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for having been the place where our Fifth Harry, when Prince of Wales, revelled with Falstaff, and all “ the merry men of Eastcheap.” It was in this tavern, that Henry's brothers, the Princes Thomas and John, revelled a whole night in 1410, when their attendants got into an affray, which could not be appeased without the inteference of the Mayor and Sheriff, and the principal citizens.

Of little less antiquity than the Boar’s Head, is the White Hart it Bishopsgate-street, which some few years ago bore on its front the date of its erection in 1489.

In the time of Shakespeare, the places principally honoured by genius, were the Sun and Moon Tavern, Aldersgate-street; the Devil Tavern, in Fleet-street, close to Temple-bar ; and the famous one called the Mermaid, which was situated in Cornhill. There, as Beaumont tells us,

“ hath been shewn
Wit able enough to justify the town
For three days past, -wit that might warrant
For the whole city to talk foolishly
Till that were cancell'd ; and when that was gone,
We left an air behind us, which alone
Was able to make the two next companies
Right witty; though but downright fools, more wise."

Among other well frequented taverns of the metropolis of former days, few were more renowned than the White Rose (the symbol of the York party), in old Palace-yard, Westminster, which stood near the chapel of our lady, behind the altar of the Abbey Church.

The gloomy manners of puritanism gave a severe check to these temples of jollity; but the restoration of Charles revived their popularity. The cavaliers and adherents of the Royal party, for joy of that event, were, for a time, incessantly drunk; and from a picture of their manners in Cowley's Comedy of the “ Cutter of Coleman-street," it may be collected, that taverns were places of much more frequent resort than churches or conventicies. When the phrenzy of the time was, however, abated ; taverns, especially those in the City, became places for the transaction of almost all descriptions of business. There accounts were settled, conveyances executed ; and there attorneys sat as at the inns in the country on market days, to receive their clients. In that space near the Royal Exchange, which is encompassed by Lombard, Gracechurch, part of Bishopsgate, and Threadneedle-streets, the number of taverns exceeded twenty; and on the site of the Bank, there stood no less than four. At the Crown, which was one of them, it was not unusual, in the course of a single morning, to draw a butt of mountain (120 gallons) in gills.

How much taverns were frequented by the literati in the early part of the last century, the Spectator, the Tatler, and other British essayists, bear abundant evidence ; and there is little doubt but many of these papers were produced at a tavern, or originated in the “ wit combats” that frequently took place. Although Sir Richard Steele was extravagant in his uxoriousness, yei who has not admired that passage in one of his lctters to his wife, written from a tavern, in which he assures her that he will be with her 56 within half a bottle of wine ?”

The change that has taken place in respect to the company frequenting taverns is supposed to be owing to the increased expence; but extravagant charges of tavern keepers in Queen Ann's time were not less deserving of complaint than they are now.

The Duke of Ormond, who gave a dinner to a few friends at the Star and Garter, Pall-mall, was charged twenty-one pounds six shillings and eight-pence, for four dishs and four, that is, first and second courses, without wine or dessert.


Until the time of Admiral Vernon, the British sailors had their allowance in brandy or rum, served out to them unmixed with water. This plan was found to be attended with inconvenience on some occasions; and the Admiral, therefore, ordered, that in the fleet he commanded, the spirit should be mixed with water before it was given to the men.

This innovation, at first, gave great offence to the sailors, and rendered the Commander very unpopular. The Admiral, at that time, wore a grogam coat, and was nicknamed “ Old Grog.” This name was afterwards given to the mixed liquor he compelled them to take ; and it has since universally obtained the name of grog.


The passion for old wine has been sometimes carried to a very ridiculous excess; for the “ thick crust,” the “ bee's wing," and the several other criterions of the epicure, are but so many proofs of the decomposition and departure of some of the best qualities of the wine. Had the man that first filled the celebrated Heidelburg tun been placed as sentinel, to see that no other wine was put into it, he would have found it much better at twenty-five or thirty years old, than at one hundred or one hundred and fifty, had he lived so long, and been permitted now and then to taste it.

At Bremen there is a wine cellar called the Store, where five hogsheads of Rhenish wine have been preserved since the year 1625. These five hogsheads cost 1200 francs. Had this sum been put out to compound interest, each hogshead would now be worth above a thousand millions of money; a bottle of this precious wine would cost 21,799,480 francs ; and a single wine glass, 2,723,808 francs.


The story in the Dublin papers of the ” Unlucky Mistake,” respecting bed-chambers, brings to our recollection an anecdote somewhat similar which we have heard from a relative of one of the parties in the affair :-Among the early correspondents of the Websters of Leadenhall-street, (the grand uncles of the present Sir David Wedderburn Webster) was an eminent chemist of Plymouth, of the name of Cookworthy, one of the Society of Friends. Friend Cookworthy was as distinguished for simplicity of heart and manners, as for knowledge and talents : and being much beloved by all who knew him, had been for many years an inmate of the house in Leadenhall-street, on his annual visits to London. On the evening of his arrival, on one of those occasion, when, far advanced in life, considering himself, as he was reckoned, completely at home with the family, he took up his candle with his wonted familiarity, soon after Mrs. Webser had retired, and observing that he did not need a guide to his chamber, as he supposed it was the same as he had been used to, he wised Mr. W. good night, and went up stairs. On his way, however, having got into one of those reveries to which he was not unaccustomed, he stopped at the first door that presented itself, and having opened it, saw, to his atonishment, Mrs. Webster at her toilette. Disconcerted at his mistake, and rallied by the lady for his bold attempt upon her chamber, he proceeded on, and finally found repose in his proper quarters. The "unlucky mistake" having been the subject of joke the following day, he remarked that evening, it was not likely he should commit the like error again, and retiring before any other of the party, he speedly went to bed. Before, however, he had fallen asleep, he was disturbed by the opening of the room door, and raising himself in bed to see who had intruded upon his chamber, beheld, to his surprise and joy, the lady on whose retirement he had intruded the preceding night. Elated at her mistake, as he supposed it, he clapped his hands while exclaiming, " who has made a mistake now? who has made a mistake now?"- Why, you, Mr. Cookworthy,” replied Mrs. Webster, “unless you have acted from design. Last night you entered my bed-chamber, and to night you have got into my bed !The worthy old man sunk down in utter confusion;

and these instances of his abberation, his friends, whenever they were disposed to rally him, took care he should not forget.


In a little convent bordering on Moret, in France, an unknown negress took the veil, in the reign of Louis XIV. Bontemps the confidential Minister of the tiine, had placed her there at an early age, with a large sum paid down, and the continued allowance of a most liberal pension, She was abundantly provided in all points. The Queen and Madam Maintenon both paid especial regard to the welfare of the convent; and, though not appearing to direct

immediate attention to the negress, they carefully

inquired relative to her health, her conduct, and her treatinent. The Dauphin and his children often visited her. One day when she heard the Prince's hunting-horn in the adjoinig forest of Fontainbleau, she said, with an air of negligence, "c'est mon frere qui chasse.Her rejoinder to Madam Maintenon was still more striking. That lady was once descanting on the virtue of humility, for which it does not appear that the recluse was particularly distinguished. In the course of her lecture, she insinuated to the mysterious captive, that she was by no means the person

she suspected herself to be. Si cela n'etoit pas, Madame," was the reply,

vous ne prendriez pas la piene de venir me la dire.She died in 1732 : and both St. Simon and Anquetil concur in the belief that she was the legitimate daughter of the King and Queen: that the latter, by the frequent incautious admission of a black dwarf to her presence during her pregnancy, had affected the colouor of * the child ; and that the birth being deemed monstrous was thus secluded from the knowledge of the public.


The moral world, as consisting of males, is of a mixed nature; and filled with several customs, fashions, and ceremonies, which would have no place in it were there but one sex. Had our species no females in it, men would be quite different creatures from what they are at present : their endeavours to please the opposite sex polishes and refines them out of those manners which are most natural to them, and often sets them upon modelling themselves, not according to the plans which they approve in their own opinions, but according to those plans which they think are most agreeable to the female world. In a word, man would not only be an unhappy, but a rude unfinished creature, were he conversant with none but those of his own make.

Women, on the other side, are apt to form themselves in every thing with regard to that other half of reasonable creatures with whom they are here blended and confused : their thoughts are ever turned upon appearing amiable to the other sex ; they talk, and move, and smile, with a design upon us, every feature of their faces, every part of their dress, is filled with snares and allurements. There would be no such animals as prudes or coquettes in the world, were there not such an animal as man. In short, it is the male that gives charms to woman-kind, that produces an air in their faces, a grace in their motions, a softness in their voices, and a delicacy in their complexions.

As this mutual regard between the two sexes tends to the improvement of each of them, we may observe that men are apt to degenerate into rough and brutal natures who live as if there were no such things as women in the world ; as, on the contrary, women who have an indifference or aversion for their counterparts in human nature are generally sour and unamiable, sluttish and censorious

I am led into this train of thoughts by a little manuscript which has lately fallen into my hands, and which I shall communicate to the reader, without troubling him with any enquiries about the author of it. It contains a summary account of two different states which bordered upon one another. The one was a commonwealth of Amazons, or women without men ; the other was a republic of the males, that had not a woman in their whole comniunity. As these two states bordered upon one another, it was their way, it seems, to meet upon their frontiers at a certain season of the year, where those among the men, who had not made their choice in any former meeting, associated themselves with particular women, whom they were afterwards obliged to look upon as their wives in every one of these yearly rencounters. The chidren that sprung up from this alliance, if males, were sent to their respective fathers ; if females, continued with their mothers. By means of this anniversary carnival, which lasted about a week, the commonwealths were recruited from time to time, and supplied with their respective subjects.

These two states were engaged together in a perpetual league, offensive and defensive ; so that if any foreign potentate offered

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