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SHAMPOOING.-On the East-cliff there are also steam and vapour sea-water baths, upon the Indian construction. Mr. Mahomed, the proprietor of the larger establishment of the kind, is a native of India, and well skilled in the art, termed by the Indians, shampooing, a practice found peculiarly useful in the cure of chronic diseases, especially rheumatic and paralytic affections ; stiff joints, contractions, sprains, &c. are commonly relieved by it ; and in cutaneous eruptions and scurf, it has often been found efficacious. In most cases proceeding from a languid circulation, or where the nervous energies are debilitated, this practice is also resorted to with a pleasing prospect of success; and its operation is soothing and pleasant.
Mr. Molineux, has baths, &c. upon a similar principle, but a short distance, eastward, from the above.
WHOLESALE Fish MARKET.-The wholesale fish market is held on the beach, directly to the south of the original baths, and which is supplied by about one hundred boats, three being considered the average nuniber of men attached to each ; and these, at times, display an activity and boldness in their employment almost incredible, often venturing out to sea in such weather as the larger ships can scarcely live in, and but rarely encountering accidents.
The national benefits arising from this fishery, appear to be well known to the Lords of the Admiralty, who invariably protect it from the thinning casualties of war ; and which protection, during the progress of the two last, was scarcely infringed upon in a solitary instance.
By a reference to the state of the fishery in 1759, before mentioned, we shall find that the number of fishermen employed here now, scarcely exceed those of that period !* but then it is to be recollected, that the business of fisbing was the principal pursuit of the generality of the people of the town, at that epoch; and that the deity of fashion has now ordered matters otherwise, giving employment to hundreds in mechanical situations, whose attention would, perhaps, otherwise, have been solely directed to the sea and maritime affairs.
* In the early part of the 17th century, Brighthelmstone is described as one of the most flourishing towns in the whole country, containing no less number than six hundred families, who were principally employed in the fisheries ; but owing to the restrictions laid upon the latter, and to severe losses at sea, by the capture of its shipping, the place fell iuto decay; and to increase its misfortunes, one hundred and thirty houses are said to have been swept away by an inundation of the sea in 1699. The damage then sustained, it is observed, was computed at forty thousand pounds; and to prevent the recurrence of such calamities, a fund was established by Act of Parliament, for constructing and keeping in repair, the groynes or jetties, which bound the watery element, by staying the gravel which the waves bring hither from the westwardand which every way answer the purpose for which they were designed.
The delicacies of the deep are here brought to shore in tempting variety, including soles, turbots, mullets, brills, whiting, scate, &c. which are common at most parts of the year, but the season for mackarel is from May to the latter end of July-and for herrings, from October to Christmas ; and which, during these particular periods, are caught in immense abundance, the greater part of which are forwarded to the London markets, where they find ready purchasers.
Lobsters, crabs, and oysters, are brought to the town from Bognor, Emsworth, &c. in plenteous supplies; but the finest prawns, shrimps, &c. are taken from the sands and rocks hereabout, and which, during the summer and autumn, are in no ordinary degree of request.
There is a delicious shell-fish also caught here called escalop, but little known in the London markets, and which, for its nutritive qualities, and richness of flavour, has scarcely its equal. The season for this delicacy is early in the spring, when the quantity brought in is considerable ; but, during the summer months, very few can be obtained.
(To be continued.)
LIFE AND REIGN OF CHARLES THE FIRST.
(Continued from page 15.)
Not long after the beginning of the everlasting Parliament, the Puritan faction became subdivided into Presbyterians and Independents; of which the Presbyterians, at the first, carryed all before them. The Independents, growing up by little and little, and being better studyed in the arts of dissimulation, easyly undermined the others, and ousted their Lord-General, and all that commanded under him, of their several places, under colour of an ordinance for self-denyal. That being done, they conferred that command on Sir Thomas Fairfax, a man of more precipitation than prudence; not so fit for counsel as execution ; and better to charge on an enemy than command an army. With him they joyned Colonel Oliver Cromwell (whom they dispensed with in the point of self-denyal), by the name of LieutenantGeneral; but so, that he disposed of all things as Commanderin-chief, and left Fairfax to his old trade of execution, to which he had been accustomed.
The like alteration happened also in the King's army; Colonel Sir Patrick Ruthen, a man of approved valour and fidelity, being, by his Majesty, made Earl of Forth, in Scotland, was, on the death of the Earl of Lindsey, made the Lord-Lieutenant of his armies ; and the next year made Earl of Brentfort, for the good service he had done in that place. After having both fortunately, and faithfully discharged that office for two years and more, he was ousted of his place by a court contrivement made in the favour of Prince Rupert, who was declared Generalissimo of his Majesty's forces, which he most ambitiously aspired unto, and at last obtained.
By these new Generals, the fortune of the war, and the whole estate of the kingdome, which lay then at stake, came to be decided. For Fairfax, hearing that the King was come back as far as Daventry (which was the matter he desired), made directly towards him, with an intent to give him battle, and at a place near Naseby, in Northamptonshire, the two armies met on Saturday, the 14th of June. The King had the better at the first, but Prince Rupert having routed one wing of the enemy's horse, followed the chace so unadvisedly, that he left the foot open to the other wing; who pressing hotly on them, put them to an absolute rout, and made themselves masters of his camp, carriage, and cannon, and amongst other things, of his Majesty's cabinet, in which they found many of his letters, most of them written to the Queen, which were after published, with little honour to them that did it.
But we return unto the King, who, having saved himself by flight, gathered together some part of his scattered forces, but never was able to make head against the conquerors—losing one place after another, till his whole strength was almost reduced to Oxford, and some few garrisons adjoyning.
1646. In this extremity, he left this city, in disguise, on the 27th day of April, anno. 1646 ; and, on the 4th of May, put himself into the hands of the Scots, then lying at the siege of Newark. After the taking of which town, they carried him to Newcastle, and there kept him under a restraint. The news thereof being brought to Oxford, and seconded by the coming of the whole army of Sir Thomas Fairfax, who laid siege unto it, disposed the Lords of the council, and such of the principal gentry who had the conduct of the affair, to come to a speedy composition. According whereunto, that city was surrendered on Midsummer day-James, Duke of York, the King's second son, together with the great seal, privy seal, and signet, were delivered up into the hands of the enemy; by whom the young Duke was sent to Westminster, and kept in the house of St. James, under a guard, with his brother and sisters ; the seals being carryed into the House of Peers, and there broke in pieces.
But long these young Princes were not kept together under that restraint, the Princess Henrietta being in a short time after conveyed into France by the Lady Dalkeith ; and the Duke of York, attired in the habit of a young lady, transported into Holland by one Captain Bamfield.
The Scots, in the mean time, being desirous to make even with their masters to receive the wages of their iniquity-and get home in safety, with that spoil and plunder which they had gotten in their marching and remarching betwixt Tweed and Hereford, had not the patience to attend the leisure of any more voluntary surrendries. They, therefore, pressed the King to give order to the Marquesse of Ormond, in Ireland, and to all the Governours of his garrisons in England, to give up all the towns and castles which remained untaken, to such as should be appointed to receive them for the Houses of Parliament, assuring him that, otherwise, they neither could nor durst continue him in their protection. To this necessity he submitted, but found not such a general obedience to his commands as the Scots expected. For, not onely the Marquesse of Ormond, but many of the Governours of towns and castles, in England, considered him as being under a constraint, and speaking rather the sense of others than his own, upon which grounds they continued still upon their guard, in hope of better times or of better conditions.
(To be continued.)
“ Nay," said I, hastily pushing him aside, “ do not tread upon it.” “ 'Tis but a worm," he answered. « He who would tread upon a worm—but, no matter! you could not feel my reproof, were I to utter it.' He had trodden upon it I picked it up, and throwing it among the grass, which grew plentifully by the side of the path, “Go," said I, “ thy little life may still be sweet, although that inconsiderate mortal has for the present embittered it.' I parted from my companion, and crossing the path, presently got into a pleasant lane, shaded on each side by a hedge, which was rendered fragrant by the occasional presence of the honeysuckle. At some distance, I perceived a man whose venerable aspect, even at the first glance, interested me considerably in his favour. He stood beside an aged oak—“Fit emblem of thyself," said I, internally, “the winter of thy days is come, no more gay spring shall see thee clothed in verdure-thy withered trunk, thus blasted and decayed, must bear the fury of the passing storm." Whilst I was indulging in this train of thought, a person of most elegant appearance passed, the poor old man bowed his feeble frame, and uncovering a head whose snowy whiteness might have infused pity into any human breast, humbly asked assistance ; but the ger, regardless of the tear which
trembled in the old man's eye, passed on contemptuously, muttering, he had nothing to bestow in charity-nor much charity, thought I: heaven knows the heart, but I would not be the man you seem to be, though I might sway the world's sceptre.
I advanced to the old man ; his look expressed the sorrow of his heart-it was not that sorrow which rises from disappointment-it was deeper felt; it showed, evidently, that those little organs of sensibility which twine around the heart of man, and blend themselves with his very existence, were lacerated; he preferred no request to me-he feared a repetition of the insult; but I at once relieved him from his fears, and putintg a trifle into his hand, passed on. I gave him but a trifle, but he gave me a world of thanks. I thought of the worm—“Poor soul!” cried I, “ thou, too, hast been trampled on! the tender fibres of thy mind are torn: the feelings of the man are outraged !” There is a sort of self approbation in reflecting on the performance of a good action, which, if not indulged in to excess, is far from blameable. I might have felt it at that moment. I could not help drawing a comparison. How easily, thought I, might that man have contributed, from his abundancc, to the relief of a fellow creature! How far superior is he, who, having but little of this world's good, yet, seeing distress in any shape, comes forward, cheerfully, to alleviate the-psha! psha! say no more about it-this is downright egotism !
THE DUTCH ROBBER.
A narrative founded on facts, which occurred in Amsterdam in 1802.
Towards the close of the year 1801, there appeared at the pricipal coffee-houses in Amsterdam a stranger, calling himself Mr. M-t-n, who gave out that he was a native of Alexandria, in the United States, a capitalist, merchant, and ship-owner.
In person he was strongly built, and muscular ; of the middle stature; his eyes
grey, and his complexion fair ; he seemed by his features to be about five-and-thirty years of age ; though so comparatively young, his hair was grey ; his features were coarse; his look sullen, suspicious, and downcast; he was expensively, rather than genteelly, dressed ; his manners and conversation were decidedly vulgar.
There were at that period very few English travellers in Amsterdam; and the American merchants, captains of the ships, did not appear to recognize Mr. M-t-nas a countryman.
He lodged at a very respectable house on the side of the Amstel. In the course of his perambulations on the Bloem