herself before the lion, and by her gestures demanded her child. The lion looked at her steadfastly ; her cries and tears seemed to affect him, till, at last, he laid the child down without doing it the least injury. "Misery and despair, then, have expressions intelligible to the most savage monsters ; but what is yet more to be admired, is the resistless' and sublime emotion, which can make a mother offer herself a prey to a ferocious animal before which all others fly That loss of reason, so superior to reason's self, which can make a despairing



woman recar to the pity of a beast breathing only death and carnage ! This is the instinct of supreme grief,—it is not possible to remain inflexible to its feelings.

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This beautiful reptile is in size and colour somewhat similar to a hornet, but its form is rounder ; its legs are about an inch long, black, and very strong; it has two bright yellow lines, latitudinally crossing its back; it forms its web octagonally between bushes, the diameter being two or three yards, and it places itself in the centre. The web is so fine as to be almost invisible, and it attaches to whatever passes between its branches. In the cork forests, the sportsman, eager in his pursuit of game, frequently carries away on his garments this deadly assassin, who is said to always make towards the head of its object before it inflicts its wound, and its bite is so poisonous that the patient can survive only a few hours.


That the rays of light flow in all directions from different bodies, without interrupting one another, is plain, from the following experiment. Make a hole in a thin plate of metal, and set the plate upright on a table, facing a row of lighted candles standing near together ; then place a sheet of paper or pasteboard at a little distance from the other side of the plate, and the rays of all the candles, flowing through the hole, will form as many specks of light on the paper as there are candles before the plate (each speck as distinct and large as if there were only one candle to cast one speck), which shows that the rays do not obstruct each other in their motions, although they all cross in the same hote.


It is stated by Sałamé, in his narrative of Lord Exmouth's late expedition to Algiers, that the Dey, who was compelled to submit to the power of England, having, while he was Aga of the Danisaries, caused the Bey of Oran, and all his family, excepting two sons, to be arrested, aceomplished their destruction in the following manner.-He first ordered the three in fant children of the Bey to be ripped open in their father's presence, and their hearts taken out and roasted, which he forced the unhappy parent to eat, placing their mangled bodies before his eyes during this horrid repast.

Not satisfied with this act of inhumanity, he then ordered two black slaves, who had constantly attended on the Bey, to appear; and then compelled him to impale them alive with his own hands. The stakes on which the bodies of the unhappy sufferers were writhing in agonies, being fixed in the ground, he caused a plate of iron to be made red hot, and placed between them. On this plate he compelled the Bey to sit, fastening one hand to each of the stakes. While in this situation, he ordered a hot iron pot to be placed on his head ; and when this became cold, he ordered him to be scalped, giving him at the same time a pipe to smoke. The Bey still surviving these cruelties, he caused an opening to be made in his side, through which he took out his heart and intestines. It was under this operation that the Bey expired. The whole skin of the head was afterwards taken off and stuffed with straw, and sent to the Dey, as a memorial of this barbarous exploit. All these horrible executions took place before the house, in which the wife of the Bey was compelled to remain during the whole of the transactions.

Having by such deeds of atrocity obtained a name, thus legibly written in characters of blood, this monster was thought worthy, for these sanguinary virtues, to be raised to the throne, of which his subsequent conduct has proved him deserving.

Before he was raised to this exalted office he bad long been in habits of intimacy with two European families, professing great friendship for them, and frequently dining and drinking at their houses. The European merchants, for such they were, being well acquainted with his character, aimed at nothing more than to secure bis friendship by these civilities. They expected no favour from him, and only hoped that he would do them no harm. It was not long after he became Dey, that he sent a message to his two friends, directing them to leave the kingdom. Surprised at this unexpected mandate, against which they well knew it would be useless to remonstrate, they waited on him, to request time that they might settle their affairs. To this he consented, and allowed them six months. Not many days afterwards, he is, however, said, to have sent for them to have cut off their heads in the palace and to have ordered their families to quit Algiers immediately.

Nor was it merely to foreigners that his rapacity and cruelty were confined. During the former Dey's time, a young Algerine, named Hagi Ali, of a rieh family, was confined in prison for a debt of about one hundred thousand dollars, which sum he owed to various creditors. On the death of the Dey, these creditors, considering that the young man had been long confined, and that his father had died without leaving him any thing with which to discharge his debts, consented to give him his liberty, that he might look after his father's property, and engage in some business, trusting to his honour and fortune for their future payment.

No sooner, however, had the Dey who submitted to Lord Exmouth taken the reins of power, than he refused to ratify what the creditors had voluntarily done. Instead, therefore, of freeing him from prison, he put him in chains, and compelled him to work like a Christian slave. The creditors, thinking that the case of the young man was misunderstood, informed the Dey, that they did not wish to receive one dollar from him : their design being to liberate him, that he might take care of the family and the property. To this the Dey replied, “ If you do not wish to receive the hundred thousand dollars from that young man, I wish to receive them myself; and I shall not set him at liberty until he has paid them.” When the English expedition left Algiers, the unfortunate young man was still in chains;

but whether he has been since liberated, is not known. A change of Deys may have produced a change of measures ; and it is well known, that they are monsters of no very protracted lives. Since 1816, when Lord Exmouth visited Algiers, a third Dey had mounted the throne. He with whom his Lordship treated, was taken from his seat of dominion and blood, and thrown from the window of the gallery in which the negociations were carried on, and falling in the court-yard of the palace, was immediately dispatched by the Janisaries.

It appears, from the various enormities which the candidates for power commit, as though it were the duty of all probationers to rival each other in cruelty; and as though that monster presented the fairest claim to the throne, who could most conspicuously surpass his predecessors and contemporaries in the infliction of torment. We can scarcely avoid drawing this conclusion, from the specimens of cruelty already given ; but, if anything more be necessary, to give it confirmation, it may be found in the following details, which we give in the very words of Salamé.

Here I wish to state, as I was told them, some of the horrid acts of Hagi Ali Pashaw, to shew how hoth characters (the Dey's and that of his Agá) agreed one with another. At the palace, the government residence in the city of Algiers, the Dey is not allowed to keep any wife. The harem, or the Dey's wives, are always kept in a separate place out of town. But Hagi Ali Pashaw had two women brought privately into the governmentpalace; and he had, besides, five Greek boys, and four black slaves. After some time, when the two unfortunate women be

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