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that they ever should readers, therefore, who court comparative retirement, will here find it, when shut out, by the gaiety of occurring circumstances, at the other places.

Marine LIBRARY.–Tuppen's, though not immediately situated on the Steyne, is but a very few paces from it; and here, such a disadvantage, if such it may be termed, is most amply compensated by its open, salubrious, and agreeably commanding marine views

Lucombe's and Donaldson's may boast of the splendour of their Steyne situation, and its envied proximity to the palace and grounds of his Majesty ; but the attractive diversities of ocean are Tuppen's, including the whole sweep from Beachyhead, to the east, to Selsea-bill, to the west ; and now and then, at particular tides and seasons, the Isle of Wight is interestingly visible.

Not a floating object of any description, within sight of the town, can pass up or down channel, therefore, but the Marine Library includes it in the extensive beauties of its prospects; and sometimes the scene there, incessantly varying, and subject to momentary changes, in its multitudinous variety presenting ships of heaviest tonnage, warlike and commercial, down to the humble scull and punt, with all the gradations from the meaner to the higher in dimensions and power, is impossible accurately to be described; and must, indeed, be seen, to he properly comprehended.

As may be imagined, the telescopes, under such inducements to employ them, are seldom out of hand here--and to this requisite and agreeable species of accommodation, particular attention is paid.

LODER'S LIBRARY, though more confined in site, and deprived of sea views, is admirably situated in one of the most popular streets for business. It is supported by the first families and persons resorting hither, in the same degree of liberality as the former ; but, unlike two of the former, the gravity of its plan is never broken in upon by the lighter amusements-music, song, &c. but news, literature, politics, &c. are its distinguishing characteristics.

The other Libraries, Bradley's, Cordwell's, &c. have their full share of notice, and have no reason to complain of the distribution of fashionable favours.

Loo.-When Mr. Vansittart's Little-go Bill was passed some years ago, which did away the raffling at the places of public resort, it proved a sad drawback to the profits of the librarians at the watering-places generally, and at none more so, perhaps, than this. To remedy this deficiency, trinket auctions were had recourse to; but the novelty of those soon wore off, and another pastime, under the name of Loo, was introduced ; which, being considered more amusing by the fashionable throng, it has retained its attractive influence ever since, with the lively and enchanting addition of music, vocal and instrumental.

The game at loo, if such it may be termed, is diverting in its progress, and often gives rise to agreeable sallies of wit, according to the talent of the conductor of it, and the disposition to replications of those about him. The loo sweepstakes, as they aré termed, are limited to eight subscribers, and the individual stake is one shilling. The full number being obtained, a certain quantity of cards, among which is the Knave of Clubs, or Pam, are shuffled, cut, and separately dealt and turned ; the numbers are called in rotation during the process, and that against which Pam appears, is invariably pronounced the winner.

(To be continued.)

LIFE AND REIGN OF CHARLES THE FIRST.

(Continued from page 445, Vol. I.)

After this followed the taking of Shrewsbury, a place of very great importance to the king, as the gate which opened into Wales, situate on a rising ground, and almost encompassed round about by the river Severn; that part which is not environed by water, being wholly taken up and made good by a very strong castle. By the loss of which town, the king's former entercourse with his loyal subjects of North-Wales, was not only hindered, but a present stop was given to an association, which was then upon the point of concluding between the counties of Salop, Flint, Chester, Worcester, &c, to the great prejudice of the king's affairs in those parts of the kingdome. Then comes the lamentable death of the Archbishop of Canterbury, kept for four years á prisoner in the tower of London, as before was said, but reserved onely as a bait to bring in the Scots, whensoever the houses should have oecasion for their second coming; as formerly, on the like temptation, they had drawn them in, with reference to the Earl of Strafford. The Scots being come, and doing good service in the north, it was thought fit they should be gratified with that bloode which they so greedily thirsted after. And, thereupon, the Archbishop being voted guilty of high treason by the House of Commons, was condemned to die by such a slender House of Lords, that only seven, viz.-the Earls of Kent, Pembroke, Salisbury, and Bollingbrook; the Lords North, Gray, and Brewes, were present at the passing of the sentence of his condemnation; which being past, he was brought unto the scaffold, on Tower-hill, on the loth of January, where he ended his life with such a modest confidence, and so

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much piety, that his greatest enemies then present, who came to behold his execution with hearts full of joy, returned with eyes as full of tears. Last of all comes another treaty, solicited by the king, consented to by the Houses with no swall difficulty, and that upon condition to have the treaty held at Uxbridge, a town about fifteen miles from London, and more than twice as much from Oxford; according unto which appointment, the commissioners met on the 30th of January, accompanied with some divines, for debating the point of church government, when it came into question. But this treaty proved as unsuccessful as that at Oxford had done before; the commissioners for the Houses offering no expedient for an accommodation, nor hearkening unto such as were entered to them in the name of the king: so that there being no hope of bringing the warre unto an end this way, both parties were resolved to proceed in the other.

The King having wintered his army at Oxford and the towns adjoining, it was thought fit to send the Prince into the west to perfect the association which had been begun in the end of the last summer ; and in those counties to advance such further forces as might not onely serve for the defence of themselves, but give some reasonable increase to his majesty's army.

In the beginning of April he set forwards towards Bristol, accompanied with Lord Culpeper and Sir Edward Hide, as his principal counsellours, and some of the chief gentry of the west, who were of most authority in their several counties. But before he had made himself master of any considerable strength, news came of the unfortunate successe of the battle of Nasby, which much retarded his proceedings; and hearing afterwards, that Sir Thomas Fairfax, with his victorious army, was marching towards him, he quitted Somersetshire, and drew more westward into the middle of Devonshire.

Bristol being taken, and his Majesty's affairs growing worse and worse, both there and elsewhere, he sent a message unto Fairfax, desiring a safe conduct for the Lords Hopton and Culpeper to go to the King and mediate with him for a treaty with the Parliament. To which, after a fortnight's deliberation, he receives an answer the 8th of November, to this effect, “ That if he would disband his army, and apply himself unto the Parliament, the general himself, in person, would conduct him thither. No hopes of doing good this way, and less the other, Exeter being besieged, and Barnstaple taken by the enemy's forces, he leaves his army to Lord Hopton, and withdraws into the dukedome of Cornwall. But finding that country unable to protect him long, he passeth into the Isle of Scilly, and from thence unto the Queen, his mother, whom he found at Paris, not doubting but to receive such entertainment in that court, as might be justly looked for by the eldest son of a daughter of France. Which passages I have laid together in this place, that I might follow his Majesty's affairs elsewhere, with less interruption.

The Prince having gone for Bristol, as before is said, his Majesty resolved, on the approach of summer, to relieve such of his northern garrisons, as had been left untaken the year before, and thence to bestow a visit on the associated counties. But being on his march, and having stormed the town of Leicester in his way, he returned as far as Daventry, upon the news that Sir Thomas Fairfax, newly made general in the place of Essex, was sate down before Oxford.

(To be continued.)

FOREIGNERS' CHARACTER OF THE ENGLISH.

MR. EDITOR.

It is truly observed, that persons cannot see themselves so well as they are seen by others. No nation has a higher opinion of itself (and I will not say without reason) than the English. Foreigners, however, maugre all our self-gratulations and praises, take the liberty to speak of us as we do of them as they find us; and though it may not in all cases be gratifying (even where they speak truth) to hear what they say of us, it is amusing. On th principle, you will not perhaps think it obstrusive to insert a few specimens of their opinions. I shall chiefly quote those of foreign writers, who visited England many years since :

Stephen Perlin, a French ecclesiastic, who was over here in the reign of King Edward VI. and who wrote with all the prejudices (and then ignorance as to England) of his countrymen, is extremely scurrilous. “ One may observe of the English,” says he, “ that they are neither valiant in war, nor faithful in peace, which is apparent by experience ; for, although they are placed in a good soil, and a good country, they are wicked, and so extremely fickle, that at one moment they will adore a Prince, and the next moment they would kill or crucify him.” He continues (and this seems the great ground of his dislike)" They have a mortal enmity to the French, whom they conceive to be their ancient enemies, and in common call us French dogs, as well as whoreson, that is, sons of whores ; - but they hate all sorts of strangers. It displeases me that these villains, in their own country, spit in our faces, although, when they are in France, we treat them like little divinities. But herein the French demonstrate themselves to be of a noble and generous spirit.” He afterwards tempers his abuse with some compliments, particularly to (what all foreigners have admired) our females. " The men are

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large, handsome, and ruddy, with flaxen hair, being in a northern latitude ; the women, of any estimation, are the greatest beauties in the world, and as fair as alabaster (without offence to those of Italy, Flanders, and Germany, be it spoken); they are also cheerful and courteous, and of good address.

Of the country, he says~" In this kingdom are so many beautiful ships, so handsome are hardly to be seen elsewhere in the whole world. Here are also many fine islands and plenty of pasture, with such quantities of game, that in these islands (which are all surrounded with woods and thick hedges) it is not uncustomary to see, at one time, more than one hundred rabbits running about in one meadow." He speaks, perhaps, in just terms, of what was a great fault in our national character then, and is too much so now-our fondness for drink. “ The English are great drunkards. In drinking or eating they will say to you a hundred times, ' I drink to you,' and you should answer them in their language, I pledge you.' When they are drunk, they will swear blood and death that you shall drink all that is in your cup. But it is to be noted, as I have before said, that in this excellent kingdom there is no kind of order, for the people are reprobates, and thorough enemies to good manners and letters, and know not whether they belong to God or the Devil.”

Hentzner, the German traveller (in the reign of Queen Elizabeth), is far more candid, and rather laughs at than censures us, says- -The English are serious, like the Germans, and lovers of show; they excel in dancing and music, for they are active and lively, though of a thicker make than the French. They cut their hair close on the middle of the head, letting it grow on either side ; they are good sailors and better pirates, cunning, treacherous, and thievish ; about three hundred are said to be hanged annually, at London; they give the wall as the place of honour; hawking is the general sport of the gentry; they are more polite in eating than the French, devouring less bread, but more meat, which they roast in perfection ; they put a deal of sugar in their drink; their beds are covered with tapestry, even those of the farmers ; they are often molested with scurvy, said to have first crept into England with the Norman Conquest. In the field they are powerful, successful against their enemies, impatient of any thing like slavery ; vastly fond of great noises that fill the ear, such as the firing of cannon, drums, and the ringing of bells ; so that it is common for a number of them, that have got a glass in their heads, to go up into some belfry and ring the bells for hours together for the sake of exercise. If they see a foreigner very well made or particularly handsome, they will say it is a pity he is not an ENGLISHMAN."

Le Serre, who attended Mary de Medicis to England, when she visited her daughter, Henrietta Maria, the Queen of Charles

He

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