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LEARNING CORRECT LANGUAGE FROM BOOKS
pronounce exactly, to articulate clearly, to choose the best words to express thought, to speak sincerely, to speak in a pleasant voice. These are things that your book will help you to do. But your book can only help; you must do.
As you begin this work, find your American “I can." Match it with “I will.” So you will prove that you, too, are trying to become a true American. If you are willing to try to do this, copy and sign this pledge.
American Speech Pledge I will try to speak the speech of America correctly, clearly, sincerely, and in a pleasant voice.
II. LEARNING CORRECT LANGUAGE FROM
One way to learn to use language correctly is to read good books. As you will learn later, the boy who called on Mr. Carson began to read good books. He made his selections from a list such as you will find near the end of this book (page 355). There are many books in that list which you will like. Your teacher will tell you about them.1
1 Note to the teacher: See Manual, page 24.
III. USING SAW AND SEEN CORRECTLY
1. The boy who answered Mr. Carson's advertisement, said, “I seen yer ad.” He should have said, “I saw your advertisement.'
The word “seen" must never be used alone. It must always have one or more words before it to help it express its meaning, as : has seen has been seen
shall be seen have seen have been seen
will be seen had seen had been seen
would be seen The word “saw” needs no other word to help it express its meaning. It is used when speaking of something that has been seen at some past time.
2. The following sentences use “seen” and “saw” correctly. Read them, speaking every word clearly and distinctly.
(a) I saw an airplane yesterday.
3. Answer the following questions, using “saw” and “seen” correctly in each of your sentences.
(a) Have you seen a lost dog ?
USING WAS AND WERE CORRECTLY
(c) Could the sun be seen at five o'clock this morning?
(d) What animals did you see at the circus ? (e) What animals may be seen on the streets ? 4. Copy the following sentences, writing “saw”
seen” in the blanks. (a) I — an accident today. (b) Many other people it also.
(c) Nothing could be — - plainly on account of the heavy rain.
(d) Even large objects were dimly.
(e) The driver of a truck never the little child crossing the street.
(f) He was almost upon her before she the truck.
(9) If she had — it one second later, she would have been run down.
(h) As she jumped back, I — her drop something. (i) After the truck had passed, a flattened rag doll
on the road.
IV. USING WAS AND WERE CORRECTLY;
WORDS IN PLACE OF AIN'T
1. When to Use Was and Were The boy said, “I was born in the United States."
That is correct. He was speaking of one person, himself. When speaking of one it is correct to use
In the next sentence he said, “My father and my mother was born here."
How many people did he say "was born here”?
It is incorrect to use "was” when speaking of more than one. The boy should have said, “My father and my mother were born here."
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences, using “was” and “were” correctly.
John hurrying home from school. Tom and Fred with him. They - in a hurry, as they wanted to ask permission to go to a ball game with their teacher who willing to take them. Suddenly there —- a great noise. Men and women
seen rushing to the sidewalk. A great red fire engine hurrying down the street. Home, teacher, and
forgotten, as the boys ran off to the fire.
2. Words to Use in Place of Ain't The boy in the story used the word "ain't." This is not a real word; it should never be used. If the boy keeps his promise to become a true American in speech, he must learn to say, “am not,” “is not,” “are not,” in place of “ain't.”
Show that you can do this by reading the following sentences, filling the blanks correctly.
PRONOUNCING WORDS CORRECTLY
sorry. (d) He
afraid. (e) You
going to give up. If you wish to be a true American in speech, say: "I can and I will use correct words in place of ain't.' That word I will never use."
V. PRONOUNCING WORDS CORRECTLY 1. The boy in the story said :
yer for your feller for fellow
Amurikin for American Pronounce each of these words clearly and distinctly as it should be pronounced.
2. Below is a list of common words often mispronounced through carelessness. Pronounce each of the words correctly and distinctly. American
children handkerchief 3. Read the following sentences, pronouncing every word clearly and correctly.
(a) A hundred children sang America the Beautiful.
(6) Eleven hundred handkerchiefs waved again and again.