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History, Biographical Traits, (tc. c.

EPITOME OF BRIGHTON.

(Continued from page 91).

CHURCH YARD.-As you enter the church, by the chancel door, near to the south-east angle of the edifice, there is a monumental stone of black marble, which often excites interest, and which has the following inscription :

“ P. M. S.” “ Captain Nicholas Tettersell, through whose prudence, valour, and loyalty, Charles the IId. King of England, after he had escaped the swords of his merciless rebels, and his forces received a fatal overthrow at Worcester, September the 3d, 1651, was faithfully preserved and conveyed to France, departed this life the 26th day of July, 1674.”

And, nearly effaced by time, beneath the above, are the following lines :

“ Within this marble inonument doth lie
Approved faith, honour, and loyalty :
In this cold clay he hath now ta’en up his station,
Who once preserved the church, the crowne, and nation:
When Charles the Greate was nothing but a breath,
This valiant hero stept 'tween him and death';
Usurper's threats, nor tyrant rebels' frowne,
Could not affright his duty to the crowne ;
Which glorious act of his for church and state,
Eight Princes, in one day, did gratulate
Professing all to him in debt to bee,
As all the world are to his memory,
Since earth could not reward the worth him given,
He now receives it from the King of Heaven.
In the same chest one jewel more you have,

The partner of his virtues, bed, and grave." This monument, as strikingly tending to shew the inviolable loyalty of this place, is mentioned and regarded with no trifling degree of pride by the inhabitants of the present day : the brief history of the cause is as follows :

Charles the II. in his flight after the disastrous battle of Wor

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cester, attempted his escape by sea ; but being not only disappointed but nearly betrayed to his pursuers, in the west of the country, he sought and found an asylum at this place; and hence he was safely conducted to France by Nicholas Tettersell ; to perpetuate whose memory for the patriotic act, the monumental stone in question was erected. At the restoration, the King acknowledged and rewarded the merit of the service he had received, by granting an annuity of one hundred pounds to Tettersell and his heirs for ever ; but this annuity, notwithstanding, has long since been discontinued, though the descendants of the same family are yet numerous in the place. It is probable that the Monarch would have extended his bounty to the town likewise, had he not been a Prince too dissipated and necessitous, for he had often borne testimony to the loyalty of the inhabitants, to many of whom he was personally known, as well as to Tettersell—and not one of these, he was well convinced, could any species of temptation have seduced from their allegiance to their Prince, nor for an instant inclined to favour the designs of his enemies.

The King arrived in this town on the 14th of October, 1651, and was secreted in a public-house in West-street, then kept by a person of the name of Smith, and which house, since that time to the present day, has borne the sign of the King's Head, in consequence of that event ; and hence, soon after, he was landed, from Tettersell's bark, at Fecamp, on the opposite shore, but a short distance from Havre de Grace.

In this church-yard there is also a very handsome monument, erected by Mr. Kelly, to the memory of Anna Maria Crouch, of Drury-lane Theatre, who was born on the 20th of April, 1763, and died in this town, on the 2d of October, 1805.

The living is a vicarage, value £20. 2s. 3d. in the gift of the Bishop of Chichester : and the parish of Brighthelmston is in the hundred of Whalesbone and rape of Lewes.

THE CHAPEL ROYAL.—The Chapel Royal, situated in Northstreet, or, rather, Prince's-place, was built in 1793, in consequence of the parish church, from the increased population, becoming insufficient for the accommodation of the inhabitants. Of this edifice his Majesty laid the first stone, and which was finished after a plan of Mr. Saunders, of Golden-square, London, and will, conveniently, hold a thousand persons. The east front of the structure displays, neatly carved in stone, the arms of the Prince of Wales. His Majesty has a pew here, and where, before the erection of his private chapel, he often attended divine worship. The interior of the building is spacious and lofty, and is more remarkable for its neatness, than any peculiar splendour of decoration.

Religious EDIFICES GENERALLY.-In the true spirit of universal tolerance, no civil nor political interest ought to be blended with religious dissentions, the great unerring Deity of the universe having the capacity only of deciding who is right, and who wrong; we have, therefore, religious edifices of various denominations, to be resorted to, as the dispositions and persuasions of parties may direct—viz. : the Huntingdonion -Chapel, which is situate in North-street; the Presbyterian Chapel, in Union-street; the Baptists' Chapel, in Bond-street; the Armenian Chapel, near Dorset-gardens; the Quakers' Chapel, in Ship-street; the Unitarian Chapel, in the New-road; the Methodists' Chapel, in Church-street ; a new chapel, called the Free Chapel, but dissenting from the orthodoxy of the established church, in St. James'sstreet ; a Roman Catholic Chapel, in High-street; a Chapel belonging to T. R. Kemp, Esq. in Ship-street; and a Synagogue in West-street.

LIFE AND REIGN OF CHARLES THE FIRST.

(Continued from page 97.)

During the time of these restraints, he betook himself to meditation, then he composed that most excellent book, entitled “ The Pourtraiture of his Sacred Majesty in his Solitudes and Sufferings.” The honour of this work, some mercenary sticklers for the two Houses of Parliament have laboured to deprive him of, and to transfer it to some other, though they know not whom. But it was well known that his Majesty had always a fine stroke with his pen, which he practised at all times of leasure and recesse from businesse, from before his coming to the crown, to these last extremities, by which means he became master of a pure and elegant stile.

1648.

Now the subjects of both kingdomes, which before had joyned in arms against him, began to look upon his estate with commiseration; and seeing they could obtain no favour or freedom from him in the way of petition, they resolved to try their fortunes in the way of force. And first a very considerable part of the royal navy, encouraged by Captain Batten, formerly ViceAdmiral to the Earl of Warwick, was put into the power of the Prince of Wales to be made use of for his Majesty's service in that sad condition; and next the Kentish, who twice or thrice before had shewed their readinesse to appear in arms on his behalf, put themselves into a posture of war under the conduet of one Master Hales, an heir of great hope and expectation, and, after, under the command of George Lord Goring, Earl of Norwich. The Earl of Holland, whom he had cherished in his bosome, and who unworthily deserted him in the first beginning of his troubles (repenting, when it was too late, of his great disloyalties), began to raise some small forces in the county of Surrey. Langhern, Poyer, and Powel, who before had served under the pay of the Houses, seized on some strong towns and castles in South Wales, and declared against them; the castle of Pomfret was surprised by stratagem, and kept by them who had surprised it, for his Majesty's service. And, finally, the Marquesse of Hamilton (not long before created Duke Hamilton of Arran), having raised a strong army of Scots, confederated himself with Sir Marmaduke Langdale, and Sir Thomas Glenham, and others of the King's party, in the north, and having garrisoned the towns of Berwick and Carlisle, passed into England with his forces, under colour of restoring the King to his crown and liberty.

But these eruptions in both kingdomes, though they might give his Majesty some hopes of a better condition, yet did they not take him off from looking seriously into himself, and taking into consideration those things which had formerly passed him, and which might seem most to have provoked God's displeasure against him.

Now as the King thus armed himself against all future events, in the middle of those hopes and expectations ; so the Houses of Parliament were not wanting to themselves in their care and diligence to destroy those hopes, and make those expectations fruitless and of no effect. The storm thus breaking out on all sides, Lieutenant-General Cromwel with some part of the army is ordered to march into Wales, where he reduced such towns and castles as had before been manned against them; the three chief captains, above named, yielding themselves upon the hopes of that mercy which they never tasted. This done, he hasteneth towards the Scots, whom he found in Lancashire, discomfits them, takes all their foot, with their cannon, arms, and ammunition. The Duke, with his horse, which had escaped out of the fight, were so closely followed by the diliger

of the pursuers, that most of his horse being slain or taken, himself was sent prisoner to London. Following his blow, Cromwel bestows a visit on Scotland, suppresses all those in that kingdome, who stood in any way suspected of the crime of loyalty, the towns of Berwick and Carlisle being delivered into his hands without blows or bloodshed.

In the mean time, some troops of the other part of the army scatter the weak forces of the Earl of Holland, who, flying towards the north, is taken at St. Neots, in the county of Huntingdon, and sent prisoner unto London also. The Kentish, being either scattered, or forced over the Thames, put themselves into the town of Colchester, where they are besieged by Sir Thomas Fairfax, with his part of the army. The issue of which siege was, that after some extremities endured by the besieged, the place was yielded upon composition ; the townsmen to be safe from plunder ; the soldiers and their commanders to yield themselves prisoners absolutely without any conditions. The principal of these were Lord Capel, Sir Charles Lucas, and Sir George Lisle, all of them of approved valour and fidelity: of which the two last were shot upon the place; the first was reserved for the scaffold, on which he looked death in the face with as much magnanimity, as Hamilton and Holland (who suffered at the same time with him) entertained it with a poorness and dejection of spirit.

The mariners growing discontented that Prince Rupert was appointed to be their Admiral, instead of Lord Willoughby, of Parham, by whom they desired to be commanded, fell off, with many of their ships, and returned again to their old Admiral, the Earl of Warwick : by the withdrawing of which ships he was rendered the less able to do any thing considerable on the sea, and landing with some forces near Deal castle in Kent, sped not so fortunately as his friends had hoped and he expected.

(To be continued.)

A LITTLE HURLY-BURLY.

(From Wine and Walnuts.)

It was my great uncle Zachary who took me to view the grand preparations in this magnificent structure. * That year my father thought me old enough to take my leave of school-youngsters were not so long at their books then, as in these later days : whether for the better or the worse, the future alone can determine. But may heaven continue to make all things work together for the good. This epoch of my life I well remember, and could point out on what particular spot each worthy, who now stands

mind's eye,” then stood on the boards of Westminster-Hall.

The Court of King's Bench, and that of Common Pleas, at the south end, were then removed, as they have been on this occasion. There, upon the raised platform, we stood, and there (I cannot but smile at the recollection of these gay souls) I listened to the frolics of some of the club at old Slaughter's, and othersall waggish connoisseurs.

before my

* Westminster-Hall.

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