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me with horror, but I sought to stifle my conscience by plunging yet deeper into crime. About midnight I was once more visited by the trooper who brought that chest into my apartment, and produced from it a soldier's dress and accoutrements, which having ordered me to put on, he placed these clothes, which formed my official dress in Spain, in their room, and locked the box : he drew one of his pistols and bade me follow him. We went down into a large court, where a company of soldiers, in dresses similar to my own, was drawn out in files, and when he had placed me in the centre of the whole body, he gave the word to march. The night was dark and cold, but I could observe from the freshness of the air and the rustling of the wind through leafless trees, that we paced through an extensive park containing water. All was silent, and we proceeded for some time, till at length we passed under a kind of gate-way, guarded by mounted troopers, which brought us out to a wide street with a grand ornamented entrance stretching nearly all across it on the right hand, and rows of houses, fading into darkness on the left. In front was a magnificent stone building, evidently a portion of a palace, having seven large windows and pillars between them, in front of which numerous workmen, lighted by torches, were erecting a scaffold and covering it with black cloth. I had not long either to observe these preparations for the next day's tragedy, or to feel the sickening sensations which arose within me, for we continued across the street, behind the opposite building, and the trooper having posted all my companions at different parts, again drew his pistols, and caused me to walk before him into the palace. Here I was once more placed in a solitary room, my arms were taken from me, and the chest containing my executioner's dress, was brought by my constant attendant into the apartment.

When the morning rose he brought me food and wine at a much earlier hour than usual, and intimated that about noon I should be conducted to the scaffold by a fellow-executioner, who, he added, could not speak Spanish, and consequently could not answer any questions, which he also hinted, it would be dangerous to put to him. He concluded, by commanding me to assume my former dress with the mask placed with it, recommending me to strengthen myself for my task with the provisions which he had brought, and then retired. When I was habited in my own vestments, I attempted to taste some refreshment, but a fever of agitation rushed through me: I a thousand times cursed the office I had undertakeu, and as often wished that I had been cut off earlier in my sins. In this manner the hours glided away until about twelve o'clock, when a party of soldiers commanded by one whom I had not yet seen, but whom I heard called Colonel Thomlison, came into my chamber, soon after I had finished my meal and put on my mask. With them was the other executioner, dressed in all points so like myself, that it might for ever create a doubt which of us did the accursed deed. Notwithstanding all his disguises, I could not divest myself of the idea that I should behold my former companion the trooper, and even when he spake, which was but little and in a harsh grating foreign-sounding voice, it still seemed to me like the tones with which I had been familiar. We were then placed side by side in the centre of the soldiers, and moved forward through several passages, till we arrived at a splendid apartment lighted by those seven windows which I had remarked the night before ; one of which was taken out to forin an entrance to the scaffold that stood in the front of the building. In the centre of that scaffold stood a block covered with sable cloth, with an axe laid upon it; sawdust beyond it, and a black velvet cushion in the front; on one side was placed a coffin, also covered with black velvet. When we reached the scaffold the rear of our party halted, while the van marched to the other end with one whom I heard called Colonel Hacker. The other executioner and myself next went to our stations by the block, where I, as head man, took the right hand, and waited in silence for the coming forth of our fated victim. In a little time he was announced, by a slow march played upon mufiled drums with sable banners hung to them, which came upon the scaffold, but stopped close to the palace windows. Then marched on a party of soldiers with bent carabines, who divided to the right and left, and in the midst of them that angelic man with whom I had so deeply sympathized, walked betwixt Colonel Thomlinson and the pious ecclesiastic I had already seen ; while guards and officers closed the melancholy procession, and filled up all the end of the scaffold next the palace. Oh! what a scene was here : a country assembled to put a sovereign to death! Madre del Senor ! what a deed! a deed that will stamp an eternal infamy on all concerned in it, and not the least so upon myself. Immediately round the scaffold were several troops of foot-soldiers, above their heads appeared the close and glittering lines of mounted troopers, and beyond them were the populace standing on every thing which might enable them to see the scaffold, stretching in distance far up beyond the Cross-gate on one side, and to where the street led towards the country and the park upon the other. Yet in all this sea of hands aud faces, the moment the guards appeared with their prisoner, there was the most profound silence : Santa Margarita ! Never shall man behold such a spectacle again.Your annals have preserved to you all the interesting scene which passed upon the scaffold, of that blessed Martyr's speech,-of his giving the jewel which hung upon his neck to his holy and faithful attendant,-of his short colloquy with my

fellow executioner, who hade me cut off those beautiful flaky locks that adorned his head,—of his kneeling down in prayer,--and then--" The stranger stooped to his chest, and taking from thence the sable block, a black mask which he put on, and a large antique axe with rusted blood upon it, which he brandished as he had formerly been wont to do, , Then" said he “ 'twas thus I stood, and thus I smote him !-'Twas then that

Santo Ignacio ! I am myself death struck !-Oh for a little life to finish my dark story!-I undertook to convey away all these marks of the execution, and I placed the horrid symbols, together with my own dress, in this chest, which I have in vain concealed in the earth and beneath the water, it was still ever before mine eyes,-I saw through the clods and the waves which covered it, and I vainly endeavoured to find a place dark enough to hide it from my conscience.-In my sleep-such sleep as visits murderers !—it has been still before me.-In my dreams, I have again acted the horrid deed,-again have I stood over my royal victim,-again haš this blood-stained axe- As the Executioner spake these last words he suddenly became transfixed, even in the same attitude in which he struck the fatal blow; it was but for a moment, for without a groan, or any other utterance, he fell dead upon the floor !—I called in medical aid, but it was in vain; his open eyes still glared upon me, his livid countenance was unchanged in its swarthy hue, he was gone to his own trial ; and without acquainting any one except the surgeon with his eventful story, I locked up the apartment in which the body lay, and retiring, wrote the narrative while all things were yet fresh in my memory. It was upon that night that the greater part of my dwelling was consumed by a fierce fire, which swept away not only the corse of Ignacio Riaza, but also all the proofs of his guilt, excepting the axe head, which was dug out of the ruins, and the substance of these recording pages, which will transmit to future times the terrific confessions and awful fate of



During the Protectorship of Oliver Cromwell, he proposed the re-establishment of the Jews in England, with the liberty of carrying on their trade and enjoying the exercise of their religion. This scheme met with great opposition from the leaders of the different seetaries. Cromwell, however, carried the point, and procured the settling of a small body of Jews in an old quarter of London, under the direction of Menasses-Ben-Israel, a famous Rabbin, who set about building, and soon finished, a synagogue. The correspondence and unalterable friendship maintained between the dispersed Jews, in the different countries of the earth, were of singular advantage to the Protector. He was often indebted to them for important pieces of news and intelligence, which not a little contributed to the success of the enterprises he had from time to time formed against foreigners. And this is a very probable reason, why, preferable to any consideration of commerce, or other utillity to the State, the Jews are still countenanced by our Government, the most acute of them being employed as spies in the Courts of Europe, and elsewere on sundry other occasions ; whence the greatest part of the money granted for secret services goes to the Jews. But to return to Cromwell, among a number of examples that may be cited, we shall produce but one to corroborate what is here asserted. One day as Cromwell was walking with Lord Broghill in one of the galleries of Whitehall, a man very meanly clad presented himself before them. Cromwell immediately quitted company with his Lordship, and, taking that man by the hand, shewed him into his closet. Here he learned from him that the Spaniards were sending a considerable sum of money to pay their army in Flanders ; that sum was aboard a Dutch vessel, and the Jew was so exact in circumstances as to describe the very part of the ship were the money was stowed. Cromwell sent Jermy. Smith, who was cruising in the channel, orders not to fail in seizing the Spanish treasure as soon as the Dutch ship should enter the strait. When it appeared, Smith sent a message demanding to visit it; but, the Dutch Captain answering that he would suffer none but his master to come aboard his ship, Smith threatened to sink him to the bottom. The Dutchman, too weak for defending himself, at length submitted ; the money was found, and sent to London ; Cromwell received it, and, soon after seeing Lord


Broghill, told him, that were it not for the poor Jew they had seen a few days before, that good fortune would have slipped out of his hands.

Henry Carey, Queen Elizabeth's cousin, enjoyed for some years her Majesty's favour, till he had lost it by the following adventure. One day, as he was walking in a meditative mood in the Palace-gardens under the Queen's windows, she perceived him, and said to him joking : “ What does a man think of when he thinks of nothing ?”“The promises of a woman," answered Carey. “ You may have hit the nail on the head, and it may be so," replied Elizabeth. She withdrew, but did not forget Carey's an

Some time after he solicited a peerage, and put the Queen in mind that she had made such a promise to him. “ Well, and what then,” said she, “ it was only the promise of a woman.” She constantly afterwards refused to hear him, which he took so much at heart, that he died with grief.

A Countess of Eglington, one of the most beautiful women in Scotland, lost the affection of her husband, because she had brought him seven daughters and never a son. The Earl proceeded so far as to assure her that he was resolved to separate. “I am ready to consent to it," said the Countess, “and you have only to restore to me what I brought you in marriage." '-" If so, you shall be well satisfied, your maintenance shall be settled, and your fortune repaid to you.”—“No” no, my Lord, this is not all I want, restore to me my youth, my beauty, my virginity, and I will this instant leave you.” This restitution was not in the Lord's power; the demand silenced him, and he spoke no more of separation. Before the end of the year, the Countess was delivered of a son, which reinstated her in her hnsband's tenderness.

Lord Waldegrave, having abjured the Roman Catholic religion, was sent into France were he remained several years in the quality of Ambassdor. Being once at a house, were there was a numerous assembly, his cousin, the Duke of Berwick, with whom he was not upon very good terms, and who sought opportunities to mortify him, turned the conversation to religion, and prayed the Ambassdor to confess sincerely, which it was, the Ministers of State, or the Ministers of the Gospel, that had reason to glorify themselves for his conversion.

“ Indeed, my Lord, replied Waldegrave smartly, I cannot give you a satisfactory answer, as, by quitting the Roman Catholic religion, I have renounced confession."

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