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Try to see plainly the picture of the noble Persian soldier, wounded, weak, wan, perishing for water. Think just how

express in words your picture so that others may see Harmosan as you see him. How do you picture the caliph

- as a cruel, hard coward or as a brave foeman? Why did he want Harmosan put to death?

Think how you will read the words of the caliph, in paragraph five, so that those listening will know by your voice just what kind of man you think the caliph was.

Think how you will read Harmosan's reply, in paragraph six, so that the hearers will know how weak Harmosan was. Think how he acted, how he looked around when the goblet was handed to him. Can you make your look and your gestures say, “Perhaps, as I drink, they will slay


Read the proud caliph's words in paragraph eight.

Picture to yourself the joy that overspread Harmosan's face when he heard the words of the caliph; the quick action with which he dashed the goblet to the ground.

Can you read the tenth paragraph so as to show the joy he felt? Why did he dare feel so



joyful ? Suppose the caliph had broken his promise ?

What does the rest of the story prove to you about the character of the caliph ?

What did the caliph mean by, “Forever sacred must remain a ruler's word”?

What did he mean by : “I bade you drink the first cup and perish. Now I bid you drink this cup and live"?


The story, Harmosan, is easy to dramatize, for there is only one scene.

Who speaks first ?

What does he say? Think just how you will speak these words if you take the part of the caliph.

Where is the caliph as he speaks? He may be seated on a chair or throne, or he may be standing

To whom does he speak? Your story does not tell you, but doubtless he spoke to two or more soldiers.

How should the soldiers salute before departing?

What other people are near the caliph ? Why are they there? How do they feel towards Harmosan?

When the soldiers return with their captive, how might the people crowd around and threaten him?

If at the beginning the caliph is seated, when should he rise to his feet? One is apt to spring to his feet when excited.

Remember that the crowd must show at different times that the people are angry and would like to destroy Harmosan.



Read the following sentences, pronouncing each word clearly and distinctly. You will use these sentences when you dramatize the story of Harmosan in the next lesson. You must learn to speak them clearly so that all who hear you will understand and enjoy your speech.

(a) Bring forth the captive and slay him.
(6) Have you anything to say?
(c) What fear you?

(d) Think you that while you are drinking any will strike a secret blow ?

(e) Now is my life my own.

(f) Can your servants gather again the drops from those burning sands?

(g) I bade you drink.





The columns of words below are from the story, Harmosan. You will want to use some of them in retelling the story. In some cases, perhaps, you would rather use other words that mean the

Copy the words below and opposite each write a word or words that you could use in place of the one used by the writer of the story.


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The words in the dictionary are arranged in alphabetical order. This means that all the words beginning with a are placed first, next come all those beginning with b, then all those beginning with c, and so on in order through the whole alphabet — a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z. Look in a dictionary and see that this is so.

1 Note to the teacher: Your Manual contains helpful suggestions for these exercises. See pages 59 and 61.

Below are some words taken from stories in the front part of your book. Arrange them in alphabetical order.

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In the last lesson you learned that words are arranged in the dictionary in alphabetical order; that is, all words beginning with the same letter are arranged together. This is to make it easy to find any word desired. But many words in some cases thousands of them — begin with the same letter. How shall they be arranged so that any one may be quickly found? Alphabetically according to their second letters. But in many words both the first and second letters are the same. Such words are arranged alphabetically according to their third letters.

Carrying out this plan of arrangement, how would words with the same first, second, and third letters be arranged?

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