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2. In printing, every letter of a title is usually a capital. Sometimes all the letters of a title are of the same size; sometimes the letters beginning the first and the important words are larger than the others.

Look at the titles in your Reader. Write six of them as titles should be written. What words must you begin with capitals ?

3. Write the following ten titles as they should be written, What words must you begin with capitals?

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IX. THINGS TO REMEMBER 1 1. A complete thought expressed in words is called a sentence.

2. The first word in every sentence begins with a capital letter.

3. A sentence that tells or states something is called a statement.

4. Every statement is followed by a period.

5. A sentence that asks a question ends with a question mark.

6. A sentence that expresses strong or sudden feeling - as joy, surprise, anger, fear, or admiration is called an exclamatory sentence.

7. Every exclamatory sentence is followed by an exclamation mark.

8. The first and all important words in titles begin with capital letters.

9. The first word of every paragraph is indented.

X. CHAPTER TEST Read the following:

Our Happy Day What a happy day this has been! Would you like to hear about it?

For days mother has been ill and we have been very sad. Today the doctor allowed her to come downstairs.

1 Note to the teacher: Consult Manual, page 51, for materials and suggestions to make this lesson effective and interesting.

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How busy we were making her comfortable! Father pushed the big chair near the window. Sister placed a pillow at her back and a footstool under her feet. Brother tucked a warm rug over her knees. I put flowers in the vase on the table near her chair. Grandmother brought her some warm broth. Mother was so happy! She said she had the best family in the world.

Now do you wonder that I call this a happy day?

How many sentences are in the story you have just read ?

Which sentences are statements ?
Which sentences are questions?
Which are exclamatory sentences ?
How many paragraphs are there? How do

you know?

Tell why each capital is used.
Tell why each period is used.
Tell why each question mark is used.
Tell why each exclamation mark is used.

CHAPTER FOUR

DRAMATIZING AND TELLING STORIES; LEARNING

TO USE THE DICTIONARY

Note to the teacher: Constant use of your Manual will help you to make every lesson clear, interesting, and effective.

I. READING AND STUDYING A STORY

Harmosan (1) Long and bravely had the Persians fought against the invading armies of Moslems, but in vain. Province after province was lost, until at last the Persians were conquered and the Moslems reigned.

(2) The last and the boldest Persian warrior to fight against the invaders was Harmosan, governor of one of the provinces. Glad indeed was the caliph to capture so brave and so troublesome an enemy.

(3) Bring forth the captive and slay him," was the caliph's command.

(4) They brought him weak and wounded out among his cruel foes.

(5) “You are about to die,” said the caliph. you anything to say?"

(6) “Aye,” answered the captive, “ give me but one drink of water, then I am ready. Do your worst !”'

(7) Immediately a goblet of water was handed to him. Harmosan raised the cup to his lips, then

" Have

READING AND STUDYING A STORY

55

lowered it without drinking, and looked around as if trying to read the faces of his enemies. (8) “What fear you ?” asked the caliph.

" Think you that while you are drinking any will strike a secret blow? Quench your thirst without fear. I promise none shall harm you until you have drunk that cup of water."

(9) A light broke over Harmosan's face. Quick as a flash, he dashed the goblet to the ground. (10) “Now is my life my own,” he cried.

" You have said none shall harm me until I have drunk that water. Can your servants gather again the drops from those burning sands ?”

(11) The caliph's face flushed with anger. But with upraised hand he stilled the angry murmuring of the people and answered proudly : Forever sacred must remain a ruler's word. Harm him not.”'

(12) Then, turning to a servant, he said, “ Bring another cup of cold water."

(13) When the goblet had been brought, the caliph offered it to Harmosan, saying: “I bade you drink the first cup and perish. Now I bid you drink this cup and live!”

-A PERSIAN STORY

Read the story through carefully. As you read, try to see everything described; try to feel as you think Harmosan and the caliph felt.

After reading the story through carefully, study it through again, still more carefully and slowly.

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