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(a) John said, “ Harry, will you go fishing ?”
(6) John said, “Will you go fishing, Harry?
(c) Harry, will you go fishing ?” said John.
(d) “Harry,” said John,“ will you go fishing ?”

In sentences (a), (b), and (c) only one set of quotation marks is used, because all that John said is written together. In sentence (d) two sets of quotation marks are used, because the words "said John” divide what John said into two parts.

2. Rewrite each of the sentences below, quoting in each one the exact words that the speaker used. Rewrite each one in only one way, not in several ways, as given above. Choose the way you think will sound best.

Remember that the name of the person addressed must be separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, and that every word of a quotation must be inclosed in quotation marks.

Going Fishing
John asked Harry to go fishing.
Harry told John that he could not go.
John asked Harry why he could not go.
Harry told John he had to weed the garden.
John said he would help Harry.
Harry told John he was a good fellow.
John told Harry he liked to help a friend.




1. The names of persons addressed, or spoken to, are always separated from the rest of a sentence by a comma or commas.

2. Every name of a person must begin with a capital letter.



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This is an American Speech Test.

Read the following sentences as a good American should read them. Show your respect for American speech by pronouncing every word correctly and by speaking every word clearly and distinctly.

Where have you been and what did you see?
Whatever you do, do with your might.

Scamper, little leaves, about

In the autumn sun;
I can hear the old wind shout,

Laughing as you run;
And I haven't any doubt

That he likes the fun.

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Jack O’Lantern pumpkin-head,

He is a fearful sight;
I am sure you'd be afraid

To meet him in the night.
1 Note to the teacher: Suggestions for tests and drills will
be found in your Manual, page 121.

He is by day a pumpkin,

But just you wait till night,
When out of eyes and nose and mouth,

There shines a yellow light.

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Note to the teacher: Your Manual is as indispensable to you as the pupils' book is to them.


The Two Merchants


A Persian merchant, who had to go on a long journey, carried his treasure to another merchant, his neighbor, saying: “My friend, I know that you are an honest man. Here are a hundred pieces of silver. Will you keep them for me until I return?”

“Certainly,” replied the neighbor. “I will guard them with great care.”

After the merchant left, the neighbor sat staring at the silver. He thought of the long journey the merchant had to take, of the hardships he would meet on the way, of the many things that might happen to prevent his return. At last he made up his mind to steal the hundred pieces of silver, persuading himself that the merchant would never come back.


your silver

After several months, however, the merchant did return. He went straight to the house of his neighbor and asked for his silver.

“Alas !" cried the dishonest man, is all gone! A rat ate it, every bit! I am sorry, but what can I do?

The merchant was about to make an angry reply when he thought : “I cannot prove that he has stolen my

silver and is now lying to me. So why talk? I will think of a plan to make him return to me mine own.”

So the merchant, pretending to believe his neighbor, went away.


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Some days afterwards the merchant met his dishonest neighbor's only son.

He carried the child to his house and hid him. Then he went to call on his neighbor, whom he found in great distress.

“My friend,” said the merchant, will you come and dine with me today?”


pray you excuse me,” said his neighbor. see I am in great trouble."

What is the matter?” asked the merchant. “My only child is lost,” was the reply.

“I think I can tell you what happened to him," said the merchant. “Some hours ago I saw a screech owl pounce upon your son and carry him off to an old ruin."


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