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gradual emancipation of the Negroes, and the means of giving them a religious and industrious education.
TITLE XIV. Of general Regulations. Regulations are provided respecting the privileges of Foreigners; the rights of Individuals of all Classes, and the eligibility of Persons to hold Offices of publick trust.
TITLE XV. Of the Constitution and its revision. The revisal of any part of the Constitution is provided for, when two-thirds of each hall of the Constitution shall, in three successive Legislatures, vote for the alteration of an article.
[In all 272 Articles.] Rio de Janeiro, 30th August, 1823.
ANT. C. RIBEIRO DE ANDRADA MACHADO E SILVA.
Note.- Another “ Project of Constitution for the Empire of Brazil, prepared in the Council of State, on the Bases presented by His Imperial Majesty,” dated 11th December, 1823, was finally sanctioned by the Emperor on the 25th March, 1826. (See vol. 1825, 1826, Page 936.)
LAW of Buenos Ayres, relative to the Principle to be main
tained in any Negociation with Brazil, respecting the Banda Oriental ; passed in the Secret Sitting of 10th May, 1822.
(Translation) Principle recognized by the State of Buenos Ayres. The Honourable Junta having received through the Ministry of Government and Foreign Affairs, the confidential letter of his Most Faithful Majesty's first Minister of State, dated Lisbon, November 3d, addressed to the Minister for Finance for this Government, which was forwarded to him by the Baron de la Laguna, with another letter serving for its transmission, dated the 15th ultimo, have conferred with due deliberation, in the sittings of the 8th and 10th, on the particulars therein contained, and in virtue thereof have decreed the fol lowing Articles :
I. The principle is recognized, that the attempt to destroy such Constitutions and Governments as do not emanate from the spoetaneous will of those who, on the ground of privilege, consider themselves exclusively authorized to give justice to, or withhold it from nations, is subversive of every National right.
II. The Government is authorized to negotiate, in maintenance of this principle, the Defensive Alliance suggested by the Prime Minister of His Most Faithful Majesty, in his confidential communication to the Minister of Finance, dated the 3d of November last.
III. The preliminaries being adjusted (among which, the evacuation of the Banda Oriental shall be particularly included), the Government shall present an account thereof to the National Representation, to obtain that full authority which the conclusion and ratification of a definitive treaty requires.
The above is by order of the Honourable Junta communicated to your Excellency for your information, and its consequent execution.
God preserve your Excellency many Years. Hall of Sessions, Buenos Ayres, 10th May, 1822.
JUAN JOSE PASO, President.
JOSE SEVERO MALAVIA, Secretary. The Government of the Province. Published by authority of the Hall of Representatives, 7th July, 1823.
LAW of Buenos Ayres, relative to the Basis of any Negocia
tion with Spain.—19th June, 1823. (Translation.) Basis of every Negociation that may be entered into with His Catholick
Majesty. The Honourable Junta of Representatives of the Province, in virtue of the ordinary and extraordinary sovereignty vested in them, have sanctioned the following Articles, which are to have the force and effect of a Law.
Art. I. The Government, in conformity with the spirit of the Law, dated August 16th, 1822,* shall not conclude with His Catholick Majesty any Treaties of Neutrality, Peace or Commerce, unless the War have ceased in all the new States of the American Continent, and their independence be recognized.
II. The preceding Article shall have no effect in case any of the new States should, independently of this State, proceed to negociate on the subject of its recognition by the Government of His Catholick Majesty, or in case, without taking such a step, it should recognize any condition other than those specified in that Article.
* Law of the 16th August, 1822.-Art. I. The Government is authorized to negotiate for the cessation of the War in Peru, with the previous concurrence of the people of the Ancient Union, and of the States of Chili and Lima.
II. The Government is authorized to adopt such pacifick measures as may conduce to the restoration of tranquillity and order amongst the People of the Ancient Union, who are agitated by civil dissensions.
III. The Government shall be provided, forth with, with the sum of 30,000 Dollars in furtherance of these objects.
III. The Government shall immediately employ all means which it may deem efficacious for accelerating the cessation of the War, and the recognition of independence.
IV. The Government is authorised to apply, for the present, the sum of 20,000 dollars to this end.
The above is, by order of this honourable body, transmitted to your Excellency, for your information and its fulfilment.
God preserve your Excellency many Years. Hall of Assembly, Buenos Ayres, June 19th, 1823.
MANUEL DE ARROYO Y PINEDO, President
JOSE SEVERO MALAVIA, Secretary. The Government of the Province.
STATEMENT of the Receipt and Expenditure of the Pro
vince of Buenos Ayres for the Year 1822.
Interest on part of the publick debt
consolidated............ Do. do. not consolidated.
Expenses of Government...
......... 446,140 2
Sums in hand transferred to the Year 1823. Treasury..........
414 1 Receiver's Office.....
223,588 6 Police.........
3,727 5 Commissariat.........
2,240 4 Funds of 4 and 6
Cent. intrinsic value............
*29,737 7 Remittances for Copper Money..... 44,680 4 Allied Provinces, Balances in Account..
Dollars 2,519,094 0
Sums due in favour of the State
321,039 2 Bills and Deposits payable thereby ................ 103,498 1
Net balance in favour of the State......... Dollars 217,541 0 * Besides the publick funds above-mentioned, there are other sums in the Receiver's Office, in specie, which will be entered in the great book in the current Year, and exhibited in the statement for January, the actual amount of which is 52,444 dollars, 74 rials, which increases the surplus to 269,985 dollars, 7į rials. Buenos Ayres, January 23, 1823.
SANTIAGO WILDE. Let the above be published.
DECREE of the Supreme Director of Chili, transferring the Government to a Provisional Junta.—28th January, 1823.
(Translation.) The Authorities of the People of this Capital having assembled yesterday to deliberate with the Supreme Director, upon what was requisite for the publick tranquillity, the Session ended with the following Decree, issued by His Excellency.
Believing that, under the existing circumstances, tranquillity may be restored to the Country, by my giving up the Supreme Command of the State, and having agreed upon this point with the People of Santiago, the only step which could have that effect in the present crisis, I have resolved to abdicate the Supreme Direction of Chile, and to surrender its provisional exercise to a Junta of Government, composed of Don Agustin Eyzaguirre, Don José Miguel Infante, and Don Fernando Errazuris, considering that there does not at present exist a National Representation before whom my renunciation can be made, and which the said Junta of Government will endeavour to assemble with all dispatch; it being understood that if, at the expiration of 6 months the difficulties which the Provinces of the State may have amongst themselves be not settled, the Junta of Government shall be at an end, in order that the People of Santiago may deliberate upon what is best to be done.
And in order that it may know what are its attributes and powers, the Commission proposed to me by the People, consisting of Don Juan Egaña, Dor. Don Bernardo Vera, and Don Joaquin Campino, will proceed to form a Regulation for fixing them.
Let it be printed, published, and circulated.
BERNARDO O'HIGGINS. MARIANO EGANA.
DECREE of the Congress of Colombia, respecting the Na
turalization of Foreigners.—4th July, 1823. (Translation)
The Senate and Chamber of Representatives of the Republick of Colombia, assembled in Congress.
Wishing to promote as much as possible the laudable object which the Constituent Congress had in view, in the Law of the 30 September, of the Year 11, (1821,) which unfortunately has not produced the results which were expected, in consequence of the serious obligations which it imposes on those who claim Letters of Naturalization; and animated by the just desire, that the population of Colombia should rapidly increase in useful and industrious Citizens, who may be anxious to enjoy the advantages which a liberal Government holds forth to them, have deemed it proper to decree, and do decree, as follows:
Art. I. The Person or Persons who may obtain Letters of Natoralization, by virtue of the present Law, shall enjoy the same Rights and Privileges as the Citizens born in the Territory of Colombia, in every thing which is not in opposition to the Constitution and Fundamental Laws of the Republick.
II. All Persons born out of the Territory of Colombia, who possess the qualifications hereafter expressed, may obtain Letters of Naturalization, provided that they renounce, for ever, the ties which bind them to other Governments, and whatever hereditary Title, or Order of Nobility they may have in their own Countries; that they possess some description of industry 'or useful calling wherewith to subsist, and that moreover, they oblige themselves by oath, to support, to obey, and to observe, the Constitution and Laws of the Republick.
III. In the person of the Husband, his Wife, and his Children nnder 21 Years of Age, become naturalized.
IV. In order that Letters of Naturalization be granted, it is neces sary that the Candidates shall have signed, before the respective Meni.