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THE EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH
64. says 65. seems 66. separate 67. shoes 68. since 69. some 70. straight 71. sugar
73. tear 74. their 75. there 76. they
III. THE EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH Words are divided into eight classes according to their uses in sentences. These classes are called the Parts of Speech.
The Parts of Speech are :
(a) The name of a particular person, place, or thing is called a proper noun.
(6) Names that belong equally to each person or thing of a class are called common nouns.
John, one of my classmates, lost his book in Boston. “ John” and “Boston" are proper nouns. “ Classmates " and "book"
are common nouns. (c) A noun that denotes one thing is said to be singular, or in the singular number.
(d) A noun that denotes more than one thing is said to be plural, or in the plural number.
Boy,” “ book,” tree are singular; “boys," "books,” «
trees are plural.
2. A word used for a noun is called a pronoun. Mary tore her dress and mother mended it.
Her” and “it” are pronouns.
3. A word joined to a noun or pronoun to limit or describe is called an adjective.
The first sweet bird of spring has come.
4. Words that tell what someone or something does are called verbs.
The cannon roared, the bells rang, and the people shouted.
“Roared," " rang,” and “ shouted” are verbs.
5. An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
So many people read too fast. "So,”
"“too," and "fast" are adverbs.
USES OF CAPITALS
6. Words that show relation are called prepositions.
The book on the table is the one I gave to you. “On” and “ to " are prepositions.
7. Words that connect or join other words are called conjunctions.
Tom or John lost the books and pencils. “ Or” and “ and” are conjunctions.
8. An interjection is a word thrown in to express strong or sudden feeling.
Hush! hark! I hear a noise!
IV. USES OF CAPITALS
Capital letters are used to begin : 1. The first word of every sentence.
See the falling snow. 2. The important words in titles.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. 3. Proper nouns and words made from them.
Without the blest foreknowing
The fairest buds were growing.”
5. The first word of every direct quotation.
The soldier said, “My captain, I am ready." 6. Abbreviations.
Gen., Mrs., St., Oct. 7. Initials.
J. T. Brown, M. H. Hunt. 8. The pronoun I.
It is I. 9. The interjection 0.
I cannot! O friend, I cannot ! 10. Names of God.
Master, Almighty, Father. 11. Names of the months and of the days of the
June, Monday. 12. Names of holidays.
Thanksgiving, Memorial Day. 13. Titles of honor or office.
President Coolidge, General Grant. 14. Salutation and ending of letters.
Dear Tom, My dear Mr. Dane.
V. USES OF PUNCTUATION MARKS 1. A period is used: (a) After a statement.
The book is torn. (6) After a command.
Bring the book to me.
USES OF PUNCTUATION MARKS
(c) After an abbreviation.
Mr., P.O., Oct.
2. A question mark is used after a question.
When are you going ? 3. An exclamation point is used : (a) At the end of an exclamatory sentence.
How vivid the lightning is ! (6) After an interjection.
Alas! Oh! Pshaw !
4. A comma or commas are used :
(a) To separate from the rest of the sentence: (1) A direct quotation.
“I cannot say,” said John.
“Come,” said Tom, “it is time to go." (2) The name of a person addressed.
John, come to me.
See, Fred, the sun is shining. (3) Yes, and no the opposite of yes.
Yes, I will go.
No, I must wait.
Mars, the god of war, ruled.
(b) To separate :
School closed on June 19, 1914.