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An Early Morning in Summer
A Snowstorm
How the Tide Came
A Sudden Thunderstorm
How a Bird Built its Nest
The American Flag
How the Bee Gathers Honey
The Flight of a Butterfly
Planting Corn
Crossing a Crowded Street
A Store Window
My Dog

2. Describe something that you have really seen or that you can see before the next lesson, when your teacher may call upon you for your description.

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X. CHAPTER TEST: FINDING AND

READING A DESCRIPTION Look through your Reader or Language Book or a story book, and find a description that you think is exact or amusing or beautiful. Study it until you can read it in a pleasant voice, speaking every word clearly, distinctly, and correctly.

Be prepared to tell why you selected that particular description.

1 Note to the teacher: Before assigning this test, consult your Manual, page 78.

CHAPTER SIX

FABLE, DIALOGUE, AND NARRATIVE; PARAGRAPHS;

APOSTROPHE, COMMA, AND QUOTATIONS

Note to the teacher: The more you use it, the more you will value your Manual. You cannot do justice to the work assigned pupils without using your Manual continually, lesson by lesson.

I. QUOTATIONS AND THE APOSTROPHE

The Hunter and the Lion Have you seen any tracks of a lion ?” asked a hunter of a woodcutter whom he met.

The woodcutter answered, “Come with me and I will show you the lion himself."

The hunter turned pale with fright. His teeth chattered.

I don't want to see the lion !” he stammered. “I want to see his tracks only."

ÆSOP

How many paragraphs are there in the above fable? Remember that the first word of every paragraph is indented.

In the first paragraph who is speaking ?
What does he say?

Why is there a question mark after the words of the hunter ?

Place your fingers around the words the hunter speaks in the first paragraph. These words — the exact words of a speaker are called a quotation.

See the marks (" ") the writer has placed around this quotation. They are called quotation marks, and should always be used to inclose the exact words of any speaker.

Read the second paragraph.
Is there a quotation in this paragraph ?
Who is speaking ?
Read the exact words of the speaker.
Are these words inclosed in quotation marks?
Read the rest of the sentence.

See the mark (,) after "answered.” This mark is called a comma, and is used to separate the quotation from the rest of the sentence.

What is the first word in the quotation ?
With what kind of letter does it begin?

The first word of every complete quotation begins with a capital letter.

The word “I” is always written with a capital letter.

In the fourth paragraph who is speaking ?

Read the first group of words inclosed in quotation marks; read the second group.

STUDYING A STORY

UDYIN

79

“Don't” means do not. What letter has been omitted? The mark (') used in place of the letter omitted is called an apostrophe.

The apostrophe is used in place of one or more letters intentionally omitted from a word.

Why is there an exclamation mark after the first quotation in paragraph four?

II. STUDYING A STORY The story, The Hunter and the Lion, is to be studied so that you can write it correctly when it is dictated to you by your teacher. You must know just why and where every mark of punctuation and every capital is used, as well as how to spell all the words.

Look first at the title. Tell why each capital letter is used, like this:

The” begins with a capital letter because “Hunter” and “Lion” begin with capital letters because

By counting the number of indented places you may know that there are four paragraphs in this story.

Now study each paragraph in this way:

Paragraph 1: “ Have" is indented because it is the first word in a paragraph.

“ Have” begins with a capital letter because it is the first word in a sentence.

There are quotation marks around “Have you seen any tracks of a lion ?” because these are the exact words of the hunter.

There is a question mark after the quotation because the hunter asked a question. The question mark is inside the quotation marks because it is part of the question that is quoted.

There is a period at the end of the sentence because it is a statement. Paragraph II: The” is indented because

The ” begins with a capital letter because There is a comma to separate the quotation from the rest of the sentence.

“Come ” begins with a capital letter because it is the first word of a quotation.

There are quotation marks around because

I” is a capital because There is a period at the end of the sentence because

Paragraph III: The" is indented because “ The ” begins with

because There is a period at the end of this sentence because

His” begins because
There is a period because
Paragraph IV.: “I” is indented because

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